Amsterdam Nieuw-West is a borough comprising the most western neighborhoods of the city of Amsterdam, Netherlands. The borough was created in 2010 after a merger of the former boroughs Osdorp, Geuzenveld-Slotermeer, in 2013, the borough had almost 142,000 inhabitants. Most of the neighborhoods of Amsterdam Nieuw-West were built after 1950 under an urban expansion plan. Centrally located within the borough is Sloterplas lake and the Sloterpark, Nieuw-West is a sprawling, high-density suburban residential area in the west of Amsterdam. It is situated on the territory of the municipality of Sloten, Amsterdam. The plans for the expansion of the city date back to 1935. The neighborhoods in Nieuw-West are designed on the basis of the garden city principles, most of these neighborhoods, known as the Westelijke Tuinsteden were built in the 1950s and 1960s. At the heart of the borough is Sloterplas, a lake, the lake was created as a result of sand extractions needed for the development of the garden city neighborhoods.
The oldest garden city neighborhoods are Slotermeer, Slotervaart, Overtoomse Veld, in the 1990s, a few additional neighborhoods were developed, Nieuw Sloten and De Aker. Since 2001, the borough has been subject to urban renewal projects. Under the Richting Parkstad 2015 plan, thousands of homes were demolished and replaced by new developments, with the renewal projects, the original garden city ideas have been partially abandoned. The city of Amsterdam subsequently decided to apply the same status to the northeast and southwest of Slotermeer, central Osdorp, since the 2014 municipal elections, the district councils have been abolished and replaced by smaller, but still directly elected district committees. The district committees are elected every four years, on the day as the citys central municipal council. Each district committee elects three of its members to form an executive committee, the district committees jurisdiction is determined by the central municipal council. The district committee of Amsterdam Nieuw-West consists of 15 members, the committee was elected on March 19,2014.
Six national political parties and three parties are represented on the committee. In April 2014, the elected its executive committee. Executive committee chair is Achmed Baâdoud, the members are Ronald Mauer
Haarlemmerbuurt is a neighbourhood in Amsterdam, in the Dutch province of North Holland, and is part of the borough Centrum. The central artery of the area is formed by the streets Haarlemmerdijk and Haarlemmerstraat, the neighbourhood is bordered to the south by Brouwersgracht, to the west by Singelgracht, on the north by the railway embankment and on the east by Singel. Haarlemmerplein, with the Haarlemmerpoort or Willemspoort city gate, is a located at the western end of the neighbourhood. On the north there used to be a timber storage area. With the construction of the line between Singelgracht and Central Station through the Haarlemmer Houttuinen in 1878 this became the northern boundary. This caused the square to lose its cohesion, since a new block on the north facade was finished in 2012, the square is once again complete. The West-Indisch Huis is located at Haarlemmerstraat 75, and is the headquarters of the Dutch West India Company. The Posthoornkerk, a church by architect Pierre Cuypers, is located further down the street at numbers 124-126, Haarlemmerstraat and Haarlemmerdijk are known for the great quality and diversity of their shops and restaurants, and were voted best shopping street of The Netherlands in 2011.
There are a couple of coffeeshops located on Haarlemmerstraat
Schellingwoude is a former village in the Dutch province of North Holland. It was located in the municipality of Amsterdam, on the border of the IJ. It is now a neighbourhood of the city of Amsterdam, Schellingwoude was a separate municipality between 1817 and 1857, when it was merged with Ransdorp. In order to stop the loss caused by the Zuiderzee. On this dike the village Schellingwoude was founded, sources of income were farming and fishing. During the 14th century trade was coming on and became important in the 16th century. But the competition with Amsterdam was enormous, so the shipping activities got less, in those days Schellingwoude was a village of distinction. For the surrounding villages the administration of justice took place in Schellingwoude, in 1622 the population of Schellingwoude was 1048, in 1809 this number was dropped till 684. The decline in the trade and shipping activities was the cause of this reduction. The activities that remained were farming and some industrial activity, in 1800 Schellingwoude had two mills.
An important lock, the Oranjesluizen, together with a pumping station, was ready in 1872. King Willem III laid the first stone on 29 April 1870, the Oranjesluizen and the Schellingwouder Bridge, built in 1957 over the Buiten-IJ, are two identification marks at the east side of the village. With the arrival of the Oranjesluizen, Schellingwoude got a boost, the lock created new jobs and new houses were built. The village had five pubs at that time. The villages at the Waterlandse Zeedijk were extremely stricken by the flood of 1916, in 1921 Amsterdam incorporated the villages Buiksloot and Ransdorp. Since the 14th century the village has a church, the Schellingwouder church was built on a terp behind the dyke. The current church is dated from 1866, the church chest from 1659 has survived. Important document were kept in that, the chest has a text engraved in memory of the people of Schellingwoude who stood up for their rights at that time
Sloten is a village in the Dutch province of North Holland. It is a part of the municipality of Amsterdam, and lies about 6 km west of the city centre, Sloten was a separate municipality until 1921. During the 1928 Summer Olympics, it hosted the rowing events, andreas Peter Cornelius Sol J. Kuyper, Gemeente Atlas van Nederland, 1865-1870, Sloten. Map of the municipality, around 1868
Yoko Ono is a Japanese multimedia artist, singer and peace activist who is known for her work in performance art and filmmaking. She is the wife and widow of singer-songwriter John Lennon of the Beatles. Ono grew up in Tokyo, and studied at Gakushuin and she withdrew from her course after two years and rejoined her family in New York in 1953. She spent some time at Sarah Lawrence College, and involved in New York Citys downtown artists scene. She first met Lennon in 1966 at her own art exhibition in London and she brought feminism to the forefront in her music, influencing artists as diverse as the B-52s and Meredith Monk. Ono achieved commercial and critical acclaim in 1980 with the chart-topping album Double Fantasy, public appreciation of Onos work has shifted over time, helped by a retrospective at a Whitney Museum branch in 1989 and the 1992 release of the six-disc box set Onobox. She received a Golden Lion Award for lifetime achievement from the Venice Biennale in 2009, as Lennons widow, Ono works to preserve his legacy.
She funded Strawberry Fields in New York City, the Imagine Peace Tower in Iceland, and she has made significant philanthropic contributions to the arts, peace and Japan disaster relief, and other causes. In 2012 Yoko Ono received the Dr. Rainer Hildebrandt Human Rights Award endowed by Alexandra Hildebrandt, the award is given annually in recognition of extraordinary, non-violent commitment to human rights. Ono continues her activism, inaugurating a biennial $50,000 LennonOno Grant for Peace in 2002. She has a daughter, Kyoko Chan Cox, from her marriage to Anthony Cox, Ono was born on February 18,1933, in Tokyo, to Isoko Ono and Eisuke Ono, a banker and former classical pianist. Isokos father was ennobled in 1915, isokos maternal grandfather Zenjiro Yasuda was an affiliate of the Yasuda clan and zaibatsu. Eisuke came from a line of samurai warrior-scholars. The kanji translation of Yokos first name Yoko means ocean child, Two weeks before Yokos birth, Eisuke was transferred to San Francisco by his employer, the Yokohama Specie Bank.
The rest of the family followed soon after, with Yoko meeting Eisuke when she was two and her younger brother Keisuke was born in December 1936. Yoko was enrolled in piano lessons from the age of 4, in 1937, the family was transferred back to Japan and Ono enrolled at Tokyos Gakushuin, one of the most exclusive schools in Japan. In 1940, the moved to New York City. The next year, Eisuke was transferred from New York City to Hanoi, Ono was enrolled in Keimei Gakuen, an exclusive Christian primary school run by the Mitsui family
The Netherlands, informally known as Holland is the main constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. It is a densely populated country located in Western Europe with three territories in the Caribbean. The European part of the Netherlands borders Germany to the east, Belgium to the south, and the North Sea to the northwest, sharing borders with Belgium, the United Kingdom. The three largest cities in the Netherlands are Amsterdam and The Hague, Amsterdam is the countrys capital, while The Hague holds the Dutch seat of parliament and government. The port of Rotterdam is the worlds largest port outside East-Asia, the name Holland is used informally to refer to the whole of the country of the Netherlands. Netherlands literally means lower countries, influenced by its low land and flat geography, most of the areas below sea level are artificial. Since the late 16th century, large areas have been reclaimed from the sea and lakes, with a population density of 412 people per km2 –507 if water is excluded – the Netherlands is classified as a very densely populated country.
Only Bangladesh, South Korea, and Taiwan have both a population and higher population density. Nevertheless, the Netherlands is the worlds second-largest exporter of food and agricultural products and this is partly due to the fertility of the soil and the mild climate. In 2001, it became the worlds first country to legalise same-sex marriage, the Netherlands is a founding member of the EU, Eurozone, G-10, NATO, OECD and WTO, as well as being a part of the Schengen Area and the trilateral Benelux Union. The first four are situated in The Hague, as is the EUs criminal intelligence agency Europol and this has led to the city being dubbed the worlds legal capital. The country ranks second highest in the worlds 2016 Press Freedom Index, the Netherlands has a market-based mixed economy, ranking 17th of 177 countries according to the Index of Economic Freedom. It had the thirteenth-highest per capita income in the world in 2013 according to the International Monetary Fund, in 2013, the United Nations World Happiness Report ranked the Netherlands as the seventh-happiest country in the world, reflecting its high quality of life.
The Netherlands ranks joint second highest in the Inequality-adjusted Human Development Index, the region called Low Countries and the country of the Netherlands have the same toponymy. Place names with Neder, Nieder and Nedre and Bas or Inferior are in use in all over Europe. They are sometimes used in a relation to a higher ground that consecutively is indicated as Upper, Oben. In the case of the Low Countries / the Netherlands the geographical location of the region has been more or less downstream. The geographical location of the region, changed over time tremendously
A neighbourhood, or neighborhood, is a geographically localised community within a larger city, suburb or rural area. Neighbourhoods are often social communities with considerable face-to-face interaction among members, the Old English word for neighbourhood was neahdæl. ”Most of the earliest cities around the world as excavated by archaeologists have evidence for the presence of social neighbourhoods. Historical documents shed light on life in numerous historical preindustrial or nonwestern cities. Neighbourhoods are typically generated by social interaction among people living near one another, in this sense they are local social units larger than households not directly under the control of city or state officials. In addition to social neighbourhoods, most ancient and historical cities had administrative districts used by officials for taxation, record-keeping, administrative districts are typically larger than neighbourhoods and their boundaries may cut across neighbourhood divisions. In some cases, administrative districts coincided with neighbourhoods, for example, in the T’ang period Chinese capital city Chang’an, neighbourhoods were districts and there were state officials who carefully controlled life and activity at the neighbourhood level.
Neighbourhoods in preindustrial cities often had some degree of social specialisation or differentiation, ethnic neighbourhoods were important in many past cities and remain common in cities today. One factor contributing to neighbourhood distinctiveness and social cohesion in past cities was the role of rural to urban migration and this was a continual process in preindustrial cities, and migrants tended to move in with relatives and acquaintances from their rural past. Neighbourhoods have been the site of delivery or service interventions in part as efforts to provide local, quality services. Alfred Kahn, as early as the mid-1970s, described the experience and fads of neighbourhood service delivery over the decade, including discussion of income transfers. Neighbourhoods, as an aspect of community, are the site of services for youth, including children with disabilities. While the term neighbourhood organisation is not as common in 2015, community and economic development activists have pressured for reinvestment in local communities and neighbourhoods.
Community and Economic Development may be understood in different ways, and may involve faith-based groups, urban sociology even has a subset termed neighbourhood sociology which supports the study of local communities and the diversity of urban neighbourhoods. Neighbourhoods are used in studies from postal codes and health disparities. Neighbourhoods are convenient, and always accessible, since you are already in your neighbourhood when you walk out your door, successful neighbourhood action frequently requires little specialised technical skill, and often little or no money. Action may call for an investment of time, but material costs are often low, with neighbourhood action, compared to activity on larger scales, results are more likely to be visible and quickly forthcoming. The streets are cleaner, the crosswalk is painted, the trees are planted and swift results are indicators of success, and since success is reinforcing, the probability of subsequent neighbourhood action is increased.
The social support that a neighbourhood may provide can serve as a buffer against various forms of adversity
Amsterdam is the capital and most populous municipality of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. Its status as the capital is mandated by the Constitution of the Netherlands, although it is not the seat of the government, which is The Hague. Amsterdam has a population of 851,373 within the city proper,1,351,587 in the urban area, the city is located in the province of North Holland in the west of the country. The metropolitan area comprises much of the part of the Randstad, one of the larger conurbations in Europe. Amsterdams name derives from Amstelredamme, indicative of the citys origin around a dam in the river Amstel, during that time, the city was the leading centre for finance and diamonds. In the 19th and 20th centuries the city expanded, and many new neighborhoods and suburbs were planned, the 17th-century canals of Amsterdam and the 19–20th century Defence Line of Amsterdam are on the UNESCO World Heritage List. As the commercial capital of the Netherlands and one of the top financial centres in Europe, Amsterdam is considered a world city by the Globalization.
The city is the capital of the Netherlands. Many large Dutch institutions have their headquarters there, and seven of the worlds 500 largest companies, including Philips and ING, are based in the city. In 2012, Amsterdam was ranked the second best city to live in by the Economist Intelligence Unit and 12th globally on quality of living for environment, the city was ranked 3rd in innovation by Australian innovation agency 2thinknow in their Innovation Cities Index 2009. The Amsterdam seaport to this day remains the second in the country, famous Amsterdam residents include the diarist Anne Frank, artists Rembrandt van Rijn and Vincent van Gogh, and philosopher Baruch Spinoza. The Amsterdam Stock Exchange, the oldest stock exchange in the world, is located in the city center. After the floods of 1170 and 1173, locals near the river Amstel built a bridge over the river, the earliest recorded use of that name is in a document dated October 27,1275, which exempted inhabitants of the village from paying bridge tolls to Count Floris V.
This allowed the inhabitants of the village of Aemstelredamme to travel freely through the County of Holland, paying no tolls at bridges, the certificate describes the inhabitants as homines manentes apud Amestelledamme. By 1327, the name had developed into Aemsterdam, Amsterdam is much younger than Dutch cities such as Nijmegen and Utrecht. In October 2008, historical geographer Chris de Bont suggested that the land around Amsterdam was being reclaimed as early as the late 10th century. This does not necessarily mean there was already a settlement then, since reclamation of land may not have been for farming—it may have been for peat. Amsterdam was granted city rights in either 1300 or 1306, from the 14th century on, Amsterdam flourished, largely from trade with the Hanseatic League
Amsterdam-Centrum is the inner-most borough of Amsterdam, Netherlands. Established in 2002, Amsterdam-Centrum was the last area in the city to be granted the status of self-governing borough, the borough is only 8.04 km2 large and covers the old innercity and the UNESCO-listed Amsterdam canal belt. In 2013, the borough had approximately 85,000 inhabitants, since the 2014 municipal elections, the district councils have been abolished and replaced by smaller, but still directly elected district committees. The district committees are elected every four years, on the day as the citys central municipal council. Each district committee elects three of its members to form an executive committee, the district committees jurisdiction is determined by the central municipal council. The former district council of Amsterdam-Centrum originally had 27 members but was enlarged in 2006 with two extra members, the last district executive board president was Jeanine van Pinxteren, who had succeeded Els Iping and Anne Lize van der Stoel.
The new district committee of Amsterdam-Centrum consists of 13 members, the committee was elected on March 19,2014. Five national political parties are represented in the committee, on April 7,2014, the committee elected its executive committee. Executive committee chair is Boudewijn Oranje, the members are Jeanine van Pinxteren. The borough office of Amsterdam-Centrum is located at City Hall, known as the Stopera building
The Jodenbuurt is a neighborhood of Amsterdam, Netherlands. For centuries before World War II, it was the center of the Jews of Amsterdam — hence and it is best known as the birthplace of Baruch Spinoza, the home of Rembrandt, and the Jewish ghetto of Nazi occupation of the Netherlands. But it grew to include parts of Nieuwmarkt, Sint Antoniesbreestraat, the Plantage, and Weesperzijde, especially after 1882, the first Jews to settle in Amsterdam were the Sephardim, who had been expelled from Portugal and Spain in 1593. They were joined in the decades by the Ashkenazi from Central and Eastern Europe. By 1612, the population was about 500 people but it doubled to about 1,000 in 1620, the Jews gave their new home, its Hebrew name, Mokum to show that they had finally felt at home in the city. So the Jews were allowed to build their own synagogues, the first of them was the Beth Jakob, built between 1602 and 1610, followed by the second synagogue, Neve Shalom, constructed between 1608 and 1612, and the third, Beth Israel, founded in 1618.
They were all hidden and therefore not visible from the streets, but the Jews were not alone in the Jodenbuurt. They were joined by several Christians, one of them was the artist Rembrandt, who was fascinated by the Biblical faces of his new neighbors. In 1641, a group of Franciscans came to establish a Catholic clandestine church in a house called Moses, known as the Jewish Church, it began as the Sint-Anthoniuskerk but it grew into the Mozes en Aäronkerk. It is still standing today at the Waterlooplein, on 8 November 1616, the Jews were made legal citizens by the City of Amsterdam. But they were not allowed to enter certain occupations, they were not permitted by the guilds of Amsterdam. So they were limited to street trading, book printing, from 1622, the synagogues began to cooperate for the good of the Jodenbuurt. On 3 April 1693, they merged their districts into a municipality under the name of Talmud Torah. In that year, they opened the first synagogue that was visible from the streets.
It stood on the Houtgracht, at the present Waterlooplein, next to the new synagogue on Nieuwe Amstelstraat was a meat market, where the residents of the neighborhood could buy their kosher meat. The Sephardi did not have knowledge about Judaism. They were not allowed to be Jews in Portugal and Spain, so in Amsterdam they sent for the rabbis to come out of Italy, North Africa, and the Ottoman Empire to teach them the ways of Judaism in the Jodenbuurt. The Portuguese Synagogue was the place where Spinoza was placed under the ban by the Sephardic Jewish community in 1656, because of their knowledge of Spanish and Portuguese, many of the Sephardim were involved with trade and plantations in the Spanish and Portuguese colonies in South America