Neutral Milk Hotel
Neutral Milk Hotel was an American indie rock band formed in Ruston, Louisiana by singer and songwriter Jeff Mangum in the late 1980s. The band is noted for its experimental sound, abstract lyrics, eclectic instrumentation; the first release under the Neutral Milk Hotel moniker was the 1994 EP Everything Is, a short collection of tracks featuring Mangum. On the band's full-length debut album On Avery Island, which followed shortly thereafter, Mangum was joined by childhood friend and Apples in Stereo frontman Robert Schneider, who contributed production and instrumentation. Upon the album's release, the full band was formed and extensive touring began. Neutral Milk Hotel released In the Aeroplane Over the Sea in 1998, which became their best-known and most critically acclaimed album. Although the album did not meet commercial success at the time of release, it has gone on to sell over 300,000 copies and received critical acclaim from several publications, including Pitchfork Media, Magnet Magazine, AllMusic, The Pazz & Jop poll.
Despite growing popularity, the group disbanded in 1999 after Mangum became disenchanted with touring and the music press having a nervous breakdown. Neutral Milk Hotel is a part of the Elephant 6 Recording Company; the band was one of Elephant 6's three first projects, alongside The Apples in Stereo and The Olivia Tremor Control. On April 29, 2013, the band announced a reunion tour for the fall of 2013 with the lineup that played on In the Aeroplane Over the Sea via their record label's website. After that, they continued to play concerts sporadically until going on indefinite hiatus in mid-2015. Jeff Mangum, along with high-school friends Will Cullen Hart and Bill Doss, formed The Olivia Tremor Control, with Mangum appearing on their first release, the California Demise 7". Prior to recording for friends under the Neutral Milk Hotel moniker, Mangum recorded a few cassettes under the name Milk; these are the earliest known recordings that Mangum executed himself. There were only an estimated dozen or so copies made of this tape, none of, made public.
It was revealed c. 2006 on the Elephant 6 online forums that another tape under said name, entitled Beauty, was released, along with several recordings under the name Ruby Bulbs. Neutral Milk Hotel began as a recording project for Mangum, in the late 1980s, he produced several demo cassettes, among them 1991's Invent Yourself a Shortcake, 1992's Beauty, 1993's Hype City Soundtrack, along with two more from this period unnamed. Although found on the Internet, these demos capture the project at a embryonic stage: songs are played in between various sound collages and tape experiments, one of which consists only of a six-minute conversation between Mangum and Hart. Another track, "Digestion Machine", features a varied collage of voices answering the question asked by Mangum, "What does the digestion machine mean to you?". The more accessible "Synthetic Flying Machine" titled "Up and Over" became "The King of Carrot Flowers Pt. 3" on In the Aeroplane Over the Sea. During this period, Mangum was wandering the country, staying with friends, in a state of perpetual unemployment.
It was in these circumstances. Speaking, the'band' consisted of Mangum and whoever else was present at the time; this is obvious on Neutral Milk Hotel's first release, a 7" record entitled Everything Is, recorded when Mangum was spending time in Seattle, released on Cher Doll Records in 1993. A full album, On Avery Island, this time recorded in Denver, Colorado on a four-track reel-to-reel tape machine, where Mangum was backed by the album's producer Robert Schneider of The Apples in Stereo, Rick Benjamin of The Perry Weissman 3, Lisa Janssen of Secret Square, it was released by Merge Records in 1996. After the release of Avery Island, Neutral Milk Hotel became a fully-fledged band, as Julian Koster, Scott Spillane, Jeremy Barnes joined Mangum, the band now being based in New York City. Soon after this, they moved to Athens, where many of Mangum's friends had begun to settle, the Elephant 6 had begun to take root. After this, the band went back to Denver; the band's second album, In the Aeroplane Over the Sea, released in 1998 and produced by Robert Schneider, is notable as a critically acclaimed and popular album.
It is inspired by the story of Holocaust victim Anne Frank. During live performances, including the one released under the title Live at Jittery Joe's, Mangum has described some of the songs of this album as based on urgent, recurring dreams he had of a Jewish family during World War II; the album was praised by critics for its wildly inventive instrumentation and Mangum's provocative and impassioned lyrics. Although it was met with scant response from the general public when it was released, the recording has continued to gain momentum in indie music circles, selling over 300,000 copies, according to Merge Records. However, the record took its toll on Mangum; the band abruptly went on hiatus, turning down all requests for shows, including a support slot for R. E. M. Before Neutral Milk Hotel began their indefinite hiatus, Mangum played live at a house show on December 5, 1998 in Athens on Chris Bilheimer's birthday; the bill was shared with Elf Power, the audience was made up completely of friends and bandmates.
Playing solo and acoustic, Mangum opened the set
The French horn is a brass instrument made of tubing wrapped into a coil with a flared bell. The double horn in F/B♭ is the horn most used by players in professional orchestras and bands. A musician who plays a French horn is known as hornist. Pitch is controlled through the combination of the following factors: speed of air through the instrument. Most horns have lever-operated rotary valves, but some older horns, use piston valves and the Vienna horn uses double-piston valves, or pumpenvalves; the backward-facing orientation of the bell relates to the perceived desirability to create a subdued sound in concert situations, in contrast to the more piercing quality of the trumpet. A horn without valves is known as a natural horn, changing pitch along the natural harmonics of the instrument. Pitch may be controlled by the position of the hand in the bell, in effect reducing the bell's diameter; the pitch of any note can be raised or lowered by adjusting the hand position in the bell. The key of a natural horn can be changed by adding different crooks of different lengths.
Three valves control the flow of air in the single horn, tuned to F or less B♭. The more common double horn has a fourth, trigger valve operated by the thumb, which routes the air to one set of tubing tuned to F or another tuned to B♭ which expands the horn range to over four octaves and blends with flutes or clarinets in a woodwind ensemble. Triple horns with five valves are made tuned in F, B♭, a descant E♭ or F. There are double horns with five valves tuned in B♭, descant E♭ or F, a stopping valve, which simplifies the complicated and difficult hand-stopping technique, though these are rarer. Common are descant doubles, which provide B♭ and alto F branches. A crucial element in playing the horn deals with the mouthpiece. Most of the time, the mouthpiece is placed in the exact center of the lips, because of differences in the formation of the lips and teeth of different players, some tend to play with the mouthpiece off center. Although the exact side-to-side placement of the mouthpiece varies for most horn players, the up-and-down placement of the mouthpiece is two-thirds on the upper lip and one-third on the lower lip.
When playing higher notes, the majority of players exert a small degree of additional pressure on the lips using the mouthpiece. However, this is undesirable from the perspective of both endurance and tone: excessive mouthpiece pressure makes the horn sound forced and harsh, decreases player's stamina due to the resulting constricted flow of blood to the lips and lip muscles; the name "French horn" is found only in first coming into use in the late 17th century. At that time, French makers were preeminent in the manufacture of hunting horns, were credited with creating the now-familiar, circular "hoop" shape of the instrument; as a result, these instruments were called in English, by their French names: trompe de chasse or cor de chasse. German makers first devised crooks to make such horns playable in different keys—so musicians came to use "French" and "German" to distinguish the simple hunting horn from the newer horn with crooks, which in England was called by the Italian name corno cromatico.
More "French horn" is used colloquially, though the adjective has been avoided when referring to the European orchestral horn since the German horn began replacing the French-style instrument in British orchestras around 1930. The International Horn Society has recommended since 1971 that the instrument be called the horn. There is a more specific use of "French horn" to describe a particular horn type, differentiated from the German horn and Vienna horn. In this sense, "French horn" refers to a narrow-bore instrument with three Périnet valves, it retains the narrow bell-throat and mouthpipe crooks of the orchestral hand horn of the late 18th century, most has an "ascending" third valve. This is a whole-tone valve arranged so that with the valve in the "up" position the valve loop is engaged, but when the valve is pressed the loop is cut out, raising the pitch by a whole tone; as the name indicates, humans used to blow on the actual horns of animals before starting to emulate them in metal. This original usage survives in the shofar, a ram's horn, which plays an important role in Jewish religious rituals.
Early metal horns were less complex than modern horns, consisting of brass tubes with a flared opening wound around a few times. These early "hunting" horns were played on a hunt while mounted, the sound they produced was called a recheat. Change of pitch was controlled by the lips. Without valves, only the notes within the harmonic series are available. By combining a long length with a narrow bore, the French horn's design allows the player to reach the higher overtones which differ by whole tones, thus making it capable of playing melodies before valves were invented. Early horns were pitched in B♭ alto, A, A♭, G, F, E, E♭, D, C, B♭ basso
Régine Alexandra Chassagne is a Canadian singer, musician, multi-instrumentalist, is a founding member of the band Arcade Fire. She is married to co-founder Win Butler. Régine Alexandra Chassagne was born in Montreal, Quebec and grew up in St-Lambert, a suburb south of Montreal, her parents, who were of Haitian origin, emigrated from Haiti during the dictatorship of François Duvalier, alluded to in the Arcade Fire song "Haïti", in which she sings, Mes cousins jamais nés hantent les nuits de Duvalier. The line is in reference to the relatives. Chassagne attended Collège Jean-de-Brébeuf before earning a B. A. in communication studies at Concordia University in 1998, went on to study jazz voice at McGill University. She was singing jazz at an art opening at Concordia in 2000, when Win Butler met her and persuaded her to join his band, they married in 2003 and their son was born on 21 April 2013. Chassagne has been involved with a medieval-themed band called Les Jongleurs de la Mandragore, with Jimmy Rouleau in the jazz duo, Azúcar.
She wrote the music for the two-minute David Uloth sketch "The Shine", contributed to the UNICEF benefit project as part of the North American Hallowe'en Prevention Initiative, performing the song "Do They Know It's Hallowe'en?" along with Win Butler. She plays many instruments on stage, including accordion, xylophone, hurdy-gurdy and organ. In Arcade Fire, Chassagne performs lead vocals on some songs, including "Haiti", "In the Backseat", "Black Wave/Bad Vibrations", "Empty Room", "Abraham's Daughter", "Sprawl II", "Creature Comfort", "Electric Blue". In March 2015, along with husband and Arcade Fire bandmate Win Butler, attended the launch of music streaming service Tidal, revealed themselves, along with other notable artists, as shareholders in the company. Regine's voice appears in the recorded version of the U2 song "Hold Me, Thrill Me, Kiss Me, Kill Me", played during the U2 eXPERIENCE + iNNOCENCE Tour 2018. Inter Press Service on the Arcade Fire and Régine Chassagne's Advocacy for Haiti
Edwin Farnham Butler III is an American singer, songwriter and multi-instrumentalist. He is one of the co-founders of Montreal-based indie rock band Arcade Fire, his wife Régine Chassagne and younger brother Will Butler are both members of the band. Butler was born in Truckee and raised in The Woodlands, with a Mormon upbringing, he lived in Buenos Aires. Butler's maternal grandfather was jazz steel guitarist Alvino Rey, a pioneer bandleader whose career spanned eight decades, his maternal grandmother, was a member of The King Sisters, who starred in a weekly variety program on ABC called The King Family Show. His mother, Liza Rey, who performed on the family TV show, plays jazz harp and sings, his father, Edwin Farnham Butler II, worked as a geologist for oil conglomerate Halliburton in Houston, Texas. They live on Mount Desert Island, Maine. At the age of 15, Butler started attending the Phillips Exeter Academy preparatory school in New Hampshire, where he lived in Abbot Hall. There, he played varsity basketball and club softball, performed with several student bands.
He worked with the administration to establish "Winter Thaw", in which students got a long weekend's worth of rest in the middle of cold, grueling New England winters. After graduation, he studied photography and creative writing at Sarah Lawrence College, but left after a year. Butler moved to Montreal, Canada in 2000 to attend McGill University, where he met his future wife, Régine Chassagne, whom he married in 2003. Butler graduated from McGill in 2004 with a bachelor's degree in religious studies. Butler participated in the 2005 UNICEF benefit project, "Do They Know It's Hallowe'en?," along with Chassagne. The two collaborated on the music for the Richard Kelly film The Box. On April 2, 2011, LCD Soundsystem played its last concert before its disbandment. Arcade Fire performed with them during the song "North American Scum." During James Murphy's stumbling introduction to the song, Butler shouted out "shut up and play the hits!" Murphy responded, "ladies and gentlemen, for our live record entitled'Shut Up and Play the Hits'" and Butler's cry became the title of the well-received documentary of the concert.
In September 2011, Butler played in a charity basketball tournament in Toronto, Canada known as "Rock The Court." Several other celebrities and athletes participated, such as Matt Bonner of the San Antonio Spurs. Régine Chassagne gave birth to the couple's first child, a son, on April 21, 2013. On February 12, 2015, Butler participated in the NBA All-Star Celebrity Game and scored 8 points and had 12 rebounds, he returned to the event a year in his home country. In his second stint, Butler won the MVP award of the event. In March 2015, Butler and Chassagne attended the launch of music streaming service Tidal, revealed themselves, along with other notable artists, as shareholders in the company. NY Times article mentioning Win Butler's slam poetry at Sarah Lawrence College
Deserter's Songs is the fourth studio album by rock band Mercury Rev, released in late September 1998. British music magazine NME named Deserter's Songs album of the year for 1998. Limited edition copies of the album came in a brown cardboard envelope-like package, with a stamp on the cover postmarked with the release date, as well as two art postcards; the success of this album was a pleasant surprise for the band. After the commercial failure of their previous album See You on the Other Side, which frontman Jonathan Donahue considered to be the band's best album, they decided to make one more record for themselves, ignoring commercial influences, expecting to split up shortly afterward. Deserter's Songs was their most successful album, made them big celebrities in the UK and Europe making a smaller mark in the US; when Mercury Rev returned home from touring behind their 1995 album See You on the Other Side, they were a band in disarray. Sales of See You had been disappointing and, as a result, the band had requested to be dropped from their label.
To make matters worse, the band's manager was gone, longtime drummer Jimy Chambers had left the band, their lawyers had been let go, Mercury Rev was in debt. As frontman Jonathan Donahue slid into a deep depression, communication between the band members was non-existent. In the depths of his depression, Donahue began listening to some of his favorite childhood records, including Tale Spinners for Children, a collection of spoken-word fairy tales set to classical music. Influenced by this decidedly non-rock musical source, the frontman started composing and recording simple melodies on the piano; these demo recordings would prove to be the first steps in the new direction Mercury Rev would take on Deserter's Songs. Donahue was approached at this time by The Chemical Brothers and asked to play on a song of theirs called "The Private Psychedelic Reel". Shocked that someone not only remembered Mercury Rev but wanted to collaborate, Donahue enthusiastically dove into the project, it would be the boost that he needed to focus on making music again.
Following his Chemical Brothers collaboration, Donahue started talking to Mercury Rev guitarist Sean "Grasshopper" Mackowiak, the two began sharing and recording musical ideas. Donahue has since revealed that creating Deserter's Songs was more about reestablishing his friendship with Grasshopper than anything else. Grasshopper mentioned that both men were struggling with drugs and relationships at the time."It's a record born out of a certain amount of pain," Donahue told Q, "because, after the last tour, we fell apart. Grasshopper checked himself into a monastery, the drummer quit, I suffered two nervous breakdowns. I lost my girlfriend and hurt a lot of the people I love, it was a pretty horrible time. By this time and Grasshopper had relocated to the Catskill Mountains, where the writing and recording of Deserter's Songs would ensue over the next six months. Two of the first songs written, "Opus 40" and "The Hudson Line", referenced their new Catskill surroundings; the latter detailed Grasshopper leaving New York City to spend a month in a Jesuit retreat house in upstate New York.
The Catskill influence was only solidified when Garth Hudson and Levon Helm from The Band - who lived in the area - joined the recording sessions. The song "Goddess on a Hiway" was written by Donahue in 1989 while he was still a member of The Flaming Lips; the song had been forgotten until it was found on an old cassette tape during the Deserter's sessions. Donahue was reluctant to work on the old song, had to be convinced by Grasshopper to resurrect it for the album. "Goddess" would be released as a single. Thematically, the songs written and recorded for the album explored the act of leaving - of "walking away", as Donahue explained, and indeed, with the band members sensing that the end was near, the album was intended to be something of a farewell from Mercury Rev. Midway through recording, the band signed to V2 Records, their new record label aware of Mercury Rev's unpredictable and chaotic past, cautiously began funneling money to the band piecemeal to complete the album. After laying down the basic tracks for Deserter's, the band spent two months at Tarbox Road studio, recording string arrangements and mixing the album with one-time band member Dave Fridmann.
It was at this moment that the band's sound was re-imagined. Whereas on previous albums, the band would flesh out basic tracks with layers of distortion and guitars, this time classical music instruments - strings and woodwinds - were used instead of guitars; the album was mastered to 35mm magnetic film for fidelity purposes. Producer Fridmann explained that this unique process gave the music an intentionally "weird sound", while enhancing the "cinematic bent" of the music. Upon Deserter's completion, the album received some unexpected word-of-mouth promotion from Donahue's old collaborators, The Chemical Brothers. An advance copy of the album had been sent to The Chemical Brothers, who in turn began raving to the press that Mercury Rev had created something special. So, the band was pleasantly surprised by the album's immediate popularity and success in Europe. Grasshopper recalled being "freaked out" when he first heard "Goddess On A Hiway" being played in a British supermarket, he remarked that "it was just insane... going from total anxiety and despair in August to a total emotional flip flop of euphoria a couple of months later."Donahue added: "It had the feeling of rebirth, of going down to
"Rebellion" is a song by Canadian indie rock band Arcade Fire. It was the fourth single released from Funeral; the single was released in both DVD formats with the song "Brazil" as the B-side. The single peaked at number 19 on the UK singles chart, the band's best performance on this chart to date. On the album Funeral, "Rebellion" follows the song "Haiti", the ending of which has the same bass beat and leads right into the beginning of "Rebellion"; the song has enduringly been the band's closing song at appearances at music festivals and at the end of most of their shows. In October 2011, British pop singer Sophie Ellis-Bextor released a cover in support of Songs to Save a Life, a benefit project in aid of Samaritans. In May 2007, NME magazine named the song as #29 in its list of the "50 Greatest Indie Anthems Ever". In April 2009, the song was featured in Blender magazine's "500 Greatest Songs Since You Were Born" as #380. In August 2009, the song was ranked #69 in Pitchfork Media's Top 500 Tracks of the 2000s.
In 2009, NME ranked the song as the 9th best of the 2000s and in October 2011 they named it as 2nd in their list of the 150 greatest songs from the past 15 years. The song was featured on a season 5 episode of the television series Six Feet Under; this song was intended to be used during the closing scene of the pilot for the television series The Black Donnellys, but the band refused to grant the rights for its use. Snow Patrol's "Open Your Eyes" was used instead. In 2006, the song was featured in a commercial promoting Bono's Product Red campaign. In 2011, filmmaker Matthew Wisniewski set his footage of the Wisconsin Uprising to the song. "Rebellion" – 5:05 "Brazil" – 3:54 Win Butler - vocals, Jaguar electric guitar Regine Chassagne - piano, backing vocals Richard Reed Parry - Rickenbacker electric guitar, backing vocals, recording Tim Kingsbury - bass, backing vocals Howard Bilerman - drums, recording Will Butler - percussion, backing vocalsAdditional musicians Sarah Neufeld – violin, string arrangements Owen Pallett – violin, string arrangements Michael Olsen – cello Pietro Amato – horn Anita Fust – harp Lyrics of this song at MetroLyrics
An audio engineer helps to produce a recording or a live performance and adjusting sound sources using equalization and audio effects, mixing and reinforcement of sound. Audio engineers work on the "...technical aspect of recording—the placing of microphones, pre-amp knobs, the setting of levels. The physical recording of any project is done by an engineer... the nuts and bolts." It's a creative hobby and profession where musical instruments and technology are used to produce sound for film, television and video games. Audio engineers set up, sound check and do live sound mixing using a mixing console and a sound reinforcement system for music concerts, sports games and corporate events. Alternatively, audio engineer can refer to a scientist or professional engineer who holds an engineering degree and who designs and builds audio or musical technology working under terms such as acoustical engineering, electronic/electrical engineering or signal processing. Research and development audio engineers invent new technologies and techniques, to enhance the process and art of audio engineering.
They might design acoustical simulations of rooms, shape algorithms for audio signal processing, specify the requirements for public address systems, carry out research on audible sound for video game console manufacturers, other advanced fields of audio engineering. They might be referred to as acoustic engineers. Audio engineers working in research and development may come from backgrounds such as acoustics, computer science, broadcast engineering, acoustical engineering, electrical engineering and electronics. Audio engineering courses at university or college fall into two rough categories: training in the creative use of audio as a sound engineer, training in science or engineering topics, which allows students to apply these concepts while pursuing a career developing audio technologies. Audio training courses give you a good knowledge of technologies and their application to recording studio and sound reinforcement systems, but do not have sufficient mathematical and scientific content to allow you to get a job in research and development in the audio and acoustic industry.
Audio engineers in research and development possess a bachelor's degree, master's degree or higher qualification in acoustics, computer science or another engineering discipline. They might work in acoustic consultancy. Alternatively they might work in audio companies, or other industries that need audio expertise, or carry out research in a university; some positions, such as faculty require a Doctor of Philosophy. In Germany a Toningenieur is an audio engineer who designs and repairs audio systems; the listed subdisciplines are based on PACS coding used by the Acoustical Society of America with some revision. Audio engineers develop audio signal processing algorithms to allow the electronic manipulation of audio signals; these can be processed at the heart of much audio production such as reverberation, Auto-Tune or perceptual coding. Alternatively, the algorithms might carry out echo cancellation on Skype, or identify and categorize audio tracks through Music Information Retrieval. Architectural acoustics is the engineering of achieving a good sound within a room.
For audio engineers, architectural acoustics can be about achieving good speech intelligibility in a stadium or enhancing the quality of music in a theatre. Architectural Acoustic design is done by acoustic consultants. Electroacoustics is concerned with the design of headphones, loudspeakers, sound reproduction systems and recording technologies. Examples of electroacoustic design include portable electronic devices, sound systems in architectural acoustics, surround sound and wave field synthesis in movie theater and vehicle audio. Musical acoustics is concerned with describing the science of music. In audio engineering, this includes the design of electronic instruments such as synthesizers. Psychoacoustics is the scientific study of. At the heart of audio engineering are listeners who are the final arbitrator as to whether an audio design is successful, such as whether a binaural recording sounds immersive; the production, computer processing and perception of speech is an important part of audio engineering.
Ensuring speech is transmitted intelligibly and with high quality. A variety of terms are used to describe audio engineers who install or operate sound recording, sound reinforcement, or sound broadcasting equipment, including large and small format consoles. Terms such as "audio technician," "sound technician," "audio engineer," "audio technologist," "recording engineer," "sound mixer" and "sound engineer" can be ambiguous; such terms can refer to a person working in music production.