Isle of Wight (UK Parliament constituency)
Isle of Wight is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2017 by Bob Seely of the Conservative Party. Created by the Great Reform Act for the 1832 general election it covers the whole of the Isle of Wight, it has the largest electorate of a constituency, since 1983. The Isle of Wight has since 1832 been a single seat of the House of Commons, it covers the same land as the ceremonial county of the Isle of Wight and the area administered by the unitary authority, Isle of Wight Council: a diamond-shaped island with rounded oblique corners, measuring 22.5 miles by 13 miles, the Needles and similar small uninhabitable rocks of small square surface area. The island is linked by ferry crossings from four points to three points in Hampshire: Lymington and Portsmouth, its electorate of 110,924 is, by more than 30,000 electors, the largest in the UK, more than 50% above the English average: 71,537, five times the size of the smallest seat: Na h-Eileanan an Iar known as the Western Isles.
The five national Boundary Commission Periodic Reports which have taken place since 1955 consulted locally on splitting the island into two seats but met an overall distaste by the independent commissioners and most consultees and consultation respondents who were not apathetic which accounted for the bulk. The consensus of varying panels of Boundary Commissioners, party-interested and neutral commentators was at the time of these five consultations, that the island would be best represented by one MP; the Commissioners did make mention perfunctorily of their duty by law to avoid such an extent of malapportionment but deemed that electoral scientific detail outweighed by the "human" socio-economic factors of the convenience of having one universally acknowledged representative of the island at the national legislature. One problem the independent body cited in 2008 was a difficulty of dividing the island in two in a way that would be acceptable to all major interests; the arbitrary division line problem is encountered in those city council areas which have no rural elements or natural divides and in peninsulars and resolves itself in dividing in alterate ways at different times to avoid any onset or perception of any bias.
In the 2018 review underway, dividing the island into two separate seats is a requirement by law to match the other island seats. The Commission's draft proposals divide the island into West seats. Newport would be in the West seat. Before the Reform Act 1832 the island had three Parliamentary boroughs: Newport and Yarmouth each electing two MPs. In 1654 a whole island constituency existed for the First Protectorate Parliament but the island reverted to the three constituencies. Otherwise, the island was part-represented by the two MPs for Hampshire; the Reform Act abolished Newtown and Yarmouth parliamentary boroughs, resurrected a county constituency for the whole island. The county electorate included freeholders, qualified by property, in the remaining parliamentary borough; the separate and overlapping Newport representation was abolished in 1885. The constituency has traditionally been a battleground between the Conservatives and the Liberal Democrats and their predecessors; the seat was held by a Liberal from 1974 until 1987, a Conservative until 1997, a Liberal Democrat until 2001, a Conservative since then.
At the 2015 election, the incumbent Conservative scored one of his party's largest reductions in vote in that year's election to the Liberal Democrat who finished in fifth place. In the 2017 general election, Nick Belfitt, the Liberal Democrat candidate, became the youngest candidate to stand for the seat at the age of 23. 1654: Lord Lisle. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place from 1939 and by the end of this year, the following candidates had been selected; the political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the July 1914, the following candidates had been selected. Caused by Simeon's death. Caused by Simeon's resignation after he converted from Anglicanism to Catholicism. Politics of the Isle of Wight List of Parliamentary constituencies in the South East List of United Kingdom Parliament constituencies Politics Resources Electoral Calculus 2017 Election House Of Commons Library 2017 Election report A Vision Of Britain Through Time Notes References
BBC News is an operational business division of the British Broadcasting Corporation responsible for the gathering and broadcasting of news and current affairs. The department is the world's largest broadcast news organisation and generates about 120 hours of radio and television output each day, as well as online news coverage; the service maintains 50 foreign news bureaus with more than 250 correspondents around the world. Fran Unsworth has been Director of News and Current Affairs since January 2018; the department's annual budget is in excess of £350 million. BBC News' domestic and online news divisions are housed within the largest live newsroom in Europe, in Broadcasting House in central London. Parliamentary coverage is broadcast from studios in Millbank in London. Through the BBC English Regions, the BBC has regional centres across England, as well as national news centres in Northern Ireland and Wales. All nations and English regions produce their own local news programmes and other current affairs and sport programmes.
The BBC is a quasi-autonomous corporation authorised by Royal Charter, making it operationally independent of the government, who have no power to appoint or dismiss its director-general, required to report impartially. As with all major media outlets it has been accused of political bias from across the political spectrum, both within the UK and abroad; the British Broadcasting Company broadcast its first radio bulletin from radio station.2LO In 14 November 1922. Wishing to avoid competition, newspaper publishers persuaded the government to ban the BBC from broadcasting news before 7:00 pm, to force it to use wire service copy instead of reporting on its own. On Easter weekend in 1930, this reliance on newspaper wire services left the radio news service with no information to report after saying There is no news today. Piano music was played instead; the BBC gained the right to edit the copy and, in 1934, created its own news operation. However, it could not broadcast news before 6 PM until World War II.
Gaumont British and Movietone cinema newsreels had been broadcast on the TV service since 1936, with the BBC producing its own equivalent Television Newsreel programme from January 1948. A weekly Children's Newsreel was inaugurated on 23 April 1950, to around 350,000 receivers; the network began simulcasting its radio news on television in 1946, with a still picture of Big Ben. Televised bulletins began on 5 July 1954, broadcast from leased studios within Alexandra Palace in London; the public's interest in television and live events was stimulated by Elizabeth II's coronation in 1953. It is estimated that up to 27 million people viewed the programme in the UK, overtaking radio's audience of 12 million for the first time; those live pictures were fed from 21 cameras in central London to Alexandra Palace for transmission, on to other UK transmitters opened in time for the event. That year, there were around two million TV Licences held in the UK, rising to over three million the following year, four and a half million by 1955.
Television news, although physically separate from its radio counterpart, was still under radio news' control – correspondents provided reports for both outlets–and that first bulletin, shown on 5 July 1954 on the BBC television service and presented by Richard Baker, involved his providing narration off-screen while stills were shown. This was followed by the customary Television Newsreel with a recorded commentary by John Snagge, it was revealed that this had been due to producers fearing a newsreader with visible facial movements would distract the viewer from the story. On-screen newsreaders were introduced a year in 1955 – Kenneth Kendall, Robert Dougall, Richard Baker–three weeks before ITN's launch on 21 September 1955. Mainstream television production had started to move out of Alexandra Palace in 1950 to larger premises – at Lime Grove Studios in Shepherd's Bush, west London – taking Current Affairs with it, it was from here that the first Panorama, a new documentary programme, was transmitted on 11 November 1953, with Richard Dimbleby becoming anchor in 1955.
On 18 February 1957, the topical early-evening programme Tonight, hosted by Cliff Michelmore and designed to fill the airtime provided by the abolition of the Toddlers' Truce, was broadcast from Marconi's Viking Studio in St Mary Abbott's Place, Kensington – with the programme moving into a Lime Grove studio in 1960, where it maintained its production office. On 28 October 1957, the Today programme, a morning radio programme, was launched in central London on the Home Service. In 1958, Hugh Carleton Greene became head of Current Affairs, he set up a BBC study group whose findings, published in 1959, were critical of what the television news operation had become under his predecessor, Tahu Hole. The report proposed that the head of television news should take control, that the television service should have a proper newsroom of its own, with an editor-of-the-day. On 1 January 1960, Greene became Director-General and brought about big changes at BBC Television and BBC Television News. BBC Television News had been created in 1955, in response to the founding of ITN.
The changes made by Greene were aimed at making BBC reporting more similar to ITN, rated by study groups held by Greene. A newsroom was created at Alexandra Palace, television reporters were recruited and given the opportunity to write and voice their own scripts–without the "impossible burden" of having to cover stories for radio too. In 1987 thirty years John B
Winford, Isle of Wight
Winford is a hamlet on the Isle of Wight, that since the 1950s and in particular in the late 1970s has seen considerable housing development. The local shop in Forest Road closed some time ago, but tourist attractions with gift shops are situated nearby, it is in the civil parish of Newchurch. The pipes supplying Winford with water are being replaced as part of a massive upgrading of the infrastructure supplying water to the Isle of Wight. In addition, two huge pipes supplying the Isle of Wight with water from the mainland of England are being replaced, water pipelines are being extended in the south of the Island. Southern Vectis bus route 8 and former Wightbus route 23 link Winford with the towns of Newport, Sandown and Ryde, including intermediate villages. Media related to Winford, Isle of Wight at Wikimedia Commons
Richard Webster, 1st Viscount Alverstone
Richard Everard Webster, 1st Viscount Alverstone, was a British barrister and judge who served in many high political and judicial offices. Webster was the second son of Thomas Webster QC, he was educated at King's College School and Charterhouse, Trinity College, Cambridge. He was well known as an athlete in his earlier years, having represented his university in the first Inter-Varsity steeplechase and as a runner; as such, the Cambridge University Alverstone Club is named in his honour, makes a pilgrimage to Alverstone, Isle of Wight, every 4 years. The following prayer is used on appropriate occasions: Our Lord, who art at Wilberforce, Alverstone be thy name, Thy swaps will come, Thy grass reps will be done, On earth as they are in Chariots, Give us this day our daily banter, And forgive us for our pennying, As we forgive those who penny against us, And lead us all into Cindies, But deliver us from Gardies, For thine is the club, the tie and the track and Amen, his interest in cricket and foot-racing was maintained in life.
He set rules for long jump and shot put. He was President of Surrey County Cricket Club from 1895 until his death, of the Marylebone Cricket Club in 1903. Webster was called to the bar in 1868, became QC only ten years afterwards, his practice was chiefly in commercial and patent cases until he was appointed Attorney-General in the Conservative Government in the exceptional circumstances of never having been Solicitor-general, not at the time occupying a seat in parliament. He was elected for Launceston in the following month, in November exchanged this seat for the Isle of Wight, which he continued to represent until his elevation to the House of Lords. Except under the brief Gladstone administration of 1886, the Gladstone-Rosebery cabinet of 1892–1895, Sir Richard Webster was Attorney-General from 1885 to 1900. In 1890 he was leading counsel for The Times in the Parnell inquiry. In the House of Commons, outside it, his political career was prominently associated with church work. In July 1885, he was made a Knight Bachelor.
In December 1893, he was appointed to the Order of St George as a Knight Grand Cross. In January 1900 he was created a Baronet, but in May the same year succeeded Sir Nathaniel Lindley as Master of the Rolls, being raised to the peerage as Baron Alverstone, of Alverstone in the County of Southampton and sworn of the Privy Council, in October of the same year he was elevated to the office of Lord Chief Justice upon the death of Lord Russell of Killowen, he presided over some notable trials of the era including Hawley Harvey Crippen. Although popular, he was not considered an outstanding judge, he received the honorary degree Doctor of Laws from the University of Edinburgh in April 1902, was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society the same year. In late 1902 he was in South Africa as part of a commission looking into the use of martial law sentences during the Second Boer War. In 1903 during the Alaska boundary dispute he was one of the members of the Boundary Commission. Against the wishes of the Canadians it was his swing vote that settled the matter splitting the disputed territory.
As a result, he became unpopular in Canada. He retired in 1913, was created Viscount Alverstone, of Alverstone, Isle of Wight in the County of Southampton. Webster married in daughter of William Charles Calthrop, she died in March 1877. They had one daughter, their only son, the Honourable Arthur Harold Webster died childless in August 1902, aged 28, after an operation for appendicitis. The Arthur Webster Hospital, opened in 1905, was presented to the town of Shanklin, Isle of Wight by Lord Alverstone in memory of his son; the building is still in use as the Arthur Webster Clinic. He commissioned the architect Edward Blakeway I'Anson to build Winterfold House near Cranleigh in the Surrey Hills in 1886, in a classic late Victorian style, laid out grounds with flowering trees and shrubs. Lord Alverstone died at Cranleigh, Surrey, in December 1915, aged 72 and was buried at West Norwood Cemetery under a Celtic cross, his peerages became extinct on his death. 1842–1878: Mr Richard Webster 1878: Mr Richard Webster 1878–1885: Mr Richard Webster 1885–1893: Sir Richard Webster 1893–1900: Sir Richard Webster 1900: Sir Richard Webster 1900: The Rt Hon.
Sir Richard Webster 1900–1901: The Rt Hon. The Lord Alverstone 1901–1902: The Rt Hon; the Lord Alverstone 1902–1913: The Rt Hon. The Lord Alverstone 1913-1915: The Rt Hon; the Viscount Alverstone This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed.. "Alverstone, Richard Everard Webster". Encyclopædia Britannica. Cambridge University Press. Wisden Cricketers' Almanack, 1916 edition: obituary. Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by the Viscount AlverstoneVanity Fair caricature 1913
In England, a civil parish is a type of administrative parish used for local government, they are a territorial designation, the lowest tier of local government below districts and counties, or their combined form, the unitary authority. Civil parishes can trace their origin to the ancient system of ecclesiastical parishes which played a role in both civil and ecclesiastical administration; the unit rolled out across England in the 1860s. A civil parish can range in size from a large town with a population of about 75,000 to a single village with fewer than a hundred inhabitants. Eight parishes have city status. A civil parish may be known as and confirmed as a town, neighbourhood or community by resolution of its parish council, a right reserved not conferred on other units of English local government. 35% of the English population live in a civil parish. As of 31 December 2015 there were 10,449 parishes in England; the most populous is Weston super Mare and those with cathedral city status are Chichester, Hereford, Ripon, Salisbury and Wells.
On 1 April 2014, Queen's Park became the first civil parish in Greater London. Before 2008 their creation was not permitted within a London borough. Wales was divided into civil parishes until 1974, when they were replaced by communities, which are similar to English parishes in the way they operate. Civil parishes in Scotland were abolished for local government purposes by the Local Government Act 1929, the Scottish equivalent of English civil parishes are community council areas, which were established by the Local Government Act 1973; the Parish system in Europe was established between the 8th and 12th centuries and in England was old by the time of the Conquest. These areas were based on the territory of one or more manors, areas which in some cases derived their bounds from Roman or Iron Age estates. Parish boundaries were conservative, changing little, after 1180'froze' so that boundaries could no longer be changed at all, despite changes to manorial landholdings - though there were some examples of sub-division.
The consistency of these boundaries, up until the 19th century is useful to historians, is of cultural significance in terms of shaping local identities, a factor reinforced by the adoption of parish boundaries unchanged, by successor local government units. There was huge variation in size between parishes, for instance Writtle in Essex was 13,568 acres while neighbouring Shellow Bowells was just 469 acres, Chignall Smealy 476 acres; until the break with Rome, parishes managed ecclesiastical matters, while the manor was the principal unit of local administration and justice. The church replaced the manor court as the rural administrative centre, levied a local tax on produce known as a tithe. In the medieval period, responsibilities such as relief of the poor passed from the Lord of the Manor to the parish's rector, who in practice would delegate tasks among his vestry or the monasteries. After the dissolution of the monasteries, the power to levy a rate to fund relief of the poor was conferred on the parish authorities by the Act for the Relief of the Poor 1601.
Both before and after this optional social change, local charities are well-documented. The parish authorities were consisted of all the ratepayers of the parish; as the number of ratepayers of some parishes grew, it became difficult to convene meetings as an open vestry. In some built up, areas the select vestry took over responsibility from the entire body of ratepayers; this innovation allowed governance by a self-perpetuating elite. The administration of the parish system relied on the monopoly of the established English Church, which for a few years after Henry VIII alternated between the Roman Catholic Church and the Church of England, before settling on the latter on the accession of Elizabeth I in 1558. By the 18th century, religious membership was becoming more fractured in some places, due for instance to the progress of Methodism; the legitimacy of the parish vestry came into question and the perceived inefficiency and corruption inherent in the system became a source for concern in some places.
For this reason, during the early 19th century the parish progressively lost its powers to ad hoc boards and other organisations, for example the loss of responsibility for poor relief through the Poor Law Amendment Act 1834. Sanitary districts covered England in Ireland three years later; the replacement boards were each entitled to levy their own rate in the parish. The church rate ceased to be levied in many parishes and became voluntary from 1868; the ancient parishes diverged into two distinct, nearly overlapping, systems of parishes during the 19th century. The Poor Law Amendment Act 1866 declared all areas that levied a separate rate: C of E ecclesiastical parishes, extra-parochial areas and their analogue, chapelries, to be "civil parishes". To have collected rates this means these beforehand had their own vestries, boards or equivalent bodies; the Church of England parishes, which cover more than 99% of England, became termed "ecclesiastical parishes" and the boundaries of these soon diverged from those of the Ancient Parishes in order to reflect modern circumstances.
After 1921 each ecclesiastical parish has been the responsibility of the parochial church councils. In the late 19th century, most of the ancient irregularities inheri
The United Kingdom the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, sometimes referred to as Britain, is a sovereign country located off the north-western coast of the European mainland. The United Kingdom includes the island of Great Britain, the north-eastern part of the island of Ireland, many smaller islands. Northern Ireland is the only part of the United Kingdom that shares a land border with another sovereign state, the Republic of Ireland. Apart from this land border, the United Kingdom is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, with the North Sea to the east, the English Channel to the south and the Celtic Sea to the south-west, giving it the 12th-longest coastline in the world; the Irish Sea lies between Great Ireland. With an area of 242,500 square kilometres, the United Kingdom is the 78th-largest sovereign state in the world, it is the 22nd-most populous country, with an estimated 66.0 million inhabitants in 2017. The UK is constitutional monarchy; the current monarch is Queen Elizabeth II, who has reigned since 1952, making her the longest-serving current head of state.
The United Kingdom's capital and largest city is London, a global city and financial centre with an urban area population of 10.3 million. Other major urban areas in the UK include Greater Manchester, the West Midlands and West Yorkshire conurbations, Greater Glasgow and the Liverpool Built-up Area; the United Kingdom consists of four constituent countries: England, Scotland and Northern Ireland. Their capitals are London, Edinburgh and Belfast, respectively. Apart from England, the countries have their own devolved governments, each with varying powers, but such power is delegated by the Parliament of the United Kingdom, which may enact laws unilaterally altering or abolishing devolution; the nearby Isle of Man, Bailiwick of Guernsey and Bailiwick of Jersey are not part of the UK, being Crown dependencies with the British Government responsible for defence and international representation. The medieval conquest and subsequent annexation of Wales by the Kingdom of England, followed by the union between England and Scotland in 1707 to form the Kingdom of Great Britain, the union in 1801 of Great Britain with the Kingdom of Ireland created the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
Five-sixths of Ireland seceded from the UK in 1922, leaving the present formulation of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. There are fourteen British Overseas Territories, the remnants of the British Empire which, at its height in the 1920s, encompassed a quarter of the world's land mass and was the largest empire in history. British influence can be observed in the language and political systems of many of its former colonies; the United Kingdom is a developed country and has the world's fifth-largest economy by nominal GDP and ninth-largest economy by purchasing power parity. It has a high-income economy and has a high Human Development Index rating, ranking 14th in the world, it was the world's first industrialised country and the world's foremost power during the 19th and early 20th centuries. The UK remains a great power, with considerable economic, military and political influence internationally, it is sixth in military expenditure in the world. It has been a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council since its first session in 1946.
It has been a leading member state of the European Union and its predecessor, the European Economic Community, since 1973. The United Kingdom is a member of the Commonwealth of Nations, the Council of Europe, the G7, the G20, NATO, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development and the World Trade Organization; the 1707 Acts of Union declared that the kingdoms of England and Scotland were "United into One Kingdom by the Name of Great Britain". The term "United Kingdom" has been used as a description for the former kingdom of Great Britain, although its official name from 1707 to 1800 was "Great Britain"; the Acts of Union 1800 united the kingdom of Great Britain and the kingdom of Ireland in 1801, forming the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. Following the partition of Ireland and the independence of the Irish Free State in 1922, which left Northern Ireland as the only part of the island of Ireland within the United Kingdom, the name was changed to the "United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland".
Although the United Kingdom is a sovereign country, Scotland and Northern Ireland are widely referred to as countries. The UK Prime Minister's website has used the phrase "countries within a country" to describe the United Kingdom; some statistical summaries, such as those for the twelve NUTS 1 regions of the United Kingdom refer to Scotland and Northern Ireland as "regions". Northern Ireland is referred to as a "province". With regard to Northern Ireland, the descriptive name used "can be controversial, with the choice revealing one's political preferences"; the term "Great Britain" conventionally refers to the island of Great Britain, or politically to England and Wales in combination. However, it is sometimes used as a loose synonym for the United Kingdom as a whole; the term "Britain" is used both as a synonym for Great Britain, as a synonym for the United Kingdom. Usage is mixed, with the BBC preferring to use Britain as shorthand only for Great Britain and the UK Government, while accepting that both terms refer to the United K
Transport on the Isle of Wight
The Island Line is the one railway left on the island. It runs some 8½ miles from Ryde Pier Head to Shanklin, down the eastern side of the island via Brading and Sandown, it was opened by the Isle of Wight Railway in 1864, between 1996 and 2007 was run by the smallest train operating company on the National Rail network. Services are now provided by Island Line Trains, part of the South West Trains franchise, using electric trains which are old London Underground rolling stock; the island has a steam-operated heritage railway, the Isle of Wight Steam Railway. This connects with the Island Line at Smallbrook Junction, was part of the former Ryde to Newport line. In the 1950s and 1960s, before the Beeching Report, the island enjoyed a comprehensive network based on a triangle of lines connecting Ryde, Newport and Ventnor. Lines ran from Ryde to Cowes via Newport and from Ryde to Ventnor via Brading and Shanklin. Branch lines led from Brading to Bembridge, Sandown to Newport and west from Newport to Yarmouth and Freshwater.
There were 2 stations at Ventnor: Ventnor, the terminus of the aforementioned Island Line from Ryde via Brading and Shanklin. Ventnor Town – a branch of the Newport-Sandown line from Merstone, via Godshill; the two lines terminated at different levels above the town. Today much of the old rail network has been converted to cycle ways, including the Newport-Cowes, Newport-Sandown and Yarmouth-Freshwater sections. Other sections can still be traced on the ground, including the two tunnels where the Ventnor lines ran beneath the downs; the Island has 489 miles of roadway, does not have any motorway, although it does have a short stretch of dual carriageway with a 70 mph speed limit north of Newport. A sign used to greet visitors disembarking from the car ferry at Fishbourne stating Island Roads are Different, Please Drive Carefully. April 1905 saw the start of bus services, with the Isle of Wight Express Syndicate operating a circular service running between Newport, Shanklin and Ryde; the Vectis bus company was formed in 1922.
At first it used only double decker buses. In 1929, the Vectis Bus Company was bought by Southern Railway. After 1968 it became part of the state-owned National Bus Company. In 1986 with privatisation, the bus company was bought by its management team, it stayed independent until 2005, when it was bought by the Go-Ahead Group. Southern Vectis had a near-monopoly of island bus transport for most of the 20th and early 21st Century, challenged only after deregulation in 1986, it now runs fifteen different routes, with the most regular services between the larger towns such as Ryde and Cowes. From April 2006, the company changed the livery on its buses to two shades of green, adopted a new simplified network, based on most routes radiating from Newport; the bus station in Newport was relocated nearby and redeveloped, with the previous site built over with shops. During the summer, Southern Vectis operates some open-topped buses as tourist routes: The Downs Breezer and The Needles Breezer. Wightbus first started in the 1970s as the Isle of Wight County Council's'County Bus', branded'Wightbus' in 1997.
They operate a smaller network of services that are not viable for a commercial operator, but that attract government subsidy. They took around 1000 island students to and from school, until Southern Vectis took over all school services from September 2010. Cowes has the only park-and-ride bus site on the island. There are three bus stations on the Isle of Wight, most services from them are run by Southern Vectis: Newport bus station is located in Newport town centre of Newport, on Orchard Street; the old bus station was demolished in late 2005 to make way for a retail development. The bus station features an information desk. Seats and lighting have been installed and the entire bus station is a no-smoking area. Newport town centre has bus lanes leading to the bus station, known as the'Red Carpet'; however one section of the bus lane in South Street, close to the bus station, temporary while the bus station was being built, has been proved'not legal' meaning any other vehicle can use it. Ryde bus station is smaller than Newport's and is located on the esplanade near the Hovertravel terminal and Island line railway station.
There are plans to re-develop it into a new interchange as a gateway to the island. Benches and litter bins removed for construction work have been replaced and the temporary Esplanade bus stops removed. In October 2009 the project was abandoned. Yarmouth bus station, next to the Wightlink ferry terminal, serves Southern Vectis route 7 as well as The Needles tour during the summer; as well as three stands for buses, the area has parking for visiting coaches full in the summer. There is a large bus shelter for waiting passengers, which doubles as an information kiosk in the summer; the Island has an extensive network of byways, bridleways and cycle tracks, including 520 miles of public rights of way. Several long distance paths are highlighted on Ordnance Survey maps and local signs, including a route around the whole island, smaller trails such as the Tennyson Trail and Worsley Trail; the island is home to the Isle of Wight Walking Festival, which has taken place annually in May for ten years and now has over 200 different walks.