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Apostolicam Actuositatem

Apostolicam Actuositatem is the Second Vatican Council's Decree on the Apostolate of the Laity. It was approved by a vote of 2,340 to 2 of bishops assembled at the Council, promulgated by Pope Paul VI on 18 November 1965; the title is Latin for "Apostolic Activity", from the first line of the decree, as is customary with significant Catholic documents. The purpose of the document was to guide lay Catholics in their Christian service. In this decree the Council sought to describe the nature and diversity of the lay apostolate, to state its basic principles, to give pastoral directives for its more effective exercise; the specific objectives of lay ministry are: evangelization and sanctification, renewal of the temporal order whereby Christ is first in all things, charitable works and social aid. The decree quotes Colossians 3:17: "Whatever you do in word or work, do all in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ, giving thanks to God the Father through Him". Apostolicam Actuositatem follows upon Lumen gentium, the "Dogmatic Constitution on the Church", of 21 November 1964, which in Chapter IV, discusses the laity, by which they mean all the faithful except those in Holy Orders or religious institutes.

"They live in the ordinary circumstances of family and social life, from which the web of their existence is woven....led by the spirit of the Gospel they may work for the sanctification of the world from within as a leaven. In this way they may make Christ known to others by the testimony of a life resplendent in faith and charity; the Pontifical Council for the Laity had its foundation in Vatican II's Apostolicam Actuositatem - Decree on the Lay Apostolate §26. The council was created in January 1967 by Pope Paul VI's motu proprio Catholicam Christi Ecclesiam. In December 1976, the council was included as a permanent fixture of the Roman Curia. In September 2016, its functions were shifted to the new Dicastery for the Laity and Life; the numbers given correspond to the section numbers within the text. The apostolate of the laity derives from their Christian vocation and the Church can never be without it; the laity share in the priestly and royal office of Christ and therefore have their own share in the mission of the whole people of God.

The laity are called by God to exercise their apostolate in the world like leaven, with the ardor of the spirit of Christ. One engages in the apostolate through the faith and charity which the Holy Spirit diffuses in the hearts of all members of the Church; this plan for the spiritual life of the laity should take its particular character from their married or family state or their single or widowed state, from their state of health, from their professional and social activity. They should not cease to develop earnestly the qualities and talents bestowed on them in accord with these conditions of life, they should make use of the gifts which they have received from the Holy Spirit.... They should hold in high esteem professional skill and civic spirit, the virtues relating to social customs, honesty, sincerity and courage, without which no true Christian life can exist.... The perfect example of this type of spiritual and apostolic life is the most Blessed Virgin Mary, Queen of Apostles, who while leading the life common to all here on earth, one filled with family concerns and labors, was always intimately united with her Son....

The layman, being a believer and a citizen, should be continuously led by a Christian conscience. "The apostolate of the Church and of all its members is designed to manifest Christ's message by words and deeds and to communicate His grace to the world. Pity for the needy and the sick and works of charity and mutual aid intended to relieve human needs of every kind are held in highest honor by the Church; the laity with the right apostolic attitude supply what is lacking to their brethren and refresh the spirit of pastors and of the rest of the faithful The laity should not limit their cooperation to the parochial or diocesan boundaries but strive to extend it to interparochial, interdiocesan and international fields. The apostolate of married persons and families is of unique importance for the Church and civil society. If youthful zeal is imbued with the spirit of Christ and is inspired by obedience and love for the Church, it can be expected to be fruitful. Children have their own apostolic work to do.

According to their ability they are true living witnesses of Christ among their companions. Among the signs of our times, the irresistibly increasing sense of the solidarity of all peoples is noteworthy; the laity can engage in their apostolic activity either as individuals or together as members of various groups or associations. The individual apostolate, flowing generously in a Christian life, is the origin of the whole lay apostolate of the organized type, it admits of no substitute; the individual apostolate has a special field in areas where Catholics are few in number and dispersed. The united and organized form of the apostolate needs to be strengthened. Only the pooling of resources is capable of achieving the aims of the modern apostolate and protecting its interests. Lay societies, such as Catholic Action, advance the Church's apostolic aim, that is, the evangelization and sanctification of men and the formation of a Christian conscience and can infuse the spirit of the Gospel into various communities and departments of life.

Cooperation among various projects of the apostolate must be suitably directed by the hierarchy. No project may claim the name “Catholic” unl

Griffin O'Neal

Griffin Patrick O'Neal is an American actor. O'Neal was born in Los Angeles to actor Ryan O'Neal and his first wife, the late actress Joanna Moore, he has one sister and two half brothers and Redmond. His grandfather was novelist/screenwriter Charles "Blackie" O'Neal. Griffin O'Neal appeared in 11 movies between 1976 and 1992. Several of these were TV films released directly to video, he appeared in films including The Escape Artist, April Fool's Day, The Wraith, Assault of the Killer Bimbos, Ghoulies III. Film critic Vincent Canby of the New York Times wrote in 1982 that Griffin O'Neal "shares with his sister a natural screen presence." Film critic Leonard Maltin wrote that Griffin O'Neal has a "pleasing screen presence". O'Neal is estranged from his father Ryan O'Neal, they have had a volatile relationship beginning from his childhood. O'Neal's struggle with addiction began, he told People magazine, "My life has been a reign of alcohol degradation. I had to self-medicate my entire life. There were drugs everywhere in my family all day, every day."

He suggested his family's problems stemmed from Ryan. "My father gave me cocaine when I was 11 and insisted I take it," he told Vanity Fair. He added, "He was a abusive, narcissistic psychopath, he gets so mad he can't control anything he's doing."In 1983, O'Neal reported to authorities that his father punched out two of his front teeth, but refused to press charges. In 2007, Ryan was arrested for shooting at Griffin. "The last time I saw my dad, he shot at me because I was trying to help his son get sober so I haven't talked to him in nine years," he told People in 2015. O'Neal was banned by his father from attending the funeral services for Farrah Fawcett in 2009. O'Neal married his first wife Rima Uranga in 1989, they have a daughter together. He has been married to Joanna Berry since 2008. In 2012, O'Neal was arrested on domestic battery charges for assaulting his wife. In 1986, Griffin O'Neal had a boating accident in Annapolis, Maryland that took the life of film producer Gian-Carlo Coppola.

O'Neal, piloting the boat, tried to pass between two other boats, unaware that they were connected by a towline. O'Neal had time to duck, but Coppola was struck by the towline and killed. Prior to the accident, O'Neal was being directed by Francis Ford Coppola in the film Gardens of Stone, afterward O'Neal asked to be replaced in the film, he was convicted of negligently operating a boat, received an 18-day jail sentence for not completing community service. In August 2011, while driving, O'Neal collided with another car, he was sentenced to 16 months in prison for driving under the influence of drugs in connection with that incident. Holmstrom, John; the Moving Picture Boy: An International Encyclopaedia from 1895 to 1995. Norwich, Michael Russell, 1996, p. 350-351. Griffin O'Neal on IMDb Griffin O'Neal at Yahoo movies Interview with Larry King, first aired Aug. 3, 2009

Texas Adjutant General's Individual Award

The Adjutant General's Individual Award is the eighth highest military decoration that can be conferred to a service member of the Texas Military Forces. Subsequent decorations are conferred by a white enameled five-pointed star trimmed in gold device; the Adjutant General’s Individual Award is conferred to any service member of the Texas Military Forces who, while serving in any capacity with the Texas Military Forces, shall have distinguished themselves by meritorious achievement or outstanding service, when such action or duty is noteworthy but of a lesser degree than required for award of a higher decoration. The Adjutant General’s Individual Award was approved by the Adjutant General Major General Thomas S. Bishop on 1 November 1968; the award is a green moiré silk ribbon, 1-3/8 of an inch wide and 3/8 of an inch high, behind a large white enameled five-pointed star, trimmed in gold, 3/8 of an inch in circumscribing diameter and mounted in the center of the ribbon, one point up. The green color is the same as the green color used in the ribbon of the United States Armed Forces Mexican Border Service Medal.

A white enameled five-pointed star, trimmed in gold, 3/8th of an inch in circumscribing diameter, is conferred for second and successive awards. "Stars will be worn centered on the ribbon, with one point up, in conjunction with the star, part of the original decoration. A maximum of four stars, to include the star, part of the original decoration, will be worn". Awards and decorations of the Texas Military Awards and decorations of the Texas governmentTexas Military Forces Texas Military Department List of conflicts involving the Texas Military Adjutant General's Individual Award

Yuen Long

Yuen Long is a town in the western New Territories, Hong Kong. To its west lie Hung Shui Kiu, Tin Shui Wai, Lau Fau Shan and Ha Tsuen, to the south Shap Pat Heung and Tai Tong, to the east Au Tau and Kam Tin, to the north Nam Sang Wai; the Cantonese name Yuen Long may refer to the limits of the original market town, Yuen Long New Town, Yuen Long Plain or Yuen Long District. The central part of Yuen Long was traditionally a market town, in the area now known as Yuen Long San Hui, in Yuen Long District, where people from the surrounding villages sold their crops and fish; the market is still a place where people from villages in the northwest New Territories shop and trade. Like many market towns in Hong Kong, the market operates only on certain days each week. Modern shopping malls and restaurants have established. Two new towns have been developed in Yuen Long since the 1970s: Yuen Long New Town was developed by the market town in the late 1970s and early 1980s. Tin Shui Wai New Town was established in the 1990s to the west of Yuen Long New Town, as separate from Yuen Long New Town.

It is residential. There are Light Rail Transit and several bus routes serving between the two towns; the private residential estate Fairview Park is in the northeast part of Yuen Long. The earliest market in Yuen Long was south of the main road, near Tai Kei Leng. In 1669, the market was moved north to the area near the present-day Yuen Long Station; this area is now known as Yuen Long Kau Hui. This market is sited south of a small hill. While it is far from the coast today, it was beside the seashore. Cheung Shing Street, which separates Nam Pin Wai and Sai Pin Wai, divides the centre of the market. Temples were built to judge disputes. After the British leased the New Territories in 1898, they built Castle Peak Road to connect major areas of the New Territories and Kowloon; the villagers moved the market town to the main road. After the Second World War, Yuen Long Town increased in size, going from a small village into a large town known for its numerous cultural and sporting events; the 2019 Yuen Long attack was a mob attack that occurred on 21 July 2019, in Hong Kong.

A mob of over 100 armed men dressed in white indiscriminately attacked civilians on the streets and passengers in the Yuen Long MTR station including the elderly, black-clad protesters and lawmakers. At least 45 people were injured in the incident, including a pregnant woman; the attack happened following an anti-extradition bill protest in Sheung Wan, Hong Kong and was an act threatening the pro-democracy protesters who were returning home to Yuen Long. Due to their proximity to the Shenzhen border in China's Guangdong province, towns in the northern parts of Hong Kong, notably Sheung Shui and Yuen Long, have become hubs for parallel traders who have been buying up large quantities of goods, forcing up local prices and disrupting the daily lives of local citizens. Since 2012, there has been a vertiginous increase in Chinese parallel traders arriving in the North District of Hong Kong to re-export infant formula and household products – goods popular with the Chinese – across the border to Shenzhen.

Trafficking caused chronic local shortages of milk powder in Hong Kong, which led the government to impose restrictions on the amount of milk powder exports from Hong Kong. The first anti-parallel trading protest was started at Sheung Shui in September 2012; as government efforts to limit the adverse impact of Chinese trafficking were seen as inadequate, there have been further subsequent protests in towns in the North District including Sheung Shui. A campaign called Liberate Yuen Long was mounted on 1 March 2015 by localist groups to protest smuggling and parallel trading; the following information show transportation in Yuen Long. KMB routes 53, 54, 64K, 68A, 68E, 68F, 68M, 68X, 76K, 77K, 264R, 268B, 268C, 268P, 268X, 269D, 276, 276P, 869, 968, 968X, B1, N269, N368 Route B1 to Lok Ma Chau Station Control Point, a customs checkpoint between Hong Kong and China MTR Bus routes K65, K66, K68, K73, K74 Long Win Bus routes A36, E34B, E34P, N30, N30S, NA34 New Lantao Bus route B2 Route B2 to Shenzhen Bay Port, a customs checkpoint between Hong Kong and China MTR West Rail Line Light Rail routes 610, 614, 615 and 761P KMB routes 51, 64S, 69C, 69M, 69P, 69X, 251A, 251B, 251M, 265B, 265M, 265S, 269A, 269B, 269C, 269M, 269P, 276A, 276B MTR Bus routes K75, K75A, K75P Long Win Bus routes A37, E34A, E34X New Lantao Bus routes B2P, B2X Routes B2P and B2X to Shenzhen Bay Port, a customs checkpoint between Hong Kong and China Citybus routes 967, 967X, 969, 969A, 969B, 969C, 969P, 969X, N969 MTR West Rail Line Light Rail routes 705, 706 and 751 Yuen Long residents are local ethnic Han with a sizable Hoa immigrants, Vietnamese Chinese from the 1970s to 1990s.

Yuen Long Public Secondary School N. T. Heung Yee Kuk Yuen Long District Secondary School Yuen Long Catholic Secondary School ELCHK Yuen Long Lutheran Secondary School CCC Kei Yuen College 2019 Yuen Long attack

List of villages and towns depopulated of Jews during the Holocaust

Below is a partial list of selected villages and towns depopulated of Jews during the Holocaust. The liquidation actions were carried out by the Nazi Einsatzgruppen and Order Police battalions as well as auxiliary police through mass killings; the German "pacification" units of the Einsatzkommando were paramilitary forces within the Schutzstaffel, under the high command of the Obergruppenführer. The Einsatzgruppen operated in the years 1941–45; the following Jewish communities in Lithuania were destroyed during the Holocaust. Note that the list includes places in modern, post-1991 Lithuania, some of which were in German-occupied Poland during the war. Cluj-Napoca Gura Humorului Radevits Satu Mare Sighet Yedinitz Beltinci Lendava Murska Sobota List of shtetls Shtetl Where Once We Walked Mokotoff, Gary. Where Once We Walked: A Guide to the Jewish Communities Destroyed in the Holocaust. Teaneck, N. J.: Avotaynu. ISBN 0-9626373-1-9. OCLC 23652677. Mokotoff, Gary. Where Once We Walked: A Guide to the Jewish Communities Destroyed in the Holocaust.

Alexander Sharon. Bergenfield, N. J.: Avotaynu. ISBN 1-886223-15-7. OCLC 488653492. Yad Vashem. Blackbook of localities whose Jewish population was exterminated by the Nazis. Jerusalem, Israel: Yad Vashem. OCLC 48650158. Margulis, Ted. "Ukrainian Cities and Shtetls". Jewish Web Index. Archived from the original on 2014-03-03. Margulis, Ted. "Romania and Moldova". Jewish Web Index

San Miguel, Manila

San Miguel is a middle-class residential area of the City of Manila, is one of the city's sixteen traditional districts. Malacañang Palace, the official residence of the President of the Philippines, is located in the neighbourhood, outside the Palace gates is Mendiola Street, a popular site for protests against the government; the San Miguel district is home to some colleges and universities that form part of Manila's "University Belt" which encompasses San Miguel, the districts of Quiapo and Sampaloc. Educational institutions that are located in the district include Far Eastern University, San Beda University, Centro Escolar University, College of the Holy Spirit, Saint Jude Catholic School, La Consolacion College Manila and Victorino Mapa High School. San Miguel is the place where San Miguel Beer was produced, beginning in the Spanish colonial era; the brewery's buildings were demolished after the property was transferred to the government, it today forms part of the Palace complex. San Miguel includes the Isla de Convalecencia, the largest island in the Pasig River, home to the Hospício de San José, Manila's oldest Catholic welfare institution.

Casa Roces is a 1930s ancestral house of the Roces family, renovated and turned into a full-service restaurant, café and an art gallery. Casa Roces is located in the district of San Miguel, Manila right across Malacañan Palace, the official residence of the President of the Republic of the Philippines; the ground floor of Casa Roces features a coffeehouse with an outdoor wooden deck, a dessert bar, a memorabilia and accessories shop. A bar serves cocktails, wine and liquor for evening patrons. On the second floor are a bistro, an art and family heritage gallery as well as private rooms decorated with a mix of Commonwealth elegance and modern flair; the second floor of the house was turned into an art gallery. Casa Roces was designed in the Pre-war modernist style with Art Deco articulation using a variety of construction materials which includes reinforced concrete and masonry. On the ground floor, the distinguishing feature is the use of "Machuca" tile flooring, typical with Commonwealth era house.

The original layout of the rooms were changed to accommodate its new use as a restaurant and an art gallery