click links in text for more info

Agathis dammara

Agathis dammara, the Amboyna pine, is a coniferous timber tree native to the Philippines, the Moluccas in Indonesia. Agathis dammara is a medium-large conifer up to 60 metres in height found in tropical rainforests, growing from sea level to high mountainous regions where it becomes stunted, it belongs to the southern hemisphere family Araucariaceae, widespread throughout the entire Mesozoic, emerging about 200 million years ago. An extinct genus, derives its name from this tree; this tree is a source of dammar gum known as cat-eye resin. When first discovered and listed as a species it was placed in the genus Pinus, later with the firs and with its own genus, Dammara, it was first recognised as being part of Agathis in 1807, when it was listed as Agathis loranthifolia, beyond that with species names beccarii and macrostachys, although it acquired many more names before dammara was settled on. Agathis is a diverse genus, although it has only 21 species. Many Agathis species are found in tropical rainforests, some other species grow in more temperate and cool climate forests.

Agathis atropurpurea is found in montane forests of Australia. The species grows in regions with altitudes between 950–1450 metres above sea-level. Where rainfall could exceed 18,000 millimetres in areas with no data. In the cloud forest of this region, the soil is so deprived of nutrients, that trees cannot grow in some areas. Agathis robusta grows in tropical rainforests on sandy soils near the coast, such as on Fraser Island where it grows in subtropical rainforest. Agathis ovata grows at altitudes between 150–1000 metres in New Caledonia, sometimes in forests, sometimes in open scrubland. Agathis dammara at the Gymnosperm Database. "Agathis dammara". Germplasm Resources Information Network. Agricultural Research Service, United States Department of Agriculture

Magic Mile

The Magic Mile is an aerial chairlift at Timberline Lodge ski area, Mount Hood, Oregon, U. S, it was named for its original length. When constructed by Byron Riblet in 1938, it was the longest chairlift in existence, the second in the world to be built as a passenger chairlift, the first to use metal towers; the chairlift has been replaced twice, in 1962 and 1992. Like its predecessors, the current chairlift loads near the lodge at 5,950 feet and unloads at 7,000 foot, up an average gradient of 20%. Except for the lowest part of the route, the lift is not protected by trees or land features and faces the full force of snow storms. Heavy winds produce huge snowdrifts and copious and dense snow challenge lift crews to keep the lift open; the lift is closed when winds exceed 50-60 mph or dense fog reduces visibility below about 25 feet — in all, about 40% of winter days. Construction of the original Magic Mile began in mid-1938, a few months after Timberline Lodge opened for business with a portable rope tow.

The chairlift was the first built by the Riblet company, which drew on its designs for aerial trams for mining companies. Completed in late 1939, it loaded its first passengers on November 17, 1939, was dedicated by the Crown Prince and Princess of Norway; the original chairlift was a single — each chair held one rider. The ride carried 225 passengers per hour, it was as popular a summer tourist attraction as it is now. The lift line was east of the present chair; the upper bullwheel was inside Silcox Hut, 212 m ESE and 40 ft lower in elevation. The bottom was east of the lodge about 377 m ENE at the same elevation as the present chair. Timberline Lodge shut down for World War II and struggled financially through the 1940s and early 1950s. Mounting disrepair, vandalism and unpaid taxes closed it February 17, 1955, at which time the Magic Mile was nonfunctional; the lodge reopened late that year under the management of Richard Kohnstamm, whose family still manages the resort. The Mile was made functional again, in the following summer, ski racing camps began.

In 1950, a cable car system began operation between 3,800 feet and the Timberline Lodge at 6,000 feet, a 3-mile trip that took 10 minutes. Each 36-person "bus" pulled itself up the mountain along the cable By 1962, the Magic Mile had long been a challenge to maintain, so the Timberline's operator replaced it with a double Riblet lift; the new lift had a midway station for loading and unloading, which allowed the lower mountain to remain open when harsh winter weather closed the upper mountain, the upper mountain to remain open for mid-to-late summer skiing when little snow remained on the lower mountain. The full ride up this second Magic Mile ride took about the same time as the original, 10 to 12 minutes, but tighter chair spacing and two riders per chair increased the capacity about 800 to 1,000 per hour; the bottom of the Mile was placed at the west side of the lodge for easy access, for skier convenience from the top of the Pucci chairlift, installed in 1956. The Palmer chairlift, which opened July 1, 1980, was situated for convenient skier and snowboard transport from the top of the Mile.

The Palmer was upgraded to a high-speed quad in 1996. In 1992, the Magic Mile chairlift was upgraded from a fixed grip double to a detachable high speed quad; the midway station was removed, a new top station built higher than its predecessor, lengthening its run to 5,500 feet. This Poma-built chair can move 3,000 passengers per hour, but is operated at 1,600 passengers per hour, with a ride time of just under 6 minutes; the use of a detachable chairlift reduces maintenance needed to clear the haul rope. When bad weather is expected, the chairs are stored in the lower lift house; the rope runs at low speed to prevent the buildup of ice. The chairs are redeployed in an automatic operation. Sun Valley, Idaho: First destination ski resort and first chairlift

The Story of an Unknown Man

The Story of an Unknown Man, translated as The Story of a Nobody and An Anonymous Story, is an 1893 novella by Anton Chekhov first published by Russkaya Mysl, in Nos. 2 and 3 1893 issues. In a revised version Chekhov included into Volume 6 of his Collected Works, published by Adolf Marks in 1899–1901; the original idea of the story came to Chekhov in the late 1880s. In a May 1893 letter he told the writer Lyubov Gurevich that he had "started to write it 1887–88 without any intention of getting it published dropped it", he returned to the idea in 1891, giving it the title The Story of My Patient. The novella concerns a revolutionary working undercover as a servant, being the only one of Chekhov's major works to be set in St. Petersburg, shares some motifs with the works of Dostoevsky. An anonymous assassin is sent to infiltrate the St. Petersburg household of Orlov, the son of a ministerial judge deemed a "serious enemy", by an unnamed radical cause. While masquerading as a servant, the narrator spies on the household and observes the extravagant and frivolous habits of the wealthy family, is repelled by Orlov's aloof treatment of his lover Zinaida.

He becomes disillusioned with his mission and the purposelessness of life itself, comparing his own deceitfulness with the womanizing Orlov's self-awareness, abandons his mission. The Independent includes The Story of a Nobody among the "finest fiction" that explore terrorism and its motives, through lens of tsarist Russia. Translator Hugh Aplin compares the piece to the works of Turgenev in its capturing post-serfdom, pre-Soviet radicalism, as well both authors' creation of female characters with "great moral integrity" compared with their male counterparts. Louis de Bernières, who described The Story of a Nobody as a "wonderful piece of literature", says the disturbing power and entertainment of the novella derives from Chekhov's absolute lack of authorial moral stance, underlain by the narrator's cognitive dissonance when his radical passion turns to pessimism when confronted with the pettiness and cruelty of Orlov. University of Edinburgh professor Tony McKibbin describes this ambiguity as "Chekhovian irony is at its most pronounced", summarizes the reader's responsibility to make an "ethical import in the gaps" in a story void of any heroes

Dischidodactylus colonnelloi

Dischidodactylus colonnelloi is a species of frog in the family Craugastoridae. It is endemic to Venezuela and only know from its type locality, Cerro Marahuaca, in the Amazonas State; the holotype was collected by G. Colonnello, hence the specific name colonnelloi. Dischidodactylus colonnelloi was described based on a single specimen, the holotype, an adult female measuring 42.5 mm in snout–vent length. The head is wider than rounded; the tympanum is inconspicuous. The fingers have lateral fringes but no webbing; the dorsum is dark gray black, dotted with many inconspicuous gray spots. The female had 11 large eggs. Dischidodactylus colonnelloi occurs in a high montane environment on top of the tepui at an elevation of about 2,250 m above sea level. Development is direct. Threats to it are unknown, it occurs in the Duida-Marahuaca National Park


In Greek mythology, an ipotane was a member of a race of half-horse, half-humans. The ipotanes are considered the original version of the centaur; the typical ipotane looked overall human, but had the legs, hindquarters and ears of a horse. However, some had human-like rather than horse-like legs; the Greek suggested by "ipotane" is ιππότης. It means knight. Which is reasonable since Knights are thought of as being on horseback, it is used as an adjective as in ιππότης λεώς — horse knights that rode people. The definition given above would fit ιππότης λεώς — "horse-people". Faun - Italian Glaistig - Scottish Hippopodes - Greek myth Pan - early Greek myth Silenus - early Greek mythology Liddell & Scott, Greek-English Lexicon