The ZYPAD is a PDA designed to be worn on a user's wrist like a bracer and offers interface port features similar to laptop computer. It was developed by Parvus, a military contractor, Eurotech, it is arguable whether it qualifies as a watch, but it is referred to as a "Wrist Worn PC". It ships with Linux kernel 2.6 and supports Windows CE 5.0, can sense motion, allowing such possibilities of use such as going into standby mode when a user lowers his/her arm. It can determine its position by dead reckoning as well as via GPS, it supports Bluetooth, IrDA, WiFi. The ZYPAD debuted in 2006 and the ZYPAD WL 1000 was the first marketed device, followed by the WL 1100. Initial retail prices were set to be around $2000; the Zypad WR1100 debuted in 2008 and features housing made out of high strength fiberglass-reinforced nylon-magnesium alloy and a biometric fingerprint scanner. Pic of WWPC WWPC Home Page
A smartwatch is a wearable computer in the form of a wristwatch. While early models could perform basic tasks, such as calculations, digital time telling and game-playing, 2010s smartwatches have more general functionality closer to smartphones, including mobile apps, a mobile operating system and WiFi/Bluetooth connectivity; some smartwatches function as portable media players, with FM radio and playback of digital audio and video files via a Bluetooth headset. Some models, called'watch phones', have mobile cellular functionality like making calls. While internal hardware varies, most have an electronic visual display, either backlit LCD or OLED; some use electronic paper, to consume less power. They are powered by a rechargeable lithium-ion battery. Peripheral devices may include digital cameras, accelerometers, heart rate monitors, barometers, compasses, GPS receivers, tiny speakers, microSD cards, which are recognized as storage devices by many other kinds of computers. Software may include digital maps and personal organizers and various kinds of watch faces.
The watch may communicate with external devices such as sensors, wireless headsets, or a heads-up display. Like other computers, a smartwatch may collect information from internal or external sensors and it may control, or retrieve data from, other instruments or computers, it may support wireless technologies such as Bluetooth, Wi-Fi, GPS. For many purposes, a "watch computer" serves as a front end for a remote system such as a smartphone, communicating with the smartphone using various wireless technologies. Smartwatches are advancing their design, battery capacity, health-related applications; the first digital watch, which debuted in 1972, was the Pulsar manufactured by Hamilton Watch Company. "Pulsar" became a brand name which would be acquired by Seiko in 1978. In 1982, a Pulsar watch was released which could store 24 digits, making it most the first watch with user-programmable memory, or "memorybank" watch. With the introduction of personal computers in the 1980s, Seiko began to develop computers in the form of watches.
The Data 2000 watch came with an external keyboard for data-entry. Data was synced from the keyboard to the watch via electro-magnetic coupling; the name comes from its ability to store 2000 characters. The D409 featured a dot matrix display, its memory was tiny, at only 112 digits. It was released in 1984, in gold and black; these models were followed by many others by Seiko during the 1980s, most notably the "RC Series": During the 1980s, Casio began to market a successful line of "computer watches", in addition to its calculator watches. Most notable was the Casio data bank series. Novelty "game watches", such as the Nelsonic game watches, were produced by Casio and other companies; the RC-1000 Wrist Terminal was the first Seiko model to interface with a computer, was released in 1984. It was powered by a computer on a chip, it was compatible with most of the popular PCs of that time, including Apple II, II+ and IIe, the Commodore 64, IBM PC, NEC 8201, Tandy Color Computer, Model 1000, 1200, 2000 and TRS-80 Model I, III, 4 and 4p.
The RC-20 Wrist Computer was released in 1985, under the joint brand name "Seiko Epson". It had a SMC84C00 8-bit Z-80 microprocessor, it had applications for scheduling and world time and a four-function calculator app. The dot-matrix LCD displayed 42×32 pixels, more was touch-sensitive. Like the RC-1000, it could be connected to a personal computer, in this case through a proprietary cable, it was notable in that it could be programmed, although its small display and limited storage limited application development. The RC-4000 PC Data graph released in 1985, was dubbed the "world's smallest computer terminal", it had 2 KB of storage. The RC-4500 known as the Wrist Mac, had the same features as the RC-4000, but came in a variety of bright, flashy colors; the Timex Datalink wristwatch, was introduced in 1994. The early Timex Datalink Smartwatches realized a wireless data transfer mode to communicate with a PC. Appointments and contacts created with Microsoft Schedule+, the predecessor of MS Outlook, could be transmitted to the watch via a screen blinking light protocol.
In 1998, Steve Mann invented and built the world's first Linux wristwatch, which he presented at IEEE ISSCC2000 on 7 February 2000, where he was named "the father of wearable computing". See Linux Journal, where Mann's Linux wristwatch appeared on the cover and was the feature article of LJ Issue 75. Seiko launched the Ruputer in Japan - a wristwatch computer with a 3.6 MHz processor. It was not successful, since instead of a touchscreen it used a joystick-like device to input characters, the small screen with a resolution at 102x64 in 4 greyscales made it hard to read large amounts of text. Outside of Japan, this watch was distributed as the Matsucom onHand PC. Despite the rather low demand, the Matsucom onHand PC was distributed until 2006, making it a smartwatch with a rather long life cycle. Ruputer and onHand PC applications are 100% compatible; this watch is sometimes considered the first smartwatch since it was the first watch to offer graphics display and many 3rd party applications. In 1999, Samsung launched t
Moto 360 (1st generation)
The Moto 360 is an Android Wear-based smartwatch announced by Motorola Mobility in 2014. It was announced on March 18, 2014 and was released on September 5, 2014 in the US along with new models of the Moto X and the Moto G; the Moto 360's form factor is based on the circular design of traditional watches, supporting a 40mm viewing diameter and circular capacitive touch display. The case is stainless steel and available in different finishes. Removable wrist bands are available in natural leather; the watch has only a single physical button. The watch has an all day battery, rather than needing to be plugged in, it charges wirelessly by being placed on an included cradle. Internally it has dual microphones for voice recognition and noise rejection and a vibration motor allowing tactile feedback. An ambient light sensor optimizes screen brightness and allows gesture controls such as blanking the screen by placing one's hand over it. Bluetooth 4.0 is included for driving wireless headphones. In the June 2015 release notes, Motorola announced Wi-Fi support for the device, such that it could be used out of Bluetooth range.
A heart-rate sensor and 9-axis accelerometer support activity monitoring. It has IP67 certification for dust resistance and fresh water resistance rated at 30-minutes at 1.5 meters depth. The Moto 360 runs Android Wear, Google's Android-based platform designed for wearable devices; the 360 runs Android Marshmallow and pairs with any phone running Android 4.3 or higher and any iPhone running IOS 8 or higher. Its software displays notifications from paired phones, it uses paired phones to enable interactive features such as Google Now cards, navigation, playing music, integration with apps such as fitness, EverNote, others. Ars Technica criticized the "terrible" battery life and performance, blaming it on the outdated SoC used in the Moto 360: "Motorola inexplicably chose an ancient 1GHz single-core Texas Instruments OMAP 3". In a review for Engadget, Jon Fingas wrote, "The interface isn't that great at surfacing the information I need at the time I need it, for that matter. Spotify's Android Wear card always showed up on cue, but Sonos' controls appeared inconsistently when there was music playing.
And the watch defaulted to showing apps that weren't relevant to the situation at hand. Google may be right that watches are about receiving passive streams of information, but that doesn't excuse doing a poor job when I want to be more active." He concluded, "Even with those quirks in mind, it's pretty clear the Moto 360 has turned a corner in half a year's time. It's no longer the underdeveloped novelty that it was on launch, it's now my pick of the current Android Wear crop. True, it doesn't have the G Watch R's true circular display, the ZenWatch's custom software or the Sony Smartwatch 3's GPS, but I'd say of the three, it strikes the best balance between looks and price." Motoactv Wearable computer Microsoft Band Apple Watch Pebble Official website
Samsung Galaxy Gear
The Samsung Galaxy Gear is a smartwatch produced by Samsung Electronics in the Samsung Gear family of devices. Unveiled during a Samsung Unpacked event in Berlin, Germany on September 4, 2013, the device serves as a companion for all Samsung Galaxy smartphones and tablets which run Android 4.3 or newer. Released as an Android-based device, Samsung replaced the operating system with Tizen through the May 2014 software update; the Gear's successor, the Gear 2, was released on April 11, 2014. The development of the Galaxy Gear came in the midst of a push towards the growing smartwatch market. Lee Young-hee, vice president of Samsung's mobile business, revealed in July 2013 that the company had been working on a watch for a long time, referred to it as a "product for the future". In August 2013, Bloomberg reported that "two people familiar with the matter" claimed Samsung would introduce a smartwatch, tentatively known as the "Galaxy Gear", on September 4, 2013 during a Samsung Unpacked event prior to the IFA consumer electronics trade show in Berlin.
Samsung was expected to unveil the Galaxy Note 3 phablet during the event as well. In an interview with the Korea Times published on August 27, 2013, Lee Young-hee stated that the Galaxy Gear would "enhance and enrich the current smart mobile experience in many ways", would "lead a new trend in smart mobile communications", "add meaningful momentum to the mobile industry. Samsung unveiled the Galaxy Gear on September 4, 2013, with a release date set for September 25, 2013; some wireless service providers, as an incentive, have offered the Galaxy Gear as part of a bundle with the Galaxy Note 3. To promote the Galaxy Gear, Samsung released two television advertisements, "Evolution" and "A Long Time Coming". Both ads showcased historical depictions of smartwatch-like devices in popular culture, with the tagline "After all these years, it's real."Samsung Galaxy Gear's watch design was leaked to VentureBeat reporter Christina Farr by an unnamed source several days prior to its Berlin release on Sept. 4, 2013, generating widespread global interest.
The Galaxy Gear is powered by a Dual Core 1600mhz MHz Exynos 4212 system-on-chip, scaled back to one core, 800mhz to help save battery life, contains a 320 pixel-wide square-shaped Super AMOLED touchscreen display with a pixel density of 277 PPI. Its band contains a 1.9 megapixel camera with a Back-illuminated sensor, auto-focus, 720p video recording, along with a speaker and two noise-cancelling microphones. The Galaxy Gear includes 4 GB of internal memory, 512 MB of RAM, an accelerometer, a gyroscope; the device contains a 315 mAh battery. The Galaxy Gear is designed to IP55 specifications with dust resistance and protection from short-term exposure to water jets. To communicate with a host device, the Galaxy Gear uses Bluetooth low energy; as only Android 4.3 and offer native support for Bluetooth LE, only the Galaxy Note 3 and Galaxy Note 10.1 2014 Edition, the first Samsung devices to ship with 4.3, were supported by the Galaxy Gear on launch. Shortly after the release of the Galaxy Gear, Samsung began rolling out Android 4.3 updates for its other recent devices, such as the Galaxy S III, S4 and Note 2, to ensure Galaxy Gear compatibility.
The Galaxy Gear uses an Android-based operating system with a minimalistic interface and gesture-based navigation. To pair the watch with a smartphone or tablet as its host device, the user must first install the Gear Manager app. An NFC tag located inside the charging case is used to download the app. Gear Manager uses Bluetooth to coordinate the pairing process and further communication with the device, it can be used to configure the device's settings, to manage and install apps via Samsung Apps. Notifications can be displayed on the Gear's screen when received. S Voice can be used for basic voice commands and voice dictation for certain apps. Phone calls can be answered and placed from the watch, while the "Find My Device" tool can be used to locate the watch with a phone or tablet, or vice versa; the camera app can record videos up to 15 seconds in length. Photos and videos can be stored to the device's internal storage, or transferred to the user's phone or tablet. Users can record up to 5 minutes worth of voice memos.
A media controller for music or video being played by the phone or tablet is provided. While it is possible to sideload other Android apps on the device over Android Debug Bridge, their usability is impaired by the small screen, an inability to access the Internet directly. On May 30, 2014, Samsung released the version 2.2 firmware update for the Galaxy Gear through its Kies desktop software. The update replaces the Android-based operating system of the device with the Tizen-based operating system of its successor, the
Fossil Wrist PDA
The Fossil Wrist PDA is a smartwatch that runs Palm OS. The newer incarnation, which does not include Palm OS, is called the Fossil WristNet watch; the development of the Fossil Wrist PDA began in 1999 when engineer Donald Brewer licensed a read-only version of the Palm OS from Palm Source and tried to make it work in a watch. For the first year of development, Brewer struggled to make the watch small enough to be wearable; the initial designs looked like "a cell phone glued on one's wrist" and in board meetings the term "boat anchor" was used. He began to talk with Microsoft engineers, who were looking for a wrist-top platform as well and were busy developing Smart Personal Objects Technology. Once the size was decreased, the next major hurdle was making the screen; the smallest screens available at the time were cell phone screens. Palm OS, was written for a touch-sensitive 160- by 160-pixel screen. Re-working the code would be a massive undertaking, so engineers began to look for suppliers that could deliver the new technology.
An engineering firm in Arizona called Three-Five Systems was able to deliver the display in July 2002. The resulting device was rushed to the COMDEX convention where it won the "best of COMDEX" award for "best mobile device"; the original prototype had 2MB of memory, expanded to 8MB for the commercial release. The price at debut was $249 US; the AU/FX series are able to carry out most PDA applications. Like other Palm OS devices, they synchronize or exchange information with a PC, have an infrared port, a virtual keyboard, a touch screen, it supports most of the features of the graffiti handwriting recognition system. A tiny stylus can be stored in the watch clasp. Two buttons and a rocker switch on the side assist with navigating menus; the screen resolution is equivalent to a Palm III, an electroluminescent backlight allows it to be used at night. An IRDA transmitter on the front allows it to communicate with other Palm devices. In addition, there are Palm applications that allow the IRDA transmitter to be used as a TV remote, but transmission range is low in this case.
The watch uses a rechargeable lithium ion battery. In standby mode, when it turns off between uses, the battery can last a week or more; the device has a watch program, with several "watch faces" to continuously display the time. When in watch-face mode the battery life is around 1-2 days, depending on the integrity of the battery; the Wrist PDA received positive reviews. In 2003 Wired.com called it "revolutionary" and a "Dick Tracy watch". Reviewers noted that it was able to run a wide variety of software such as DocumentsToGo 6, AvantGo, Palm Games and the freeware Metro Navigator. Reviewers complained about the bulky size and appearance. One reviewer noted that with a weight of 108 grams, it weighs nearly as much as the Handspring Visor PDA, 174g. Reviewers complained that the screen was too dim and small to read and use for manipulating text. Other problems included having poor water-resistance, low battery life and an alarm, too quiet for practical use. Apple Watch Wearable computer Wristwatch computer I'm Watch Wrist PDA Yahoo Discussion group
The Apple S2 is the integrated computer in the Apple Watch Series 2, it is described as a "System in Package" by Apple Inc. It was revealed on September 7, 2016, with little info about specifications. Apple says its two cores deliver 50% higher performance and the GPU delivers twice as much as the predecessor, the Apple S1 but similar in performance to the Apple S1P in the Apple Watch Series 1, it uses a customized application processor that together with 512 MB memory, 8 GB storage and support processors for wireless connectivity, GPS, sensors and I/O constitute a complete computer in a single package. This package is filled with resin for durability; the device integrates discrete components like Wi-Fi, Bluetooth, GPS, NFC, touch controller, barometric sensor and RAM. In total, there are 42 individual silicon dies integrated into the single S2 component. Apple mobile application processors, the range of ARM-based mobile processors designed by Apple for their consumer electronic devices. Apple Watch
The WIMM One is a developer device for the WIMM platform produced by WIMM Labs. It is a wearable computing device running a modified version of the Android operating system, it comes preloaded with several apps. Additional applications can be downloaded from the micro app store or side-loaded over USB; the WIMM One has a transflective bi-modal screen. In high power mode it can reproduce colour images with an 18-bit colour depth. In low-power mode it can reproduce 4-bit grayscale images; the WIMM One's screen is on all the time. This allows information to be available to the user without them having to interact with the device; when the device is in low power mode the screen is updated once per minute. When the device is woken into high-power mode the screen refreshes at 60 fps and interactive apps can be run; the WIMM One has a complement of sensors similar to that of a smart phone including: 3-axis Magnetometer 3-axis accelerometer A 14-pin connector runs across the back of the WIMM One. This is used for USB communications.
It supports data communication with accessories developed for the WIMM platform. For access to the outside world the WIMM One has 2 radios. One for Wi-Fi 802.11b/g and one for Bluetooth 2.1. These are aggressively power managed by the OS; the Wi-Fi radio is only turned on for short bursts. The Bluetooth radio can be used to maintain a connection with a smart phone running Android, BlackBerryOS or iOS; this allows the WIMM One to react to telephony events such as incoming calls, for example allowing calls to be rejected to voicemail. When paired with Android smartphones, it will receive SMS and contact information; the Bluetooth link can be used to sync data by taking advantage of the paired device's internet connectivity. Syncing happens at a user set interval between 12 hours. Applications can request an immediate network connection off of schedule. Due to the form factor of the device being different from the majority of Android devices, many of the default Android UI elements are unwieldy on the WIMM.
To compensate for this a set of custom widgets and APIs are provided for developers. These include widgets for text entry and dialog boxes. Applications developed for the WIMM One can be uploaded to the Micro App Store provided by WIMM Labs. Instead of heavy management on the module's screen, users can manage their apps and standard module settings through a web-based console from their desktop or smartphone. Standard settings include calendar setup, global cities, sync intervals, date/time formats; the WIMM One automatically installs applications. The WIMM One has been well received with significant press gained from The Verge and Engadget; this has included a front page feature on Engadget's Distro magazine. According to WIMM's Website, in the summer of 2012 WIMM Labs entered into an exclusive, confidential relationship with an unnamed company and ceased sales of the Developer Preview Kit. Existing WIMM One owners can continue to synchronize their devices; as of August 2013 it is known. Wearable computer Wristwatch computer Official website @WIMMLabs Micro App Store WIMM One Community on Google+