Pierre Louÿs was a French poet and writer, most renowned for lesbian and classical themes in some of his writings. He is known as a writer who sought to "express pagan sensuality with stylistic perfection", he was made first a Chevalier and an Officer of the Légion d'honneur for his contributions to French literature. Pierre Louÿs was born Pierre Félix Louis on 10 December 1870 in Ghent, but relocated to France where he would spend the rest of his life, he studied at the École Alsacienne in Paris, there he developed a good friendship with a future Nobel Prize winner and champion of homosexual rights, André Gide. From 1890 onwards, he began spelling his name as "Louÿs", pronouncing the final S, as a way of expressing his fondness for classical Greek culture. During the 1890s, he became a friend of the noted Irish homosexual dramatist Oscar Wilde, was the dedicatee of Wilde's Salomé in its original edition. Louÿs thereby was able to socialize with homosexuals. Louÿs started writing his first erotic texts at the age of 18, at which time he developed an interest in the Parnassian and Symbolist schools of writing.
During 1891, Louÿs helped initiate a literary review, La Conque, where he proceeded to publish Astarte, an early collection of erotic verse marked by his distinctive style. During 1894 he published another erotic collection of 143 prose poems, Songs of Bilitis, this time with strong lesbian themes, it was divided into three sections, each representative of a phase of Bilitis's life: Bucolics in Pamphylia, Elegies at Mytilene, Epigrams in the Isle of Cyprus. What made The Songs sensational is Louÿs' claim that the poems were the work of an ancient Greek courtesan and contemporary of Sappho, Bilitis; the pretense did not last long, "translator" Louÿs was soon revealed as Bilitis herself. This did little to discredit The Songs of Bilitis, however, as it was praised for its sensuality and refined style more extraordinary for the author's compassionate portrayal of lesbian sexuality; some of the poems were intended as songs for piano. Louÿs' friend Claude Debussy composed a musical adaptation of three of the poems as his Chansons de Bilitis for voice and piano: La flûte de Pan: Pour le jour des Hyacinthies La chevelure: Il m'a dit «Cette nuit j'ai rêvé» Le tombeau des Naiades: Le long du bois couvert de givre.
Debussy published Six épigraphes antiques during 1914 as piano pieces for four hands, commissioned as preludes to a recital of Louÿs' poems: Pour invoquer Pan, dieu du vent d'ete Pour un tombeau sans nom Pour que la nuit soit propice Pour la danseuse aux crotales Pour l'egyptienne Pour remercier la pluie au matinDuring 1955, one of the first lesbian organizations in America named itself Daughters of Bilitis, to the present Louÿs' Songs continues to be an important work for lesbians. During 1896, Louÿs published his first novel, Aphrodite — Ancient Manners, a description of courtesan life in Alexandria, it is considered a mixture of both literary excess and refinement, was the best selling work by any living French author of the time. Although Debussy claimed exclusive rights to compose an opera based on Aphrodite, the project never got under way. Louÿs published Les Aventures du roi Pausole during 1901, Pervigilium Mortis during 1916, both of them libertine compositions, Manuel de civilité pour les petites filles à l'usage des maisons d'éducation, written during 1917 and published posthumously and anonymously during 1927.
Inspired by Abel Lefranc's arguments for the Derbyite theory of Shakespeare authorship, Louÿs proposed during 1919 that the works of Molière were written by Corneille. While on his deathbed, Pierre Louÿs continued to write erotic verses. Louÿs was named Chevalier de la Légion d'honneur on 31 December 1909 for his contribution to French literature as a man of letters, he was promoted to Officier de la Légion d'honneur on 14 January 1922. Many erotic artists have illustrated Louÿs's writings; some of the most renowned have been Georges Barbier, Paul-Émile Bécat, Antoine Calbet, Beresford Egan, Louis Icart, Joseph Kuhn-Régnier, Georges Lepape, Mariette Lydis, Milo Manara, André Edouard Marty, Pascal Pia, Georges Pichard, Marcel Vertès, Édouard Zier, Donald Denton. The best known illustrations for The Songs of Bilitis were done by Willy Pogany in art deco style for a publication circulated by Macy-Masius, New York, during 1926. 1891: Astarte. 1894: Les Chansons de Bilitis. 1926 The Songs of Bilitis, English translation by Alvah Bessie.
1929: edition including suppressed poems. 1930: Véritables Chansons de Bilitis. 1896: Aphrodite: mœurs antiques. 1928: edition including suppressed passages (translated into English during 1928 by Whittaker Chambers. 1898: La Femme et le pantin. 1908 Woman and Puppet English translation by G. F. Monkshood. 1901: Les Aventures du roi Pausole. 1929 The Adventures of King Pausole, English translation by Charles Hope Lumley. 1903: Sanguines. 1906: Archipel. 1916: Pervigilium mortis. 1925: Le Crépuscule des nymphes. 1925: Quatorze Images. Published posthumously
Hauts-de-Seine is a department of France. It is part of the Métropole du Grand Paris and of the Île-de-France region, covers the western inner suburbs of Paris, it is small and densely populated and contains the modern office and shopping complex known as La Défense. Hauts-de-Seine and two other small départements, Seine-Saint-Denis and Val-de-Marne, form a ring around Paris, known as the Petite Couronne and are together with the City of Paris included in the Greater Paris since 1 January 2016. Hauts-de-Seine is made up of three departmental arrondissements and 36 communes: Hauts-de-Seine has a general council of which members are called general councillors; the general council is the deliberative organ of the department. The general councilors are elected by the inhabitants of the departement for a 6-years term; the general council is ruled by a president. See Hauts-de-Seine General Council; the Hauts-de-Seine department was created in 1968, from parts of the former départements of Seine and Seine-et-Oise.
Its creation reflected the implementation of a law passed in 1964, Nanterre had been selected as the prefecture for the new department early in 1965. In the 1990s and early 2000s, Hauts-de-Seine received national attention as the result of a corruption scandal concerning the misuse of public funds provided for the department's housing projects. Implicated were former minister and former president of the Hauts-de-Seine General Council, Charles Pasqua, other personalities of the RPR party. Hauts-de-Seine is one of Europe's richest areas, its GDP per capita was US$119,778 in 2015, according to INSEE official figures. Hauts-de-Seine was the political base of Nicolas Sarkozy, President of the Republic from 2007 to 2012, he was the mayor of Neuilly-sur-Seine in the department. Charles Pasqua was based in Hauts-de-Seine. Website of the General council Prefecture website
And Soon the Darkness
And Soon the Darkness is a 1970 British thriller film. Starring Pamela Franklin, Michele Dotrice and Sandor Elès, it tells the story of two young British women who run into difficulties on a cycling holiday in France; the exact nature of, on the side of good and who isn’t is made vague until the film’s climax. Jane and Cathy are two young nurses from Nottingham; when they stop at a busy cafe, Jane wants to plan their route, but Cathy is more interested in a handsome man, whom she spies drinking alone at the next table. As Jane and Cathy make their way along a quiet country road, the man, who rides a Lambretta scooter, overtakes them, they pass him a few minutes as he rests by a cemetery gate. Cathy becomes intrigued by him. Stopping for a rest, Cathy decides she wants to sunbathe for a while, they argue, Jane decides to carry on alone. A short while at a lonely café, the owner tries to tell Jane, in poor English, that the area has a bad reputation, she begins to reconsider her decision, heads back to the spot where she left Cathy earlier, unaware that something has happened.
Unable to find her friend, concerned about the presence of the scooter rider, Jane decides to look for the local police officer. Jane becomes convinced that the Lambretta rider, called Paul, who says he is a plain-clothes detective from the Sûreté in Paris, is Cathy's attacker, she escapes from him – in the process discovering Cathy's dead body – and re-encounters the policeman, revealed as Cathy's murderer. He is stopped by Paul, who knocks him unconscious. Pamela Franklin as Jane Michele Dotrice as Cathy Sandor Elès as Paul John Nettleton as Gendarme Clare Kelly as Schoolmistress Hana Maria Pravda as Madame Lassal The film was directed by Robert Fuest, made by the same production team that had completed the television series The Avengers; the screenplay was written by Brian Clemens and Terry Nation, both of whom had contributed to The Avengers, as well as to several ITC crime series made in Britain. It was scored by Avengers theme composer Laurie Johnson, it was one of the first movies made under Bryan Forbes at EMI Films.
The film did moderately well at the box-office on both sides of the Atlantic, but was not a big success. Clemens was involved in producing and storyboarding the film, said it inspired him to try directing, he commented, "My business partner said You should have directed it and I thought Yeah I should have done. I knew I could have directed it better." He went on to write what became See No Evil for Forbes at EMI. Clemens turned director with Captain Kronos, Vampire Hunter; the movie was not received well critically. Time Out called it "nasty", The New York Times said it displayed "poverty of imagination"; the British film critic Leslie Halliwell noted that it had "some pretension to style". It was released as a DVD in the US with an audio commentary by Fuest and Clemens, released in the UK as a region 2 DVD at the end of January 2008. An American remake of the film was released in 2010, and Soon the Darkness on IMDb And Soon the Darkness at Britmovie
The Devil's Rain
The Devil's Rain is a 1975 horror film directed by Robert Fuest. It was one of several B-films in which William Shatner starred between the original Star Trek television series and Star Trek: The Motion Picture. Other cast members included Tom Skerritt, Ernest Borgnine, Eddie Albert, Ida Lupino, Keenan Wynn and John Travolta in his film debut in a minor role. Satanist Anton LaVey is credited as the film's technical advisor and appeared in the film playing a minor role. A curse affects the Preston family, caused by their betrayal of the Satanic priest Jonathan Corbis. Corbis has harassed the Preston family for generations to obtain a Satanic book of great power. Corbis captures patriarch Steve Preston, allowed to escape to warn his wife Emma and younger son Mark about Corbis' wrath, he tells them to give the book to Corbis. Mark takes the book, hoping to defeat him. In a ghost town in the desert, Corbis gives Mark a drink of water from an old hand-pumped well. Mark drinks but spits out the bitter water.
He challenges Corbis to a battle of faith draws a pistol and aims it at him. Corbis belittles this threat and Mark tries to escape, he produces a cross. Corbis' followers capture Preston, Corbis uses a ritual to erase Mark’s memory in preparation for a ceremony that evening. Mark's older brother and his wife, search for Mark, they are accompanied by a psychic researcher. Their search leads them to Corbis' church, where Corbis is performing a ceremony to convert Mark into one of his soulless minions. Tom witnesses all of this, he and Richards meet at the Satanic church, where they discover that the source of Corbis' power is an ornate glass bottle known as "The Devil's Rain", which contains the souls of Corbis' disciples. Corbis and the Satanists converge on the church. Richards threatens to destroy The Devil's Rain, he appeals to Mark's lost humanity and convinces him to destroy the bottle, which he does in defiance of Corbis' entreaties. A storm rages outside, the Satanists melt in the rain. Tom and his wife make a hasty exit.
As Tom holds his wife, it is revealed that he is embracing Corbis, his wife's soul has become trapped within a new Devil's Rain. Ernest Borgnine as Jonathan Corbis Eddie Albert as Dr. Sam Richards William Shatner as Mark Preston Ida Lupino as Emma Preston Tom Skerritt as Tom Preston Joan Prather as Julie Preston Keenan Wynn as Sheriff Owens John Travolta as Danny George Sawaya as Steve Preston Anton LaVey as High Priest of the Church of Satan Woodrow Chambliss as John The Devil's Rain was released in 1975, with screenings in New York on August 7 and Los Angeles on August 13, 1975; the Devil's Rain received a uniformly negative critical response, with the chief complaint being the incoherent storyline. The film's refusal to provide adequate scares was widely criticized. Vincent Canby in The New York Times noted that "The Devil's Rain is ostensibly a horror film, but it manages to be a horror... It is as horrible as watching an egg fry." Roger Ebert in the Chicago Sun-Times said "All of this would be good silly fun if the movie weren't so painfully dull.
The problem is. There's not enough here to fill a feature-length film." He gave the film 1½ stars out of four, added it to his "Most Hated" movies list. In his 2010 book Showgirls, Teen Wolves, Astro Zombies, Australian film reviewer Michael Adams called The Devil's Rain "the ultimate cult movie": "It's about a cult, has a cult following, was devised with input from a cult leader, saw a future superstar indoctrinated into a cult he'd help popularize."A cast of William Shatner's face used for this film would be used to create a Captain Kirk mask. This mask would be painted white to serve as the mask of the slasher film villain Michael Myers in the Halloween franchise. List of American films of 1975 The Devil's Rain at AllMovie The Devil's Rain on IMDb The Devil's Rain at Rotten Tomatoes
Wuthering Heights (1970 film)
Wuthering Heights is a 1970 film directed by Robert Fuest. It is based on the classic Emily Brontë novel of the same name. Like the 1939 version, this film depicts only the first sixteen chapters concluding with Catherine Earnshaw Linton's death and omits the trials of her daughter, Hindley's son, Heathcliff's son. Anna Calder-Marshall as Catherine Earnshaw Linton Timothy Dalton as Heathcliff Harry Andrews as Mr. Earnshaw Pamela Brown as Mrs. Linton Judy Cornwell as Nelly Dean James Cossins as Mr. Linton Rosalie Crutchley as Mrs. Earnshaw Hilary Dwyer as Isabella Linton Julian Glover as Hindley Earnshaw Hugh Griffith as Dr. Kenneth Morag Hood as Frances Earnshaw Ian Ogilvy as Edgar Linton Peter Sallis as Mr. Shielders This film version differs from the book in several ways, most of the differences involve Hindley Earnshaw. First it takes a more sympathetic look at Hindley. Portrayed as being a cruel oppressor of Heathcliff, in this version he is persecuted by his father and lives in Heathcliff's shadow.
In this version, Nelly Dean, the narrator, is shown as being in love with Hindley and unable to express her feelings due to their class difference. After his wife's death, Hindley goes through a hedonistic stage but pulls himself out of it. At the end of the film the most controversial of all the differences, Hindley succeeds in fatally shooting Heathcliff and remains the owner of Wuthering Heights. Heathcliff and Cathy's ghosts are reunited; when first introducing Heathcliff, the film suggests that Heathcliff might be Mr Earnshaw's illegitimate son and hence Cathy's half-brother. AIP were not traditionally associated with Gothic romance, but were inspired to make the film by the success of Romeo and Juliet; the movie was shot on location in Blubberhouses, Weston Hall near Otley, Brimham Rocks. Producer Lous Heyward said at the time: I'm the only American here. For the first time in 30 years Hollywood said to me,'No big names, no huge publicity, just a good film that stands on its merits'; this is encouraging except now we stand naked in judgement.
It has to be good with two to three million dollars invested. The last version, with Laurence Olivier as Heathcliff and Merle Oberon as Cathy, portrayed him as a regular nice guy and her as sweetness and light; that was not the truth and Hollywood now goes in for the truth. Heathcliff was Cathy a real bitch and that's how they'll be in this film. At the box office, it failed to attract receipts and audience. AIP had announced a sequel Return to Wuthering Heights but it was not made. Neither were other adaptations of classic novels mooted by the studio, including Camille, The House of Seven Gables, Tale of Two Cities. Wuthering Heights on IMDb Wuthering Heights at AllMovie
The Abominable Dr. Phibes
The Abominable Dr. Phibes is a 1971 British comedy horror film, produced by Ronald S. Dunas and Louis M. Heyward, directed by Robert Fuest, written by William Goldstein and James Whiton, starring Vincent Price and Joseph Cotten, its art deco sets, dark humour, performance by Price have made the film and its sequel Dr. Phibes Rises Again cult classics; the film features Terry-Thomas and Hugh Griffith, with an uncredited Caroline Munro appearing in still photographs as Phibes's wife. The film follows the title character, Dr. Anton Phibes, who blames the medical team that attended to his wife's surgery four years prior, for her death and sets out to exact vengeance on each one. Phibes is inspired in his murderous spree by the Ten Plagues of Egypt from the Old Testament. Dr. Anton Phibes, a famous concert organist and expert in theology and music, is thought to have been killed in a car crash in Switzerland in 1921, while racing home upon hearing of the death of his beloved wife, during surgery.
Phibes survived the crash. He uses his knowledge of acoustics to regain his voice. Resurfacing secretly in London in 1925, Phibes believes that his wife was a victim of incompetence on the part of the doctors, he begins elaborate plans to kill those who he believes are guilty for her death. Aided in his quest for vengeance by his beautiful and silent female assistant Vulnavia, Phibes uses the ten plagues of Egypt as his inspiration, wearing an amulet with Hebrew letters corresponding with each plague as he conducts the murders. After three doctors have been killed, Inspector Trout, a detective from Scotland Yard, learns that they all had worked under the direction of Dr. Vesalius, who tells him the deceased had been on his team when treating Victoria, as were four other doctors and one nurse. After the third doctor is murdered, Trout discovers one of Phibes' amulets at the scene, taking it first to the jeweler who made it and to a rabbi to learn its meaning. Believing Phibes may still be alive and Vesalius go to the Phibes mausoleum at Highgate Cemetery and find a box of ashes in Phibes' coffin, but Trout decides they are the remains of Phibes' chauffeur.
Victoria's coffin is found to be empty. The police are unable to prevent Phibes from killing the remaining members of Vesalius' team and focus their efforts on protecting the doctor himself. Phibes kidnaps Vesalius' son Lem calls Vesalius and tells him to come alone to his mansion on Maldene Square if he wants to save his son. Trout advises against it, but Vesalius knocks the inspector unconscious races to Phibes' mansion, where he confronts him. Vesalius prepped for surgery. Phibes has implanted a small key near the boy's heart that will unlock his restraints and Vesalius has to surgically remove the key within six minutes to release his son before acid from a container above Lem's head is released and destroys his face. Vesalius moves the table out of the way. However, ordered to destroy Phibes' mechanical creations, is surprised by Trout and his assistant. Convinced that he has accomplished his vendetta, Phibes retreats to the basement to inter himself in a stone sarcophagus containing the embalmed body of his wife.
He drains his blood, replacing it with an unknown fluid, the coffin's inlaid stone lid slides into place concealing it. Trout and the police realise that Phibes is nowhere to be found, they recall that the "final curse" speculate that they will encounter Phibes again. The film was shot on the "twenties era" sets at Elstree Studios in Hertfordshire; the cemetery scenes were shot in London. The exterior of Dr. Phibes' mansion was Caldecote Towers at Immanuel College on Elstree Road; the film was followed in 1972 by a sequel, titled Dr. Phibes Rises Again. Several other sequels were planned, including The Bride of Dr. Phibes, but none were produced. Howard Thompson of The New York Times wrote, "The plot, buried under all the iron tinsel, isn't bad, but the tone of steamroller camp flattens the fun". Variety was positive, praising the "well-structured" screenplay, "outstanding" makeup for Vincent Price, "excellent work" on the set designs. Gene Siskel of the Chicago Tribune gave the film three-and-a-half stars, calling it a "stylish, shrieking winner", though he disliked "the lack of zip in the ending".
David Pirie of The Monthly Film Bulletin was negative, faulting director Robert Fuest's "flat, unimaginative visual style" and a script "contriving to be coy and tongue-in-cheek without being witty". Critic Christopher Null wrote of the film, "One of the'70s juiciest entries into the horror genre, The Abominable Dr. Phibes is Vincent Price at his campy best, a famous concert organist, exacting revenge on the nine doctors he blames for botching his wife's surgery, which ended with her death. Through a series of tortuous means that would make a Bond villain green with envy, the hideous Phibes is matched by Joseph Cotten as the doc at the end of the road. A crazy script and an awesome score make this a true classic". In the early 2010s, Time Out conducted a poll with several authors, directors and critics who have worked within the horror genre to vote for their top horror films; the Abominable Dr. Phibes placed at number 83 on their top 100 list. At the film review aggregator website Rotten Tomatoes, the film has an approval rating of 81% based on 26 reviews and an average rating of 6.9/10.
The film was not regarded by American International Pictures' home offi