Appenzell (village)

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Appenzell
Appenzell is the capital of the canton of Appenzell Innerrhoden in Switzerland.jpg
Location of Appenzell
Appenzell is located in Switzerland
Appenzell
Appenzell
Appenzell is located in Canton of Appenzell Innerrhoden
Appenzell
Appenzell
Coordinates: 47°20′N 09°25′E / 47.333°N 9.417°E / 47.333; 9.417Coordinates: 47°20′N 09°25′E / 47.333°N 9.417°E / 47.333; 9.417
CountrySwitzerland
CantonAppenzell Innerrhoden
District
Government
 • Executivenone
 • Parliamentnone
Elevation
(Landsgemeindeplatz)
777 m (2,549 ft)
Population
(2018)
 • Total6,000
Demonym(s)German: Appenzeller(in)
Postal code
9050
SFOS numbern/a
Websiten/a
SFSO statistics

Appenzell is a village,[1][2][3] a statistic town,[4] but not a municipality, and the capital of the canton of Appenzell Innerrhoden in Switzerland. Appenzell has no municipal government of its own; rather, the different parts of Appenzell belong to and are governed by the districts (and municipalities) Appenzell, Schwende and Rüte.[5] Because of that, for firefighting, energy and water, the village Appenzell has a special-purpose municipality, the Feuerschaugemeinde.

In 1071 the village was referred to as Abbacella. By 1223 this changed to Abbatiscella, meaning the Abbot's cell. This refers to the abbot of the Abbey of Saint Gall.

The official language of Appenzell is (the Swiss variety of Standard) German, but the main spoken language is the local variant of the Alemannic Swiss German dialect.

The village centre
Distillery "Appenzeller Alpenbitter" at the river Sitter and the mountain Hoher Kasten in the background

The buildings in the village core, the parish church, the 1563 town hall, the Salesis house, the ruins of Castle Clanx and the state archives with the administration building are listed as heritage sites of national significance.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Geschichtliches über das Dorf Appenzell" [Historical aspects about the village Appenzell] (official site) (in German). Appenzell, AI: District Appenzell. Retrieved 2018-08-24.
  2. ^ Achilles Weishaupt: Appenzell (district) in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland, 2011-10-06. Quote: "Das Dorf A. liegt inmitten des Talkessels der Sitter an der mittleren Ostgrenze des Bez. A. [The village A. is situated in the middle of the Sitter valley floor on the central eastern border of district A.]"
  3. ^ a b "A-Objekte" (official report). Schweizerisches Inventar der Kulturgüter von nationaler Bedeutung (in German, French, and Italian) (Ausgabe 2009). Berne, Switzerland: Bundesamt für Bevölkerungsschutz BABS. 1 April 2010. Retrieved 2018-08-24. Mittelalterliches / neuzeitliches Dorf [Medieval / contemporary village]
  4. ^ "Statistik der Schweizer Städte 2018" (PDF) (official publication). Statistisches Jahrbuch des Schweizerischen Städteverbandes (in German and French) (79.). Berne / Neuchâtel, Switzerland: Swiss Towns Association / Swiss Federal Statistical Office FSO. 17 April 2018. Retrieved 2018-08-24.
  5. ^ "Statistische Werte Bezirk Appenzell" (official site) (in German). Appenzell, AI: District Appenzell. Retrieved 2018-08-24. Politische Aufteilung Dorf Appenzell [Political division of the village Appenzell]

External links[edit]