Web analytics is the measurement, collection and reporting of web data for purposes of understanding and optimizing web usage. However, Web analytics is not just a process for measuring web traffic but can be used as a tool for business and market research, Web analytics applications can help companies measure the results of traditional print or broadcast advertising campaigns. It helps one to estimate how traffic to a website changes after the launch of a new advertising campaign, Web analytics provides information about the number of visitors to a website and the number of page views. It helps gauge traffic and popularity trends which is useful for market research, most web analytics processes down to four essential stages or steps, which are, Collection of data, This stage is the collection of the basic, elementary data. Usually, this data is counts of things, the objective of this stage is to gather the data. Processing of data into information, This stage usually take counts and make them ratios, the objective of this stage is to take the data and conform it into information, specifically metrics.
Developing KPI, This stage focuses on using the ratios and infusing them with business strategies, many times, KPIs deal with conversion aspects, but not always. Formulating online strategy, This stage is concerned with the goals, objectives. These strategies are related to making money, saving money. Each stage impacts or can impact the stage preceding or following it, so, sometimes the data that is available for collection impacts the online strategy. Other times, the online strategy affects the data collected, there are at least two categories of web analytics, off-site and on-site web analytics. Off-site web analytics refers to web measurement and analysis regardless of whether you own or maintain a website and it includes the measurement of a websites potential audience, share of voice, and buzz that is happening on the Internet as a whole. On-site web analytics, the most common, measure a visitors behavior once on your website and this includes its drivers and conversions, for example, the degree to which different landing pages are associated with online purchases.
On-site web analytics measures the performance of your website in a commercial context and this data is typically compared against key performance indicators for performance, and used to improve a website or marketing campaigns audience response. Historically, web analytics has been used to refer to on-site visitor measurement, this meaning has become blurred, mainly because vendors are producing tools that span both categories. Many different vendors provide on-site web analytics software and services, there are two main technical ways of collecting the data. The first and traditional method, server log file analysis, reads the logfiles in which the web server records file requests by browsers, both collect data that can be processed to produce web traffic reports. The fundamental goal of web analytics is to collect and analyze data related to web traffic, the data mainly come from four sources, Direct HTTP request data, directly comes from HTTP request messages
IPhone is a line of smartphones designed and marketed by Apple Inc. They run Apples iOS mobile operating system, the first generation iPhone was released on June 29,2007, the most recent iPhone model is the iPhone 7, which was unveiled at a special event on September 7,2016. The user interface is built around the devices multi-touch screen, including a virtual keyboard, the iPhone has Wi-Fi and can connect to cellular networks. Other functionality, such as games, reference works, and social networking. As of January 2017, Apples App Store contained more than 2.2 million applications available for the iPhone, Apple has released ten generations of iPhone models, each accompanied by one of the ten major releases of the iOS operating system. The iPhone 5 featured a taller, 4-inch display and Apples newly introduced Lightning connector, in 2013, Apple released the 5S with improved hardware and a fingerprint reader, and the lower-cost 5C, a version of the 5 with colored plastic casings instead of metal.
They were followed by the larger iPhone 6, with models featuring 4.7 and 5. 5-inch displays.5 mm headphone jack found on previous phones. The iPhones commercial success has been credited with reshaping the smartphone industry, the original iPhone was one of the first phones to use a design featuring a slate format with a touchscreen interface. Almost all modern smartphones have replicated this style of design, in the US, the iPhone holds the largest share of the smartphone market. As of late 2015, the iPhone had a 43. 6% market share, followed by Samsung, LG, Apple CEO Steve Jobs steered the original focus away from a tablet and towards a phone. Apple created the device during a collaboration with Cingular Wireless at the time—at an estimated development cost of US$150 million over thirty months. Apple rejected the design by committee approach that had yielded the Motorola ROKR E1, among other deficiencies, the ROKR E1s firmware limited storage to only 100 iTunes songs to avoid competing with Apples iPod nano.
Jobs unveiled the iPhone to the public on January 9,2007, the passionate reaction to the launch of the iPhone resulted in sections of the media dubbing it the Jesus phone. Following this successful release in the US, the first generation iPhone was made available in the UK, and Germany in November 2007, on July 11,2008, Apple released the iPhone 3G in twenty-two countries, including the original six. Apple released the iPhone 3G in upwards of eighty countries and territories. Apple announced the iPhone 3GS on June 8,2009, along with plans to release it in June, many would-be users objected to the iPhones cost, and 40% of users had household incomes over US$100,000. The back of the original first generation iPhone was made of aluminum with a black plastic accent, the iPhone 3G and 3GS feature a full plastic back to increase the strength of the GSM signal. The iPhone 3G was available in an 8 GB black model, the iPhone 3GS was available in both colors, regardless of storage capacity
The iPod Nano is a portable media player designed and marketed by Apple Inc. The first generation iPod Nano was introduced on September 7,2005 and it uses flash memory for storage. The iPod Nano has gone through several differing models, or generations, development work on the design of the iPod Nano started only nine months before its launch date. The Nano was launched in two colors with two sizes,2 GB and 4 GB. On February 7,2006, Apple updated the lineup with the 1 GB model, the current models with Bluetooth headphones have a similar advantage. On September 7,2005, Apple introduced the iPod Nano at an event with Steve Jobs pointing to the small watch pocket in his jeans and asking. Advertising emphasized the iPod Nanos small size,40 millimetres wide,90 millimetres long,6.9 millimetres thick, the stated battery life was up to 14 hours, while the screen was 176×132 pixels,38 millimetres diagonal, displaying 65,536 colors. 1,2, and 4 GB capacities were available, on November 11,2011, Apple announced a recall on this model of iPod nano.
The recall was issued due to a battery overheat issue and this recall applied to iPod nanos sold between September 2005 and December 2006. A nano submitted to Apple was replaced with a replacement 1st generation, shortly after the discontinuation of the 1st generation, Apple has replaced these nanos with newer generations, such as the 6th generation. This recall was discontinued in December of 2016, on September 25,2006, Apple updated the Nano line. The second-generation Nano featured scratch-resistant, anodized aluminum casing like the earlier Minis design, unlike the second-generation Mini, the button labels were grey instead of matching the Nanos casing. The second-generation Nano featured a 40% brighter, more vibrant display, a battery life upgrade, and storages sizes doubled to 2,4, the second generation introduced gapless playback of audio files, along with a new search option. The 2 GB model was available in silver only, the 4 GB was initially available in green, silver, or pink, and the 8 GB model was initially only available in black - red was added for 4 and 8 GB models.
Apple claimed that the second generation iPod Nanos packaging was 32% lighter with 52% less volume than the first generation, thereby reducing environmental impact and shipping costs. On October 13,2006, Apple announced a special edition iPod Nano, Product Red, for each red iPod Nano sold in the United States, Apple donates US$10 to the Product Red initiative, while retaining the regular price. On November 3,2006, Apple introduced a red 8 GB model, due to outstanding customer demand, Apple updated the Nano again on September 5,2007. It is the most like the iPod Classic, the third-generation Nano featured a 2-inch QVGA screen and a shorter, heavier design, with new colors
Apple Daily (Taiwan)
The Apple Daily is a newspaper printed in Taiwan and owned by Hong Kong-based Next Digital. Next Media is based in Hong Kong and prints the Apple Daily, Apple Daily first published on 2 May 2003. It is the first newspaper in Taiwan to publish 365 days a year, in 2012, the Next Media Group withdrew from the Taiwan market and sold its Taiwan operations, including Apple Daily, Sharp Daily, Next Weekly and the Next TV cable network. Tsai Shao-chung is the son of Tsai Eng-ming, the chair of the Want Want Group, Tsai Eng-ming is known for his controversial comment in an interview with Washington Post, stating that reports about massacre in the Tiananmen Square protest of 1989 were not true. Tsai owns China Times, one of the largest newspapers in Taiwan, if the Next Media buyout deal were approved by the Taiwan Government, the Want Want Group will control nearly 50% of Taiwans news media. Fearing that Tsais pro-Beijing position and the monopoly would hurt media freedom and democracy
The Mac Pro line is a series of Intel Xeon–based workstation and server computers manufactured by Apple Inc. The Mac Pro, in most configurations and in terms of speed and it is the high-end model of the three desktop computers in the current Mac lineup, the other two being the iMac and Mac Mini. The first-generation Mac Pro has a tower case which outwardly resembles the last version of the Power Mac G5. The first Mac Pro offered a dual Dual-core Xeon Woodcrest processors and it was replaced by a dual Quad-core Xeon Clovertown model on April 4,2007, and again on January 8,2008 by a dual Quad-core Xeon Harpertown model. The 2012 Mac Pro is largely based on a model that was announced on July 27,2010 and it features Nehalem/Westmere architecture Intel Xeon processors. These CPUs offer optionally twelve processing cores, the machine itself at its most evolved is able to accommodate up to four 2 TB hard disk drives or 512 GB solid state drives, as well as the ATI Radeon HD 5770/5870 GPU units, one per slot.
The second-generation design of Mac Pro was announced at the 2013 Apple Worldwide Developers Conference opening keynote on June 10,2013, Apple states that the new Mac Pro achieves twice the overall performance of the last model. The redesigned Mac Pro takes up less than one eighth the volume of previous model, being shorter, thinner. The machine supports one central processing unit, four 1866 MHz DDR3 slots, dual AMD FirePro D series GPUs, there is updated wireless communication and support for six displays. Reviews have been positive, with caveats. Apple had dropped the term Power from the machines in their lineup. As such, the name Mac Pro was widely used before the machine was announced, the Mac Pro is in the Unix workstation market. Apples previous machine aimed at market, the Power Mac G5, has up to two dual-core processors, but lacks the storage expansion capabilities of the newer design. Original marketing materials for the Mac Pro generally referred to the model with 2 × dual-core 2.66 GHz processors.
Previously, Apple featured the model with the words starting at or from when describing the pricing, but the online US Apple Store listed the Mac Pro at $2499. The system could be configured at US$2299, much more comparable with the former base-model dual-core G5 at US$1999, post revision, the default configurations for the Mac Pro includes one quad-core Xeon 3500 at 2.66 GHz or two quad-core Xeon 5500s at 2.26 GHz each. Like its predecessor, the Power Mac G5, the pre-2013 Mac Pro was Apples only desktop with standard expansion slots for graphics adapters, Apple received criticism after an incremental upgrade to the Mac Pro line following the 2012 WWDC. The line received more default memory and increased speed but still used Intels older Westmere-EP processors instead of the newer E5 series
RSS is a synchronized subscription system. Basically, RSS uses extensible markup language to structure pieces of information to be aggregated in a reader that displays the information in a user-friendly interface. The updates distributed include, for example, journal tables of contents, videos, visiting many separate websites frequently to find out if content on the site has been updated can take a long time. Aggregation technology helps to consolidate many websites into one page that can show the new or updated information from many sites, aggregators reduce the time and effort needed to regularly check websites for updates, creating a unique information space or personal newspaper. Once subscribed to a feed, an aggregator is able to check for new content at user-determined intervals, the content is sometimes described as being pulled to the subscriber, as opposed to pushed with email or IM. Unlike recipients of some information, the aggregator user can easily unsubscribe from a feed. RSS uses extensible markup language to structure pieces of information to be aggregated in a reader that displays the information in a user-friendly interface.
Before subscribe RSS, users have to install either feed reader or aggregator applications in order to read RSS feed, the aggregator provides a consolidated view of the content in one browser display or desktop application. Desktop applications offer the advantages of a potentially richer user interface, webbased feed readers offer the great convenience of allowing users to access up-to-date feeds from any Internet-connected computer. Although some applications will have a process to subscribe to a news feed. Aggregation features are built into web portal sites, in the web browsers themselves. Aggregators with podcasting capabilities can automatically download media files, such as MP3 recordings, in some cases, these can be automatically loaded onto portable media players when they are connected to the end-users computer. By 2011, so-called RSS-narrators appeared, which aggregated text-only news feeds, the syndicated content an aggregator will retrieve and interpret is usually supplied in the form of RSS or other XML-formatted data, such as RDF/XML or Atom.
RDF-based data model that people inside Netscape felt was too complicated for end users, according to BuiltWith. com 20,516,036 live websites using RSS. A news aggregator provides and updates information from different sources in systematized way, some news aggregator services provide update services, whereby a user is regularly updated with the latest news on a chosen topic. Web-based feeds readers allow users to find a web feed on the internet, Online feed readers include Bloglines, Facebook News Feed, Surfaz, News360, My Yahoo. These are meant for use and are hosted on remote servers. Because the application is available via the web, it can be accessed anywhere by a user with an internet connection, there are even more specified web-based RSS readers
The iPod Classic is a portable media player created and formerly marketed by Apple Inc. There were six generations of the iPod Classic, as well as a spin-off that was re-integrated into the main iPod line, all generations used a 1. 8-inch hard drive for storage. The classic suffix was formally introduced with the rollout of the sixth-generation iPod on September 5,2007, prior to this, all iPod Classic models were simply referred to as iPods. It was available in silver or black replacing the signature iPod white, on September 9,2014, Apple discontinued the iPod Classic. The sixth-generation 160GB iPod Classic was the last Apple product in the line to use the original 30-pin iPod connector. IPods with color displays use anti-aliased graphics and text, with sliding animations, an additional NOR flash ROM chip contains a bootloader program that tells the device to load its OS from the storage medium. Each iPod has 32 MB of RAM, although the 60GB and 80GB fifth generation, a portion of the RAM is used to hold the iPod OS loaded from firmware, but the majority of it serves to cache songs from the storage medium.
For example, an iPod could spin its hard disk up once and copy approximately 30 MB of upcoming songs into RAM, custom firmware has been developed such as Rockbox and iPodLinux which offer open-source alternatives to the standard firmware and operating system. In March 2002, Apple added limited PDA-like functionality, text files can be displayed, while contacts, some built-in games are available, including Brick, Parachute and Music Quiz. A firmware update released in September 2006 brought some features to fifth-generation iPods including adjustable screen brightness, gapless playback. However, as of September 30,2011, these games are no longer available on the iTunes Store, Apple introduced the first-generation iPod on October 23,2001, with the slogan 1,000 songs in your pocket. They went on sale on November 10,2001, the first iPod had a black and white LCD screen and featured a 5GB hard drive capable of storing 1,000 songs encoded using MP3 and was priced at US$399. The iPod had a battery life of ten hours.
On March 20,2002, Apple introduced a 10GB model of the first-generation iPod for US$499, vCard compatibility was added, as well as allowing iPods to display business card information synced from a Mac. The second-generation of the iPod was introduced on July 17,2002, the hold switch was redesigned, a cover was added to the FireWire port, and the mechanical wheel was replaced with a touch-sensitive wheel. The second-generation class was available in 10GB for US$399 and 20GB for US$499, the first-generation 5GB iPod was carried over, but its price was reduced to US$299. Notably, the second-generation iPods and the updated first-generation iPod were now Windows-compatible and these versions came with a 4-pin to 6-pin FireWire adapter and were bundled with Musicmatch Jukebox. At that time iTunes was Mac only and unavailable for Windows, in December 2002, Apple unveiled its first limited edition iPods, with either Madonna’s, Tony Hawk’s, or Beck’s signature or No Doubts band logo engraved on the back for an extra US$50
Code for parsing and generating JSON data is available in many programming languages. JSONs Web site lists JSON libraries by language, JSON itself became an ECMA international standard in 2013 as the ECMA-404 standard. In the same year RFC7158 used ECMA-404 as reference, in 2014 RFC7159 became the main reference for JSONs internet uses, and obsoletes RFC4627 and RFC7158. JSONs basic data types are, Number, a decimal number that may contain a fractional part and may use exponential E notation
The New York Times
The New York Times is an American daily newspaper and continuously published in New York City since September 18,1851, by The New York Times Company. The New York Times has won 119 Pulitzer Prizes, more than any other newspaper, the papers print version in 2013 had the second-largest circulation, behind The Wall Street Journal, and the largest circulation among the metropolitan newspapers in the US. The New York Times is ranked 18th in the world by circulation, following industry trends, its weekday circulation had fallen in 2009 to fewer than one million. Nicknamed The Gray Lady, The New York Times has long been regarded within the industry as a newspaper of record. The New York Times international version, formerly the International Herald Tribune, is now called the New York Times International Edition, the papers motto, All the News Thats Fit to Print, appears in the upper left-hand corner of the front page. On Sunday, The New York Times is supplemented by the Sunday Review, The New York Times Book Review, The New York Times Magazine and T, some other early investors of the company were Edwin B.
Morgan and Edward B. We do not believe that everything in Society is either right or exactly wrong, —what is good we desire to preserve and improve, —what is evil, to exterminate. In 1852, the started a western division, The Times of California that arrived whenever a mail boat got to California. However, when local California newspapers came into prominence, the effort failed, the newspaper shortened its name to The New-York Times in 1857. It dropped the hyphen in the city name in the 1890s, One of the earliest public controversies it was involved with was the Mortara Affair, the subject of twenty editorials it published alone. At Newspaper Row, across from City Hall, Henry Raymond and editor of The New York Times, averted the rioters with Gatling guns, in 1869, Raymond died, and George Jones took over as publisher. Tweed offered The New York Times five million dollars to not publish the story, in the 1880s, The New York Times transitioned gradually from editorially supporting Republican Party candidates to becoming more politically independent and analytical.
In 1884, the paper supported Democrat Grover Cleveland in his first presidential campaign, while this move cost The New York Times readership among its more progressive and Republican readers, the paper eventually regained most of its lost ground within a few years. However, the newspaper was financially crippled by the Panic of 1893, the paper slowly acquired a reputation for even-handedness and accurate modern reporting, especially by the 1890s under the guidance of Ochs. Under Ochs guidance and expanding upon the Henry Raymond tradition, The New York Times achieved international scope, circulation, in 1910, the first air delivery of The New York Times to Philadelphia began. The New York Times first trans-Atlantic delivery by air to London occurred in 1919 by dirigible, airplane Edition was sent by plane to Chicago so it could be in the hands of Republican convention delegates by evening. In the 1940s, the extended its breadth and reach. The crossword began appearing regularly in 1942, and the section in 1946
International Standard Serial Number
An International Standard Serial Number is an eight-digit serial number used to uniquely identify a serial publication. The ISSN is especially helpful in distinguishing between serials with the same title, ISSN are used in ordering, interlibrary loans, and other practices in connection with serial literature. The ISSN system was first drafted as an International Organization for Standardization international standard in 1971, ISO subcommittee TC 46/SC9 is responsible for maintaining the standard. When a serial with the content is published in more than one media type. For example, many serials are published both in print and electronic media, the ISSN system refers to these types as print ISSN and electronic ISSN, respectively. The format of the ISSN is an eight digit code, divided by a hyphen into two four-digit numbers, as an integer number, it can be represented by the first seven digits. The last code digit, which may be 0-9 or an X, is a check digit. Formally, the form of the ISSN code can be expressed as follows, NNNN-NNNC where N is in the set, a digit character.
The ISSN of the journal Hearing Research, for example, is 0378-5955, where the final 5 is the check digit, for calculations, an upper case X in the check digit position indicates a check digit of 10. To confirm the check digit, calculate the sum of all eight digits of the ISSN multiplied by its position in the number, the modulus 11 of the sum must be 0. There is an online ISSN checker that can validate an ISSN, ISSN codes are assigned by a network of ISSN National Centres, usually located at national libraries and coordinated by the ISSN International Centre based in Paris. The International Centre is an organization created in 1974 through an agreement between UNESCO and the French government. The International Centre maintains a database of all ISSNs assigned worldwide, at the end of 2016, the ISSN Register contained records for 1,943,572 items. ISSN and ISBN codes are similar in concept, where ISBNs are assigned to individual books, an ISBN might be assigned for particular issues of a serial, in addition to the ISSN code for the serial as a whole.
An ISSN, unlike the ISBN code, is an identifier associated with a serial title. For this reason a new ISSN is assigned to a serial each time it undergoes a major title change, separate ISSNs are needed for serials in different media. Thus, the print and electronic versions of a serial need separate ISSNs. Also, a CD-ROM version and a web version of a serial require different ISSNs since two different media are involved, the same ISSN can be used for different file formats of the same online serial