Appalachia is a cultural region in the Eastern United States that stretches from the Southern Tier of New York to northern Alabama and Georgia. As of the 2010 United States Census, the region was home to approximately 25 million people, sociological studies in the 1960s and 1970s helped to re-examine and dispel these stereotypes. While endowed with abundant natural resources, Appalachia has long struggled, by 1990, Appalachia had largely joined the economic mainstream, but still lagged behind the rest of the nation in most economic indicators. Since Appalachia lacks definite physiographical or topographical boundaries, there has been disagreement over what exactly the region encompasses. The most commonly used definition of Appalachia is the one initially defined by the Appalachian Regional Commission in 1965. When the Commission was established, counties were added based on economic need, in 1921, John C. Campbell published The Southern Highlander and His Homeland in which he modified Frosts map to include 254 counties in 9 states.
A landmark survey of the region in the decade by the United States Department of Agriculture defined the region as consisting of 206 counties in 6 states. In 1984, Karl Raitz and Richard Ulack expanded the ARCs definition to include 445 counties in 13 states, although they removed all counties in Mississippi and added two in New Jersey. The name was altered by the Spanish to Apalachee and used as a name for the tribe. Pánfilo de Narváezs expedition first entered Apalachee territory on June 15,1528, now spelled Appalachian, it is the fourth oldest surviving European place-name in the U. S. After the de Soto expedition in 1540, Spanish cartographers began to apply the name of the tribe to the mountains themselves. The first cartographic appearance of Apalchen is on Diego Gutiérrez map of 1562, le Moyne was the first European to apply Apalachen specifically to a mountain range as opposed to a village, native tribe, or a southeastern region of North America. The name was not commonly used for the mountain range until the late 19th century.
A competing and often more popular name was the Allegheny Mountains, Alleghenies, in the early 19th century, Washington Irving proposed renaming the United States either Appalachia or Alleghania. In northern U. S. dialects, the mountains are pronounced /æpəˈleɪtʃənz/ or /æpəˈleɪʃənz/, the cultural region of Appalachia is pronounced /æpəˈleɪʃə/, /æpəˈleɪtʃə/, all with a third syllable like lay. In southern U. S. dialects, the mountains are called the /æpəˈlætʃənz/, and this pronunciation is favored in the core region in central and southern parts of the Appalachian range. The occasional use of the sh sound for the ch in the last syllable in northern dialects was popularized by Appalachian Trail organizations in New England in the early 20th century, Native American hunter-gatherers first arrived in what is now Appalachia over 16,000 years ago. The earliest discovered site is the Meadowcroft Rockshelter in Washington County, several other Archaic period archaeological sites have been identified in the region, such as the St.
Albans site in West Virginia and the Icehouse Bottom site in Tennessee
Cambridge is a city in and the county seat of Guernsey County, United States. It lies in southeastern Ohio, in the Appalachian Plateau of the Appalachian Mountains, the population was 11,129 at the 2010 census. It is the city of the Cambridge Micropolitan Statistical Area and is located adjacent to the intersection of Interstates 70 and 77. Cambridge is well-known among glass collectors as being the location for the Cambridge Glass, Boyd Glass, the Cambridge area is noted for its S shaped bridges, dating back to the building of the National Road in 1828. Where this road, known as Zanes Trace, crossed Wills Creek and this was followed by the first bridge authorized by the legislature of the Northwest Territory, built in 1803. The land on part of Cambridge stands was granted to Zaccheus Biggs. A settlement grew up at the creek crossing, the town of Cambridge was platted there in 1806. Both Cambridge and Cambridge, Massachusetts have been speculated by historians as having inspired the naming of the town.
Also in 1806, another group of settlers from the Isle of Guernsey in the English Channel pitched camp in Cambridge. The county for which Cambridge serves as the county seat was named in honor of its many settlers from Guernsey. In 1828, the federally built National Road came through Cambridge, the first railroad arrived in 1854. The Cambridge, Ohio area experienced massive flooding in late June 1998. Tom Orr is the current Mayor of Cambridge, the President of the Council is Fred Barnhart, who replaces former mayor Rob Blagojevich, who replaced Fred Shimp. Cambridge is located along Wills Creek, its tributary Leatherwood Creek flows into Wills Creek in the part of the city. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has an area of 6.35 square miles. As of the census of 2010, there were 10,635 people,4,651 households, the population density was 1,674.8 inhabitants per square mile. There were 5,313 housing units at a density of 836.7 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 92.
7% White,3. 4% African American,0. 3% Native American,0. 3% Asian,0. 3% from other races, hispanic or Latino of any race were 1. 2% of the population. 38. 2% of all households were made up of individuals, the average household size was 2.23 and the average family size was 2.94
Ohio /oʊˈhaɪ. oʊ/ is a Midwestern state in the Great Lakes region of the United States. Ohio is the 34th largest by area, the 7th most populous, the states capital and largest city is Columbus. The state takes its name from the Ohio River, the name originated from the Iroquois word ohi-yo’, meaning great river or large creek. Partitioned from the Northwest Territory, the state was admitted to the Union as the 17th state on March 1,1803, Ohio is historically known as the Buckeye State after its Ohio buckeye trees, and Ohioans are known as Buckeyes. Ohio occupies 16 seats in the United States House of Representatives, Ohio is known for its status as both a swing state and a bellwether in national elections. Six Presidents of the United States have been elected who had Ohio as their home state, Ohios geographic location has proven to be an asset for economic growth and expansion. Because Ohio links the Northeast to the Midwest, much cargo, Ohio has the nations 10th largest highway network, and is within a one-day drive of 50% of North Americas population and 70% of North Americas manufacturing capacity.
To the north, Lake Erie gives Ohio 312 miles of coastline, Ohios southern border is defined by the Ohio River, and much of the northern border is defined by Lake Erie. Ohios neighbors are Pennsylvania to the east, Michigan to the northwest, Ontario Canada, to the north, Indiana to the west, Kentucky on the south, Ohio is bounded by the Ohio River, but nearly all of the river itself belongs to Kentucky and West Virginia. Ohio has only that portion of the river between the rivers 1792 low-water mark and the present high-water mark, the border with Michigan has changed, as a result of the Toledo War, to angle slightly northeast to the north shore of the mouth of the Maumee River. Much of Ohio features glaciated plains, with a flat area in the northwest being known as the Great Black Swamp. Most of Ohio is of low relief, but the unglaciated Allegheny Plateau features rugged hills, in 1965 the United States Congress passed the Appalachian Regional Development Act, at attempt to address the persistent poverty and growing economic despair of the Appalachian Region.
This act defines 29 Ohio counties as part of Appalachia, the worst weather disaster in Ohio history occurred along the Great Miami River in 1913. Known as the Great Dayton Flood, the entire Miami River watershed flooded, as a result, the Miami Conservancy District was created as the first major flood plain engineering project in Ohio and the United States. Grand Lake St. Marys in the west central part of the state was constructed as a supply of water for canals in the era of 1820–1850. For many years this body of water, over 20 square miles, was the largest artificial lake in the world and it should be noted that Ohios canal-building projects were not the economic fiasco that similar efforts were in other states. Some cities, such as Dayton, owe their emergence to location on canals. Summers are typically hot and humid throughout the state, while winters generally range from cool to cold, precipitation in Ohio is moderate year-round
Vinton County, Ohio
Vinton County is a county located in the U. S. state of Ohio. As of the 2010 census, the population was 13,435, the county is named for Samuel Finley Vinton, a 19th-century United States Congressman from Ohio. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has an area of 415 square miles. Most of Vinton County is in the Raccoon Creek watershed, most of the rest of the county, to the west, is in the Salt Creek watershed. Hocking County Athens County Meigs County Gallia County Jackson County Ross County As of the census of 2000, there were 12,806 people,4,892 households, the population density was 31 people per square mile. There were 5,653 housing units at a density of 14 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 98. 08% White,0. 35% Black or African American,0. 45% Native American,0. 09% Asian,0. 08% from other races,0. 47% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 23. 60% of all households were made up of individuals and 9. 40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older, the average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 3.04.
In the county, the population was out with 26. 90% under the age of 18,8. 80% from 18 to 24,29. 00% from 25 to 44,23. 10% from 45 to 64. The median age was 36 years, for every 100 females there were 99.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.50 males, the median income for a household in the county was $29,465, and the median income for a family was $34,371. Males had an income of $30,936 versus $21,257 for females. The per capita income for the county was $13,731, about 15. 10% of families and 20. 00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27. 60% of those under age 18 and 13. 50% of those age 65 or over. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 13,435 people,5,260 households, the population density was 32.6 inhabitants per square mile. There were 6,291 housing units at a density of 15.3 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 97. 9% white,0. 4% American Indian,0. 3% black or African American,0. 2% Asian,0. 1% from other races, and 1. 1% from two or more races.
Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 0. 5% of the population, in terms of ancestry,17. 0% were German,16. 2% were American,14. 2% were Irish, and 7. 5% were English. The average household size was 2.54 and the family size was 3.03
Coshocton /kəˈʃɒktən/ is a city in and the county seat of Coshocton County, United States. The population was 11,216 at the 2010 census, the Walhonding River and the Tuscarawas River meet in Coshocton to form the Muskingum River. Coshocton contains Roscoe Village, a town of the canal era, located next to the former Ohio. A heritage tourist attraction, it showcases the unique canal history. The city was developed on the site of a former Lenape village established in the late 1770s by bands who had migrated from the East under European pressure, under pressure from European-American colonists, Lenape had moved west across the Appalachians and into Ohio. By the late 1770s, Coshocton had become the principal Lenape village in the Ohio Country, many Lenape had been forced to cede their lands in Pennsylvania and New Jersey, and had migrated to Ohio Country from their traditional territory on the East Coast. In addition, they were under pressure by warfare from the Iroquois pressing down from their base in present-day New York because of competition in the fur trade.
Chief Newcomer founded Coshocton, moving his people west from their principal settlement of Gekelmukpechunk Most of the latters Lenape population of 700 followed Newcomer. Coshocton was across the Tuscarawas River from Conchake, the site of a Wyandot village. By the Wyandot had migrated northwest, in part of a movement of numerous tribes, the name Coshocton derives from Lenape Koshaxkink, where there is a river crossing, altered to Koshaxktun ferry. The western Lenape were split in their alliances during the American Revolutionary War and those who allied with the British moved further west to the Sandusky River area, closer to the British Fort Detroit. From there the British and Lenape raided colonial frontier settlements, the Lenape sympathetic to the new United States stayed near Coshocton. Chief Newcomer signed the Fort Pitt Treaty of 1778, by which the Lenape hoped to secure their safety during the War and they hoped to lay the base for a Native American state in the new nation. In retaliation for frontier raids by hostile Lenape and British, Colonel Daniel Brodhead of the American militia ignored the treaty and he attacked and destroyed the Lenape at Coshocton in April 1781.
After the Revolutionary War, the Ohio Country was opened to European-American settlement and they were mostly farmers in the early years. Additional development and greater trade accompanied the opening of the Erie Canal in 1824 across New York State and it provided transportation for farm commodities to eastern markets via the Great Lakes, the canal and the Hudson River, to the port of New York. Coshocton was originally called Tuscarawas by American colonists, after the river, the young town was renamed Coshocton when it was designated county seat by the legislature in 1811. To improve their transportation of goods and people, residents of Ohio supported construction of the Ohio and this enabled the transport of coal mined in the region, which was its most important resource commodity
Eastern Kentucky Coalfield
It covers an area from the Allegheny Mountains in the east across the Cumberland Plateau to the Pottsville Escarpment in the west. The region is known for its mining, most family farms in the region have disappeared since the introduction of surface mining in the 1940s and 1950s. The Daniel Boone National Forest is located on rough but beautiful terrain along, there are many natural arches and sandstone cliffs that are excellent for rock climbing and rappeling. The Red River Gorge, part of the National Forest, is worldwide in rock climbing circles. The Sheltowee Trace Trail runs 420–430 km north and south through the region. During the American Civil War most of this region leaned toward the Union due to its makeup at the time of mostly small farmers, Kentucky Vol. Inf. known as the Army of Eastern Kentucky, under Gen. Humphrey Marshall, C. S. A. During the Great Depression, New Deal programs and the organizing of the United Mine Workers of America made many of the eastern counties Democratic, Eastern Kentucky has a rich musical heritage. A large number of nationally acclaimed country music singers and musicians are from the area.
These include, Loretta Lynn, Crystal Gayle, The Judds, Ricky Skaggs, Keith Whitley, Patty Loveless, Dwight Yoakam, Tom T. Hall, Billy Ray Cyrus, Jean Ritchie, Sturgill Simpson and George S. Davis. As of the 1980s, the counties in the United States where over half of the population cited English as their only ancestry group were in the hills of eastern Kentucky. In the 1980 census,1,267,079 Kentuckians out of a population of 2,554,359 cited that they were of English ancestry. The Eastern Kentucky Coalfield covers 31 counties with a land area of 13,370 sq mi. Its 2000 census population was 734,194 inhabitants, or about 18.2 percent of the states population, the largest city, has a population of 21,981. Other cities of significance in the region include Pikeville, the states highest point, Black Mountain, is located in the southeastern part of the region in Harlan County. Calgon Carbon constructed the Big Sandy Plant near Ashland in 1961, the facility produces in over 100 million pounds of granular activated carbon annually.
Most of the counties in the Eastern Kentucky Coalfield are classified as persistent poverty counties, a New York Times article in June 2014 identified six counties in the Kentucky Coal Field as among the hardest places to live in the United States. The lowest-ranking counties were Breathitt, Jackson, Lee and they ranked among the bottom ten counties nationwide. The factors which accounted for the low ranking of those six counties were unemployment, prevalence of disabilities, income, the Times declared Clay County the hardest place to live in the U. S
Harrison County, Ohio
Harrison County is a county located in the U. S. state of Ohio. As of the 2010 census, the population was 15,864, the county is named for General William Henry Harrison, who was President of the United States. Harrison County was formed parts of Jefferson and Tuscarawas Counties in 1813. The county was named after General William Henry Harrison, the hero of the battle of Tippecanoe in the War of 1812 <. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has an area of 411 square miles. On May 16,2013 the Chicago Tribune Business section reported that the Utica Shale underlying Harrison County shows promise as an oil production zone. To produce tight oil in large quantities would require horizontal drilling and fracturing of the formation as is being done in North Dakota. The paved multi-use trail is 11.4 miles or 18.3 kilometers long, as of the census of 2000, there were 15,856 people,6,398 households, and 4,516 families residing in the county. The population density was 39 people per square mile, there were 7,680 housing units at an average density of 19 per square mile.
The racial makeup of the county was 96. 49% White,2. 19% Black or African American,0. 08% Native American,0. 11% Asian,0. 01% Pacific Islander,0. 09% from other races, and 1. 03% from two or more races. 0. 37% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race,25. 6% of all households were made up of individuals and 13% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the family size was 2.92. In the county, the population was out with 23% under the age of 18,6. 9% from 18 to 24,26. 6% from 25 to 44,25. 8% from 45 to 64. The median age was 41 years, for every 100 females there were 94.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.9 males, the median income for a household in the county was $30,318, and the median income for a family was $36,646. Males had an income of $30,485 versus $18,813 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,479,13. 3% of the population and 11% of families were below the poverty line. 17. 5% of those under the age of 18 and 8.
4% of those 65, as of the 2010 United States Census, there were 15,864 people,6,526 households, and 4,452 families residing in the county
A terminal moraine, called end moraine, is a type of moraine that forms at the snout of a glacier, marking its maximum advance. At this point, debris that has accumulated by plucking and abrasion, because the glacier acts very much like a conveyor belt, the longer it stays in one place, the greater the amount of material that will be deposited. The moraine is left as the point of the terminal extent of the ice. Terminal moraines are one of the most prominent types of moraines in the Arctic, one famous terminal moraine is the Giants Wall in Norway which, according to legend, was built by giants to keep intruders out of their realm. In North America, the Outer Lands is a given to the terminal moraine archipelago of the northeastern region of the United States. Other prominent examples of terminal moraines are the Tinley Moraine and the Valparaiso Moraine and these moraines are most clearly seen southwest of Chicago. In Europe, virtually all the terrain in the central Netherlands is made up of a terminal moraine.
In New Zealand the Franz Josef Glacier on the West Coast has created the terminal called the Waiho Loop. Glacial landform Postglacial rebound Push moraine Outwash plain Trafalgar Moraine Oak Ridges Moraine List of glacial moraines
Ross County, Ohio
Ross County is a county located in the Appalachian region of the U. S. state of Ohio. As of the 2010 census, the population was 78,064 and its county seat is Chillicothe, the first and third capital of Ohio. Established on August 20,1798, the county is named for Federalist Senator James Ross of Pennsylvania, Ross County comprises the Chillicothe, OH Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is included in the Columbus-Marion-Zanesville, OH Combined Statistical Area. They describe the Indian-built earthworks as ranging from five to 30 feet in size, according to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 693 square miles, of which 689 square miles is land and 3.8 square miles is water. Ross County is the second-largest county by area in Ohio, after Ashtabula County. The population density was 106 people per square mile, there were 29,461 housing units at an average density of 43 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 91. 74% White,6. 20% Black or African American,0. 31% Native American,0.
35% Asian,0. 02% Pacific Islander,0. 19% from other races, and 1. 20% from two or more races. 0. 58% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race,24. 90% of all households were made up of individuals and 10. 30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the family size was 2.97. In the county, the population was out with 24. 00% under the age of 18,8. 60% from 18 to 24,31. 60% from 25 to 44,23. 60% from 45 to 64. The median age was 37 years, for every 100 females there were 108.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 109.00 males, the median income for a household in the county was $37,117, and the median income for a family was $43,241. Males had an income of $35,892 versus $23,399 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,569, about 9. 10% of families and 12. 00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15. 10% of those under age 18 and 10. 20% of those age 65 or over. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 78,064 people,28,919 households, the population density was 113.3 inhabitants per square mile.
There were 32,148 housing units at a density of 46.6 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 90. 7% white,6. 2% black or African American,0. 4% Asian,0. 3% American Indian,0. 3% from other races, and 2. 1% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1. 0% of the population, in terms of ancestry,27. 0% were German,15. 2% were Irish,12. 5% were American, and 10. 5% were English
It is divided into the unglaciated Allegheny Plateau and the glaciated Allegheny Plateau. The plateau extends southward into western West Virginia, eastern Kentucky, the plateau terminates in the east at the Allegheny Mountains, which are the highest ridges just west of the Allegheny Front. The Front extends from central Pennsylvania through Maryland and into eastern West Virginia, the plateau is bordered on the west by glacial till plains in the north, generally north of the Ohio River, and the Bluegrass region in the south, generally south of the Ohio River. In the glaciated Allegheny Plateau, relief may only one hundred feet or less. In the unglaciated Allegheny Plateau in southeastern Ohio and westernmost West Virginia, absolute highest elevations in this area are often in the range of 900 to 1,500 feet. By the Allegheny Front, elevations may reach well over 4,000 feet, one of the more notable geologic areas within the Allegheny Plateau is the Hocking Hills region of southeast Ohio. The Allegheny Plateau is a section of the larger Appalachian Plateau province.
Allegheny Front — transition escarpment from the Allegheny Plateau to the Ridge-and-Valley Appalachians, a Geologic History of the North-Central Appalachians, Part 1, Orogenesis from the Mesoproterozoic through the Taconic Orogeny. A Geologic History of the North-Central Appalachians, Part 2, The Appalachian Basin from the Silurian through the Carboniferous, a Geologic History of the North-Central Appalachians, Part 3, The Alleghany Orogeny. Photographs of the Allegheny Plateau and the Allegheny River watershed region
Columbiana County, Ohio
Columbiana County is a county located in the U. S. state of Ohio. As of the 2010 census, the population was 107,841, the county name is derived from the explorer of the Americas, Christopher Columbus. Columbiana County comprises the Salem, OH Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is included in the larger Youngstown-Warren. It abuts the Pittsburgh area directly to the east and south, Pittsburgh International Airport is only a 35-minute drive southeast of East Liverpool, while Downtown Pittsburgh is only 50 minutes away. Officially considered part of the Youngstown television market, the Steubenville television market regularly reports in the area as well, the principal historic Indian tribes in the area were the Wyandots and Delawares. Throughout the second half of the 18th century white explorers, starting with Christopher Gist in 1750, george Washington, while engaged in land examinations, camped in the area of present-day East Liverpool in 1774. Columbiana County was founded in 1803 and named in honor of Christopher Columbus, the county was the scene of one of the northern-most action fought during the American Civil War, in July 1863 Confederate raiders under John Morgan were surrounded and captured by Union forces.
The county was home to the largest pottery industry in the world, in East Liverpool & surrounding communities, throughout East Liverpools ceramics history, there were more than 300 potteries. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has an area of 535 square miles. The population density was 210 people per square mile, there were 46,083 housing units at an average density of 86 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 96. 43% White,2. 20% Black or African American,0. 18% Native American,0. 23% Asian,0. 02% Pacific Islander,0. 15% from other races, and 0. 79% from two or more races. 1. 17% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race,24. 0% were of German,12. 9% English,12. 8% American,12. 3% Irish and 9. 3% Italian ancestry according to Census 2000. 24. 80% of all households were made up of individuals and 11. 90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older, the average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 3.00. In the county, the population was out with 24. 30% under the age of 18,7. 80% from 18 to 24,28. 60% from 25 to 44,24. 20% from 45 to 64.
The median age was 38 years, for every 100 females there were 98.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.60 males, the median income for a household in the county was $34,226, and the median income for a family was $40,486. Males had an income of $32,134 versus $20,331 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,655, about 9. 00% of families and 11. 50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16. 20% of those under age 18 and 8. 40% of those age 65 or over
Meigs County, Ohio
Meigs County is a county located in the U. S. state of Ohio. As of the 2010 census, the population was 23,770, the county is named for Return J. Meigs, Jr. the fourth Governor of Ohio. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has an area of 433 square miles. The Ohio River forms the eastern and southern boundaries of the county, Meigs County lies in the Appalachian Plateau physiographic region of the Appalachian Mountains. The landscape is considered to be anywhere from gently rolling to rugged, elevations range from 1,020 feet asl in the southwest to about 535 feet asl in the far south central part of the county along the Ohio River. The majority of Meigs County is drained by two subwatersheds of the Ohio River, Shade River and Leading Creek, another stream of note is Raccoon Creek, which flows through a small area of the northwestern corner of the county. Coal mining, both strip and underground, has been an important industry in Meigs County since the late 19th century, the effects of mining are still readily seen on the landscape today.
Features such as walls, spoil piles, and irregular topography are still prevalent. Many tributaries in the Leading Creek basin are plagued by acid mine drainage, in 2009, Ohio LLC invested $75 million to open a new coal mine and coal prep plant near Racine. It is capable of employing 120 to 150 miners, and is capable of producing 3.5 million marketable tons of coal per year, Meigs Countys climate is considered humid continental, with warm to hot, humid summers and cool to cold, wet winters. Precipitation averages 41 annually, spread throughout the year. High July temperatures average in the upper 80s F, while lows average in the low to mid 60s F, temperatures above 90* F in the summer are common. January highs average about 40* F, with lows in the lower 20s, temperatures around or even below 0* F occur during most winters. Snowfall averages 20–25, falling between late November and the first week of April, the Ohio River creates a microclimate in its valley where temperatures tend to be moderated by the river, hence resulting in longer growing seasons compared to the rest of the county.
Other microclimates, known as frost hollows or frost pockets, exist throughout the county in small isolated valleys, nocturnal temperatures are often several degrees colder than the surrounding terrain. The population density was 54 people per square mile, there were 10,782 housing units at an average density of 25 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 97. 73% White,0. 69% Black or African American,0. 27% Native American,0. 10% Asian,0. 25% from other races,0. 60% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 25. 00% of all households were made up of individuals and 11. 70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older, the average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 2.94