Apache Point Observatory
The Apache Point Observatory is an astronomical observatory located in the Sacramento Mountains in Sunspot, New Mexico, United States 18 miles south of Cloudcroft. The observatory is operated by New Mexico State University and owned by the Astrophysical Research Consortium. Access to the telescopes and buildings is restricted. During the 2018 closure of Sunspot, Apache Point Observatory remained open, although court documents showed that the accused was employed at Apache Point Observatory; the ARC was formed in 1984 with the goal of building the 3.5 m telescope. It consisted of five institutions: New Mexico State University, University of Washington, University of Chicago, Princeton University, Washington State University, which has since withdrawn. Five additional organizations have joined over time: the Institute for Advanced Study, Johns Hopkins University, University of Colorado, University of Virginia, Georgia State University. Funding for the 3.5 m and 0.5 m telescopes comes from consortium, but funds for the 2.5 m telescope come from a much wider array of sources.
The 1.0 m telescope is supported by NMSU. The ARC 3.5 m telescope is a Ritchey-Chretien reflector on an alt-azimuth mount with instruments attached at several focal points. Construction of the building began in 1985, but full operations of the telescope were delayed until November 1994 due to problems with fabricating the primary mirror. From 1991 until early 1993 the telescope was fitted with a 1.8 m mirror now located at Rothney Astrophysical Observatory under a cost-sharing agreement. There are a variety of optical and near-infrared instruments available for the 3.5 m telescope, including: The ARC echelle spectrometer uses a 2048 x 2048 pixel CCD and has a resolution of R~31,500. The Double Imaging Spectrometer is a low-resolution optical spectrometer; the Near Infrared Camera/Fabry–Pérot Spectrometer was developed at the University of Colorado. It uses a near-infrared Fabry -- Pérot interferometer, it has many narrow band filters, including and. It is unique among astronomical Fabry-Pérot devices.
The Seaver Prototype Imaging camera is an optical imaging instrument with a 2048x2048 pixel CCD. TripleSpec is a near infrared spectrograph which provides continuous wavelength coverage over the range 0.94–2.46 µm at moderate resolution. The 3.5 m telescope is used by the Apache Point Observatory Lunar Laser-ranging Operation lunar-ranging project. The APOLLO laser has been operational since October 2005, accomplishes millimeter-level range accuracy between the Earth and the Moon. Observations using the 3.5 m telescope can be carried out remotely by observers using TUI, the Telescope User Interface, via the internet. The SDSS 2.5 m telescope is used for the Sloan Digital Sky Survey, began operating in 2000. It is a Ritchey-Chretien reflector on an alt-azimuth mount housed under a roll-off enclosure, it was designed with an unusually large 3° field of view to better support its primary task of surveying the entire sky. The NMSU 1.0 m telescope is a Ritchey-Chretien reflector set on an alt-azimuth mount, was completed in 1994.
A 2048x2048 CCD mounted at the Nasmyth focus provides at 15.7 arcminute view of the sky. The ARC Small Aperture Telescope was called the Photometric Telescope when it was part of the SDSS project, it is a 0.5 m reflecting telescope on an equatorial mount, with a single CCD camera cooled by a CryoTiger unit. It was built in 1991, moved from its previous location in 1998, used by the SDSS until 2005, it is used for small research projects. A 0.6 m reflecting telescope was built in 1993 to monitor sky conditions for the SDSS project. It never operated in a satisfactory manner, was replaced with the 0.5 m PT. The Minor Planet Center credits the discovery of the following minor planets directly to the Apache Point Observatory: List of astronomical observatories List of minor planet discoverers § Discovering dedicated institutions Sunspot Solar Observatory Astronomy Department at NMSU Sloan Digital Sky Survey homepage Apache Point Clear Sky Clock Forecasts of observing conditions
Abdullah Öcalan known as Apo, is a Kurdish leader and one of the founding members of the militant Kurdistan Workers' Party.Öcalan was arrested in 1999 by the Turkish National Intelligence Agency with the support of the CIA in Nairobi and taken to Turkey, where he was sentenced to death under Article 125 of the Turkish Penal Code, which concerns the formation of armed organisations. The sentence was commuted to aggravated life imprisonment when Turkey abolished the death penalty in support of its bid to be admitted to membership in the European Union. From 1999 until 2009, he was the sole prisoner on İmralı island, in the Sea of Marmara. Öcalan now argues that the period of armed warfare is past and a political solution to the Kurdish question should be developed. The conflict between Turkey and the PKK has resulted in over 40,000 deaths, including PKK members, the Turkish military, civilians, both Kurdish and Turkish. From prison, Öcalan has published several books, the most recent in 2015.
Jineology known as the science of women, is a form of feminism advocated by Öcalan and subsequently a fundamental tenet of the Apoist movement. Öcalan was born in a village in Halfeti, Şanlıurfa Province in eastern Turkey. While some sources report his birthday as being 4 April 1948, no official birth records for him exist, he himself claims not to know when he was born, estimating the year to be 1946 or 1947, he is the oldest of seven children. According to some sources, Öcalan's grandmother was an ethnic Turk and his mother was an ethnic Turk. According to Amikam Nachmani, lecturer at the Bar-Ilan University in Israel, Öcalan did not know Kurdish when he met him in 1991. Nachmani: "He told me that he speaks Turkish, gives orders in Turkish, thinks in Turkish." Öcalan's brother Osman became a PKK commander, serving until defecting with several others to establish the Patriotic and Democratic Party of Kurdistan. His other brother, Mehmet Öcalan, is a member of Democracy Party. Dilek Öcalan, a former parliamentarian of the HDP is his niece.
Ömer Öcalan, current member of parliament for the HDP is his nephew. After graduating from a vocational high school in Ankara, Öcalan started working at the Diyarbakir Title Deeds Office, he was relocated one month to Bakırköy, Istanbul. He entered the Istanbul Law Faculty but transferred after the first year to Ankara University to study political science, his return to Ankara was facilitated by the state in order to divide a militant group, Dev-Genç, of which Öcalan at the time was a member of. President Süleyman Demirel regretted this decision, since the PKK was to become a much greater threat to the state than Dev-Genç. In 1978, in the midst of the right- and left-wing conflicts which culminated in the 1980 Turkish coup d'état, Öcalan founded the Kurdistan Workers' Party, which launched a war against the Turkish government in order to set up an independent Kurdish state. In July 1979 he fled to Syria, where he remained until October 1998, when the Syrian government expelled him. In 1984, the PKK initiated a campaign of armed conflict, comprising attacks against government forces in Turkey as well as civilians in order to create an independent Kurdish state.
As a result, the United States, European Union, NATO, Australia and many other countries have included the PKK on their lists of terrorist organizations. Until 1998, Öcalan was based in Syria. On at least one occasion, in 1993, he was detained and held by Syria's General Intelligence Directorate but released; as the situation deteriorated in Turkey, the Turkish government threatened Syria over its support for the PKK. As a result, the Syrian government forced Öcalan to leave the country, but did not turn him over to the Turkish authorities. Öcalan went including Italy and Greece. In 1998 the Turkish government requested the extradition of Öcalan from Italy, he was at that time defended by Britta Böhler, a high-profile German attorney who argued that he fought a legitimate struggle against the oppression of ethnic Kurds. He was captured in Kenya on 15 February 1999, while being transferred from the Greek embassy to Jomo Kenyatta International Airport in Nairobi, in an operation by the Millî İstihbarat Teşkilâtı with the help of the CIA.
George Costoulas, the Greek consul who protected him, said that his life was in danger after the operation. Speaking to Can Dündar on NTV Turkey, the Deputy Undersecretary of the Turkish National Intelligence Organization, Cevat Öneş, said that Öcalan impeded American aspirations of establishing a separate Kurdish state; the Americans transferred him to the Turkish authorities. His capture led thousands of Kurds to protest at Israeli embassies around the world. Kurds living in Germany have been threatened with deportation if they continue to hold demonstrations in support of Öcalan; the warning came after three Kurds were killed and 16 injured during the 1999 attack on the Israeli consulate in Berlin. After his capture, Öcalan was held in solitary confinement as the only prisoner on İmralı island in the Sea of Marmara. Although former prisoners at İmralı were transferred to other prisons, more than 1,000 Turkish military personnel were stationed on the island to guard him. A state security court consisting of three military judges was convened on the island to try him.
Öcalan was charged with treason and separatism and s
Organizations of Alias
The Alliance of Twelve is a fictional international organized crime group in the television series Alias. It is involved in the trade of intelligence and weapons as well as in blackmail. SD-6 is one of its subsidiary cells; the organization was founded by Alain Christophe, once a CIA counterintelligence officer, as well as other former agents of various other intelligence agencies and wealthy individuals investing in the spy trade after the Cold War. The Alliance of Twelve is an enemy of the United States and a rival to the CIA; the Alliance is led by a board of one of them being Arvin Sloane. Some members are from the private sector. All of them are wealthy; the organization is divided into 12 sections, named SD-1 through SD-12. "SD" stands for Section Disparu – the section which has disappeared in French, this was coined by founder Alain Christophe. These organizational cells are spread over 12 major cities of the world; the Alliance takes in recruits and tricks them to believe they are working for the CIA when in reality they are not.
The purview of the Alliance is the black market trading of weapons, military secrets, industrial intelligence, medical technology, computer advances, political agendas. Its clients include governments, wealthy citizens, families; the Alliance aims to reach world domination through its control over organized crime and the trade of intelligence. According to Jack Bristow and Arvin Sloane, the Alliance once wished to change the world when it had achieved this, rid the world of corruption, but had become bloated and corrupt over the years, diverging from their original vision and focusing instead on profit. According to Sydney Bristow in the episode "Q and A", the Alliance of Twelve was responsible for the carbon proxy disaster in 1992, in which an accidental methyl isocyanate leak at the manufacturer plant in Bhopal, India killed three thousand people and injured another thousand, leaving them disabled. In 1996, near Kyoto, Japan, a bullet train accidentally switched tracks and derailed, killing a hundred and fifty people.
The Alliance was responsible for that disaster. In 2001, the Alliance caused a transport plane in Germany to suffer mechanical failures outside Munich, killing twelve people; the disasters were falsely believed to have been accidents. In truth, some were acts of revenge, others were personal favors to those who helped fund the Alliance; some were distractions so that local resources were occupied so that SD-4 or SD-7 could infiltrate a building somewhere and retrieve sensitive data. SD-6, headed by Arvin Sloane and based in Los Angeles, is the focus of the first two seasons of Alias. SD-6 pretends to be part of the CIA and states its objective as "retrieval and study of intelligence both military and industrial throughout the world, critical to the superiority and survival of the United States of America." Its own members including agent Sydney Bristow, believe it is a black ops division of the CIA. The name "SD-6" derives from the French, Section Disparu, which, in character Sydney Bristow's words, means "The Section that doesn't exist."In the first episode of Alias, Sydney learns from her father, about the organization's true character as a part of The Alliance of Twelve.
During the course of the first season, other heads of the SD cells are shown meeting. Among them was Edward Poole, head of SD-9, who manages to convince Sloane to kill fellow SD head Jean Briault to influence an upcoming vote on whether to declare war on Alexander Khasinau, who has eliminated rival groups FTL and K-Directorate. Another SD leader is identified by the first name "Ramon," but his last name and his SD cell number are unrevealed. SD-6 branch was headquartered in the Credit Dauphine building in Los Angeles, with entry through a special elevator to the sixth sub-level of the building; every person who entered would be visually confirmed. As a security measure, all three areas of the foundations of the building itself were rigged with C-4 explosives that would go off if the inner vault had been breached during a security lockdown or for other contingencies. Fail-safe or lockdown procedures could be carried out only by Arvin Sloane, using his right index fingerprint. In addition, SD-6 employed an internal security group responsible for investigating and terminating individuals who know of SD-6's existence, those believed to know about the true nature of SD-6, or those suspected to be Double agents or traitors to SD-6.
Sydney's fiancée, was murdered by SD-6's internal security division in Season 1 after Sydney revealed to him that she works for SD-6, believing it to be a part of the CIA. In addition to the cell-like nature of Section Disparu, which allows the termination of entire SD cells in the event that it is wholly compromised, the Alliance of Twelve is an utterly ruthless organization that suspects and conduct surveillance of its head members; when Arvin Sloane's wife, admits to knowing of the existence of SD-6, Arvin is told to have his wife killed as a test of loyalty. Arvin was able to win a temporary reprieve because of his wife's cancer, he faked his wife's death by drugging her wine and putting he
Reading Blue Coat School
Reading Blue Coat School is an Independent, day school for boys with a co-educational Sixth Form in Holme Park in the village of Sonning, in the English county of Berkshire, to the east of the town of Reading. It is situated beside the River Thames, was established in 1646 by Richard Aldworth, who named it "Aldworth's Hospital"; the school was established in 1646 at the height of the English Civil War, when a wealthy London merchant, Richard Aldworth of Stanlake Park, left the Corporation of Reading the sum of £4,000, the proceeds of which were to be devoted to "the education and upbringing of twenty poor male children, being the children of honest, religious poor men in the town of Reading." From this bequest, which in 17th century terms was quite substantial, originated the Aldworth's Hospital charity school now better known as the Reading Blue Coat School. Aldworth, a governor of Christ's Hospital in London, modelled the new foundation on his former school, the boys being required to wear the Bluecoat attire of gown, yellow stockings, buckled shoes.
Aldworth's will further stipulated that the Master of the new school should be "an honest and learned man" who for his "paines" would receive a stipend of £30 a year. His duties were to include the instruction of reading and ciphering and to "teach the Catechism in the points of Christian Religion." The School was accommodated in an old building situated at the corner of Silver Street and London Street known as'The Talbot' in one of the oldest parts of Reading. The house, once an old inn, was in a dilapidated condition. Owing to litigation in connection with Aldworth's will, it was not until 1660, the year of Charles II's restoration, that the first boys entered the School to be taught. Despite many difficulties at the outset, the School flourished and received generous subventions from local benefactors such as William Malthus and John West. Malthus left a certain sum for an annual sermon to be preached to the boys, a tradition still maintained in Reading at the end of each summer term. In 1666, Sir Thomas Rich of Holme Park, gave the Corporation the sum of £1,000 to "maintain six poor boys in Aldworth's Hospital, three of whom to be chosen from the parish of Sonning".
In 1947, the new School moved to its current home on Rich's estate. Indeed, the present Holme Park mansion is situated within a few hundred yards of Rich's own manor house, an old residence which in turn had been built near an ancient but ruined palace that had belonged to the Bishops of Salisbury long before the Norman Conquest in 1066. The'Talbot' was not at all suited to the needs of a growing school, soon the Corporation, as Trustees, decided to replace it with a more modern structure in 1723; that the School's reputation and circumstances stood at a low ebb is further confirmed by an order of the Trustees that "the Master of the Blue Coat School do not suffer the boys to play about the streets but that they be kept within the limits of the said School between and after School times, that the Master go with the said children to the Parish Church of St Laurence every Sunday". This they unfailingly did, every Sunday until 1946. In these premises the School was to remain until 1852 when it removed to the more commodious Brunswick House on the Bath Road in Reading.
For nearly 90 years, generations of Blue Coat boys were to be educated there in'the three Rs', many proceeding to a variety of local apprenticeships and professions. The impact of the Second World War, combined with rising educational expectations, posed challenges to the School, faced with the fate of eventual closure unless it removed to more extensive premises outside Reading and met the terms of the Education Act 1944. Described by the Headmaster, Bernard Inge, as "an act of faith", following a local fundraising appeal sponsored by the Bishop of Reading, the Mayor, Corporation, the Trustees acquired the Holme Park estate. 150 boys, of whom a hundred were boarders, with nine teachers made the move to Sonning on 21 January 1947, the headmaster's 44th birthday. Buildings and facilities had to be updated in haste if the Ministry of Education's stringent regulations were to be met and its'recognition of efficiency' accorded. New classrooms were named after the Dunster brothers. In 1961, the School's first Sixth Form was opened.
A major new science centre was opened in 1973 followed by a brand new Sixth Form Centre and enlarged library. Further classrooms including modern facilities for technology and computing were added in the 1980s in response to rising educational expectations and growing pupil numbers. In 2001, the new Allan Sanders Science Centre was completed and a brand new Sports Hall opened in 2004. In 2006, the School celebrated its 360th anniversary. In 2008, the school opened their brand new cricket pavilion which overlooked the cricket field adjacent to the car park. 2009 was a year of change in the school, the new Boat House was opened on the banks of the river below the school and the sixth form centre was expanded and altered with the knocking through of many interior walls. The connecting squash court was incorporated into the centre; the newly completed'James McArthur Sixth Form Center' was opened in the autumn of 2010 by Old Blue and MP for Reading West Alok Sharma April 2011 saw the demolition of the Dunster, Gaines Cooper and Lesser buildings and the start of construction of a new classroom block, the Richard Aldworth Building, which now provides first-class teaching facilities for a number of major departments.
English, Modern Languages and Geography are housed in the new building, which includes a new Art department that enjoys a view over the School's pitches and the River T
Lake Apo is a crater lake in Barangay Guinoyoran in the city of Valencia in Bukidnon province in the Philippines. It is located in a hilly area about 640 metres in elevation, about 11 kilometres WSW of the city poblacion. Lake Apo was awarded the cleanest inland body of water in Northern Mindanao Region in the late 1990s; the green body of water has an estimated area of 24 hectares with maximum depths reaching up to 26 m. The name of the lake come from the bisaya term apo, meaning grandparent. According to legend, there was a man living in the mountains who assaulted his granddaughter and was punished by the mountain deities for his disrespectful act by flooding the area forming the Lake Apo; the lake is a crater lake, a basin formed on an old volcanic cone, filled with water. It was erroneously reported as a circular rift lake, as this area is not a rift zone but a volcanic area evident by the presence of nearby volcanic peaks like Musuan Peak, Mount Kalatungan, Mount Dagumbaan, Mount Kidongin, the volcanic field east of Pangantucan, Bukidnon.
Another small volcanic cone is located just 2 km southwest of Lake Apo. March 29, 2015 – 2 teens were drowned after trying to cross the lake using a small bamboo raft. Lakes in the Philippines
Apo Island is a volcanic island covering 74 hectares in land area, 7 kilometers off the southeastern tip of Negros Island and 30 kilometers south of the Negros Oriental capital of Dumaguete in the Philippines. The name "Apo" was derived from a Filipino word for "grandchild"; the marine habitat around the island is a marine reserve, protected by the National Integrated Protected Area Act and under the jurisdiction of the Protected Area Management Board. It has become a popular dive snorkeling destination with tourists. There are two resorts on Apo Island, each with a dive center: Apo Island Beach Resort and Liberty's Lodge. There is a ranger station and a lighthouse; the island is under the jurisdiction of the municipality of Dauin, Negros Oriental, is one of the municipality's 23 barangays. As of the 2010 census, the island has a population of 918. Apo Island is located off the southeastern tip of Negros Island, 7 kilometers from the town of Zamboanguita, 25 kilometers south of the Negros Oriental capital Dumaguete.
Extending 1.5 km from north to south and 1 km from east to west, the island has a land area of 74 hectares and rises to a height of 120 meters above sea level at its highest point. It can be reached by a 30-minute motorized boat ride from the village of Malatapay, Negros Oriental. Apo Island was a community-organized marine sanctuaries, as such it has been well documented by the global science community; the project was started when Dr. Angel Alcala, a marine scientist from the Silliman University Marine Laboratory introduced to the local fishermen the importance of creating a marine sanctuary in the area. There was hesitation on the part of the locals, but after a three-year dialogue, Dr. Alcala convinced the island community to establish the sanctuary. Assisted by the staff of the SU Marine Laboratory in 1982, the local fishermen selected an area along 450 meters of shoreline and extending 500 meters from shore as the sanctuary site. Since the project initiated on the island led to the creation of hundreds of other marine sanctuaries in the Philippines.
At present, the island is home to over 650 documented species of fish and estimated to have over 400 species of corals. Most of the Philippines' 450 species of coral can be found here, from tiny bubble corals to huge gorgonian sea fans and brain corals. Visitors and tourists pay a fee to enter Apo Island and to snorkel or dive in the marine sanctuary there; these fees are used to keep the sanctuary clean and in good condition. In 2003, Chicago's Shedd Aquarium opened a Wild Reef exhibit based on Apo Island's surrounding reef and marine sanctuary. In 2008, Sport Diver Magazine listed Apo Island as one of the top 100 diving spots in the world; as of 2017, the fish sanctuary, at the southeastern part of the island was closed "temporarily" since 2014 for the reason of super typhoon Haiyan that has destroyed the shallow coral reef. This beach is indeed facing the ocean and is now banned from snorkelling and the place is now used to park fishing boats. Though the island is not a marine reserve, only the local population have the right to catch fish.
So you can find nets and harpoons. The main advantages on the island is indeed the facilities for diving residing on the island and the protection of sea turtles where more than 60 are recorded, an amazing diversity of soft and hard corals. In the north part of the island, currents offer exceptionally clear waters during the planktonic season with a school of jacks, 13 barracudas, few groupers located near Coconut diving spot. List of protected areas of the Philippines
Armenian Philharmonic Orchestra
The Armenian National Philharmonic Orchestra is the national orchestra of Armenia. It was founded in 1925 as a symphony orchestra of the Yerevan State Conservatory. Now it performs in Yerevan. Over the years, conductors Arshak Adamian, Alexander Spendiarian, Ohan Durian, Valeri Gergiev, Loris Tjeknavorian, etc. directed the orchestra. Since its foundation, the orchestra has performed most of the classical repertoire. Many famous artists as David Oistrach, Svyatoslav Richter, Mstislav Rostropovich, David Geringas, Boris Berezovsky, Ian Gillan have appeared with the orchestra. Aram Khachaturian, Dmitri Kabalevsky and others have conducted their works at the APO. More than 30 CDs have been released with the APO recordings. Eduard Topchjan Loris Tjeknavorian Mikael Avetisyan Loris Tjeknavorian Vahagn Papian Martin Nersissian Rafael Mangassarian Valery Gergiev David Khanjian Aram Katanian Ruben Vartanyan Michael Maluntsian Ohan Durian Michael Maluntsian Constantine Saradjian Gevork Budaghian Souren Charekian Alexander Spendiaryan Arshak Adamian Homepage