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Iruña de Oca is a municipality located in the province of Álava, in the Basque Country, northern Spain. Is compounded by five towns called "concejos" which names are: Nanclares de la Oca/Langraiz Oka Montevite/Mandaita Ollávarre/Olabarri Víllodas/Billoda Trespuentes/TraspondeIt was formed in 1976 by the merger of the municipalities of Iruña and Nanclares de la Oca. Iruña de Oca is the most populated municipality of the Cuadrilla de Añana. More than the 35% of the people of Añana live there, it is located in the central part of the Álava province, just 14 km far from Vitoria, the capital city of the Basque Country. IRUÑA DE OCA in the Bernardo Estornés Lasa - Auñamendi Encyclopedia
Zuia is a town and municipality located in the province of Álava, in the Basque Country, northern Spain. The first mention of the Zuia Valley is in the document Reja de San Millan from the year 1025, a document conserved in the Monastery of San Millan; the document states. In 1752, after repeated attempts, the king approved the establishment of a highway through the valley of Zuia to facilitate communication between Vitoria and Bilbao. Work was supposed to be completed by the year 1798. In 1763, they voted to enlarge the town hall, under Mayor Francisco Vea Murgia. In 1767 the city council house of Zuia was finished. However, in 1795, after 6 years of poor harvests and a draining war with France, the Valley remained mired in abject poverty, so they sold half of the town hall for 4300 ducats to Don Domingo Ortiz de Zarate, the patron of Luquiano, who lived in Murgia. Geographically, the municipio of Zuia borders the province of Biscay and Álava municipalities: Urkabustaiz, Kuartango and. Within its limits is located a large portion of the Gorbea massif, including its most important summits: Gorbea, Nafakorta Burbona and Berretín.
The sources of several rivers are located here, including the Baias, the Ugalde, the Larreakorta, which as they flow from North to South have carved steep watersheds into the valley of Zuia, around river Baias. Although part of the original vegetation of Gorbeia has been cleared, magnificent beech woods are still found in Berretín, Ilunbe. But, without a doubt, the best preserved enclave is the beech forest of Altube, where the part of Zuia, has been developed around the canyons that descend from Burbona: the Bortal/Rekandi and Katxandiano. In the area of Zuia Valley, extraordinary oaks remain next to the Baias, distributed like islets between large areas of pasture that occupy the entire Valley of Zuia. Peñas de Oro/Atxabal and Ganalto, close the Zuia Valley, sheltering beautiful patches of beech and oak on its slopes; these places offer beautiful views over all Oro, a place of great botanical and artistic interest. Zuia was a farming and ranching municipio; the first industries appeared here in the twentieth century.
As in the rest of the region and forestry were once the primary economical activities of the area. Though agriculture is no longer a major component of the local economy, there are still important sheep and cattle farms here, in some of which Idiazabal cheese is made; the beekeeping sector is growing in importance, with the production of honey and derivatives, which are promoted from the Honey museum in Murgia. The industrial sector is located in the industrial estates of Murgia and Islarra, with an area of over 100,000 m2 of industrial land. Services are undoubtedly the most important sector of Zuia's economy; the growth of tourism and nature-related sport activities have driven this industry in a municipality with a long tourism tradition. Murgia has become a center of services whose sphere of influence goes far beyond municipal boundaries; this way, hosts numerous shops, restaurants, sports center, technical services, tourist office, etc. Other villages of the Valley host such services: farmhouses and cottages and restaurants, Zuia Golf Club in Altube, Service Areas in the motorway, etc.
The villages in the municipality are: Ametzaga Aperregi Aretxaga Bitoriano Domaikia Gilierna-Guillerna Jugo Lukiano Markina Murgia, the capital Sarria Zárate Ziorraga Zuia Sanctuary of Our Lady of Gold ZUIA in the Bernardo Estornés Lasa - Auñamendi Encyclopedia
Lapuebla de Labarca is a town and municipality located in the province of Álava, in the Basque Country, northern Spain. Today Lapuebla de Labarca is a town of 868 inhabitants and marked by its agricultural economy related to the production and sale of wine of Denomination of Origin Rioja Alavesa. Lapuebla de Labarca owes its name to the fact that at that point of the Ebro river there was anciently a boat, used to ford the river; the use of such boat disappeared with the construction of a suspension bridge across the river. The current bridge, made of cement, dates from 1939 and is still used to cross the river; the town was born as a necessity of the town of Laguardia, of having a boat passage that would communicate the Sonsierra of the Kingdom of Navarre with Castile. Lapuebla de Labarca, undoubtedly one of the youngest towns of Rioja Alavesa, named after the boat with which that river named before was crossed and subsequently replaced by a wire suspension bridge, until it was built the one used nowadays in 1939.
At first, its population was poor -in 1369 had only 5 neighbors who paid contribution-. Its progressive increase in population was due to its good location, appropriate climate and the richness of its soil fundamentally. Thus, in the seventeenth century King Philip IV gives the town its independence from Laguardia and gives the title of town, on June 11, 1631; the primitive population of Lapuebla de Labarca developed around the church. In the old town, the main street forms a horseshoe. From this Lapuebla de Labarca started to expand, in the nineteenth century to the neighborhood of "El Castillo" at the north and in the twentieth century another expansion that developed westward from the square “El Plano”; the neighborhood of the wineries, popularly known as "Cuevas" is at the top of the village. Today Lapuebla de Labarca is a town of 868 inhabitants and marked by its agricultural economy related to the production and sale of wine Denomination of Origin Rioja Alavesa, it has companies directly related to winemaking.
Lapuebla de Labarca is located at the south of Alava, Rioja Alavesa is bounded to the north by the Sierra de Cantabria and to the south by the river Ebro. Settled in the foothills south of "Cerro de Misamayor" on a craggy area called "Los Riscos" hung over the Ebro river, at an altitude of 429m. over the sea level and of only 6 km of extension, It is the smallest municipality of Rioja Alavesa: Lapuebla de Labarca. The capital of the Basque Country, The four seasons are given in this region of the Rioja Alavesa. A Winter and summer with harsh temperatures as cold in winter and temperatures between 28 and 35 degrees in summer, which favors the daily bath in the pools of the village or picnics beside the Ebro, in the park of La Póveda.. and a more pleasant temperatures in spring and autumn, moments that can be harnessed to enjoy pleasant walks or bike along the roads of the municipality of Lapuebla de Labarca and its surroundings. The landscape varies with the seasons, so the traveler can find a "naked" station where the vineyards are parallel or perpendicular lines revealing the chalky soil of this area during the winter.
Instead, in the spring, in the middle of April, May and July, the vines are dressed in an intense light green that changes shades to become dark green in late August and September, to the collection of grape. But it is in autumn when the land is dressed in ocher and red that with blue skies and wooly acquires an incomparable beauty, it is for this reason and because at this time the work of picking grapes and making wine the traditional way are given by small and medium vintners making becomes more advisable to visit this area. Day open cellar: It is celebrated on the second Saturday of February each year. All people who want to know the culture of wine can do this day where wineries open to the public, guided tours are made, wine tastings and other work are made, all related to the world of wine. In the 2011 edition they went to Lapuebla de Labarca more than four thousand people to spend a fantastic day with each other and with the precious wine, made here, the wine. On May 15, San Isidro, the patron saint of farmers, held a festival are organized by PEÑA SAN BARTOLOME, years were lost by the council but recovered by the rock and now organizes and pays for this.
On August 24 are celebrated the day of Saint Bartholomew. On the eve of the lower village youth Bartolo of the upper town where the wineries. From there the lively kalejira goes to the City Council to place the doll, the ikurriña and Cuba on the balcony of the town hall and throw the txupinazo start of the holidays. During the holidays'Bartolo' you will witness everything that happens from that balcony as a'president' of the celebrations; the last day and at the conclusion of the festivities takes place the so-called'burial Cuba' in which'Bartolo' performs the reverse route to the first day to return to the wineries of the people are the'Poor my'. Zurracapote is spread among visitors, they are famous for its running of the bulls. Another significant festival of the village is the pilgrimage to La Poveda, a wooded area near the Ebro River in the traditional sartenada is dealt. Pedro Córdoba Samaniego:Director and composer military bands, he was born in Lapuebla de Labarca, Alava, on 19 October 1871.
Endowed with great powers for music, although he began studying at age 17, one of his teachers was Enrique Barrera, at 20 he was conductor and 25, senior musician Army. In 1922, he directed the Band of the Foreign Legion, which remained at high artistic level She was among the best- and was required to act in diverse populations.
Arratzua-Ubarrundia is a valley and municipality located in the province of Álava, in the Basque Country, northern Spain. It is located just a few kilometers north of Vitoria-Gasteiz. Zurbano ARRAZUA-UBARRUNDIA in the Bernardo Estornés Lasa - Auñamendi Encyclopedia
Amurrio is a town and municipality located in the northwest part of the province of Álava, in the Basque Country, northern Spain. It has over 10,000 inhabitants, it is between Vitoria-Gasteiz and Bilbao to 41 km and 31 km. Amurrio is in border with the following towns: In the North: Ayala eta Orozko. In the South: Orduña. In the East: Zuia. In the West: Ayala. Amurrio has 10 towns within its township: Aloria Amurrio Artomaña Barambio Delika Larrimbe Lekamaña Lezama Onsoño Saratxo Tertanga Amurrio entered into written history in 1095, it had its own council in 1842 -since before it belonged to Ayala-, made itself independent in 1919. It is, thus, a town with an old flavour, while at the same time, as one sees in its architecture and the strength of its industry, it is full of youthful vigour. Amurrio remained a farming area with the rise of industry. In the fifties there were small workshops working with liqueurs. There were enterprises working with railways and valves. All of them helped to prop up the weak agricultural economy of the area.
The great change occurred a few years with the setting up of major steel companies. They brought Amurrio their rich human diversity, the population doubles in the ten years leading up to 1975. In 1976 it acquired nine more towns, including Arrastaria. Amurrio's economy revolves principally around industry, despite services are important; this countryside is in close harmony with industry, since not in vain do more than 60% of the population work in factories and workshops. Steel and tube production have been the best known industry in Amurrio. Due to the 21st century petroleum crisis, many more job positions were created. Nowadays, between Amurrio and Llodio are located two of the most significant steel tube producers of the Basque Country and Europe: Tubacex and Tubos Reunidos; the industrial estates Aldaiturriaga and Saratxo, adjoining the railway and road, offer the appropriate land and amenities. These are the factories: Aceralava Acería de Álava: 150 employees. Amurrio Ferrocarril y Equipos: 175 employees.
Industria Auxiliar Alavesa: 140 employees. Kime: 110 employees. Lázaro Ituarte Internacional: 50 employees. Möllertech: 330 employees. Tubacex Tuberías Inoxidables: 160 employees. Tubos Reunidos: 940 employees. Due to the steel manufacturing factories' huge presence, Amurrio has created a medium-sized steel industry network: Talleres F. Larrinaga: valve and gear production. Castinox: production of valves, stainless steel and various components of the industry, as well as smelting alloy; the sectors of wood manufacturing and construction are remarkable: Etxeguren: industrial projects: maintenance, change of machinery, installations... Plaza Amurrio: supply for construction, furniture... If agriculture is on a second level, there are some important shops where this home-made or home-extracted products can be bought: Industrias Cárnicas Burutxaga: meat industry. Lur Denok: ecological food. During the 1960s and 1970s the inhabitants of Amurrio grew, among others because of the process of industrialisation of Biscay -it must be taken into account that Amurrio is close to Bilbao and it is under its influence.
From the 1980s onwards, due to the economic recession, population stabilized. In 2008 the town recovered and reached again to 10,000 inhabitants. Source: www.ine.es Western Sahara, Agounit. The Basque dialect used in Amurrio is a variation of the Western dialect, it is estimated. However, the usage of Basque is much lower than that. In order to encourage its use, the town hall launches more than a campaign and learning programme per year, such as Euskaraz Bizi eguna, where every citizen is invited to participate in activities and conferences in Basque. There is a ikastola and bertso-eskola, where both compulsory and extracurricular lessons are taught in Basque. Amurrio has been more than once the scenery of Araba Euskaraz: in 1986, 1996, 2005 and 2013. Additionally, in 2010 the celebration on the public school was held in Lucas Rey; as for associations promoting and encouraging Basque, Belaiki euskara elkartea, Aspaltza euskara elkartea and Aiaraldeko Euskalgintza Kontseilua could be mentioned. From August 11 to August 17 patronal festivities in honour of Assumption of Saint Roch.
August 15, Blessed Virgin Mary other Assumption of Mary day. August 16, Saint Roch. Artzain eguna: third Sunday of September. Within this day various activities related to the shepherding are organised: cheese competition, sheep meet tasting, shearing demonstration, so on. Mikoturismo eguna: in November. Day in which activities around mushrooms are organised: conferences, special menus elaborated with mushrooms, pintxo competition, so on. January 17, Antohny the Great. October 28, Simon the Zealot and Jude the Apostle. April 28, festivities in honour of San Prudencio, the patron saint of Álava. May 9, Las Entradillas dance. Txakolin eguna: in May, the following Sunday of Isidore the Laborer. Destacable our txakoli, which receives an origin denomination: Txakoli de Álava; some of the museums one can find in Amurrio are the following: This outdoors museum is located at the outskirts of Amurrio, near the upper side of the town. It has 22,600m², it is dedicated to renewable energies and supports sustainable energetic practices.
It for children or adults. This
A municipality is a single administrative division having corporate status and powers of self-government or jurisdiction as granted by national and regional laws to which it is subordinate. It is to be distinguished from the county, which may encompass rural territory or numerous small communities such as towns and hamlets; the term municipality may mean the governing or ruling body of a given municipality. A municipality is a general-purpose administrative subdivision, as opposed to a special-purpose district; the term is derived from French Latin municipalis. The English word municipality derives from the Latin social contract municipium, referring to the Latin communities that supplied Rome with troops in exchange for their own incorporation into the Roman state while permitting the communities to retain their own local governments. A municipality can be any political jurisdiction from a sovereign state, such as the Principality of Monaco, to a small village, such as West Hampton Dunes, New York.
The territory over which a municipality has jurisdiction may encompass only one populated place such as a city, town, or village several of such places only parts of such places, sometimes boroughs of a city such as the 34 municipalities of Santiago, Chile. Powers of municipalities range from virtual autonomy to complete subordination to the state. Municipalities may have the right to tax individuals and corporations with income tax, property tax, corporate income tax, but may receive substantial funding from the state. In various countries, municipalities are referred to as "communes", notably in Romance languages such as French commune, Italian comune, Romanian comună, Spanish comuna, in Germanic languages such as German Kommune, Swedish kommun, Faroese kommuna, Norwegian, Danish kommune. However, in Moldova and Romania exist both municipalities and communes, a commune may be part of a municipality. Similar terms include Spanish ayuntamiento called municipalidad, Polish gmina, Dutch/Flemish Gemeente and Luxembourgish Gemeng.
In Australia, the term local government area is used in place of the generic municipality. Here, the "LGA Structure covers only incorporated areas of Australia. Incorporated areas are designated parts of states and territories over which incorporated local governing bodies have responsibility." In Canada, municipalities are local governments established through provincial and territorial legislation within general municipal statutes. Types of municipalities within Canada include cities, district municipalities, municipal districts, parishes, rural municipalities, townships and villes among others; the Province of Ontario has different tiers of municipalities, including lower and single tiers. Types of upper tier municipalities in Ontario include regional municipalities. Nova Scotia has regional municipalities, which include cities, districts, or towns as municipal units. In India, a Municipality or Nagar Palika is an urban local body that administers a city of population 100,000 or more. However, there are exceptions to that, as Municipality were constituted in urban centers with population over 20,000, so all the urban bodies which were classified as Municipality were reclassified as Municipality if their population was under 100,000.
Under the Panchayati Raj system, it interacts directly with the state government, though it is administratively part of the district it is located in. Smaller district cities and bigger towns have a Municipality. Municipality are a form of local self-government entrusted with some duties and responsibilities, as enshrined in the Constitutional Act,1992. In the United Kingdom, the term was used until the 1972 Local Government Act came into effect in 1974 in England and Wales, until 1975 in Scotland and 1976 in Northern Ireland, "both for a city or town, organized for self-government under a municipal corporation, for the governing body itself; such a corporation in Great Britain consists of a head as a mayor or provost, of superior members, as aldermen and councillors". Since local government reorganisation, the unit in England, Northern Ireland and Wales is known as a district, in Scotland as a council area. A district can retain its district title. In Jersey, a municipality refers to the honorary officials elected to run each of the 12 parishes into which it is subdivided.
This is the highest level of regional government in this jurisdiction. In Trinidad and Tobago, "municipality" is understood as a city, town, or other local government unit, formed by municipal charter from the state as a municipal corporation. A town may be awarded borough status and on may be upgraded to city status. Chaguanas, San Fernando, Port of Spain and Point Fortin are the 5 current municipalities in Trinidad and Tobago. In the United States, "municipality" is understood as a city, village, or other local government unit, formed by municipal charter from the state as a municipal corporation. In a state law contex