Arborfield is a village in Berkshire about 4.5 miles south-east of Reading, about 4 miles west of Wokingham. It is about 0.6 miles west of the sister village of Arborfield Cross and the two villages have become collectively known as Arborfield, with no signs marking their boundary. Arborfield Hall was the home of Controller of the Household of the Duchess of Kent; the village is on the A327 road linking Reading with Farnborough. Arborfield is in the civil parish of Arborfield and Newland, in the district of Wokingham unitary authority; the present Church of England parish church of Saint Bartholomew is a Gothic Revival building designed by J Picton and built in 1863. The new building replaces an older St Bartholomew's church, built in the 13th century and altered early in the 18th century; when the new church was consecrated the roof of the old one was removed and layers of plaster stripped from the interior walls, revealing Medieval wall paintings of "figure subjects and geometrical and masonry patterns" that "covered the walls".
These have now been lost and the church ruins have deteriorated. The army garrison has a 20th-century building dedicated to Saint Eligius. Arborfield is known for the School of Electronic & Aeronautical Engineering where the British Army train their Electronic and Avionic engineers for RADAR, Telecommunications, Control Equipment and Avionic modalities. Arborfield Garrison is about 1 mile the other side of Arborfield Cross and, in the civil parish of Barkham. Since 1985, Arborfield has been the home of the International Cocoa Quarantine Centre whose aim is to investigate and reduce diseases in cocoa plants worldwide. Ditchfield, P. H.. H. eds.. A History of the County of Berkshire, Volume 3. Victoria County History. Pp. 200–203. Pevsner, Nikolaus. Buckinghamshire; the Buildings of England. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books. P. 66. ISBN 0-14-071019-1. Arborfield Community Website
Shinfield is a village and civil parish in the English county of Berkshire, just south of Reading. It is administered by the unitary authority of Wokingham District; the parish includes the roadside hamlets of Ryeish Green, Spencers Wood, Three Mile Cross, Shinfield Village and Grazeley and the southern suburb of Reading called Shinfield Rise. It is surrounded on its southern boundary by the River Loddon; the M4 motorway runs west–east through the northern portion of the parish, near the former Berkshire County Council's Shire Hall, now the offices of wood.plc. The main road through the village, running north–south, is the former A327, running between Reading and Aldershot, with the A327 now bypassing the village centre. Shinfield Village is centred on the village green, surrounded by a pub, a shop, the village school and recreation grounds, its residential housing has increased in during the first years of the 21st century. The parish consists of a central ridge of high land sloping down to the Loddon on the east and the Kennet Valley on the west.
The soil is London Clay, with patchy spreads of valley and plateau gravel. As well as being part of the District of Wokingham, Shinfield is governed by a parish council consisting of fifteen parish councillors, assisted by two full-time administrative staff and several part-time caretaking and maintenance employees. Shinfield has been part of the Hundred of Charlton since before the Norman Conquest. Hundreds ceased to function after 1886. Between 1894 and 1974, it was in the Wokingham Rural District. There are many manors and supposed manors in the parish: Shinfield, Hartley Dummer alias Arbor, Hartley Battle, Hartley Amys, Hartley Pellitot, Moor Place, Diddenham Court, Hartley Court and Garston. Hartley Dummer is in the hundred of Theale; the Diddenham estate was a detached part of Wiltshire until transferred to Berkshire in 1844. The village was named Shining Field, by the Anglo-Saxons, after the sparkling flood-waters which still cover the meadows down by the Loddon on the Arborfield border.
The manor was one of the many owned by Catherine of Aragon in Tudor times. She is said to have stayed there on occasion while visiting Reading Abbey. During the Civil War, King Charles is said to have stayed at Goodrest House; the local church tower was blown to pieces by Parliamentary soldiers trying to oust a group of Royalists who were hiding out there. The fine brick replacement can still be seen today; the church is the last resting place of the parents of author Mary Russell Mitford. RAF Shinfield Park was located in the north of the Parish, it was the home of RAF Flying Training Command from 1940 until 1968, it became the home of the Meteorological Office College from 1971 until 2002. The European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts remains on the site though the rest has been converted to residential housing; the Green Park Business Park lies half in the Hartley area of Shinfield and half in the Smallmead area of Whitley in Reading. The 2 megawatt Enercon wind turbine, near Junction 11 of the M4, stands in Shinfield.
It has been described as "the UK's most visible turbine". It is owned by Ecotricity; the blades are 33 metres long, with a tower height of 85 metres. At a wind speed of 14 m/s the machine generates 2.05 MW of electricity and has the potential to produce 3.5 million units of electricity a year, enough to power 1,063 local homes. The Courage Berkshire Brewery, built in 1978, is half within Shinfield but was demolished in 2011; the Shinfield Eastern Relief Road opened on 31 October 2017. It serves the Shinfield Campus of the University of Reading's Thames Valley Science Park. Shinfield is served by the following bus routes: 3, Reading - Aborfield - Wokingham 10, Reading - Spencers Wood 10a, Reading - Thames Valley Science Park The Church of England parish church of St. Mary is in Church Lane on the west side of the village. Shinfield Baptist Church is on Hollow Lane Shinfield Infants & Nursery School – built by Richard Piggott in 1707 Shinfield St Mary's CoE Junior School Whiteknights County Primary School Crosfields Independent Day School – centred on the early 17th century Goodrest House Oakbank School Rysh Green School Shinfield Players Theatre, Shinfield Tennis Club, Millworth Lane, Shinfield.
Shinfield Cricket Club, Millworth Lane. Shinfield. Shinfield Rangers FC Shinfield FC The Shinfield Shambles Border Morris & The Kennet Morris Men There are play areas & recreation grounds in Kendal Avenue, Millworth Lane and at Frensham Green and Pearman's Copse Pound Green WI and Shinfield Mothers' Union Shinfield & District History Society Spencers Wood Library Shinfield is the current home of Glenn Little, Jem Karacan and Brynjar Gunnarsson. Spencers Wood in the parish was the former home of Dawn French. Shinfield Parish Council Royal Berkshire History: Shinfield
Grazeley is a small village and former civil parish in the English county of Berkshire. It lies about four miles south of Reading at grid reference SU698668, it is in the civil parish of Shinfield. To the East lies the Village of Spencers Wood. To the West lie the villages of Grazeley Green and Wokefield. To the South lies the village of Beech Hill. Grazeley was divided between the parishes of Sulhamstead Abbots and Shinfield; the part within Shinfield remained in the civil parish of Shinfield and is now in the Borough of Wokingham. That part includes the village of Grazeley; the part within the ancient parish of Sulhamstead Abbots was a detached part and tything of that parish, became a separate civil parish in 1866. The civil parish of Grazeley was absorbed by the parish of Wokefield, now part of the unitary authority of West Berkshire; that part is known as Grazeley Green. Both parts of Grazeley were formed into a separate ecclesiastical parish in 1860. An all-but defunct pronoun is Grazeleyite, used by children to distinguish themselves from children of neighbouring villages, such as the Spencers Wooders.
The name first appears as Grazeley around 1598 and is derived from the Anglo-Saxon Griesley meaning grazing land. It has been known by the names of Greyshall, Greyshull and Graseley. Around the late 19th century, it was referred to as Lambwood Hill. During the 12th century, the Abbot of Reading was Lord of the Manor of Hartley Dummer, which appears to have been around Grazeley. On the dissolution of Reading Abbey in 1541, Henry VIII granted the parish of Sulhamstead Abbots, Grazeley with it, for purchase by Sir John Williams. After his death in 1559, Lord Williams' possessions were passed to his daughters. Through various sales and transfers, other major landowners declaring ownership of the area in their title deeds include the Norreyses of Rycote, the Earls of Abingdon, the Jameses of Denford and the Benyons of Englefield. Opened in 1850, the 14th century style Church of England parish church of the Holy Trinity was a gift from the Bishop of Oxford. Built in flint and stone, it consists of a chancel, south porch and belfry with a single bell.
Inside the Church an oak tablet on the north wall remembers the local men who lost their lives during the two World Wars, with the inscription: Ye that live on in English Pastures Green, Remember us and think what might have been Holy Trinity held its last service and closed its doors in January 2006 after 156 years of serving the community. Grazeley Parochial Primary School was built in 1861 at a cost of £442 16s 9d to accommodate 100 pupils; as children walked from nearby Spencers Wood and Burghfield, two extensions to the school in 1893 and 1913 increased capacity to 150. The Merry's Educational Foundation, established by deed in 1862 proved by will in 1873, provided £20 a year in accordance with the donor's will to provide clothing for poor children – ten boys and ten girls attending the school. Built into the school was the Merry's Trust Cottage where the District Nurse lived rent free with heating and maintenance costs being covered by dedicated savings left in the bank for this purpose.
After years of disuse, the cottage was refurbished in 1996 for use by the school for administrative and child resource areas. An all-age school it became a primary school in 1944 and now teaches up to 90 pupils aged between five and 11 from the Grazeley village, Beech Hill, Three Mile Cross and Spencers Wood areas. Opened in 1956 the village memorial hall known as Grazeley Village Hall, provides a venue for the local community and societies; the Hall is on Grazeley village green, adjacent to the church. Throughout 2006 it celebrated its golden jubilee with numerous events including a fun run and a summer ball. On the corner of Church Lane and Bloomfieldhatch Lane, the Wheatsheaf was the village pub which maintained its character as a rural pub, without being'standardised' by being part of a pub chain; the Wheatsheaf is being converted to a private house. In 1802, Dr. George Mitford, the flamboyant father of local author Mary Russell Mitford, moved to Grazeley Court Farm for the purpose of "being an English country gentleman with an estate and dignities accruing to the position".
His flamboyancy, self-importance and addiction to gambling at cards brought him and his family into debt and unhappiness. Grazeley Court served two purposes for the family – the house was used for the extravagant balls and parties and the outhouses and stables used to establish Dr. Mitford's greyhound kennels. During his time here, George renamed the property to Bertram House after an ancestor, Sir Roger Bertram, Baron Mitford, who lived in Northumberland in the 13th century. William Isaac Palmer, a member of the famous local Palmer family of biscuit fame, lived at Grazeley Court between 1879 – 1895. During his residency he purchased a pedigree Dairy Shorthorn bull for use by local farmers when their cows were in season; the village has never had a village post office. In the early 20th century, letters were received via Reading with collection boxes outside the church and outside Grazeley Court farm. Money orders could be sent from the nearest office in Three Mile Cross with the nearest Telegraph Office being Spencers Wood.
Villagers would walk reasonable distances along the railway line into Reading, or would cycle to Three Mile Cross or Spencers Wood, provided they were home by dusk. Between the two World Wars, trade vans would visit the village offering meat and bread. Other grocery orders could be placed with the Co-op Bakery man, who would visit from Mortimer Common three times a week. Heating paraffin
Gardeners Green is a hamlet in Berkshire and part of the civil parish of Wokingham Without. The settlement lies surrounded by farmland between Wokingham and Crowthorne, is located 1.5 miles south-east of Wokingham. At the junction of Honey Hill and Redlake Lane is The Crooked Billet public house. To the east of the hamlet is the ford on Redlake Lane, so named because of the heavy iron staining in the water. Media related to Gardeners Green at Wikimedia Commons
Charvil is a village and civil parish in Berkshire, England. The village is 3 miles east of the centre of Reading on the A4 road to Maidenhead, between Sonning and Twyford; the 2011 Census recorded the parish's population as 3,042. The area was farmland until the 1950s, since which time the population has increased significantly. Charvil is bisected by the new Bath Road. Charvil has two pubs: The Wee The Heron on the Ford. Charvil has a community centre, it was built in 1952 as the Church of England church of Saint Patrick but was deconsecrated in 2011. Charvil is part of the ecclesiastical parish of Sonning; the land between Charvil and Twyford is a nature reserve with footpaths beside the River Loddon and around lakes formed from former gravel pits. Notable existing and former residents include Uri Geller, illusionist David Hamilton and television broadcaster Alan Titchmarsh, television gardener. Henley-on-Thames Maidenhead Reading Woodley Sonning Twyford Wargrave Hurst Charvil Parish Council
Twyford is a large village and civil parish in the English royal county of Berkshire, with a population of about 7,000 people. It is in the Thames Valley at grid reference SU794752 on the A4 between Reading and Maidenhead, close to Henley-on-Thames and Wokingham; the village's toponym is Anglo-Saxon in origin, means double ford. It is a common name in England. Twyford had two fords over two branches of the River Loddon, on the Old Bath Road to the west of the centre. In 871, Alfred the Great, his brother Æthelred, their army escaped their Viking pursuers by fording the River Loddon at Twyford, following the first Battle of Reading. William Penn, founder of Pennsylvania, a well known philanthropist who donated his life savings to Loddon Village Hall, spent the final years of his life in Ruscombe Fields, a property close to Twyford, is remembered by a residential street named'Pennfields'. Twyford was an agricultural settlement until the coming of the railway in 1838 put it on the main line to the west and subsequently made it a junction for the Henley Branch Line.
However, its position on the Bath Road had always brought activity, centred on the King's Arms, an important coaching inn. The opening of a by-pass in 1929 ended the east-west flow of main road traffic through the centre, but Twyford is still on a busy north-south route from Wokingham in the south to Henley in the north; the greatest expansion, has taken place since the Second World War in the last 50 years, with the construction of several estates north and south of the village. The population, according to the mid-2014 population estimates, was 5,946, a commercial, but traditional heart. Twyford today is a commuter settlement for workers travelling to Reading, Wokingham and, further afield, London. Local commerce and hence employment is limited by its closeness to the major conurbations of Reading and Maidenhead, where there are major shopping facilities, it does, have a large Waitrose supermarket, Tesco Express, other shops, restaurants and a Post Office. This makes it the local centre for the northern part of Wokingham district.
The village is considered an affluent area where property prices are higher than the national average. The population of Twyford in the 2011 Census was 5,791, the mid-2014 estimates gave a population of 5,946. Of this, 20.84% were aged 0–15, while 19.96% were aged 65+, leaving a small working age population compared to the rest of Wokingham Borough. There are 2,611 individual dwellings in the ward of Twyford. In 2011, 72.31% of residents aged 16–74 were in employment, the majority of whom held Managerial, Professional or Technical positions. Only 0.5% were registered as seeking employment. The average life expectancy at birth is 84.7 years for females. Twyford is home to the global headquarters of the international construction and services company, which employs 75,000 people worldwide. Twyford is a place of great community spirit and has many annual events. Popular in recent years have been the annual Twyford Beer Festival, Twyfest, a week long festival of different events from live music, school discos, quiz nights and talent shows.
Twyford has its own parish council, is in the Borough of Wokingham, the ceremonial county of Berkshire. Before this it was in the hundred of Charlton; until 1895 Twyford was part of the parish of Hurst in the liberty of Broad Hinton. From the 13th century until 1844 Broad Hinton was a detached part of Wiltshire. Twyford was twinned with Cuincy in France in a ceremony over the weekend of 23-25th March 2018 Situated in the Thames Valley, Twyford is 10 miles from the M4, M40 and M3 motorways and 25 miles from the M25; the town of Reading is 6 miles to the west, with Maidenhead 7.5 miles to the east, Henley-on-Thames 5 miles to the north, Wokingham 5 miles to the south. London is 35 miles to the east. Twyford railway station is on the Great Western Main Line and served by trains between Reading and London Paddington stations. There is a branch line to Henley; the Great Western Main Line has been electrified and Twyford has been served by a new fleet of electric trains since the start of 2018. These links make Twyford popular with commuters.
Crossrail is due to reach Twyford in 2019. A direct rail link to Heathrow Airport is being planned. Twyford has both owned and managed by the Parish Council; the King George Vth Playing Field, between London Road and Wargrave Road has football pitches, three tennis courts, children's playgrounds, a youth shelter and is where the yearly fireworks are held by Twyford Round Table. A project to build a skate park and ball court in the field was completed in July 2008. Stanlake Meadow, off Waltham Road, has football pitches, a cricket square used by Twyford & Ruscombe Cricket Club and a pavilion, used as a nursery school. Twyford has a youth football club called Twyford Comets which plays on both recreation grounds. Indoor sports clubs use Loddon Hall; this is a joint facility with the neighbouring parish of Ruscombe. Twyford has a tennis club, a bowls club with its own green, claims to have the oldest Badminton club in the country. In 2015, the Cycle Chilterns project created a cycling guide to Twyford town and the surrounding area with cycling information and facilities, places to visit and a variety of cycle routes.
The Twyford Cycling Guide can be printed out from the website. Twyford has a number of schools and is served by grammar schools
Ruscombe is a village and civil parish, east of Twyford in the Borough of Wokingham in Berkshire, England. The Church of England parish church of St James was built in the late 12th century, its Norman chancel survives but its nave and west tower were rebuilt in 1638–39. The church is a Grade I listed building. St James' is now part of a united benefice with Twyford; the benefice is in turn part of a local ecumenical partnership with Twyford United Reformed Church. William Penn, the founder of Pennsylvania, lived in Ruscombe from 1710 until his death in 1718; the actor Dennis Price, co-star of the film Kind Hearts and Coronets, was born in Ruscombe in 1915. Ruscombe Football Club plays in the Reading Sunday League. Ditchfield, P. H.. H. eds.. A History of the County of Berkshire, Volume 3. Victoria County History. Pp. 203–206. Pevsner, Nikolaus. Berkshire; the Buildings of England. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books. Pp. 208–209. Stroud Voices - oral history site Media related to Ruscombe at Wikimedia Commons