An anxiolytic is a medication, or other intervention, that inhibits anxiety. This effect is in contrast to anxiogenic agents. Together these categories of psychoactive compounds or interventions may be referred to as anxiotropic compounds or agents; some recreational drugs such as alcohol induce anxiolysis initially. Anxiolytic medications have been used for the treatment of anxiety disorder and its related psychological and physical symptoms. Light therapy and other interventions have been found to have an anxiolytic effect. Beta-receptor blockers such as propranolol and oxprenolol, although not anxiolytics, can be used to combat the somatic symptoms of anxiety such as tachycardia and palpitations. Anxiolytics are known as minor tranquilizers; the term is less common in modern texts and was derived from a dichotomy with major tranquilizers known as neuroleptics or antipsychotics. There are concerns that some GABAergics, such as benzodiazepines and barbiturates, may have an anxiogenic effect if used over long periods of time.
Barbiturates exert an anxiolytic effect linked to the sedation. The risk of abuse and addiction is high. Many experts consider these drugs obsolete for treating anxiety but valuable for the short-term treatment of severe insomnia, though only after benzodiazepines or non-benzodiazepines have failed. Benzodiazepines are prescribed for long-term relief of severe and disabling anxiety. Benzodiazepines may be indicated to cover the latent periods associated with the medications prescribed to treat an underlying anxiety disorder, they are used to treat a wide variety of conditions and symptoms and are a first choice when short-term CNS sedation is needed. If benzodiazepines are discontinued after being taken daily for two or more weeks there is some risk of benzodiazepine withdrawal and rebound syndrome, which varies by the specific drug. Tolerance and dependence may occur, but may be clinically acceptable the risk of abuse is smaller than in case of barbiturates. Cognitive and behavioral adverse effects are possible.
Benzodiazepines include: Alprazolam Bromazepam Chlordiazepoxide Clonazepam Clorazepate Diazepam Flurazepam Lorazepam Oxazepam Temazepam Triazolam Benzodiazepines exert their anxiolytic properties at moderate dosage. At higher dosage hypnotic properties occur. Tofisopam is a drug, a benzodiazepine derivative. Like other benzodiazepines, it possesses anxiolytic properties, unlike other benzodiazepines, it does not have anticonvulsant, skeletal muscle relaxant, motor skill-impairing, or amnestic properties. Marketed as a safer alternative to barbiturate anxiolytics, meprobamate was used to relieve anxiety in the late 1950s and 1960s. Like barbiturates, therapeutic doses produce significant overdoses may be fatal. In the US, meprobamate has been replaced with benzodiazepines while the drug is now withdrawn in many European countries and Canada; the muscle relaxant carisoprodol has anxiolytic effects by metabolizing to meprobamate. Various other carbamates have been found to share these effects, such as lorbamate.
Hydroxyzine is an antihistamine approved for clinical use by the FDA in 1956. In addition to its antihistamine properties hydroxyzine possesses anxiolytic properties and is approved for the treatment of anxiety and tension, its sedative properties are useful as a premedication before anesthesia or to induce sedation after anesthesia. Hydroxyzine has been shown to be as effective as benzodiazepines in the treatment of generalized anxiety disorder, while producing fewer side-effects. Chlorpheniramine and diphenhydramine have hypnotic and sedative effects with mild anxiolytic-like properties; these drugs are approved by the FDA for allergies and urticaria. Opioids are drugs that are only prescribed for their painkilling properties, but some research is beginning to find that some varieties are effective at treating depression, obsessive compulsive disorder, other ailments associated with or caused by anxiety, they have a high potential for abuse and have one of the highest addiction rates for all drugs.
Many people become addicted to these drugs because they are so effective at blocking emotional pain, including anxiety. To alcohol, people with anxiety disorders are more to become addicted to opioids due to their anxiolytic effect; these drugs range from the prescribed hydrocodone, to the illegal heroin, all the way to much more potent varieties like fentanyl used in trauma or end of life pain management. Most people purchasing these drugs illegally are seeking them out to get a euphoric like high, but many others seek them out because they are so effective at reducing both physical pain and emotional pain, it appears that buprenorphine is gaining some acceptability within the medical community for treating anxiety, OCD, depression. Buprenorphine is similar to methadone in that it is used in opioid replacement therapy as well as pain management, it is safer than methadone and other opioids and has a long half-life leading to less compulsive use among those who attempt to abuse it or have become dependent on it.
There has been research into more abused opioids being prescribed for anxiety disorder, but given that these drugs produce more euphoria and require more constant dosing when compared to buprenorphine, there is a much higher danger
Texas House Bill 2 is a bill within the Eighty-third Texas Legislature, first introduced into the Texas Senate as Texas Senate Bill 5 on June 11, 2013, related to abortion rights within the state. Among provisions include banning abortions 20 weeks post-fertilization, mandating that doctors practicing abortions must have admitting privileges at a nearby hospital. SB5 was criticized by state Democrats, passage during a special session in the Texas Senate was blocked by a filibuster by Senator Wendy Davis by the end of the legislative term at the end of June. Governor Rick Perry created a second special session, in which the failed SB5 was reintroduced within the Texas House of Representatives as HB2, passed both Houses and signed into law by Gov. Perry on July 18, 2013; the law faced immediate legal scrutiny, in July 2016, the United States Supreme Court held some parts of the law to be unconstitutional in its decision on Whole Woman's Health v. Hellerstedt. Texas Senate Bill 5 is a list of measures that would amend and add to abortion regulations in Texas, drawn from previous bills that had failed earlier in the legislative term.
Four key measures introduced by the bill included: A ban on abortion at 20 weeks post-fertilization and recognize that the state has a compelling interest to protect fetuses from pain. Requiring doctors who perform abortions to have admitting privileges at a nearby hospital within 30 miles. Requiring abortion clinics to meet the same standards as other surgical health-care facilities in the state. Requiring medical oversight for women taking abortion-inducing drugs such as RU-486; the bill would not apply to abortions necessary to save the mother's life or to prevent permanent bodily damage from a pregnancy. During the 2012–2013 Eighty-third Texas Legislature, several bills were introduced related to abortion restrictions but which failed to pass. With several legislative matters left unresolved as the Texas Legislature ended its normal term in May 2013, including voting in new redistricting maps, Governor Rick Perry issued a 30-day special session started May 27, 2013, which under Texas law allows him to ask the legislature to produce legislation for other matters that he requests.
Among issues that Perry sought. SB5 was introduced mid-June 2013, which combined elements of several of the failed bills from the term, it proceeded to be passed by the Senate. In the House, an amended version of SB5 was passed on June 23, 2013. If the bill failed before the normal end of the session, the bill would be dead. Democrat lawmakers in the Senator sought ways to block the passage of the bill. Senator Wendy Davis along with other Senators made plans for her to launch into a filibuster on June 25 as to prevent a call for a vote before the end of the session, which would kill the bill. After ten hours, Lieutenant Governor David Dewhurst ruled that Davis had gone off topic after Davis began talking about a sonogram bill, forcing a vote on whether the filibuster could continue. Despite efforts to pass the bill, parliamentary enquiries from Leticia R. Van de Putte and other senators, as well as disruption from the gallery caused the session to go on through midnight, the official closure of the special session.
Following the deadline, Republicans indicated that a vote had taken place and passed 19–11, while Democrats declared that the vote had taken place after midnight, making the vote void. Dewhurst conceded that the bill was passed after the deadline and was considered dead. After the bill was thought to have been passed, a record was added to the official web page on the history of the bill. According to the page, the timestamp of the bill's passage was listed as the 26th; the page was taken down and altered to say that the bill was passed on the 25th. According to Texas Penal Code, Section 37.10, it is a crime to make an alteration, false in a government document or record. According to the Legislative Reference Library of Texas the Texas Legislature Online system "... is not the official record of those actions, enters actions on TLO as a public service independently of the officers of the house or senate." The Public Integrity Unit has begun an investigation into the events after receiving complaints.
The day after Davis' filibuster, Governor Perry ordered a second special session to start July 1, 2013, with demands for the legislation to look at three specific topics including abortion. Perry stated that it was due to the " breakdown of decorum and decency to prevent us from doing what the people of this state hired us to do." During the second session, a large number of supporters and opponents of the bill showed up at the Texas Legislative building while wearing blue or orange shirts in support of their respective sides. SB5 was revived as the new House Bill 2, which passed by July 10, 2013 by a 96–49 margin and sent the measure to the Texas Senate; the Senate passed the bill on July 2013, with a bipartisan vote with a 19 -- 11 margin. The bill was signed into law by Perry on July 18, 2013. One commentator for the National Review stated that "Wendy Davis won the battle, but Rick Perry won the war." Organizations and people on both sides used websites like Twitter and the Texas Tribune to share their side and learn more, with several hashtags becoming popular on Twitter.
Coverage and a livestream of the Texas Legislature by the Texas Tribune has been said to have been the reason that the bill became national, international, news. Psychedelic rock band The Bright Light Social Hour were in the gallery during Senator Dav
Heartstrings is a 2011 South Korean television series starring Park Shin-hye and Jung Yong-hwa. It aired on MBC from June 29 to August 19, 2011 on Wednesdays and Thursdays at 21:55 for 15 episodes. Heartstrings is a youth melodrama about love and dreams, set against the backdrop of a performing arts college; the drama reunited Jung Yong-hwa and Park Shin-hye who both starred in the TV series You're Beautiful. A series of misunderstandings causes Lee Shin, the cocky leader of "The Stupid" and Lee Gyu-won, a college student majoring in Traditional Korean Music to start on the wrong foot. Gyu-won does not understand why Lee Shin is so popular, until one day she is forced to go the band's concert with her friends, who are fans of "The Stupid". There, she sees Lee Shin performing live, is captivated by him; when Gyu-won decides to join the performance group for the upcoming 100th anniversary performance for the university, everyone sees her potential and talent Kim Suk-hyun, a Broadway composer-turned-music director.
She competes with Han Hee-joo, the spoiled daughter of the Chairman, for the role of the leading actress. Lee Shin decides to join the musical due to his crush on the dance professor, Jung Yoon-soo, the choreographer and muse of the musical; as Gyu-won and Lee Shin spend more time together, they began to fall for each other. Fearing that Gyu-won might outshine her daughter, Hee-joo's mother schemes with Im Tae-joon, one of the school's administrators. Lee Shin works with Suk-hyun. Meanwhile, Joon-hee struggles between his ever-growing feelings for Hee-joo and helping his friends as she threatens their university lives; when Hee-joo is found to be suffering from vocal chord infection, Gyu-won is given the chance to replace her and go on stage. However, the kind-hearted Gyu-won chooses to let Hee-joo stand on stage instead, while she sings for her backstage; when the media found out that Gyu-won was the actual singer, she was offered a chance to go overseas to record an album. A new conflict occurs.
At the same time, Lee Shin was suffering from a broken wrist caused by a fall he suffered with Gyu-won earlier. Worried that she might forfeit her dream to stay with him, he lies to her and insists that he is fine after crouching in pain during a performance with The Stupid. Gyu-won decides to go to the United Kingdom to fulfill her dream, while Lee Shin undergoes surgery to fix his broken wrist. Park Shin-hye as Lee Gyu-wonA student majoring in Traditional Korean Music, born to a prestigious musical family, she discovers her passion for musicals and fights to realize her dreams. Jung Yong-hwa as Lee ShinLead singer and guitarist of "The Stupid", known for his good looks and musical talent. Perceived as cold and distant, Lee Shin harbors a soft side within him, he has a crush on Yoon-soo, but falls for Gyu-won. Song Chang-eui as Kim Suk-hyunA famous director who earned accolades for producing original musicals on Broadway, he acts as a mentor to the aspiring students. So Yi-hyun as Jung Yoon-sooA professional ballerina as well as dance choreographer.
She broke up with him to further her studies at New York. Kang Min-hyuk as Yeo Joon-heeDrummer of "The Stupid". A sexy but innocent man, always hungry, he falls in love with Hee-joo at first sight, calls her "Natasha". Kim Yoon-hye as Han Hee-jooThe Chairman's daughter. An arrogant and spoiled woman, who has a crush on Lee Shin, she sees Gyu-won as her rival, attempts to sabotage her multiple times. Lee Hyun-jin as Hyun Ki-youngA talented singer who suffers from stage fright, but overcomes it with encouragement from Suk-hyun. Im Se-mi as Cha Bo-woonGyu-won's close friend, fellow member of "The Windflowers". Jang Seo-won as Lee Soo-myung Lim Do-yoon as Sa-rang Oh Won-bin as guitarist of "The Stupid" Song Se-hyun as bassist of "The Stupid" Shin Goo as Lee Dong-jinGyu-won's grandfather. A strict and traditional man, he is a famous pansori master, one of the top 3 traditional musicians of his age. His biggest wish is to see his granddaughter become a traditional music prodigy. Seo Beom-seok as Lee Hyun-sooLee Shin's father.
A famous guitarist who dies from alcohol poisoning. He was Sun-ki's best friend, stole Ji-young away from him. Lee Il-hwa as Song Ji-youngLee Shin's mother, she was a band singer and first love of Lee Sun-ki, but their relationship was opposed by Lee Dong-jin. Sunwoo Jae-duk as Lee Sun-kiGyu-won's father, banished from the family by Lee Dong-jin due to his love of classical piano. Moon Ga-young as Lee Jung-hyunYounger sister of Lee Shin. A spoiled brat who extorts money from Lee Shin and Gyu-won, she is shown to develop an interest for pansori, which delights Lee Dong-jin. Lee Jung-heon as Im Tae-joonDepartment Head, he has a crush on Yoon-soo, favors Hee-joo due to her being the Chairman's daughter. Jung Kyung-ho as Goo Jung-eunThe owner of Catharsis known as Madam Gu. Kim Sun-kyung as Professor Hong Gi Ju-bong as University Chairman The series had the working title Festival, until broadcaster MBC announced an online contest held from March 30 to April 10, 2011 to give it a new title. Among over 4,000 suggestions submitted to the MBC website, You've Fallen for Me was chosen as the Korean title.
A second online contest for the international English title was held o
He Jintao was a general of the Chinese dynasty Tang Dynasty, who, as military governor of Weibo Circuit, ruled the circuit in de facto independence from the imperial government. It is not known when He Jintao was born, but it is known that his family was from Ling Prefecture, his great-grandfather He Xiaowu and grandfather He Jun both served as officers at Ling Prefecture. His father He Mo served as an officer at Xia Prefecture, he Jintao settled at Weibo's capital Wei Prefecture, came to serve in the Weibo army, under then-military governor Tian Hongzheng, obedient to the imperial government. In a campaign that Tian waged against Wang Chengzong, the military governor of Chengde Circuit, when Wang was resisting the imperial government, there was a night when Weibo forces conducted a night raid against Chengde's capital Heng Prefecture. Wang responded by sending an officer in an iron mask, commanding 1,000 cavalry soldiers, to counterattack against the Weibo forces, he Jintao engaged the Chengde cavalry soldiers and defeated them capturing the officer in iron mask, causing much apprehension among the Chengde soldiers.
After a subsequent campaign that Tian conducted against Li Shidao the military governor of Pinglu Circuit, in which He Jintao made contributions, He Jintao was given the honorary imperial censor title of Shiyushi. By 829, He Jintao was serving under Shi Xiancheng, ruling Weibo in de facto independence from the imperial government. However, as at that time, imperial forces were close to defeating the rebel general Li Tongjie, who controlled the neighboring Henghai Circuit, Shi became apprehensive. Under the advice of his son Shi Xiaozhang, Shi Xiancheng offered to surrender control of Weibo to the imperial government and requested another command elsewhere; the reigning Emperor Wenzong reacted by commissioning Shi Xiancheng as the military governor of Hezhong Circuit, Li Ting the military governor of Yicheng Circuit as the military governor of Weibo. He carved out three of Weibo's six prefectures — Xiang and Chan — to create a new circuit, for Shi Xiaozhang to serve as military governor of. Thereafter, Shi Xiancheng prepared to depart Wei Prefecture.
It was said that he stripped the headquarters and circuit treasury of its treasures, ready to take them to Hezhong, this angered the soldiers. The soldiers mutinied and killed Shi Xiancheng, they supported He Jintao to be their leader; when Li Ting subsequently arrived at Wei Prefecture, He Jintao refused to let him enter, subsequently made a surprise attack, defeating him. At that time, the imperial treasury was drained, the imperial government, judging that it had no ability to defeat He Jintao and made He Jintao the military governor of Weibo, further returned Xiang and Chan prefectures to Weibo, it was said. He died in 840, the reigning Emperor Wuzong allowed his son He Chongshun to inherit the circuit. Old Book of Tang, vol. 181. New Book of Tang, vol. 210. Zizhi Tongjian, vols. 244, 246
Lee Jae-in is a South Korean actress, born in Taebaek, Gangwon. The Battle: Roar to Victory Svaha: The Sixth Finger - Geum-hwa Adulthood - Hwang Kyung-eon At Her Own Pace Our Body Survival Guide - Older Sister Tombstone Refugee - Da-bin I Can Speak - Jung-shim Horror Stories 3 "Machine Ghost" - Dunko Futureless Things No Tears for the Dead - Daeban granddaughter Happiness for Sale Beautiful World - Han Dong-hee Drama Stage "Slide to Unlock" - Yeo-na Sense 8 Season 2 Six Flying Dragons Sense 8 Season 1 - Seon Who Are You: School 2015 - Ra-jin KBS Drama Special "The Last Puzzle" Modern Farmer Samsaengi - Jung Yoon-hee Family Quiz from God 3 - Ha-young Ice Adonis - Ha Yoon-hee Lee Jae-in at the Korean Movie Database Lee Jae-in at HanCinema Lee Jae-in on IMDb
Hugo Wilson is an English artist and sculptor. Wilson was born in London, he is the son of Kenneth Wilson, of East Chisenbury and Diana Wilson, of Battersea, London. At the age of 17 he went to Florence, Italy to be trained as a painter at the Charles H. Cecil Studios, from 2000 to 2004, received a Master's degree from the City and Guilds of London Institute in 2008. Wilson has had solo shows at London. 2014, Wilson married Princess Maria Theresia of Thurn and Taxis, daughter of Johannes, 11th Prince of Thurn and Taxis, Countess Gloria of Schönburg-Glauchau, at St. Joseph's Church in Tutzing, Germany, they have two daughters. He works in London. Official website