In music, a single or record single is a type of release, typically a song recording of fewer tracks than an LP record, an album or an EP record. This can be released for sale to the public in a variety of different formats, in most cases, a single is a song that is released separately from an album, although it usually also appears on an album. Typically, these are the songs from albums that are released separately for promotional uses such as digital download or commercial radio airplay and are expected to be the most popular, in other cases a recording released as a single may not appear on an album. As digital downloading and audio streaming have become prevalent, it is often possible for every track on an album to also be available separately. Nevertheless, the concept of a single for an album has been retained as an identification of a heavily promoted or more popular song within an album collection. Despite being referred to as a single, singles can include up to as many as three tracks on them. The biggest digital music distributor, iTunes, accepts as many as three tracks less than ten minutes each as a single, as well as popular music player Spotify also following in this trend. Any more than three tracks on a release or longer than thirty minutes in total running time is either an Extended Play or if over six tracks long. The basic specifications of the single were made in the late 19th century. Gramophone discs were manufactured with a range of speeds and in several sizes. By about 1910, however, the 10-inch,78 rpm shellac disc had become the most commonly used format, the inherent technical limitations of the gramophone disc defined the standard format for commercial recordings in the early 20th century.26 rpm. With these factors applied to the 10-inch format, songwriters and performers increasingly tailored their output to fit the new medium, the breakthrough came with Bob Dylans Like a Rolling Stone. Singles have been issued in various formats, including 7-inch, 10-inch, other, less common, formats include singles on digital compact cassette, DVD, and LD, as well as many non-standard sizes of vinyl disc. Some artist release singles on records, a more common in musical subcultures. The most common form of the single is the 45 or 7-inch. The names are derived from its speed,45 rpm. The 7-inch 45 rpm record was released 31 March 1949 by RCA Victor as a smaller, more durable, the first 45 rpm records were monaural, with recordings on both sides of the disc. As stereo recordings became popular in the 1960s, almost all 45 rpm records were produced in stereo by the early 1970s
Scooter are a German dance group founded in Hamburg, who have sold over 30 million records and earned over 80 Gold and Platinum awards. Scooter are considered the most successful German single-record act with 23 top ten hits, the group is currently composed of members H. P. Baxxter, Phil Speiser and Michael Simon, among their more well-known hits are Hyper Hyper, Move Your Ass. Nessaja, Weekend, Maria and The Question Is What Is the Question, at the end of 1985, H. P. Baxxter and Rick J. Jordan met in Hannover, Germany through a small ad and founded the synthpop/new wave band Celebrate the Nun. While the lead vocals were performed by Baxxter and female vocals were delivered by Baxxters sister Britt Maxime, Rick J. Jordan took care of the keyboards, the band released their first album Meanwhile in 1989. Allmusic wrote that During the mid-80s, numerous synth pop acts dreamed of becoming the next Depeche Mode, Celebrate the Nun could have been buried in the glut of Depeche Mode doppelgangers, however, top-drawer songwriting and consistently catchy hooks lifted Celebrate the Nun above the mass of wannabes. Slin Tompson, who was the person in the bands original line-up. In 1991, the released their second album Continuous. Two singles were released off the material, Patience and You Make Me Wonder both of which went without charting. Soon afterwards, in late 1993, the former Celebrate the Nun members under the management of Jens Thele to form a team known as The Loop. The Loop became one of the top teams in Germany, releasing remixes for artists like Adeva, Holly Johnson, The Tag Team. Scooter started as a project in December 1993 and their debut single was a cover of René & Gastons Vallée De Larmes and reached No.8 on the German official dance chart. In April 1994, Scooter played their first live show at The Palladium in Hamburg, Hyper Hyper also entered the top-5 in Switzerland, Austria and in Italy, meanwhile, entering the top-10 in the Netherlands and Norway. Scooters third single Move Your Ass reached No.3 on Media Controls single chart after a few weeks of its release and managed to achieve a gold status for sales of over 250,000 in Germany. The single also gained success as its predecessor outside of Germany, it entered the top-5 in Switzerland, Austria. The follow-up singles, Friends and Endless Summer managed to enter the top-20 in number of countries including Switzerland, Austria, the single reached No.4 in Germany and earned a gold certification for selling well over 250,000 units. Scooters fourth album, Age of Love, which reached the No.19 slot on Germanys Media Control album chart was the last album that featured Baxxters cousin Ferris Bueller. In 1998, Ferris Bueller left the group to pursue a career, and was replaced by DJ Axel Coon
Who's Got the Last Laugh Now?
Whos Got the Last Laugh Now. is the eleventh studio album by Scooter. It was released on 4 November 2005 through Sheffield Tunes, two singles were released from the album, Hello. and a remix of Rock Bottom and Apache entitled Apache Rocks the Bottom. The original Rock Bottom was also released as a single solely in the Netherlands and it is the last studio album featuring Jay Frog, who had been with the band since late 2002. Hello Handy Video One Handy Video Maria Handy Video Calendar for 2006 There was also released a Promo Mini LP on 7 white vinyl with the snippets of 1,30 length of each track. This 7 vinyl was a ticket to the release party of the album and was sent to special guests. Only 100 copies of 7 vinyl were released, lights Out samples Sirius by The Alan Parsons Project. Samples both Hello, Hello, Im Back Again by Gary Glitter from the 1973 album Touch Me and 3 a. m, eternal by The KLF from the 1991 album The White Room. Privileged to Witness samples Walking on the Moon by The Police from the 1979 album Reggatta de Blanc as well as The Morning After by 8 Wonders, Rock Bottom samples the 2002 song Explode by Jordan & Baker and Alles naar de klote by Euromasters. The Leading Horse samples The Four Horsemen by Aphrodites Child from the 1972 album 666, Take Me Baby samples Take Me Baby by Jimi Tenor from the 1994 album Sähkömies and the song Underpass by John Foxx. Apache samples the 1960 song Apache by The Shadows as well as 2004 song Tonka by Jesselyn, in 2013 on the web released 20 Years of Hardcore version of the album Apache was accidentally replaced with Apache Rocks the Bottom. Later Kontor Records offered free downloads of the track, for those who bought the album on CD or from online music stores. See Me, Feel Me samples Automatic Lover by Dee D. Jackson from the 1978 album Cosmic Curves and it was originally intended to be released as a single but only released as a promo track on Dream Dance Vol.39. On the 20 Years of Hardcore re-release, it released as a version due an error related to the remastering process. Later Kontor Records offered free downloads of the corrected version. Everlasting Love samples the 1967 song Everlasting Love by Robert Knight, seven Bridges samples Über sieben Brücken mußt du gehn by Peter Maffay
A-side and B-side
The terms A-side and B-side refer to the two sides of 78,45, and 33 1/3 rpm phonograph records, whether singles, extended plays, or long-playing records. Creedence Clearwater Revival had hits with both A-side and B-side releases, others took the opposite approach, producer Phil Spector was in the habit of filling B-sides with on-the-spot instrumentals that no one would confuse with the A-side. With this practice, Spector was assured that airplay was focused on the side he wanted to be the hit side, the earliest 10-inch,78 rpm, shellac records were single sided. Double-sided recordings, with one song on side, were introduced in Europe by Columbia Records. There were no record charts until the 1930s, and radio stations did not play recorded music until the 1950s, in this time, A-sides and B-sides existed, but neither side was considered more important, the side did not convey anything about the content of the record. The term single came into use with the advent of vinyl records in the early 1950s. At first, most record labels would randomly assign which song would be an A-side, under this random system, many artists had so-called double-sided hits, where both songs on a record made one of the national sales charts, or would be featured on jukeboxes in public places. As time wore on, however, the convention for assigning songs to sides of the record changed. By the early sixties, the song on the A-side was the song that the company wanted radio stations to play. It was not until 1968, for instance, that the production of albums on a unit basis finally surpassed that of singles in the United Kingdom. In the late 1960s stereo versions of pop and rock songs began to appear on 45s. The majority of the 45s were played on AM radio stations, by the early 1970s, double-sided hits had become rare. Album sales had increased, and B-sides had become the side of the record where non-album, non-radio-friendly, with the advent of cassette and compact disc singles in the late 1980s, the A-side/B-side differentiation became much less meaningful. With the decline of cassette singles in the 1990s, the A-side/B-side dichotomy became virtually extinct, as the dominant medium. However, the term B-side is still used to refer to the tracks or coupling tracks on a CD single. With the advent of downloading music via the Internet, sales of CD singles and other media have declined. B-side songs may be released on the record as a single to provide extra value for money. There are several types of material released in this way, including a different version, or, in a concept record
Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany, is a federal parliamentary republic in central-western Europe. It includes 16 constituent states, covers an area of 357,021 square kilometres, with about 82 million inhabitants, Germany is the most populous member state of the European Union. After the United States, it is the second most popular destination in the world. Germanys capital and largest metropolis is Berlin, while its largest conurbation is the Ruhr, other major cities include Hamburg, Munich, Cologne, Frankfurt, Stuttgart, Düsseldorf and Leipzig. Various Germanic tribes have inhabited the northern parts of modern Germany since classical antiquity, a region named Germania was documented before 100 AD. During the Migration Period the Germanic tribes expanded southward, beginning in the 10th century, German territories formed a central part of the Holy Roman Empire. During the 16th century, northern German regions became the centre of the Protestant Reformation, in 1871, Germany became a nation state when most of the German states unified into the Prussian-dominated German Empire. After World War I and the German Revolution of 1918–1919, the Empire was replaced by the parliamentary Weimar Republic, the establishment of the national socialist dictatorship in 1933 led to World War II and the Holocaust. After a period of Allied occupation, two German states were founded, the Federal Republic of Germany and the German Democratic Republic, in 1990, the country was reunified. In the 21st century, Germany is a power and has the worlds fourth-largest economy by nominal GDP. As a global leader in industrial and technological sectors, it is both the worlds third-largest exporter and importer of goods. Germany is a country with a very high standard of living sustained by a skilled. It upholds a social security and universal health system, environmental protection. Germany was a member of the European Economic Community in 1957. It is part of the Schengen Area, and became a co-founder of the Eurozone in 1999, Germany is a member of the United Nations, NATO, the G8, the G20, and the OECD. The national military expenditure is the 9th highest in the world, the English word Germany derives from the Latin Germania, which came into use after Julius Caesar adopted it for the peoples east of the Rhine. This in turn descends from Proto-Germanic *þiudiskaz popular, derived from *þeudō, descended from Proto-Indo-European *tewtéh₂- people, the discovery of the Mauer 1 mandible shows that ancient humans were present in Germany at least 600,000 years ago. The oldest complete hunting weapons found anywhere in the world were discovered in a mine in Schöningen where three 380, 000-year-old wooden javelins were unearthed
This article is about the 12cm single. Not to be confused with 8cm single, the standard in the Red Book for the term CD single. A CD single is a single in the form of a standard size compact disc. It is not to be confused with the Mini CD single, the format was introduced in the mid-1980s but did not gain its place in the market until the early 1990s. With the rise in digital downloads in the early 2010s, sales of CD singles have decreased, commercially released CD singles can vary in length from two songs up to six songs like an EP. Some contain multiple mixes of one or more songs, in the tradition of 12 vinyl singles, depending on the nation, there may be limits on the number of songs and total length for sales to count in singles charts. Containing four tracks, it had a limited print run. CD singles were first made eligible for the UK Singles Chart in 1987, the Mini CD single format was originally created for use for singles in the late 1980s, but met with limited success, particularly in the US. The smaller CDs were more successful in Japan and have become more common in Europe. By 1989, the CD3 was in decline in the US and it was common in the 1990s for US record companies to release both a two-track CD and a multi-track maxi CD. In the UK, record companies would also release two CDs but, usually, these consisted of three tracks or more each. Pressure from record labels made singles charts in some countries become song charts, allowing album cuts to chart based only on airplay, without a single ever being released. At the end of the 1990s, the CD was the single format in the UK, but in the US. In Australia, the Herald Sun reported the CD single is set to become extinct, while CD singles no longer maintain their own section of the store, copies are still distributed but placed with the artists albums. That is predominantly the case for popular Australian artists such as Jessica Mauboy, Kylie Minogue and, most recently, Delta Goodrem, the ARIA Singles Chart are now predominantly compiled from legal downloads, and ARIA also stopped compiling their physical singles sales chart. On a Mission by Gabriella Cilmi was the last CD single to be stocked in Kmart, Target and Big W, sanity Entertainment, having resisted the decline for longer than the other major outlets, has also ceased selling CD singles. In Greece and Cyprus, the term CD single is used to describe a play in which there may be anywhere from three to six different tracks. These releases charted on the Greek Singles Chart with songs released as singles, in September 2003, there was talk of ringtones for mobile phones outstripping CD singles sales for the year 2004