The United States of America known as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U. S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D. C. and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico; the State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean; the U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The diverse geography and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.
Paleo-Indians migrated from Siberia to the North American mainland at least 12,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century; the United States emerged from the thirteen British colonies established along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the colonies following the French and Indian War led to the American Revolution, which began in 1775, the subsequent Declaration of Independence in 1776; the war ended in 1783 with the United States becoming the first country to gain independence from a European power. The current constitution was adopted in 1788, with the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, being ratified in 1791 to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties; the United States embarked on a vigorous expansion across North America throughout the 19th century, acquiring new territories, displacing Native American tribes, admitting new states until it spanned the continent by 1848. During the second half of the 19th century, the Civil War led to the abolition of slavery.
By the end of the century, the United States had extended into the Pacific Ocean, its economy, driven in large part by the Industrial Revolution, began to soar. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the country's status as a global military power; the United States emerged from World War II as a global superpower, the first country to develop nuclear weapons, the only country to use them in warfare, a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. Sweeping civil rights legislation, notably the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and the Fair Housing Act of 1968, outlawed discrimination based on race or color. During the Cold War, the United States and the Soviet Union competed in the Space Race, culminating with the 1969 U. S. Moon landing; the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the world's sole superpower. The United States is the world's oldest surviving federation, it is a representative democracy.
The United States is a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States, other international organizations. The United States is a developed country, with the world's largest economy by nominal GDP and second-largest economy by PPP, accounting for a quarter of global GDP; the U. S. economy is post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge-based activities, although the manufacturing sector remains the second-largest in the world. The United States is the world's largest importer and the second largest exporter of goods, by value. Although its population is only 4.3% of the world total, the U. S. holds 31% of the total wealth in the world, the largest share of global wealth concentrated in a single country. Despite wide income and wealth disparities, the United States continues to rank high in measures of socioeconomic performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP, worker productivity.
The United States is the foremost military power in the world, making up a third of global military spending, is a leading political and scientific force internationally. In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a world map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America in honor of the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci; the first documentary evidence of the phrase "United States of America" is from a letter dated January 2, 1776, written by Stephen Moylan, Esq. to George Washington's aide-de-camp and Muster-Master General of the Continental Army, Lt. Col. Joseph Reed. Moylan expressed his wish to go "with full and ample powers from the United States of America to Spain" to seek assistance in the revolutionary war effort; the first known publication of the phrase "United States of America" was in an anonymous essay in The Virginia Gazette newspaper in Williamsburg, Virginia, on April 6, 1776. The second draft of the Articles of Confederation, prepared by John Dickinson and completed by June 17, 1776, at the latest, declared "The name of this Confederation shall be the'United States of America'".
The final version of the Articles sent to the states for ratification in late 1777 contains the sentence "The Stile of this Confederacy shall be'The United States of America'". In June 1776, Thomas Jefferson wrote the phrase "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" in all capitalized letters in the headline of his "original Rough draught" of the Declaration of Independence; this draft of the document did not surface unti
Apache National Forest
Apache National Forest was established by the U. S. Forest Service in Arizona and New Mexico on July 1, 1908 with 1,302,711 acres from portions of Black Mesa National Forest. In 1974 the entire forest was administratively combined with Sitgreaves National Forest to create Apache-Sitgreaves National Forests; the New Mexico section is now administered by the Gila National Forest. The area of the former Apache National Forest covers most of Greenlee County, southern Apache County and part of western Catron County, New Mexico; the former Apache is much the larger than the former Sitgreaves. As of 30 September 2008, its area was 1,813,601 acres, representing 68.9% of the combined Apache–Sitgreaves total area. There are local ranger district offices in Alpine and Springerville. There are four wilderness areas within Apache National Forest that are part of the National Wilderness Preservation System: Bear Wallow Wilderness Blue Range Wilderness Escudilla Wilderness Mount Baldy Wilderness Forest History Society Listing of the National Forests of the United States and Their Dates Text from Davis, Richard C. ed. Encyclopedia of American Forest and Conservation History.
New York: Macmillan Publishing Company for the Forest History Society, 1983. Vol. II, pp. 743-788
Greenlee County, Arizona
Greenlee County is a county located in the southeastern part of the U. S. state of Arizona. As of the 2010 census its population was 8,437; the county seat is Clifton. The economy of Greenlee County is dominated by the Morenci Mine, the largest copper mining operation in North America, one of the largest copper mines in the world; as of 2008, the mine complex, owned by Freeport-McMoRan, had about 4,000 employees. Greenlee County was created in 1909 and named for Mason Greenlee, an early settler in the Clifton area, it was Arizona's 14th county and formed from part of Graham County, which opposed the formation because Graham County would lose considerable revenue. Clifton has always been the county seat. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,848 square miles, of which 1,843 square miles is land and 5.3 square miles is water. It is the second-smallest county by area in Arizona. Cochise County – south Graham County – west Apache County – north Catron County, New Mexico – east Grant County, New Mexico – east Hidalgo County, New Mexico – southeast Apache-Sitgreaves National Forest Gila Box Riparian National Conservation Area U.
S. Route 70 U. S. Route 191 State Route 75 State Route 78 As of the census of 2000, there were 8,547 people, 3,117 households, 2,266 families residing in the county; the population density was 5 people per square mile. There were 3,744 housing units at an average density of 2 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 74.17% White, 0.51% Black or African American, 1.66% Native American, 0.15% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 20.02% from other races, 3.45% from two or more races. 43.07% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 25.19% reported speaking Spanish at home. There were 3,117 households out of which 39.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.30% were married couples living together, 9.00% had a female householder with no husband present, 27.30% were non-families. 24.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.30% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.73 and the average family size was 3.26.
In the county, the population was spread out with 31.70% under the age of 18, 7.50% from 18 to 24, 28.20% from 25 to 44, 22.60% from 45 to 64, 9.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 109.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 108.00 males. The median income for a household in the county was $39,384, the median income for a family was $43,523. Males had a median income of $38,952 versus $23,333 for females; the per capita income for the county was $15,814. About 8.00% of families and 9.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.10% of those under age 18 and 8.70% of those age 65 or over. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 8,437 people, 3,188 households, 2,152 families residing in the county; the population density was 4.6 inhabitants per square mile. There were 4,372 housing units at an average density of 2.4 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 77.2% white, 2.3% American Indian, 1.1% black or African American, 0.5% Asian, 0.1% Pacific islander, 15.0% from other races, 3.8% from two or more races.
Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 47.9% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 12.9% were English, 12.1% were German, 10.6% were Irish, 1.6% were American. Of the 3,188 households, 37.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.5% were married couples living together, 9.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 32.5% were non-families, 27.8% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.64 and the average family size was 3.21. The median age was 34.8 years. The median income for a household in the county was $48,696 and the median income for a family was $51,729. Males had a median income of $50,446 versus $34,171 for females; the per capita income for the county was $21,281. About 9.4% of families and 13.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.8% of those under age 18 and 13.2% of those age 65 or over. Greenlee County used to be the most reliably Democratic county in Arizona, it voted for the Democratic presidential candidate in every election from 1912 to 1996, being one of only seven Mountain State counties to support George McGovern.
However, it has supported the Republican candidate in each of the five most recent presidential elections. The county is located in Arizona's 1st congressional district, which has a Cook Partisan Voting Index of R+2 and is represented by Democratic Congressman Tom O'Halleran. In the Arizona House of Representatives it is represented by Republican Becky Nutt and Republican Drew John. In the Arizona Senate it is represented by Republican Gail Griffin. Clifton Duncan Boyles Guthrie Metcalf Oroville Franklin Morenci York Blue Blue Vista Hannagan Meadow Loma Linda Sheldon Three Way Verde Lee The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2010 census of Greenlee County.† county seat National Register of Historic Places listings in Greenlee County, Arizona County website
Coconino National Forest
The Coconino National Forest is a 1.856-million acre United States National Forest located in northern Arizona in the vicinity of Flagstaff. Established in 1898 as the "San Francisco Mountains National Forest Reserve", the area was designated a U. S. National Forest in 1908 when the San Francisco Mountains National Forest Reserve was merged with lands from other surrounding forest reserves to create the Coconino National Forest. Today, the Coconino National Forest contains diverse landscapes, including deserts, ponderosa pine forests, mesas, alpine tundra, ancient volcanic peaks; the forest borders four other national forests. The forest contains all or parts of ten designated wilderness areas, including the Kachina Peaks Wilderness, which includes the summit of the San Francisco Peaks; the headquarters are in Flagstaff. There are local ranger district offices in Flagstaff, Happy Jack, Sedona. Coconino is the word the Hopi use for Yavapai Indians; the Coconino National Forest was so named because it is located in the central portion of Coconino County.
The elevation in the forest ranges from 2,600 feet in the southern part of the forest near the Verde River to 12,633 feet at the summit of Humphreys Peak, the highest point in the state of Arizona. Much of the forest is a high altitude plateau, located in the midst of the largest contiguous ponderosa pine forest in North America; the southern border of this plateau is the Mogollon Rim, a nearly 400 mile long escarpment running across central Arizona that marks the southern boundary of the Colorado Plateau. The Coconino National Forest is divided into three districts that each possess their own distinct geography and environments; the northernmost district, known as the Flagstaff District, is home to the San Francisco Peaks, an ancient group of volcanic summits. The highest peak, Humphreys Peak, is the highest point in Arizona at 12,88633 feet; the second and fourth highest peaks in Arizona are found nearby. The San Francisco Peaks are the dominant structure of the San Francisco Volcanic Field, an 1,800 square mile volcanic field that contains more than 600 volcanic features.
The Coconino National Forest encompasses a large portion of the volcanic field and so the forest landscape around Flagstaff is dotted with tree-covered cinder cones, lava flows, underground lava tubes. The Flagstaff District surrounds two United States National Monuments near Flagstaff, Walnut Canyon National Monument and Sunset Crater Volcano National Monument the latter of which preserves the youngest cinder cone in the San Francisco Volcanic Field, Sunset Crater; the forest borders Wupatki National Monument on its northeast corner. Located in the southern portion of the Flagstaff District is Mormon Lake, the largest natural lake in the state of Arizona. Several other natural lakes, including Ashurst Lake and Marshall Lake, dot the top of Anderson Mesa, an 20-mile long ridge that rises 200 to 400 feet above the surrounding landscape. Anderson Mesa is best known for the branch of Lowell Observatory located along the edge of the mesa. At the base of the southwest side of Anderson Mesa are two narrow, manmade reservoirs constructed in the early 1900s, Upper Lake Mary and Lower Lake Mary.
Upper Lake Mary contains water year round in all but the driest years while Lower Lake Mary, located just to the northwest of Upper Lake Mary resembles a wet meadow rather than a lake. The Red Rock district, centered on the town of Sedona, encompasses many of the famous red rock buttes and mesas, canyons that have made Sedona famous as a resort town. Just north of Sedona is Oak Creek Canyon, one of the many large canyons located along the Mogollon Rim. Oak Creek Canyon is one of the most popular recreation destinations in the Coconino National Forest and along with Sedona is Arizona's second most popular tourist attraction, second only to the Grand Canyon. Oak Creek Canyon is a popular leaf peeping area in the fall as it is one of the few areas in the forest where deciduous trees are the dominant vegetation type; this region is home to Sycamore Canyon, the second largest canyon in Arizona. Elevations in this part of the forest are lower than the rest of the forest resulting in higher temperatures year round.
The Third district is the Mogollon Rim District, located along the Mogollon Rim south of the Mormon Lake District and east of the Red Rock District. The landscape here resembles the Mormon Lake District with a number of small lakes and perennial streams scattered among a dense ponderosa pine forest; the southern boundary of the district is the edge of the Mogollon Rim where the Coconino National Forest borders the Tonto National Forest and Coconino County borders Gila County. Conifers and other evergreen plants are the dominant type of vegetation in the Coconino National Forest. Due in part to the dry climate, deciduous trees are rare except for in some moist areas along creeks and streams. While the ponderosa pine is by far the most common tree species in the Coconino National Forest, vegetation type varies depending on the elevation of a certain area. At the lowest elevations, in the extreme southwestern portion of the forest, actual trees are scarce and the landscape is dominated by various small shrubs and sagebrushes.
At elevations between 4,500 feet and 6,500 feet
Springerville is a town in Apache County, United States, within the White Mountains. Its postal ZIP code is 85938; as of the 2010 census, the population of the town was 1,961. Springerville sits at an elevation of 6,974 feet above sea level. Along with its neighbor Eagar, the communities make up the place known as Round Valley, in the central-eastern part of Arizona close to the New Mexico border; the town that grew around Henry Springer's trading post was given its name on May 10, 1876. Before that time it had gone by names such as Colorado Chiquito, Milligan Settlement, Valle Redondo. Outlaw Cowboy Ike Clanton, present at the Gunfight at the O. K. Corral, was shot dead in Springerville on June 1, 1887, by detective Jonas V. Brighton when he resisted arrest on charges of cattle rustling. Springerville is the home of Arizona's Madonna of the Trail statue, unveiled on September 29, 1928; the town was incorporated in 1948. In 1951, Twentieth Century Fox filmed an adaptation of Fred Gipson's novel The Home Place titled Return of the Texan at several locations in and around Springerville.
In June 2011, the entire town was evacuated due to a nearby wildfire. Springerville is located at 34°8′11″N 109°16′45″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 11.7 square miles, of which 11.6 square miles is land and 0.1 square miles, or 1.40%, is water. Springerville has a semi-arid climate; as of the census of 2000, there were 1,972 people, 753 households, 499 families residing in the town. The population density was 170.8 people per square mile. There were 896 housing units at an average density of 77.6 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 79.46% White, 0.20% Black or African American, 6.54% Native American, 0.41% Asian, 0.10% Pacific Islander, 10.24% from other races, 3.04% from two or more races. 25.20% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 753 households out of which 34.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.6% were married couples living together, 11.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.7% were non-families.
30.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.7% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.18. In the town, the age distribution of the population shows 29.2% under the age of 18, 7.6% from 18 to 24, 25.2% from 25 to 44, 23.4% from 45 to 64, 14.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.4 males. The median income for a household in the town was $30,769, the median income for a family was $36,331. Males had a median income of $32,313 versus $19,519 for females; the per capita income for the town was $13,830. About 14.7% of families and 21.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.4% of those under age 18 and 26.1% of those age 65 or over. The town is served by the Round Valley Unified School District; the school's mascot is the elk and its school colors are black and gold.
The St. Johns Redskins are the school's biggest rival. Round Valley Primary School serves the town. Round Valley Intermediate School, Round Valley Middle School, Round Valley High School serve the town are in nearby Eagar. In addition, White Mountain Academy, a K-12 charter school, is located in Eagar; the high school's football stadium, The Round Valley Ensphere located in Eagar, is the eighth biggest geodesic dome in the world with a diameter of 440 feet / 134 m. The school board voted to give the Dome a pinkish looking color, it was completed in 1992, it was used as a shelter for evacuees from the Rodeo-Chediski fire in 2002. Round Valley is the only high school in the world to have a domed stadium; the first Springerville School House was dedicated September 3, 1884. In 1969—the Springerville, Vernon, Nutrioso and Colter Schools consolidated with each other to form the Round Valley Unified School District; the Springerville Municipal Airport is a town-owned public-use airport located one nautical mile west of the central business district of Springerville.
Casa Malpais is located near Springerville. It is a nationally recognized archeological site; the name Casa Malpais means "House built from Malapai", which describes the type volcanic vesicular basalt from which the ancient village was constructed. It is thought; the Springerville volcanic field contains over 400 volcanoes within a 50-mile radius of Springerville, making it the third largest volcanic field in the continental United States. The first visit to Casa Malpais by a professional anthropologist was in 1883, when Frank Cushing, living at Zuni, visited a site at "El Valle Redondo on the Colorado Chiquito", was impressed by what he termed "the fissure type pueblo" he found there. In his journal he sketched dry masonry, upon which the pueblo is constructed. Unique and unusual features characterize the site; the Great Kiva, painstakingly constructed of volcanic rock, is the centerpiece. A steep basalt staircase set into a crevice of the high red cliff wall leads to the top of the mesa. Both the Hopi and Zuni people still consider Casa Malpais a sacred ancestral place.
The town contains one of the twelve Madonna of the Trail monuments created by sculptor August Leimbach. The town is close to the Apache-Sitgreaves National Forest, it is close to the Sunrise Ski Resort. The El Rio opened in 1915, it was originally
Catron County, New Mexico
Catron County is a county in the U. S. state of New Mexico. As of the 2010 census, the population was 3,725, its county seat is Reserve. Catron County is New Mexico's largest county by area. Settlement in the Catron County region dates to some of the earliest in the Americas. During the Clovis period between 10999 BC and 8000 BC and Folsom period between 7999 BC and 5999 BC, the Ake Site was occupied near Datil. Bat Cave, near Horse Springs, was occupied around 3,500 BC; the Mimbres culture was part of the Mogollon people who lived throughout the Catron County area from AD 1000 to 1130. Their art is renowned for its beauty. In 1598, the region was declared a province in New Spain; the province remained in Spanish control until Mexico's declaration of independence in 1821. Under the 1824 Constitution of Mexico, this became the federally administered Territory of New Mexico. European settlement of this region started with the Spanish, it intensified. More settlers moved to the state after it was admitted to the Union in 1912.
Mexico ceded the region to the U. S. in the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo in 1848 after the Mexican–American War. In 1849, President Zachary Taylor proposed that New Mexico, including this region become a state to sidestep political conflict over slavery in the territories; that did not happen. In 1880, Sergeant James C. Cooney was the first person to find gold ore in the mountains of Catron County, he was killed by Chiricahua Apaches led by Victorio that year in what became known as the "Alma Massacre". His remains are buried at Cooney's Tomb. During this time Cochise was active as another well-known Chiricahua leader. Noted war chief Goyaałé had several hideouts in the county. In 1880, Buffalo Soldiers led by Sergeant George Jordan defeated Chiricahua Apache warriors led by Victorio in the Battle of Fort Tularosa. Four years self-appointed sheriff Elfego Baca was the hero of the so-called Frisco Shootout in San Francisco Plaza. In the mid-1880s Butch Cassidy and his Wild Bunch gang holed up at a ranch near Alma, New Mexico.
Notorious outlaw Tom Ketchum lived in Catron County around this time. Catron County's lands were part of Socorro County from the creation of Santa Fé de Nuevo México until 1921. At that split, Catron county was named for Thomas B. Catron, a leading figure in New Mexico statehood and its first senator. In 1927, the State Legislature attempted to abolish both Socorro and Catron in order to create a new Rio Grande County. A court suit voided this act and the two counties retained their independence; the Lightning Field, an art installation on the open earth, brought national attention to Quemado in the late 1970s. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 6,929 square miles, of which 6,924 square miles is land and 5.5 square miles is water. Catron County is the largest county, by area, in New Mexico. At 7,000 square miles, Catron County is larger than four states. With a population of only 3,400 people, the county is as sparsely populated as many an old West frontier area.
The elk population at some 12,000 head, is much larger than the sparse human population. Within the boundaries of Catron County lie parts of the Gila National Forest, the Apache National Forest and the Cibola National Forest; the establishment of these national forests, in the past called "forest reserves," led to the name Reserve being given to a village on the San Francisco River, which serves as the County Seat. There are no stop lights in the whole county, so when license tests are given in Reserve, an artificial portable stop light is set up in a parking lot. Bordering Arizona, Catron County affords the shortest route between Albuquerque and Phoenix or Tucson. Reserve can be reached by following U. S. Route 180 north from Silver City and New Mexico State Road 12 east for a total of 99 miles. In Catron County there is a volcanic area that until contained sufficient heat to cause steam to rise after a slight rain, it appears to have been used by the Apache for healing purposes. The county is home to the Red Hill Volcanic Field as well as the Plains of San Agustin.
Apache-Sitgreaves National Forest Blue Range Wilderness Cibola National Forest Gila Wilderness Gila National Forest Whitewater Canyon National Forest Recreation Area Cibola County - north Socorro County - east Sierra County - southeast Grant County - south Greenlee County, Arizona - west Apache County, Arizona - west Apache National Forest Cibola National Forest Gila Cliff Dwellings National Monument Gila National Forest As of the 2000 census of 2000, there were 3,543 people, 1,584 households, 1,040 families residing in the county. The population density was 0.51 people per square mile. There were 2,548 housing units at an average density of 0.37 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 87.75% White, 0.28% Black or African American, 2.20% Native American, 0.68% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 5.42% from other races, 3.61% from two or more races. 19.16% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 1,584 households out of which 22.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.40% were married couples living together, 7.60% had a female householder with no husband present, 34.30% were non-families.
30.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.40% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.23 and the average family size was 2.75. In the county, the population was spread out with 21.10% under the age
Fort Apache Indian Reservation
The Fort Apache Indian Reservation is an Indian reservation in Arizona, United States, encompassing parts of Navajo and Apache counties. It is home to the federally recognized White Mountain Apache Tribe of the Fort Apache Reservation, a Western Apache tribe, it has a population of 12,429 people as of the 2000 census. The largest community is in Whiteriver. In 1871 General George Crook enrolled 50 White Mountain Apache men to serve as scouts for his army during the Apache Wars, which lasted for 15 years; these wars were ended with the surrender of the Chiricahua leader Geronimo in 1886. Because of the scouts' service to General Cook during the Apache Wars, their tribe was able to maintain a large portion of their homeland as the White Mountain Apache reservation. In 1922, the U. S. Army left Fort Apache. In 1923, the Bureau of Indian Affairs' Theodore Roosevelt Indian Boarding School was established to use these facilities; the school was designated a National Historic Landmark in 2012, as a component of Fort Apache Historic Park, which recognizes the former military complex.
The Roosevelt Indian School now operates as a tribally controlled middle-school facility. The White Mountain Apache created their own constitution under the Indian Reorganization Act of 1934. In 1936 they elected a tribal council that oversaw all tribe-owned property, local businesses, governance in 1936; the Fort Apache Indian Reservation is covered by pine forests and is habitat to a variety of forest wildlife. It is located directly south of the Mogollon Rim; the highest point in the reservation is Baldy Peak, with an elevation of 11,403 feet. The tribe operates the Hon-Dah Resort Casino, it has built the Apache Cultural Museum, constructed in the traditional style of a gowa. Other attractions within the reservation include the Fort Apache Historic Park, which has 27 buildings surviving of the historic fort and a 288-acre National Historic District. Kinishba Ruins, an ancient archeological site of the western Pueblo culture, is a National Historic Landmark, it is located on nearby associated tribal trust lands.
Appointments may be made to visit the site. According to the US Census Bureau, the Fort Apache Indian Reservation, located in Navajo County, is developed with small communities. North Fork, Fort Apache, East Fork, Rainbow City, Hon-Dah, McNary, Turkey Creek, Seven Mile are the communities, comprising a total population of 22,036 in 2010 on the reservation. Apache Art of the American Southwest Battle of Cibecue Creek Battle of Fort Apache Sunrise Park Resort Rattlesnake Fire Fort Apache Reservation, Arizona United States Census Bureau Goddard, Pliny Earle. White Mountain Apache texts; the Trustees. Retrieved 24 August 2012. Goodwin, Grenville. Myths and Tales of the White Mountain Apache. University of Arizona Press. White Mountain Apache Tribe – Official website "Fort Apache Historic Park and Kinishba Ruins", Nohwike' Bágowa, White Mountain Apache Culture Center & Museum Fort Apache Heritage Foundation White Mountain Apache Tribe, Arizona Intertribal Council