Apostolic Nunciature to France
The Apostolic Nunciature to the French Republic is an ecclesiastical office of the Catholic Church in France. It is a diplomatic post of the Holy See, whose representative is called the Apostolic Nuncio with the rank of an ambassador; the early twentieth century was a difficult time in France-Vatican relations because of tensions over Church-State separation and anticlericalism, which were condemned by Pius X, which led to the freezing of relations. However, relations were renewed after the First World War and had much improved, after the Second World War, under the presidency of Charles de Gaulle. There was controversy over relations under the Vichy regime, because the regime rewarded the Church though some bishops sometimes opposed antisemitism. Relations with the Sarkozy government were good, given the fact that the government has announced an end to the ban on recognition of higher Christian institutions. Benedetto Lorenzelli Bonaventura Cerretti Luigi Maglione Valerio Valeri Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli Paolo Marella Paolo Bertoli Egano Righi-Lambertini Angelo Felici Lorenzo Antonetti Mario Tagliaferri Fortunato Baldelli Luigi Ventura
A priest or priestess is a religious leader authorized to perform the sacred rituals of a religion as a mediatory agent between humans and one or more deities. They have the authority or power to administer religious rites, their office or position is the priesthood, a term which may apply to such persons collectively. According to the trifunctional hypothesis of prehistoric Proto-Indo-European society, priests have existed since the earliest of times and in the simplest societies, most as a result of agricultural surplus and consequent social stratification; the necessity to read sacred texts and keep temple or church records helped foster literacy in many early societies. Priests exist in many religions today, such as all or some branches of Judaism, Buddhism and Hinduism, they are regarded as having privileged contact with the deity or deities of the religion to which they subscribe interpreting the meaning of events and performing the rituals of the religion. There is no common definition of the duties of priesthood between faiths.
These include blessing worshipers with prayers of joy at marriages, after a birth, at consecrations, teaching the wisdom and dogma of the faith at any regular worship service, mediating and easing the experience of grief and death at funerals – maintaining a spiritual connection to the afterlife in faiths where such a concept exists. Administering religious building grounds and office affairs and papers, including any religious library or collection of sacred texts, is commonly a responsibility – for example, the modern term for clerical duties in a secular office refers to the duties of a cleric; the question of which religions have a "priest" depends on how the titles of leaders are used or translated into English. In some cases, leaders are more like those that other believers will turn to for advice on spiritual matters, less of a "person authorized to perform the sacred rituals." For example, clergy in Roman Catholicism and Eastern Orthodoxy are priests, but in Protestant Christianity they are minister and pastor.
The terms priest and priestess are sufficiently generic that they may be used in an anthropological sense to describe the religious mediators of an unknown or otherwise unspecified religion. In many religions, being a priest or priestess is a full-time position, ruling out any other career. Many Christian priests and pastors choose or are mandated to dedicate themselves to their churches and receive their living directly from their churches. In other cases it is a part-time role. For example, in the early history of Iceland the chieftains were titled goði, a word meaning "priest"; as seen in the saga of Hrafnkell Freysgoði, being a priest consisted of offering periodic sacrifices to the Norse gods and goddesses. In some religions, being a priest or priestess is by human election or human choice. In Judaism the priesthood is inherited in familial lines. In a theocracy, a society is governed by its priesthood; the word "priest", is derived from Greek via Latin presbyter, the term for "elder" elders of Jewish or Christian communities in late antiquity.
The Latin presbyter represents Greek πρεσβύτερος presbúteros, the regular Latin word for "priest" being sacerdos, corresponding to ἱερεύς hiereús. It is possible that the Latin word was loaned into Old English, only from Old English reached other Germanic languages via the Anglo-Saxon mission to the continent, giving Old Icelandic prestr, Old Swedish präster, Old High German priast. Old High German has the disyllabic priester, priestar derived from Latin independently via Old French presbtre. Αn alternative theory makes priest cognate with Old High German priast, from Vulgar Latin *prevost "one put over others", from Latin praepositus "person placed in charge". That English should have only the single term priest to translate presbyter and sacerdos came to be seen as a problem in English Bible translations; the presbyter is the minister who both presides and instructs a Christian congregation, while the sacerdos, offerer of sacrifices, or in a Christian context the eucharist, performs "mediatorial offices between God and man".
The feminine English noun, was coined in the 17th century, to refer to female priests of the pre-Christian religions of classical antiquity. In the 20th century, the word was used in controversies surrounding the women ordained in the Anglican communion, who are referred to as "priests", irrespective of gender, the term priestess is considered archaic in Christianity. In historical polytheism, a priest administers the sacrifice to a deity in elaborate ritual. In the Ancient Near East, the priesthood acted on behalf of the deities in managing their property. Priestesses in antiquity performed sacred prostitution, in Ancient Greece, some priestesses such as Pythia, priestess at Delphi, acted as oracles. Sumerian en were top-ranking priestesses who were distinguished with special ceremonial attire and held equal status to high priests, they owned property, transacted business, initiated the hieros gamos with priests and kings. Enheduanna was the first known holder of the title en. Nadītu served as priestesses in the temples of Inanna in the city of Uruk.
They were recruited from the highest families in the land and were supposed to remain childless, own
Nikola Eterović is a Croatian Titular Archbishop of the Catholic Church, Apostolic Nuncio to Germany, since 21 September 2013. Nikola Eterović was ordained on 26 June 1977 by Bishop Celestin Bezmalinović. On 25 March 1980 he joined the diplomatic service of the Holy See, where he worked in the Apostolic Nunciatures of Côte d'Ivoire and Nicaragua. Pope John Paul II made him titular bishop of Sisak and Nuncio to the Ukraine on 22 May 1999, he was consecrated by Cardinal Secretary of State Angelo Sodano, Ante Jurić, Archbishop of Split, Slobodan Štambuk, Bishop of Hvar, on 10 July 1999, in St Peter, Rome. On 11 February 2004 he became general secretary of the Synod of Bishops. On 30 November 2009, due to the creation of the Diocese of Sisak, Eterović was made titular bishop of Cibalae. Pope Francis nominated him Apostolic Nuncio to Germany on 21 September 2013. Nikola Eterović is a member of the following institutions: Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples Pontifical Council for Promoting the New Evangelization Apostolic Nunciature to Ukraine Nikola Eterović in catholic-hierarchy.org
Roman Catholic Diocese of Cerreto Sannita-Telese-Sant’Agata de’ Goti
The Italian Catholic Diocese of Cerreto Sannita-Telese-Sant'Agata de' Goti, in Campania, has existed since 1986, when the Diocese of Sant'Agata de' Goti was united into the historical Diocese of Telese-Cerreto Sannita. The diocese is a suffragan of the Archdiocese of Benevento, it has its cathedral episcopal see Cattedrale di SS. Trinità e Beata Vergine Maria Madre della Chiesa, dedicated to the Holy Trinity and to Mary Mother of the Church, in Cerreto Sannita and a Co-Cathedral: Concattedrale di S. Maria Assunta, dedicated to the Assumption of Mary, in Sant’Agata de’ Goti but the former Cathedral: Ex cattedrale Santa Croce, dedicated to the Holy Cross, in Telese, remains decommissioned There is a Minor Basilica: Basilica-Santuario di S. Maria Assunta e S. Filippo Neri, in Guardia Sanframondi; as per 2014, it pastorally served 89,753 Catholics on 583 km² in 60 parishes and 50 missions with 73 priests, 2 deacons, 98 lay religious and 6 seminarians. The first bishop of Telese mentioned is Agnellus.
Having fallen into decay, the town was rebuilt in the ninth century. From the tenth century it was subject to the Archbishop of Benevento. In 1612 Bishop Gian Francesco Leoni transferred the episcopal residence to Cerreto Sannita. In 1818 the see was united to the diocese of Alife, but it was re-established in 1852. Among its bishops were: Alberico Giacquinto. Suffragan Bishops of Telese Erected: 5th Century incomplete: first centuries missing... Luciano Rao Salerno Giacomo Giovanni Arisio Tommaso Tommaso Matteo Guiliand, O. F. M. Domenico, O. F. M. Giacomo da Cerreto Bishop of Vulturara Giacomo Bishop of Lavello. Angelo Marcuzzi... Meolo de Mascabruni, next Bishop of Muro Lucano) Matteo Giudici, next Bishop of Penne e Atri) Troilo Agnesi, next Bishop of Lavello) Pietro Palagario, O. F. M. Andrea Riccio Biagio Caropipe Giovanni Gregorio Peroschi Mauro de Pretis Sebastiano de Bonfilii Alberico Giaquinta Giovanni Beraldo, next Bishop of Sant'Agata de' Goti) Angelo Massarelli Cherubino Lavosio, O. S. A. Annibale Cattaneo Juan Esteban de Urbieta, O.
P. Cesare Bellocchio Eugenio Savino Placido Fava, O. S. B. Eugenio Cattaneo, B. Giovanni Francesco Leoni Suffragan Bishops of Cerreto Sannita or TeleseLatin Name: Thelesina et Cerretana Giovanni Francesco Leoni Sigismondo Gambacorta, C. R. S. A. Pietro Paolo de' Rustici, O. S. B. next Bishop of Isernia) Pietro Marioni Pietro Francesco Moia, C. R. S. Domenico Cito, O. P. Giovanni Battista de Belli Biagio Gambaro Francesco Baccari Antonio Falangola, next Bishop of Caserta) Filippo Gentile Filiberto Pascali Vincenzo Lupoli Raffaele Longobardi Giovanni Battista de Martino di Pietradoro Carlo Puoti Gennaro di Giacomo Luigi Sodo Angelo Michele Jannachino Giuseppe Signore Salvatore Del Bene Felice Leonardo Suffragan Bishops of Cerreto Sannita-Telese-Sant’Agata de’ GotiUnited: 30 September 1986 with Diocese of Sant’Agata de’ Goti'Latin Name: Cerretana-Thelesina-Sanctae Agathae Gothorum Mario Paciello Michele De Rosa List of Catholic dioceses in Italy GCatholic This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Herbermann, Charles, ed..
"article name needed". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton
Puglianello is a comune in the Province of Benevento in the Italian region Campania, located about 45 km northeast of Naples and about 30 km northwest of Benevento. Puglianello borders the following municipalities: Amorosi, Ruviano, San Salvatore Telesino
Giuseppe De Andrea
Giuseppe De Andrea was an Italian-born American Roman Catholic archbishop. He earned his S. T. L. from the Pontifical Gregorian University in Rome and a master’s in education from the Catholic University of America in Washington, D. C. Ordained to the priesthood on 21 June 1953, De Andrea worked as a teacher in Kenya from 1956 to 1958, he was incardinated into the Roman Catholic Diocese of Greensburg, Pennsylvania, in 1958, served in parishes and other institutions for twenty years. From 1961 to 1964 he was a professor of theology at Seton Hill University. From 1964 to 1967 he was a headmaster at St. Joseph Hall Preparatory School in Greensburg, PA. In the 1980s Archbishop De Andrea served as a representative of the Vatican at the United Nations. In 1994 he was appointed to the Pontifical Council for the Pastoral Care of Itinerants. In 2001, he was appointed titular archbishop of Anzio and served as apostolic nuncio for Kuwait, Yemen and the Arabian Peninsula. De Andrea retired from diplomatic office in 2005 upon having reached the age limit.
Archbishop De Andrea served as Assessor of the Order of the Holy Sepulchre from 2008 to 2013. In 2011-2012, following the resignation of the Grand Master Cardinal Foley due to ill health, he temporarily carried out Grand Master's duties before Cardinal Edwin O’Brien was appointed a successor. During his retirement he served as a senior canon at St. Peter’s Basilica in Rome, he remained Apostolic Nuncio Emeritus of Kuwait and an Honorary Assessor of the Order of the Holy Sepulchre. He died in Rome at the age of 86 and was laid to rest alongside his brother Archbishop Giovanni in the Rivarolo Canavese cemetery, he was the son of Antonietta De Andrea. His elder brother is Archbishop Giovanni De Andrea. In the United States, his was known as Fr. Joseph De Andrea and after becoming an Archbishop, he remained Fr. Joe for his parishioners
Roman Catholic Diocese of Mukachevo
The Roman Catholic Diocese of Mukachevo is a diocese of the Latin Rite of the Catholic Church in Ukraine. Antal Majnek is the current bishop of the diocese, he was appointed to the See of Mukachevo in 1997. The history of the diocese begins 1993 when the Apostolic Administration of Zakarpattia was split off from the Diocese of Szatmár; this is unique among the Ukrainian dioceses, the remainder of which were all split off from Lviv, associated with Polish culture. Mukachevo Roman Catholics are Hungarian-Ukrainian. Elevated to a diocese in 2002, the diocese has only had one ordinary for the entirety of its existence; the diocese is a suffragan of the Archdiocese of Lviv of the Latins. Antal Majnek, O. F. M. Roman Catholicism in Ukraine GCatholic.org Catholic Hierarchy