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Antilochus

In Greek mythology, Antilochus was a prince of Pylos and one of the Achaeans in the Trojan War. Antilochus was the son of King Nestor either by Eurydice, he was the brother to Thrasymedes, Polycaste, Stratichus, Aretus and Pisistratus. One of the suitors of Helen of Troy, Antilochus accompanied his father and his brother Thrasymedes to the Trojan War, he was distinguished for his beauty, swiftness of foot, skill as a charioteer. Though the youngest among the Greek princes, he commanded the Pylians in the war and performed many deeds of valour, he was a favorite of the gods and a friend of Achilles, to whom he was commissioned to announce the death of Patroclus. When his father Nestor was attacked by Memnon, Antilochus sacrificed himself to save him, thus fulfilling an oracle which had warned to "beware of an Ethiopian." Antilochus' death was avenged by Achilles, who drove the Trojans back to the gates, where he is killed by Paris. In accounts, he was slain by Hector or by Paris in the temple of the Thymbraean Apollo together with Achilles His ashes, along with those of Achilles and Patroclus, were enshrined in a mound on the promontory of Sigeion, where the inhabitants of Ilium offered sacrifice to the dead heroes.

In the Odyssey, the three friends are represented as united in the underworld and walking together in the Asphodel Meadows. According to Pausanias, they dwell together on the island of Leuke. Among the Trojans he killed were Melanippus, Atymnius and Thoon, although Hyginus records that he only killed two Trojans. At the funeral games of Patroclus, Antilochus finished second in the chariot race and third in the foot race. Antilochus left behind in Messenia a son Paeon, whose descendants were among the Neleidae expelled from Messenia, by the descendants of Heracles. Dares Phrygius, from The Trojan War; the Chronicles of Dictys of Crete and Dares the Phrygian translated by Richard McIlwaine Frazer, Jr.. Indiana University Press. 1966. Online version at theio.com Gaius Julius Hyginus, Fabulae from The Myths of Hyginus translated and edited by Mary Grant. University of Kansas Publications in Humanistic Studies. Online version at the Topos Text Project. Homer, The Odyssey with an English Translation by A.

T. Murray, PH. D. in two volumes. Cambridge, MA. Harvard University Press. Online version at the Perseus Digital Library. Greek text available from the same website. Homer, The Iliad with an English Translation by A. T. Murray, Ph. D. in two volumes. Cambridge, MA. Harvard University Press. Online version at the Perseus Digital Library. Homer, Homeri Opera in five volumes. Oxford, Oxford University Press. 1920. Greek text available at the Perseus Digital Library. Pausanias, Description of Greece. W. H. S. Jones. Loeb Classical Library. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press. Vol. 1. Books I–II: ISBN 0-674-99104-4. Pindar, Odes translated by Diane Arnson Svarlien. 1990. Online version at the Perseus Digital Library. Pindar, The Odes of Pindar including the Principal Fragments with an Introduction and an English Translation by Sir John Sandys, Litt. D. FBA. Cambridge, MA. Harvard University Press. Greek text available at the Perseus Digital Library. Pseudo-Apollodorus, The Library with an English Translation by Sir James George Frazer, F.

B. A. F. R. S. in 2 Volumes, Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Press. Online version at the Perseus Digital Library. Greek text available from the same website. Strabo, The Geography of Strabo. Edition by H. L. Jones. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press. Online version at the Perseus Digital Library. Strabo, Geographica edited by A. Meineke. Leipzig: Teubner. 1877. Greek text available at the Perseus Digital Library; this article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed.. "Antilochus". Encyclopædia Britannica. 2. Cambridge University Press. Pp. 126–127

Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk

Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk, sometimes anglicised Thomas Masaryk, was a Czechoslovak politician, statesman and philosopher. Until 1914, he advocated restructuring the Austro-Hungarian Empire into a federal state. With the help of the Allied Powers, Masaryk gained independence for a Czechoslovak Republic as World War I ended in 1918, he co-founded Czechoslovakia together with Milan Rastislav Stefanik and Edvard Beneš and served as its first president, so is called by some Czechs the "President Liberator". Masaryk was born to a poor, working-class family in the predominantly Catholic city of Hodonín, Moravia, in Moravian Slovakia; the nearby Slovak village of Kopčany, the home of his father Josef claims to be his birthplace. Masaryk grew up in South Moravia, before moving to Brno to study, his father, Jozef Masárik, was born in Kopčany. Jozef Masárik was a carter and the steward and coachman at the imperial estate in nearby town Hodonín. Tomáš's mother, Teresie Masaryková, was a Moravian of Slavic origin.

A cook at the estate, she met Masárik and they married on 15 August 1849. After grammar school in Brno and Vienna from 1865 to 1872, Masaryk attended the University of Vienna and was a student of Franz Brentano, he received his Ph. D. from the university in 1876 and completed his habilitation thesis, Der Selbstmord als sociale Massenerscheinung der modernen Civilisation there in 1879. From 1876 to 1879, Masaryk studied in Leipzig with Wilhelm Wundt and Edmund Husserl, he married Charlotte Garrigue, whom he had met while a student in Leipzig, on 15 March 1878. They lived in Vienna until 1881. Masaryk was appointed professor of philosophy at the Czech Charles-Ferdinand University, the Czech-language part of Charles University, in 1882, he founded a magazine devoted to Czech culture and science, the following year. Athenaeum, edited by Jan Otto, was first published on 15 October 1883. Masaryk challenged the validity of the epic poems Rukopisy královedvorský a zelenohorský dating to the early Middle Ages and presenting a false, nationalistic Czech chauvinism which he was opposed.

He contested the Jewish blood libel during the 1899 Hilsner trial. Masaryk served in the Reichsrat from 1891 to 1893 with the Young Czech Party and from 1907 to 1914 in the Czech Realist Party, which he had founded in 1900. At that time, he was not yet campaigning for Czech and Slovak independence from Austria-Hungary. Masaryk helped Hinko Hinković defend the Croat-Serb Coalition during their 1909 Vienna political trial; when the First World War broke out in 1914, Masaryk concluded that the best course was to seek independence for Czechs and Slovaks from Austria-Hungary. He went into exile in December 1914 with his daughter, staying in several places in Western Europe, the Russian Empire, the United States and Japan. Masaryk began organizing Czechs and Slovaks outside Austria-Hungary during his exile, establishing contacts which would be crucial to Czechoslovak independence, he delivered lectures and wrote a number of articles and memoranda supporting the Czechoslovak cause. Masaryk was pivotal in establishing the Czechoslovak Legion in Russia as an effective fighting force on the Allied side during World War I, when he held a Serbian passport.

In 1915 he was one of the first staff members of the School of Slavonic and East European Studies, where the student society and senior common room are named after him. Masaryk became professor of Slavic Research at King's College in London, lecturing on the problem of small nations. Supported by Norman Hapgood T. G. Masaryk wrote the first memorandum to president Wilson, concerning to independence of Czechoslovak state, here in January 1917. During the war, Masaryk's intelligence network of Czech revolutionaries provided critical intelligence to the allies, his European network worked with an American counterespionage network of nearly 80 members, headed by Emanuel Viktor Voska. Voska and his network, who were presumed to be German supporters, spied on German and Austrian diplomats. Among other achievements, the intelligence from these networks was critical in uncovering the Hindu–German Conspiracy in San Francisco. Masaryk began teaching at London University in October 1915, he published "Racial Problems in Hungary", with ideas about Czechoslovak independence.

In 1916, Masaryk went to France to convince the French government of the necessity of dismantling Austria-Hungary. He consulted with his friend professor Pavel Miliukov an origin and a state of Czechoslovak legions in Russia in London in that time. After the 1917 February Revolution he proceeded to Russia to help organize the Czechoslovak Legion, a group dedicated to Slavic resistance to the Austrians. On 5 August 1914, the Russian High Command authorized the formation of a battalion recruited from Czechs and Slovaks in Russia; the unit went to the front in October 1914, was attached to the Russian Third Army. From its start, Masaryk wanted to develop the legion from a battalion to a formidable military formation. To do so, however, he realized that he would need to recruit Czech and Slovak prisoners of war in Russian camps. In late 1914, Russian military authorities permitted the legion to enlist Czech and Slovak POWs from the Austro-Hungarian army.

Sattar (singer)

Hassan Sattar known as Sattar, is an Iranian singer with specialization in both Persian pop and classical music. He had gained fame before the Islamic Revolution and became Pahlavi Royal Family court singer up until the political upheavals of the late 1970s, he has taken residence in the United States since then. Sattar is one of six siblings born to Azeri father, his fame began at the age of 22 with the release of the theme song "Khaneh Bedush" for Morad Barghi, a popular television show in Iran. The show made him an instant star, his next hit came with the TV series Ghesseye Eshq made by Mansour Poormand. His signature song is "Hamsafar". With over 40 years of fame, Sattar has over 70 hits which includes the internationally known song "Gol-e Sangam". Sattar has recorded over 350 songs and is among few Persian singers who in addition to diverse sound of Pop, performs both Persian traditional and classical music professionally. Sattar has recorded a number of cover songs in English such as "Feelings", "A time for us", "Speak Love" and "I Believe".

Sattar is an award-winning vocalist, who won two Golden Lioness Awards from The world Academy of Arts and Media – WAALM in 2005. He received a Doctorate Honoris Causa in Music from IFSI Institute in London in 2004. Hamsafar Sedaye Baroon Iran Iran Shenasnameh Eyde Shoma Mobarak Raaze Del Shazdeh Khanoom Bani Nargez Shiraz Golpari Tak Khal Golriz Parastooha Motreb Shabe Asheghan Ghadam Ranjeh Gole Pooneh Ziafat Sekkeh Tala Ziyarat Armaghan Haghighat Fasle Panjom Man o Ghoroob o Jaddeh: Hekayat 3 Raghib Haghighat Nemizaram Beri Bi Eshgh Hargez Ashk Do Parandeh Shame Akhar Deltangi Koocheh Masti Gole Gandom Gelayeh Bazm Setareh Bazi Golhaye Ghorbat 4&5 Golbanoo Friends 40 Years of Memories Iraj Janatie Ataie Leila Kasra Shahyar Ghanbari Sattar's 1st official website Sattar's official Facebook Fan page Sattar's official Blog Sattar's 2nd official website Sattar at WAALM – Persian Golden Lioness Awards Sattar's Fan Blog