Lockheed MQM-105 Aquila
The Lockheed MQM-105 Aquila was the first small battlefield drone developed in the United States during the 1970s to act as a target designator for the US Army. The modern history of the Army's battlefield drone efforts began in 1972, when DARPA began the Remotely Piloted Aerial Observation/Designation System program which included PRAIRIE, Aequare; the program was conceptualized in January 1973 in the joint U. S. Army and DARPA-funded project called RPAODS. PRAIRIE was a Philco Ford UAV with a laser target designator. PRAIRIE was able to guide a laser-guided bomb to it. Calare and Aequare was delivered by JHU/APL respectively. Melpar's prototype was landed on skids on a prepared runway. APL's prototype was a delta-wing aircraft, launched from a small cart and assisted by a bungee cordDARPA does not have a charter to build operational systems, passed the concept to the Army Aviation Systems Command, which decided to proceed with the next phase of development, a System Technology Demonstrator. In 1975 the Army put the follow-on effort up for bid, Lockheed was the low bidder.
This phase of the program lasted until 1979 and demonstrated that the system had military potential and it could be developed at a reasonable risk. The RPV-STD effort created a non-stealthy tailless air vehicle with anhedral wing tips, launched by a pneumatic launcher, was recovered in a trampoline-like structure which held a net; the system used an unsecured data link for tracking and data. From December 1975-November 1977 this RPV-STD system flew 149 flights, 35 by the contractor, 114 by the Army team. At the completion of this phase the Aviation Systems Command worked with the user proponent, the Artillery Branch to develop the requirements for a field-able system. In 1979 the Aviation Systems Command issued a Full Scale Engineering Development Request for Proposal for a systems which would meet the Artillery's Required Operational Capability. Lockheed Missile and Space Division won the contract in late 1979; the contract provided for the delivery off 22 air vehicles, 4 Ground Control Stations, 3 Launch Systems, 3 Recovery Systems and support hardware.
This target acquisition and aerial reconnaissance program effort produced a stealthy tailless aircraft driven by a Herbrandson piston engine with a 26" pusher propeller. The Westinghouse payload was a television imager/laser designator in a turret in the belly; the laser designator was intended for use with the M712 Copperhead artillery ammunition and the AGM-114 Hellfire missile. Development of a Ford Aerospace FLIR/laser designator payload began in 1984. Secure communications with the air vehicle was provided by a joint Army/Air Force program called Modular Integrated Communications/Navigational System. On the nose of the air vehicle was a Near IR source which interacted with the Recovery System to automatically recover the aircraft after the flight; the Aquila was hydraulically launched by an All American Engineering catapult mounted on a 5-ton truck. The hydraulically operated Recovery System, built by Dornier, consisted of a vertical net held by a frame work shaped like an inverted "h" into which the air vehicle would automatically fly.
This was mounted on a 5-ton truck. For testing and training an emergency parachute backup recovery system was provided; the necessity for these systems was the specified requirement to be able to enter a small clearing surrounded by 50' trees and to be able to launch a mission. At the end of a mission, land in a similar clearing surrounded with 50' trees and relocate the system after recovery; the Ground Control System was mounted on the back of a 5-ton truck and provided room for three operators to control the mission. The air vehicle operator controlled the flight by entering in way-points and orbit parameters into the Norden computer; the payload operator used a joystick and console to control the pointing of the payload camera, the auto-tracking of the target, the laser designating. The third operator was the mission commander which controlled the overall mission and maintained communications with his commander; the GCS was connected to the Remote Ground Terminal air vehicle tracking/communications antenna over a fiber optic cable.
Due to a delay in the MICNS secure data link, the first prototype system was produced in a Block I configuration. This system used the same air vehicle, the same hydraulic launcher, the same hydraulically operated recovery system, same Ground Control System; this system used an unsecure interim data link and an alternate semi-automatic system to guide the air vehicle into the net. This system flew 17 flights during July–November 1982; this system was assigned to an Army Early Operational Capability unit from July 1983-July 1984 which conducted 20 flights. This EOC effort was created to provide the field with a system to identify any system weakness and provide the user to refine his tactics and procedures for using the technology; the complete MQM-105 began its contractor flight testing in December 1983 in Fort Huachuca, AZ. The Phase I of Government Developmental Testing II began in May 1985 but testing was suspended in Sept 1985 because the system did not pass 21 of the 149 performance specifications.
From October 1985-January 1986, Lockheed conducted a Test-Fix-Test effort at its own expense, demonstrated that the major problems were solved. The DT IIA began in February 1986 and completed in May 1986 although reliability problems continued to dog the system; the Government's Operational Test ran from October 1986 through March 1987. Al
The gens Aquillia or Aquilia was a family at Rome with both patrician and plebeian branches. This gens was of great antiquity. Two of the Aquillii are mentioned among the Roman nobles who conspired to bring back the Tarquins, a member of the house, Gaius Aquillius Tuscus, was consul in 487 BC; the nomen Aquilius or Aquillius is derived from aquila, an eagle. On coins and inscriptions the name is always written Aquillius, but in manuscripts with a single l; the oldest branch of the family bore the cognomen Tuscus, suggesting that the gens may have been of Etruscan origin, although the nomen of the gens is indisputably Latin, the name Tuscus could have been acquired in other ways. This cognomen is nonetheless dubious as only found in late sources. From the imagery of their coins, it seems that the Aquillii had a special devotion for Sol, a rare occurrence under the Republic; the oldest families of the Aquillii bore the praenomina Gaius and Marcus, which were the three most common names at all periods of Roman history.
However, one family, which rose to considerable prominence in the final century of the Republic, preferred the less-common praenomen Manius. The cognomina of the Aquillii under the Republic are Corvus, Florus and Tuscus. Tuscus, the oldest surname of the gens, means "Etruscan", this branch of the family was patrician. Corvus refers to a raven; this surname is more famous from the gens Valeria. The Aquillii Flori first appear during the First Punic War, although they must have existed since the fourth century BC, flourished at least until the time of Augustus, their name means "flower". Gallus may refer to a cock, or to a Gaul though the Galli were from Lanuvium. Crassus, a surname common in many gentes, may be translated as "thick," "dull," "simple," or "crude." The last cognomen to appear was Felix, meaning "lucky". In the last century of the Republic, two Aquillii who reached the consulship are not recorded with a cognomen, but they belonged to the Flori, since this cognomen is found on coins and inscriptions of their descendants.
This list includes abbreviated praenomina. For an explanation of this practice, see filiation. Gaius Aquillius Tuscus, consul in 487 BC, carried on war against the Hernici, received an Ovation. Lucius Aquillius Corvus, tribunus militum consulari potestate in 388 BC. Gaius Aquillius Florus, grandfather of the consul of 259 BC. Marcus Aquillius Florus, father of the consul of 259 BC. Gaius Aquillius M. f. C. n. Florus, consul in 259 BC, the sixth year of the First Punic War, he was sent in Sicily. He celebrated a triumph at his return to Rome. Manius Aquillius M'. F. M'. N. praetor by 132 BC, consul in 129, proconsul in Asia until 126, which he organised as province. Manius Aquillius M'. F. M'. N. triumvir monetalis in 109 or 108 BC, praetor by 104, legate in Gaul in 103, consul and proconsul in Sicily in 101-99, where he defeated the revolted slaves of Salvius Tryphon. Ambassador in Bythinia in 89, he was captured and put to death by Mithradates in 88 BC. Manius Aquillius M'. F. M'. N. senator and juror in the trial of Oppianicus in 74 BC Manius Aquillius M'.
F. M'. N, triumvir monetalis in 65 BC. Aquillius Florus, a supporter Marcus Antonius. Caught by Octavian, he committed suicide. Aquillius Florus, supported Marcus Antonius alongside his father, with whom he was killed by Octavian. Lucius Aquillius M'. F. M'. N. Florus, quaestor in Asia in the late Republic, where he repaired the roads built by his ancestor, the consul of 129 BC. Lucius Aquillius L. f. M'. N. Florus, triumvir monetalis in 19 BC. Lucius Aquillius Gallus, praetor in 176 BC, obtained Sicily for his province. Gaius Aquillius Gallus, praetor in 66 BC, an early jurist, pupil of Quintus Mucius Scaevola. Publius Aquillius Gallus, tribune of the plebs in 55 BC, he tried to oppose the Lex Trebonia, granting a proconsulship of five years to Crassus and Pompey. Lucius Aquillius C. f. Florus Turcianus Gallus, a senator under Augustus, his name indicates a possible alliance between Galli. Aquillius Niger, a writer referred to by Suetonius for a statement respecting the death of the consul Hirtius. Quintus Aquillius Niger, consul in AD 117.
Aquillius, a tribune of the plebs author of the Lex Aquillia dated from 286 BC. Publius Aquillius, tribune of the plebs in 211 BC, although the date is disputed. Publius Aquillius, legate in 210 BC. Aquillia engaged to marry Quintus Tullius Cicero circa 44 BC. Marcus Aquillius Crassus, praetor in 43 BC, sent by the Senate to oppose Octavianus, proscribed; the same as Acilius proscribed, whose escape is related by Appian. Marcus Aquillius Julianus, consul in AD 38. Gaius Aquillius Proculus, consul suffectus for July and August, AD 90. Marcus Aquillius Regulus, one of the delatores, or informers, in the time of Nero, again under Domitian. Marcus Aquillius M. f. Felix, primipile of the XI Legion Claudia in 193, he was ordered by Didius Julianus to murder Septimius Severus, but defected to him instead, he was rewarded by several senior positions in the administration of Severus. Aquillius Severus, a minor poet from Hispania during the time of Valentinian I. List of Roman gentes This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Smith, William, ed..
"article name needed". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology. Lucius Cassius Dio Cocceianus, Roman History. Titus Livius, History of Rome. René Cagnat et al. Inscriptiones Graecae ad res Romanas Pertinentes, Paris C. H. V. Sutherland, Roman Imperial Coinage, volume 1: Aug
Wizard101 is a 2008 massively multiplayer online role-playing game created by KingsIsle Entertainment. In the game, players take on the role of students of Ravenwood School of Magical Arts in order to save the Spiral, the fictional galaxy in which the game is set, from various threats. Players battle enemies by casting spells using a turn-based combat system similar to collectible card games. Pirate101, a sister MMORPG set in the same universe, was released in 2012; the fictional universe of the Spiral is divided into many worlds. Players can unlock these temporarily with "memberships", or unlock each area permanently with the game's premium currency "Crowns". A wizard first starting the game must choose a school: Fire, Storm, Life, Death, or Balance, each complete with their own set of unique spells and playstyles to come along with them; the game is based around "duels": two teams made up of one to four players on each team or computer enemies who take turns casting spells. Spells can be cast using "pips".
A player gains one pip every round, there is a chance that that pip will be a "power pip" worth two regular pips for spells that are of the player's class. Spells can reduce the health of enemy creatures, increase the health of friends, add shields which reduce damage, add blades which modify the amount of damage and buffs which increase damage, more; when a player reduces a computer enemies' health to zero, they are defeated, while players with a health of zero can be healed by others on their team unless they "flee" the duel. When every player or computer on a team has zero health, the other team wins; as the player progresses, more worlds become available. There are many main worlds, with a few smaller side ones; when wizards level up they gain new badge titles and automatic increases of their base statistics: health and energy. Most equipment has level restrictions. Hobbies such as training pets and gardening require energy. Duels can be played against other players in the PvP arena, in some houses.
As of November 2018, players can achieve a maximum of Level 130. The game holds a rating of E10+ from the Entertainment Software Rating Board for crude humor and mild fantasy violence; the game offers a choice of either a "Free-to-Play" option with microtransactions. Free-to-Play customers can purchase access to different areas of content using in-game currency called Crowns; such areas only need to be purchased once, but other actions in the game may be necessary before accessing them. Crowns can be used to buy in-game exclusive items and access PvP tournaments; the fee for PvP tournaments vary. Crowns can be purchased by a game card or from the online store, or earned in small amounts through SuperRewards. Subscriptions unlock all playable worlds, as well as allowing players to compete in ranked PvP matches and ranked Pet Derby races, enter tournaments for gold, store more items in their backpack, gain the ability to post on the Wizard101 Message Board, along with other minor benefits for the duration of their membership.
In the European version of Wizard101, players are able to buy Bundles with Crowns. Certain areas and dungeons in Wizard101 can be rented for a certain period of time such as the 6-hour rentals for Mount Olympus and Tartarus in Aquila. Unlimited access to ranked PVP and Pet Derby matches can be rented on a daily basis. Due to its young core audience, Wizard101 restricts player interaction when compared to other games in the massively multiplayer online genre. There are three different types of chat: Menu Chat, Text Chat, Open Chat. Menu Chat only allows the player to choose from a variety of predetermined phrases or sentences and prevents them from typing anything else in chat. In Text Chat, what a player types can be seen by every other wizard in the area either from a word bubble on top of the speaker's head or in the chat box. Private Chat is when a wizard wishes to speak in "message", to another wizard; this appears on the screen in a white box to the left. The age of the player directly correlates to the communication allowable.
When typed, words that appear in white are words. Yellow words can only be seen by players who have their account set to "Open Chat". Open Chat is obtained when a player identifies him or herself as 18 years or older by using their credit card. Red words are not allowed and can be seen by no one, not the player themselves. If an adult chatter types red or yellow words, younger players will see ellipses in place of the word. Note that when players do not have Open Chat and say a Red word, players with Open Chat will not see that word either, will see ellipses as well. Red words include not only profanity, but words that would allow players to share real life information with each other including phone numbers, their ages, or real world locations. Another aspect of the game is the ability for players to fight each other, either in Practice dueling, free, or Ranked dueling, which must be purchased with Crowns or a membership. Unlike Practice matches, Ranked matches affect the player's ranking badge or title and grant the victor or victors Arena Tickets, yet another type of in-game premium currency.
Duels between players are available only in a special player versus player arena designated for the purpose. The PvP arena can be found upon entry to Unicorn Way from the Commons in Wizard City, in some houses, within Outer Yard in Avalon. Rewards for combat or completing a quest are distributed automatically amongst a group, if players d
Aquila A 210
The Aquila A 210 is a two-seat reinforced plastic light aircraft produced in Germany from 2002. It remains in production in 2010; the marketing name A 210 is used to refer to Aquila's light side by side two seat aircraft, though its official engineering and certification name is Aquila AT01. Design work started in 1997 and the first flight was made in March 2000; the A 210 is built from carbon and glass fibre reinforced plastics. CRFP is used for the more stressed members, spars and stringers, GFRP for shells and control surfaces, the latter with GFRP/polyurethane sandwich construction; the low wing has straight tapered inboard sections with increasing sweep outboard and winglets at the tips on production examples. It has 4.5 ° of dihedral. The ailerons are balanced and the inboard single slotted Fowler flaps have two positions; the A 210 is powered by a Rotax 912 flat four engine driving a two blade propeller. The cabin has uninterrupted transparencies aft, with a slender fuselage behind; the canopy is forward hinged.
The tailplane is set just above the fuselage and the fin is swept. A small ventral fin doubles as a tail bumper; the A 210 has a fixed tricycle undercarriage. Its mainwheels are mounted on spring steel legs from the fuselage; the nosewheel is steerable. German certification was achieved in 2001 and deliveries began the following year, it gained US certification in 2003. Early sales were to clubs as training aircraft. Most have been sold in Europe and overall 120 have been built by late 2010. 110 appear as Aquila AT01 on the civil aircraft registrations of European countries excluding Russia in 2010. Aquila A 210 Original model Aquila A 211 Conventional instrument panel Aquila A 211GX Glass cockpit model Data from Jane's All the World's Aircraft 2011/12General characteristics Capacity: 2 Length: 7.30 m Wingspan: 10.30 m excluding winglets Height: 2.30 m Wing area: 10.50 m2 Airfoil: Horstmann-Quast HQ-42 modified Empty weight: 500 kg Max takeoff weight: 750 kg Powerplant: 1 × Rotax 912 S3 flat four air and water cooled piston, 73.5 kW Propellers: 2-bladed MT-Propeller MTV-21-A/175-05 hydraulically variable pitch, 1.66 m diameterPerformance Maximum speed: 241 km/h Cruise speed: 191 km/h at 55% power Stall speed: 80 km/h flaps down Never exceed speed: 306 km/h Range: 1,148 km 55% power at 1,640 m with 45 min reserves Endurance: 6 h 5 min at 55% power Service ceiling: 4,420 m Rate of climb: 3.82 m/s AvionicsEFIS European Aviation Safety Agency Type Certificate Data Sheet for the AQUILA AT01
S. P. Somtow
S. P. Somtow is a Thai-American musical composer, he is a science fiction and horror author writing in English. Somtow has both American citizenship. A descendant of the Royal Chakri dynasty, Somtow was born in Bangkok. However, he moved to England with his parents at the age of six months and English was his first language. Somtow was educated at St Catharine's College, Cambridge, he returned to Thailand in the early 1960s for a five-year period, during which he became fluent in the Thai language. At age 11, he wrote a poem called Kith of Infinity, published in the English-language Bangkok Post. Shirley MacLaine saw it, thinking that it was written by a dead poet, included it in her autobiography, Don’t Fall Off the Mountain; the poem contains the line "I am not a man". It is presumed; as a science fiction writer, Somtow is known for several series, among which are the Mallworld and Aquila series. He first was published as Somtow Sucharitkul in the late 1970s in Asimov’s and Analog science fiction magazines.
He wrote several novels under that name before changing his byline to S. P. Somtow, he wrote a series of related novels and stories. He was president of the Horror Writers Association from 1998 to 2000, his other horror books include the werewolf/American West novel Moon Dance, the zombie/American Civil War novel Darker Angels and the collections Tagging the Moon: Fairy Tales of L. A. and The Pavilion of Frozen Women. In 1997, he wrote The Vampire's Beautiful Daughter, he wrote and directed the cult horror film The Laughing Dead and co-wrote the Roger Corman-produced Bram Stoker's Burial of the Rats. His novel, Jasmine Nights, a semi-autobiographical novel set in Thailand in the 1960s, has become his best known fictional work; the historical fantasy The Shattered Horse holds that Hector’s son Astyanax survives the fall of Troy and grows to adulthood to meet many of the characters of Iliad. He has composed five symphonies and a ballet, Kaki. Other musical compositions include the “Requiem: In Memoriam 9/11,” commissioned by the government of Thailand as a gift for the victims of the 9/11 events and inspired by the poetry of Walt Whitman, Emily Dickinson, T. S. Eliot.
In 2000, he composed Madana, the first orchestral western opera by a Thai composer and based on a Thai language play by King Rama VI. The opera was in English, his second opera on a Thai theme, Mae Naak, premiered in 2003 and a third opera, was first performed in November, 2006. His opera The Silent Prince was premiered in Houston by Opera Vista on October 15, 2010. A fifth opera, Dan no Ura, received its premiere in 2014 in Bangkok, he is at work on two operas, one an adaptation of his fantasy short story "The Fallen Country" and another about the life of Holocaust survivor Helena Citronova. "The Snow Dragon", the adaptation of his fantasy story, is set to premiere March 13, 2015, at the Skylight Music Theatre in Milwaukee, under the baton of Viswa Subbaraman. In 2012 his musical, Reya the Musical, based on a serialized novel by his mother, made into a popular Thai TV soap, premiered at the Aksra Theatre in Bangkok and ran for twenty performances. A hybrid work combining ballet with opera, “Suriyothai,” based on the life of a Thai Queen of the Ayuthaya Period, premiered on August 23, 2013.
He is working on a second musical, "Pob - the Musical" for December 2015 release. He is artistic director of Opera Siam. In 2006, Somtow Sucharitkul conducted the first Wagner opera in Southeast Asia, Das Rheingold, as part of a five-year project to bring the entire Ring Cycle to Southeast Asia by the year 2010. Various delays afflicted the project and it has yet to resume, he has conducted the Thailand premieres of many key repertoire operas such as Thaïs, The Rape of Lucretia. He embarked on a venture to conduct all of Mahler's symphonies in Thailand, this cycle reached the completion with No. 2 in 2015. In the 1970s Somtow Sucharitkul formed the Temple of Dawn Consort with Dnu Huntrakul and Bruce Gaston, an eclectic performing ensemble devoted to a fusion of Thai and western music styles and instruments, performing music by these the three composers. After his 1979 departure for the United States, the group evolved into other fusion ensembles, the most notable being Bruce Gaston’s Fong Naam ensemble.
On his return to Thailand in the 21st Century Somtow founded, in addition to Bangkok Opera, the Siam Philharmonic Orchestra and the Siam Sinfonietta, a youth symphony orchestra. He founded the Orpheus Choir of Bangkok, traveling all over Thailand and performing many of Somtow Sucharitkul’s pieces. Somtow has written episodes of the animated television series Dinosaucers, C. O. P. S. and Chip'n Dale: Rescue Rangers. When Nobel Prize laureate Wole Soyinka withdrew as keynote speaker at the 2006 S. E. A. Write Awards Ceremony in protest against the ousting of the elected government of Thaksin Shinawatra, Somtow, a critic of Thaksin, replaced Soyinka as keynote speaker. In his speech, Somtow berated Soyinka for boycotting the awards and claimed that in 50 years, he had never felt more free. Soon afterward, Somtow’s opera Ayodhya was censored by state officials under the junta, who claimed that the on-stage death of the demon-king, would constitute a “bad omen” for the military junta. Somtow agreed to modify the scene and was forced to sign a document giving officials the right to “
Hyosung GV250 is a 249 cc cruiser motorcycle manufactured by Hyosung Motors & Machinery Inc.. The motorcycle's 2010 version produces 28.5 hp. The GV250 features the same electronic fuel injection as the larger Hyosung GV650, its 4-stroke, 8-valve, double overhead cam engine is air- and oil-cooled
Macroglossum aquila is a moth of the family Sphingidae. It is known from north-eastern India, Thailand, southern China, Malaysia and the Philippines; the wingspan is 49–54 mm