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Arab states of the Persian Gulf

The Arab states of the Persian Gulf are the seven Arab states which border the Persian Gulf, namely Bahrain, Iraq, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates. All of these nations except Iraq are part of the Gulf Cooperation Council, prefer to use the term "Arabian Gulf" rather than the historical name of the Persian Gulf; some states are constitutional monarchies with elected parliaments. Bahrain and Kuwait have legislatures with members elected by the population; the Sultanate of Oman has an advisory council, popularly elected. In the UAE, a federation of seven monarchical emirates, the Federal National Council functions only as an advisory body, but some of its members are now chosen via a limited electoral college nominated by the seven rulers. Saudi Arabia remains a hereditary monarchy with limited political representation. In Qatar, an elected national parliament has been mooted and is written into the new constitution, but elections are yet to be held. Soap operas are important national pastimes in the Gulf Arab region.

They are most popular during the time of Ramadan. Most of these soap operas are based in Kuwait. Kuwaiti soap operas are the most-watched soap operas in the Persian Gulf region. Although performed in the Kuwaiti dialect, they have been shown with success as far away as Tunisia. Kuwaiti popular culture, in the form of theatre and television soap opera, flourishes and is exported to neighbouring Arab states of the Persian Gulf. Darb El Zalag, Khalti Gmasha, Ruqayya wa Sabika are among the most important television productions in the Persian Gulf region. Kuwait is considered the cultural capital of the Arab states of the Persian Gulf region dubbed the "Hollywood of the Gulf" due to the popularity of its Arabic television soap operas and theatre; the inhabitants of Eastern Arabia's coast share similar cultures and music styles such as fijiri and liwa. The most noticeable cultural trait of Eastern Arabia's Arabs is their orientation and focus towards the sea. Maritime-focused life in the small Arab states has resulted in a sea-oriented society where livelihoods have traditionally been earned in marine industries.

Before the GCC was formed in 1981, the term "Khaleeji" was used to refer to the inhabitants of Eastern Arabia. "Khaleeji" meant descendants of Ichthyophagi, the coast-dwelling "fish eaters". Geographically, the Arabic-speaking is Eastern Arabia. Press in the Arab states of the Persian Gulf have varying degrees of freedom with Kuwait topping the league with a lively press that enjoys more freedom than its Persian Gulf counterparts according to Freedom House and Reporters Without Borders. Both organizations rank Kuwait's press as the most free of all Arab states of the Persian Gulf and, in fact, rank amongst the top three most free press in the Arab world. Qatar and Oman come in second and third within the regional ranks; the six Arab states of the Persian Gulf lie in a volatile region and their six governments, with varying degrees of success and effort and advance peace in their own countries and other countries. However, Arab countries in the Persian Gulf region - Saudi Arabia and Qatar - stand accused of funding Islamist militants such as Hamas and the Muslim Brotherhood.

According to the Institute of Economics and Peace's Global Peace Index of 2016, the six governments had varying degrees of success in maintaining peace amongst their respective borders with Qatar ranked number 1 amongst its regional peers as the most peaceful regional and Middle Eastern nation while Kuwait ranks second in both the regional and the Middle East region followed by the UAE in the third spot. All of these Arab states have significant revenues from petroleum; the United Arab Emirates has been diversifying the economy. 79% of UAE's total GDP comes from non-oil sectors. Oil accounts for only 2% of Dubai's GDP. Bahrain has the Persian Gulf's first "post-oil" economy because the Bahraini economy does not rely on oil. Since the late 20th century, Bahrain has invested in the banking and tourism sectors; the country's capital, Manama is home to many large financial structures. Bahrain and Kuwait have a high Human Development Index and was recognised by the World Bank as high income economies.

In addition, the small coastal states were successful centers of commerce prior to oil. Eastern Arabia had significant pearl banks, but the pearling industry collapsed in the 1930s after the development of cultured pearl methods by Japanese scientists. According to the World Bank, most of these Arab states have been the world's most generous donors of aid as a share of GDP. Persian Gulf naming dispute Arabian Peninsula List of Rulers of the Arab States of the Persian Gulf Iran-Arab relations Madawi Al-Rasheed, ed.. Transnational Connections and the Arab Gulf. Lawrence G. Potter, ed.. The Persian Gulf in History. Lawrence G. Potter, ed.. Sectarian Politics in the Persian Gulf. "The Persian Gulf's ancient Ethnic Diversity: An Evolutionary History" in Security in the Persian Gulf: Origins and the Search for Consensus, Edited by G. Sick and L. Potter, pp. 284. Gulf2000 Gulf Research Center

1020s in England

Events from the 1020s in England. Monarch – Canute 1020 Rotunda of Bury St Edmunds Abbey constructed. Aethelnoth enthroned as Archbishop of Canterbury. 1021 1022 1023 Siward, a Dane, appointed Earl of Northumbria. Archbishop Wulfstan II of York writes Homilies. 1024 1025 King Cnut forms an alliance with Byzantine emperor Constantine VIII. 1026 The Battle of the Helgeå is fought off the coast of Sweden: naval forces of Cnut's North Sea Empire defeat the combined Swedish and Norwegian royal fleets. 1027 Cnut negotiates a tax-free route for English pilgrims to Rome where at Easter he attends the coronation of Conrad II, Holy Roman Emperor. Cnut invades the Kingdom of Scotland. Approximate date – Ealdred succeeds Lyfing as Abbot of Tavistock. 1028 Cnut becomes King of Norway in addition to King of England. 1029 1022 King Harold Godwinson 1026 Tostig Godwinson, Earl of Northumbria 1027/28 King William I of England 1020 12 June – Lyfing, Archbishop of Canterbury 1023 28 May – Wulfstan II, Archbishop of York

2007 Australian Lacrosse League season

Results and statistics for the Australian Lacrosse League season of 2007. Saturday, 20 October 2007, Victoria Goalscorers: Vic: Nick LeGuen 4-1, Jake Egan 2, Blair Pepperell 2, Clinton Lander 0-1, John Tokarua 0-1. SA: Anson Carter 3, Leigh Perham 1-3, Wes Green 1, Stefan Guerin 1, Brock Pettigrove 1. Sunday, 21 October 2007, Victoria Goalscorers: Vic: Nick LeGuen 3-2, Blair Pepperell 2, Andrew Whitbourn 2, Clinton Lander 1-2, Sam Bullock 1-1, Jake Egan 1, Adam Townley 1, Ben Waite 1, Aaron Onofretchook 0-2, Alistair Gloutnay 0-1. SA: Kieren Lennox 2, Will Pickett 2, Leigh Perham 1-3, Chris Averay 1-1, Anson Carter 1-1, Ryan Gaspari 1, Stefan Guerin 1, Brock Pettigrove 1. Friday, 26 October 2007, South Australia Goalscorers: SA: Chris Averay 2-2, Anson Carter 2-1, Leigh Perham 1-1, Stefan Guerin 1, Kieren Lennox 1, Jason MacKinnon 1, Brock Pettigrove 1, Will Pickett 1, Ryan Stone 1. WA: Wayne Curran 6, Kim Delfs 3-1, Jesse Stack 1-2, Jason Battaglia 1, Blair Coggan 1, Brad Goddard 1, James Watson-Galbraith 1, Mark Whiteman 0-1.

Saturday, 27 October 2007, South Australia Goalscorers: SA: Anson Carter 4, Leigh Perham 3, Chris Averay 1-2, Ryan Gaspari 1, Jack Woodford 0-1. WA: Kim Delfs 4-3, Jesse Stack 4-1, Brad Goddard 3, Wayne Curran 2-1, Adam Delfs 1, Ben Tippett 1, James Watson-Galbraith 0-2, Mark Whiteman 0-1. Friday, 2 November 2007, Western Australia Goalscorers: WA: Wayne Curran 2, Brad Goddard 1, Jesse Stack 0-1. Vic: Sam Bullock 3, Ben Waite 3, Adam Townley 2, Jake Egan 1, Nick LeGuen 1, Aaron Onofretchook 1, Clinton Lander 0-2, Blair Pepperell 0-2. Saturday, 3 November 2007, Western Australia Goalscorers: WA: Wayne Curran 2, Kim Delfs 2, Jason Battaglia 1, Ian Berry 1, James Watson-Galbraith 1, Sam Ramsay 0-1. Vic: Adam Townley 4, Ben Waite 3, Nick LeGuen 2, Jake Egan 1, James Lawerson 1, Aaron Onofretchook 1, Andrew Whitbourn 1, Clinton Lander 0-1, Blair Pepperell 0-1. Table after completion of round-robin tournament Saturday, 10 November 2007, Victoria Goalscorers: Vic: Adam Townley 4, Nick LeGuen 2-2, Clinton Lander 2-1, Aaron Onofretchook 1-1, Andrew Whitbourn 1-1, Jake Egan 1, Ben Waite 1, Blair Pepperell 0-1.

WA: Wayne Curran 1, Kim Delfs 1, James Watson-Galbraith 1, Mark Whiteman 0-1. ALL 2007 Champions: Victoria ALL 2007 Most Valuable Player: Leigh Perham ALL 2007 All-Stars: Sam Bullock, Nick LeGuen, Cameron Shepherd, Chris Tillotson, John Tokarua, Ben Waite, Wayne Curran, Kim Delfs, Brad Goddard, Tim Kennedy, Gavin Leavy, Anson Carter, Leigh Perham. Coach: Murray Keen. Referee: Jason Lawrence. Australian Lacrosse League Lacrosse in Australia Australian Lacrosse League Lacrosse Australia Lacrosse South Australia Lacrosse Victoria Western Australian Lacrosse Association