Bishop of Derby
The Bishop of Derby is the Ordinary of the Church of England Diocese of Derby in the Province of Canterbury. The diocese was formed from part of the Diocese of Southwell in 1927 under George V and covers the county of Derbyshire. Before this time however there had been two bishops suffragan of Derby whilst the town was still within the Diocese of Southwell; the bishop's seat or see is located in the City of Derby at Derby Cathedral – the parish church of All Saints, elevated to cathedral status in 1927. The bishop's residence is Duffield; the current bishop is Libby Lane, since the confirmation on 11 February 2019 of her election. Crockford's Clerical Directory - Listings
Province of Dublin (Church of Ireland)
The United Provinces of Dublin and Cashel called the Province of Dublin, known as the Southern Province, is one of the two ecclesiastical provinces that together form the Church of Ireland. The province has existed since 1833 when the ancient Province of Dublin was merged with the Province of Cashel, its metropolitan bishop is the Archbishop of Dublin. The province has five dioceses. List of Anglican dioceses in the United Kingdom and Ireland
Glasnevin is a neighbourhood of Dublin, Ireland and south of the River Tolka. While residential, Glasnevin is home to the National Botanic Gardens, national meteorological office and a range of other State bodies, Dublin City University has its main campus and other facilities in and near the area. Glasnevin is a civil parish in the ancient barony of Coolock. A residential neighbourhood, Glasnevin is located on the Northside of the city of Dublin, it was established on the northern bank of the River Tolka where the stream for which it may be named joins, now extends north and south of the river. Three watercourses flow into the Tolka in the area. Two streams can be seen near the Catholic "pyramid church", the Claremont Stream or Nevin Stream, flowing south from Poppintree and Jamestown Industrial Estate branches, what is sometimes called the "Cemetery Drain" coming north from the southern edge of Glasnevin Cemetery. In addition, a major diversion from the Wad River comes from the Ballymun area, joining near the Claremont Stream.
The boundaries of Glasnevin stretch from the Royal Canal to Glasnevin Avenue and from the Finglas Road to the edges of Drumcondra. It is bordered to the north by Finglas, northeast by Ballymun and Santry, Whitehall to the east and Drumcondra to the south and Cabra to the west. Glasnevin seems to have been founded by Saint Mobhi in the sixth century as a monastery, his monastery continued to be used for many years afterwards - St. Colman is recorded as having paid homage to its founder when he returned from abroad to visit Ireland a century after St Mobhi's death in 544. St. Columba of Iona is thought to have studied under St. Mobhi, but left Glasnevin following an outbreak of plague and journeyed north to open the House at Derry. A settlement grew up around the monastery, which survived until the Viking invasions in the eighth century. After raids on monasteries at Glendalough and Clondalkin, the monasteries at Glasnevin and Finglas were attacked and destroyed. By 822 Glasnevin, along with Grangegorman and Clonken or Clonkene, had become parts of the grange of Christ Church Cathedral and it seems to have maintained this connection up to the time of the Reformation.
The Battle of Clontarf was fought on the banks of the River Tolka in 1014. The Irish defeated the Danes in a battle, in which 4,000 Irish died; the 12th century saw. As local rulers continued fighting amongst themselves the Norman King of England Henry II was invited to intervene, he arrived in 1171, took control of much land, parcelled it out amongst his supporters. Glasnevin ended up under the jurisdiction of Finglas Abbey. Laurence O'Toole, Archbishop of Dublin, took responsibility for Glasnevin and it became the property of the Priory of the Most Holy Trinity. In 1240 a church and tower was reconstructed on the site of the Church of St. Mobhi in the monastery; the returns of the church for 1326 stated. The church was enlarged in 1346, along with a small hall known as the Manor Hall; when King Henry VIII broke from Rome an era of religious repression began. During the Dissolution of the Monasteries, Catholic Church property and land was appropriated to the new Church of England, monasteries were forcibly closed and fell into ruin.
Glasnevin had at this stage developed as a village, with its principal landmark and focal point being its "bull-ring" noted in 1542. By 1667 Glasnevin had expanded - but not by much; the development of the village was given a fresh impetus when Sir John Rogerson built his country residence - "The Glen" or "Glasnevin House" - outside the village. The plantations of Ireland saw the settlement of Protestant English families on land held by Catholics. Lands at Glasnevin were leased to such families and a Protestant church was erected there in 1707, it was named after St. Mobhi; the church was rebuilt in the mid-18th century. The attached churchyard became a graveyard for both Catholics, it is said that Robert Emmet is buried there, this claim being made because once somebody working in the graveyard there dug up a headless body. By now Glasnevin was an area for families of distinction - in spite of a comment attributed to the Protestant Archbishop King of Dublin that "when any couple had a mind to be wicked, they would retire to Glasnevin".
In a letter, dated 1725 he described Glasnevin as "the receptacle for thieves and rogues The first search when anything was stolen, was there, when any couple had a mind to retire to be wicked there was their harbour. But since the church was built, service settled, all these evils are banished. Good houses are built in it, the place civilised."Glasnevin National School was built during this period. In the 1830's, the civil parish population was recorded as 1,001, of whom 559 resided in the village. Glasnevin was described as a parish in the barony of Coolock, pleasantly situated and the residence of many families of distinction. On 1 June 1832, Charles Lindsay, Bishop of Kildare and Leighlin and the William John released their holdings of Sir John Roge
In Christian churches with episcopal polity, the rank of metropolitan bishop, or metropolitan, pertains to the diocesan bishop or archbishop of a metropolis. The term referred to the bishop of the chief city of a historical Roman province, whose authority in relation to the other bishops of the province was recognized by the First Council of Nicaea; the bishop of the provincial capital, the metropolitan, enjoyed certain rights over other bishops in the province called suffragan bishops. The term is applied in a similar sense to the bishop of the chief episcopal see of an ecclesiastical province; the head of such a metropolitan see has the rank of archbishop and is therefore called the metropolitan archbishop of the ecclesiastical province. Metropolitan bishops preside over synods of the bishops of their ecclesiastical province, are granted special privileges by canon law and tradition. In some churches, such as the Church of Greece, a metropolis is a rank granted to all episcopal sees, their bishops are all called the title of archbishop being reserved for the primate.
See also: Catholic Church hierarchy and Diocesan bishop In the Latin Church, an ecclesiastical province, composed of several neighbouring dioceses, is headed by a metropolitan, the archbishop of the diocese designated by the Pope. The other bishops are known as suffragan bishops; the metropolitan's powers over dioceses other than his own are limited to supervising observance of faith and ecclesiastical discipline and notifying the Supreme Pontiff of any abuses. The metropolitan has the liturgical privilege of celebrating sacred functions throughout the province, as if he were a bishop in his own diocese, provided only that, if he celebrates in a cathedral church, the diocesan bishop has been informed beforehand; the metropolitan is obliged to request the pallium, a symbol of the power that, in communion with the Church of Rome, he possesses over his ecclesiastical province. This holds if he had the pallium in another metropolitan see, it is the responsibility of the metropolitan, with the consent of the majority of the suffragan bishops, to call a provincial council, decide where to convene it, determine the agenda.
It is his prerogative to preside over the provincial council. No provincial council can be called. All Latin Rite metropolitans are archbishops. Titular archbishops are never metropolitans; as of April 2006, 508 archdioceses were headed by metropolitan archbishops, 27 archbishops lead an extant archdiocese, but were not metropolitans, there were 89 titular archbishops. See Catholic Church hierarchy for the distinctions. In those Eastern Catholic Churches that are headed by a patriarch, metropolitans in charge of ecclesiastical provinces hold a position similar to that of metropolitans in the Latin Church. Among the differences is that Eastern Catholic metropolitans within the territory of the patriarchate are to be ordained and enthroned by the patriarch, who may ordain and enthrone metropolitans of sees outside that territory that are part of his Church. A metropolitan has the right to ordain and enthrone the bishops of his province; the metropolitan is to be commemorated in the liturgies celebrated within his province.
A major archbishop is defined as the metropolitan of a certain see who heads an autonomous Eastern Church not of patriarchal rank. The canon law of such a Church differs only from that regarding a patriarchal Church. Within major archiepiscopal churches, there may be ecclesiastical provinces headed by metropolitan bishops. There are autonomous Eastern Catholic Churches consisting of a single province and headed by a metropolitan. Metropolitans of this kind are to obtain the pallium from the Pope as a sign of his metropolitan authority and of his Church's full communion with the Pope, only after his investment with it can he convoke the Council of Hierarchs and ordain the bishops of his autonomous Church. In his autonomous Church it is for him to ordain and enthrone bishops and his name is to be mentioned after that of the Pope in the liturgy. In the Eastern Orthodox Churches, the title of metropolitan is used variously, in terms of rank and jurisdiction. In terms of rank, in some Eastern Orthodox Churches metropolitans are ranked above archbishops in precedence, while in others that order is reversed.
Primates of autocephalous Eastern Orthodox Churches below patriarchal rank are designated as archbishops. In the Greek Orthodox Churches, archbishops are ranked above metropolitans in precedence; the reverse is true for some Slavic Orthodox Churches and for Romanian Orthodox Church, where metropolitans rank above archbishops and the title can be used for important regional or historical sees. In terms of jurisdiction, there are two basic types of metropolitans in Eastern Orthodox Church: real metropolitans, with actual jurisdiction over their ecclesiastical provinces, honorary metropolitans who
Bishop of Exeter
The Bishop of Exeter is the Ordinary of the Church of England Diocese of Exeter in the Province of Canterbury. The current incumbent, since 30 April 2014, is Robert Atwell; the incumbent signs his name as his Christian name or forename followed by Exon. abbreviated from the Latin Episcopus Exoniensis. From the first bishop until the sixteenth century the Bishops of Exeter were in full communion with the Roman Catholic Church. However, during the Reformation the Church of England broke away from the authority of the Pope and the Roman Catholic Church, at first temporarily and more permanently. Since the Reformation, the Bishop and Diocese of Exeter has been part of the reformed and catholic Church of England; the bishop's residence is Exeter. The history of Christianity in the South West of England remains to some degree obscure. At a certain point the historical county of Devon formed part of the diocese of Wessex. About 703 Devon and Cornwall were included in the separate Diocese of Sherborne and in 900 this was again divided, the Devon bishop having from 905 his seat at Tawton and from 912 at Crediton, birthplace of St Boniface.
Lyfing became Bishop of Crediton in 1027 and shortly afterwards became Bishop of Cornwall. According to Tristram Risdon, the present village of Bishops Tawton, on the River Taw two miles south of Barnstaple in North Devon, was the earliest bishop's see in the shire of Devon, when in 905 "Edward, surnamed Senior, a nurse-father of the church, finding these western parts to want ecclesiastical discipline, by the advice of Pleymond, Archbishop of Canterbury, ordained a provincial synod and decreed that three new bishops should be consecrated, whereupon Edulph was appointed to Wells, Herstan to Cornwall and Werstan to Devon, who had here his see, where after him one only of his successors sat being hence removed to Crediton". Werstan's successor appears to have been Putta, murdered whilst travelling from his see at Tawton to visit the Saxon viceroy Uffa, whose residence was at Crediton, it is believed that Copplestone Cross, mentioned in a charter dated 947 and situated 6 miles north-west of Crediton and 22 miles south-east of Bishops Tawton, was erected in commemoration of his murder.
The Diocese of Crediton was created out of the Diocese of Sherborne in 909 to cover the area of Devon and Cornwall. Crediton was chosen as the site for its cathedral due it having been the birthplace of Saint Boniface and the existence of a monastery there. In 1046, Leofric became the Bishop of Crediton. Following his appointment he decided that the see should be moved to the larger and more culturally significant and defensible walled town of Exeter. In 1050, King Edward the Confessor authorised that Exeter was to be the seat of the bishop for Devon and Cornwall and that a cathedral was to be built there for the bishop's throne. Thus, Leofric became the first Bishop of Exeter; the two dioceses of Crediton and Cornwall, covering Devon and Cornwall, were permanently united under Edward the Confessor by Lyfing's successor Leofric, hitherto Bishop of Crediton, who became first Bishop of Exeter under Edward the Confessor, established as his cathedral city in 1050. At first the Abbey Church of St Mary and St Peter, founded by Athelstan in 932, rebuilt in 1019, etc. demolished 1971, served as the cathedral.
The present cathedral was begun by William de Warelhurst in 1112, the transept towers he built being the only surviving part of the Norman building, completed by Marshall at the close of the twelfth century. The cathedral is dedicated to St Peter; as it now stands, the cathedral is in the decorated style. It was begun by Peter Quinel, continued by Bytton and Stapeldon, completed, much as it has since remained, by John Grandisson during his long tenure of 42 years. In many respects Exeter cathedral resembles those of France rather than others found in England, its special features are the choir, containing much early stained glass. There is an episcopal throne, separated from the nave by a choir screen and a stately West front. In a comparison with certain other English cathedrals, it is disadvantaged by the absence of a central tower and a general lack of elevation, but it is undoubtedly fine; the bishops of Exeter, like the general population of the diocese, always enjoyed considerable independence, the see was one of the largest and richest in England.
The remoteness of the see from London prevented it from being bestowed on statesmen or courtiers, so that over the centuries the roll of bishops possessed more capable scholars and administrators than in many other sees. The result was a long and stable line of bishops, leading to active Christian observance in the area; the diocese contained 604 parishes grouped in four archdeaconries: Cornwall, Barnstaple and Totnes. There were Benedictine, Premonstratensian and Dominican religious houses, four Cistercian abbeys; this wealthy diocese was forced to cede land during the reign of Henry VIII, when Vesey was obliged to surrender fourteen of twenty-two manors, the value of the see was reduced to a third of what it had been. Vesey, despite his Catholic sympathies, held the see until 1551, when he had to resign, was replaced by the Bible translator Miles Coverdale. Following the accession of Mary, in 1553, Vesey was restored, but died soon after in 1554, he was succeeded by the last Catholic Bishop of Exeter.
Turberville was removed from the see by the Reformist Elizabeth I in 1559, died in prison in or about 1570. Henry Phillpotts served as Bishop of Exeter from 1830 to his death in office in 1869, he was En
Tallaght Castle was a castle in Kilnamanagh, County Dublin, Ireland. It dates from the 14th Century, it became an official residence of the Church of Ireland Archbishop of Dublin until 1822. It was taken over by the Dominican Order in 1856. Members of Archbishop Loftus's family were killed at the gates of the castle in the 1570s; the castle is now in ruins with only a small proportion of it incorporated into the St. Mary's Priory building, in the grounds of St. Mary's Dominican Priory and the Priory Institute The old palace gardens, Archbishop’s bathhouse, the Friar's Walk and St. Maelruain's Tree still remain in the current grounds. Tallaght village was first walled in about 1310; as ordered by Archbishop Alexander de Bicknor the initial castle was built between 1324 and the 1340s, to defend the town. The original castle is thought to have comprised high walls with a courtyard in the centre, it was in a bad condition a century later. In the mid 1400s, improvements were made by Archbishop Michael Tregury, leading to an increase in usage by subsequent Archbishops.
Archbishop John Hoadly built a palace on the remains from 1727 to 1729 at a cost of £2,500. The grounds stables. By 1760 some of the buildings had become'dilapidated'. In 1821, an Act of Parliament, was passed. In 1822 the property was sold to Major Palmer, Inspector General of Prisons, who pulled most of the palace down and used the materials to build his mansion,'Tallaght House', as well as a schoolhouse and several cottages. A tower from the original castle was left untouched and was incorporated in the current priory building; the once four-storey-high tower now has just internally two. Major Palmer sold the mansion and lands to his successor as Inspector of Prisons, Mr. Lentaigne; when the Dominican friars took a lease out on the property in the 1840s, one of the buildings was converted into a chapel. The friars bought the property from Mr. Lentaigne in 1855; the chapel was replaced with a purpose built church, dedicated to Fr. Tom Burke, in 1883. Part of the house burned down in the first decade of the 1900s
Glendalough is a glacial valley in County Wicklow, renowned for an Early Medieval monastic settlement founded in the 6th century by St Kevin. From 1825 to 1957, the head of the Glendalough Valley was the site of a galena lead mine. Glendalough is a recreational area for picnics, for walking along networks of maintained trails of varying difficulty, for rock-climbing. Kevin, a descendant of one of the ruling families in Leinster, studied as a boy under the care of three holy men, Eoghan and Eanna. During this time, he went to Glendalough, he was to return with a small group of monks to found a monastery where the'two rivers form a confluence'. Kevin's writings discuss his fighting "knights" at Glendalough, his fame as a holy man spread and he attracted numerous followers. He died in about 618, traditionally on 3 June. For the next six centuries, Glendalough flourished and the Irish Annals contain references to the deaths of abbots and raids on the settlement. Circa 1042, oak timber from Glendalough was used to build the second longest Viking longship recorded.
A modern replica of that ship was built in 2004 and is located in Roskilde, Denmark. At the Synod of Rath Breasail in 1111, Glendalough was designated as one of the two dioceses of North Leinster; the Book of Glendalough was written there about 1131. St. Laurence O'Toole, born in 1128, became Abbot of Glendalough and was well known for his sanctity and hospitality. After his appointment as Archbishop of Dublin in 1162, he returned to Glendalough, to the solitude of St. Kevin's Bed, he died in Eu, in Normandy in 1180. In 1176, the Annals of Tigernach report that Glendalough was'plundered by the foreigners'. In 1214, the dioceses of Glendalough and Dublin were united. From that time onwards, the cultural and ecclesiastical status of Glendalough diminished; the destruction of the settlement by English forces in 1398 left it a ruin but it continued as a church of local importance and a place of pilgrimage. Glendalough features on the 1598 map "A Modern Depiction of Ireland, One of the British Isles" by Abraham Ortelius as "Glandalag".
Descriptions of Glendalough from the 18th and 19th centuries include references to occasions of "riotous assembly" on the feast of St. Kevin on 3 June; the present remains in Glendalough tell only a small part of its story. The monastery in its heyday included workshops, areas for manuscript writing and copying, guest houses, an infirmary, farm buildings and dwellings for both the monks and a large lay population; the buildings which survive date from between the 10th and 12th centuries. Glendalough is a titular see in the Catholic Church, it is used for bishops. Raymond D'Mello Marian Przykucki Donal Murray Diarmuid Martin Guy Sansaricq See Annals of Inisfallen AI800.2 Minndenach, abbot of Glenn dá Locha, rested. AI809.2 Échtbrann, abbot of Glenn dá Locha. AI1003.6 Dúnchad Ua Mancháin, abbot of Glenn dá Locha, rested. The Gateway to the monastic city of Glendalough is one of the most important monuments, now unique in Ireland, it was two-storeyed with two fine, granite arches. The antae or projecting walls at each end suggest.
Inside the gateway, in the west wall, is a cross-inscribed stone. This denoted sanctuary, the boundary of the area of refuge; the paving of the causeway in the monastic city is still preserved in part but little remains of the enclosure wall. This fine tower, built of mica-slate interspersed with granite is about 30 metres high, with an entrance 3.5 metres from the base. The conical roof was rebuilt in 1876 using the original stones; the tower had six timber floors, connected by ladders. The four storeys above entrance level are each lit by a small window. Round towers, landmarks for approaching visitors, were built as bell towers, but served on occasion as store-houses and as places of refuge in times of attack; the largest and most imposing of the buildings at Glendalough, the cathedral had several phases of construction, the earliest, consisting of the present nave with its antae. The large mica-schist stones which can be seen up to the height of the square-headed west doorway were re-used from an earlier smaller church.
The chancel and sacristy date from the late early 13th centuries. The chancel arch and east window were finely decorated; the north doorway to the nave dates from this period. Under the southern window of the chancel is an ambry or wall cupboard and a piscina, a basin used for washing the sacred vessels. A few metres south of the cathedral an early cross of local granite, with an unpierced ring, is known as St. Kevin's Cross. Reconstructed from the original stones, based on a 1779 sketch made by Beranger, the Priests' House is a small Romanesque building, with a decorative arch at the east end, it gets its name from the practice of interring priests there in the 19th centuries. Its original purpose is unknown; this stone-roofed building had a nave only, with entrance at the west end and a small round-headed window in the east gable. The upper part of the window can be seen above what became the chancel arch when the chancel and