April 1947

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The following events occurred in April 1947:

April 1, 1947 (Tuesday)[edit]

April 2, 1947 (Wednesday)[edit]

April 3, 1947 (Thursday)[edit]

  • The private medical company Bupa was founded in the UK.[2]
  • The children's TV game show Juvenile Jury hosted by Jack Barry premiered on NBC. Each episode had a panel of kids giving advice to solve the problems of other kids. The program ran until 1954 and would be revived several times thereafter.

April 4, 1947 (Friday)[edit]

April 5, 1947 (Saturday)[edit]

  • Five US Marines participating in Operation Beleaguer were killed and 16 others wounded in battle with a "dissident" Chinese force that attempted to raid the Marine munitions dump near Tangku.[4]
  • Soviet occupation forces in Germany calculated a shortfall of 1.3 million homes in the eastern zone.[5]
  • Born: Gloria Macapagal Arroyo, 14th President of the Philippines, in San Juan, Philippines

April 6, 1947 (Sunday)[edit]

April 7, 1947 (Monday)[edit]

  • 325,000 telephone workers went on strike in the United States with a variety of demands including a $12 weekly pay boost, increased vacation and pension benefits.[6]
  • The Ba'ath Party was founded in Syria.
  • Died: Henry Ford, 83, American industrialist and founder of the Ford Motor Company

April 8, 1947 (Tuesday)[edit]

  • Following a series of killings due to labor strife, the Cuban Interior Ministry banned all political meetings that may provoke disorder.[7]
  • The Pohl trial began in Nuremberg. Oswald Pohl and 17 other SS officers went on trial for war crimes and crimes against humanity.
  • New York Governor Thomas E. Dewey signed a bill giving the Attorney General power to "restrain" activities of oathbound organizations until they had filed a complete roster of members and other data with the Secretary of State. The law was aimed at tightening controls on communists.[8]
  • Born: Tom DeLay, politician, in Laredo, Texas; Robert Kiyosaki, businessman, investor and self-help author, in Hilo, Hawaii

April 9, 1947 (Wednesday)[edit]

  • The Journey of Reconciliation was begun by 16 men from the Congress of Racial Equality to challenge segregation laws on interstate buses in the Southern United States.
  • The Glazier–Higgins–Woodward tornadoes swept through Texas, Oklahoma and Kansas, killing at least 181 people.
  • Brooklyn Dodgers manager Leo Durocher was suspended for the 1947 season by Baseball Commissioner Happy Chandler for "accumulated unpleasant incidents in which he has been involved, which the commissioner construes as detrimental to baseball."[9]
  • Singer Frank Sinatra floored newspaper columnist Lee Mortimer with a punch in the foyer of the Hollywood nightclub Ciro's. Sinatra claimed that Mortimer had insulted him with a racial slur, but the columnist said he didn't even know Sinatra was in the nightclub until he was attacked from behind and held down by two of Sinatra's companions while the singer struck him "two or three more times" and threatened to kill him if he saw him again. Mortimer was known to criticize Sinatra in his newspaper column for his political views and claim that he couldn't sing.[10] Sinatra would be charged with assault, but the charge would be dismissed after he reportedly agreed to pay Mortimer $9,000.[11]

April 10, 1947 (Thursday)[edit]

  • Britain urged France and Italy to prevent Jews from using their Mediterranean ports to embark for Palestine.[7]
  • The United States and Britain agreed to support France's claim on the Saarland.[12]
  • Born: Mladen Stilinović, conceptual artist, in Belgrade, Serbia (d. 2016)
  • Died: Ernest Flagg, 90, American architect; John Ince, 68, American actor and film director; Charles Nordhoff, 60, English-born American novelist and traveler

April 11, 1947 (Friday)[edit]

April 12, 1947 (Saturday)[edit]

  • The Big Four conferees at Moscow agreed that major German war plants should be destroyed by June 30, 1948.[4]
  • Mobster Lucky Luciano was taken ashore by police at Genoa and booked on charges of clandestine expatriation because of his departure from Italy to Cuba in late 1946. Luciano had previously been deported to Italy by the United States after his release from a long prison term.[14]
  • Born: Tom Clancy, novelist, in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 2013); David Letterman, comedian and television talk show host, in Indianapolis, Indiana

April 13, 1947 (Sunday)[edit]

  • The site of the future Headquarters of the United Nations was formally dedicated in New York City. UN Secretary-General Trygve Lie declared: "We are proud to have the world capital of the United Nations established here in this great melting pot of the peoples of the world." The UN planned to have its first building on the site completed by the fall of 1948.[15]
  • Born: Mike Chapman, record producer and songwriter, in Nambour, Queensland, Australia
  • Died: Jean Chassagne, 65, French submariner, aviator and race car driver

April 14, 1947 (Monday)[edit]

April 15, 1947 (Tuesday)[edit]

April 16, 1947 (Wednesday)[edit]

April 17, 1947 (Thursday)[edit]

  • The Milch Trial concluded in Nuremberg. Erhard Milch was found guilty of war crimes and responsible for slave labor, but was acquitted of the charge of having knowingly and willfully participated in fatal medical experiments. Milch was sentenced to life in prison.
  • In Rome, a mob of about a thousand unemployed workers staged a noisy protest outside the Parliament building, stopping private cars and sometimes beating the occupants. One of those assaulted was Italian Foreign Minister Carlo Sforza, who was struck by several fists as he stepped out of his car to go to his office. The Foreign Ministry said that Sforza had been shaken but not seriously hurt.[20]

April 18, 1947 (Friday)[edit]

  • The British Navy blew up the German naval base at Heligoland with 3,500 tons of explosives. The largest non-atomic explosion ever attempted by man, the blast was reportedly heard as far away as Hamburg and created a red-tinted mushroom cloud twice the size of the island.[21]
  • Born: Kathy Acker, author, in New York City (d. 1997); Jerzy Stuhr, actor and filmmaker, in Kraków, Poland; James Woods, actor and producer, in Vernal, Utah
  • Died: Benny Leonard, 51, American lightweight boxing champion (heart attack while refereeing a bout); Jozef Tiso, 59, Slovak Roman Catholic priest and President of Slovakia from 1939 to 1945 (hanged for treason)

April 19, 1947 (Saturday)[edit]

April 20, 1947 (Sunday)[edit]

  • Frederick IX of Denmark took the throne upon the death of his father Christian X.
  • NBC Radio cut off a broadcast of The Fred Allen Show for twenty-five seconds because the host refused to change his script. The censored bit started off with another actor asking Allen why the program was cut off the previous week. Allen explained, "Well, there's a little man in the company we work for. He's a vice president in charge of program ends. When our program runs overtime, he marks down how much time is saved." Allen was then asked, "What does he do with all this time?" to which he replied: "He adds it all up, 10 seconds here, 20 seconds there, and when the vice president saves up enough seconds, minutes and hours to make two weeks, he uses the two weeks of our time for his vacation." Allen described NBC's action as "sheer stupidity. The radio industry is 25 years old, but some people in it are keeping it in its infancy by such action as this."[23]
  • Born: Hector, singer-songwriter, as Heikki Veikko Harma in Helsinki, Finland
  • Died: Christian X of Denmark, 76, King of Denmark from 1912 to 1947; Louis R. de Steiguer, 80, American admiral

April 21, 1947 (Monday)[edit]

  • Princess Elizabeth gave a radio address on her twenty-first birthday from Cape Town, South Africa. "I declare before you all that my whole life, whether it be long or short, shall be devoted to your service and the service of our great imperial family to which we all belong," Elizabeth said.[24]
  • Born: Iggy Pop, rock musician, as James Newell Osterberg, Jr. in Muskegon, Michigan

April 22, 1947 (Tuesday)[edit]

April 23, 1947 (Wednesday)[edit]

  • The War Crimes Tribunal in Rabaul sentenced Japanese general Hatazō Adachi to life imprisonment on a charge of being responsible for the atrocities committed by his troops.[26]
  • In Moscow, the Big Four powers agreed to a deadline of December 31, 1948 to repatriate all of the nearly 2 million German prisoners of war still in Allied hands.[27]

April 24, 1947 (Thursday)[edit]

April 25, 1947 (Friday)[edit]

April 26, 1947 (Saturday)[edit]

April 27, 1947 (Sunday)[edit]

April 28, 1947 (Monday)[edit]

April 29, 1947 (Tuesday)[edit]

April 30, 1947 (Wednesday)[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "1947". MusicAndHistory.com. Archived from the original on August 28, 2012. Retrieved December 23, 2016. 
  2. ^ a b c Mercer, Derrik, ed. (1989). Chronicle of the 20th Century. London: Chronicle Communications Ltd. p. 650. ISBN 9-780582-039193. 
  3. ^ "Bulletins". Madera Tribune. Madera, California: 1. April 4, 1947. 
  4. ^ a b Yust, Walter, ed. (1948). 1948 Britannica Book of the Year. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. p. 5. 
  5. ^ "Was War Am 05. April 1947". chroniknet. Retrieved December 23, 2016. 
  6. ^ "Phone Walkout Grips Nation; Long-Lines Ban Isolates City". Brooklyn Eagle. Brooklyn: 1. April 7, 1947. 
  7. ^ a b Leonard, Thomas M. (1977). Day By Day: The Forties. New York: Facts On File, Inc. p. 688. ISBN 0-87196-375-2. 
  8. ^ "Dewey Signs Measure To Curb Communists". Brooklyn Eagle. Brooklyn: 1. April 8, 1947. 
  9. ^ "Leo Durocher Suspended For Year; 2 Clubs Fined". The Tuscaloosa News: 1. April 9, 1947. 
  10. ^ "Called 'Dago,' Says Sinatra, The K. O. Kid". Brooklyn Eagle. Brooklyn: 1. April 9, 1947. 
  11. ^ "Sinatra's Assault Charge is Dismissed; Hear He Paid $9,000". Chicago Daily Tribune. Chicago: 1. June 4, 1947. 
  12. ^ "U.S. and Britain Support French Claim For Saar". Chicago Daily Tribune. Chicago: 12. April 11, 1947. 
  13. ^ "Paris Anti-Red Press Raps Red Stand on Saar". Chicago Daily Tribune. Chicago: 3. April 13, 1947. 
  14. ^ "Luciano Rushed Off to Italian Jail As Ship Reaches Genoa Harbor". Brooklyn Eagle. Brooklyn: 1. April 12, 1947. 
  15. ^ "United Nations Dedicate Site of Future Home". Chicago Daily Tribune. Chicago: 22. April 14, 1947. 
  16. ^ "Jackie Robinson breaks color barrier". History. A&E Networks. Retrieved December 23, 2016. 
  17. ^ "April 15, 1947 - Boston Braves at Brooklyn Dodgers". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved December 23, 2016. 
  18. ^ "Balanced Budget, British Hopes For 1947-48". The Sydney Morning Herald: 1. April 16, 1947. 
  19. ^ "Memorandum of Conversation with Stalin, April 15, 1947". The George C. Marshall Foundation. Retrieved December 23, 2016. 
  20. ^ Cortesi, Arnaldo (April 18, 1947). "Sforza Attacked by Roman Mob Demonstrating for Work and Food". The New York Times: 1, 16. 
  21. ^ Morrow, Edward A. (April 19, 1947). "Mighty Blast on Helgoland Razes Gamed German Base". The New York Times: 1. 
  22. ^ "Boston Marathon Yearly Synopses (1897 - 2013)". John Hancock Financial. Retrieved December 23, 2016. 
  23. ^ "NBC Blacks Out Fred Allen Gag Kidding Radio". Chicago Daily Tribune. Chicago: 22. April 21, 1947. 
  24. ^ "Britain's Future Queen Promises A Happy Empire". Chicago Daily Tribune. Chicago: 17. April 22, 1947. 
  25. ^ Rampersad, Arnold (1997). Jackie Robinson: A Biography. New York: Ballantine Books. pp. 172–173. ISBN 9780345426550. 
  26. ^ "General Preferred Death, But Given Gaol". The Sydney Morning Herald: 1. April 24, 1947. 
  27. ^ Middleton, Drew (April 24, 1947). "Allies Set Date to Free Captives". The New York Times: 2. 
  28. ^ "GM and Auto Union Reach Final Accord on 11½c Wage Rise". The New York Times: 1. April 25, 1947. 
  29. ^ Effrat, Louis (April 28, 1947). "58,338 Acclaim Babe Ruth in Rare Tribute at Stadium". The New York Times: 1, 29. 
  30. ^ "Japan's Fans Honor Ruth". The New York Times: 29. April 28, 1947. 
  31. ^ "Truman Signs Change of Dam's Name to Hoover". Chicago Daily Tribune. Chicago: 1. May 1, 1947.