Dean of Lichfield
The Dean of Lichfield is the head and chair of the chapter of canons, the ruling body of Lichfield Cathedral. The dean and chapter are based at the Cathedral Church of the Blessed Virgin Mary and St Chad in Lichfield; the cathedral is the mother church of seat of the Bishop of Lichfield. The current dean is Adrian Dorber
Diocese of Lincoln
The Diocese of Lincoln forms part of the Province of Canterbury in England. The present diocese covers the ceremonial county of Lincolnshire; the diocese traces its roots in an unbroken line to the Pre-Reformation Diocese of Leicester, founded in 679. The see of Leicester was translated to Dorchester in the late 9th century, before taking in the territory of the Diocese of Lindsey and being translated to Lincoln; the diocese was the largest in England, extending from the River Thames to the Humber Estuary. In 1072, Remigius de Fécamp, bishop under William the Conqueror, moved the see to Lincoln, although the Bishops of Lincoln retained significant landholdings within Oxfordshire; because of this historic link, for a long time Banbury remained a peculiar of the Bishop of Lincoln. The modern diocese remains notoriously extensive, having been referred to by Bob Hardy, Bishop of Lincoln, as "2,000 square miles of bugger all" in 2002; the dioceses of Oxford and Peterborough were created in 1541 out of parts of the diocese, which left the diocese with two disconnected fragments and south.
In 1837 the southern part was transferred to other dioceses: Bedfordshire and Huntingdonshire to the Diocese of Ely, Hertfordshire to the Diocese of Rochester and Buckinghamshire to the Diocese of Oxford. In 1837 the county of Leicestershire was transferred from Lincoln to Peterborough; the Archdeaconry of Nottingham was transferred to the Lincoln diocese at the same time. In 1884, the Archdeaconry of Nottingham was detached to form a part of the new Diocese of Southwell. By virtue of the 2009 scheme of delegation, whilst the Bishop of Lincoln exercises general oversight, the Bishops of Grimsby and of Grantham were seen as leaders in mission in the north and south of the Diocese until that scheme lapsed upon the 6 April 2013 retirement of the Bishop of Grimsby, followed by a review of roles of bishops in the diocese; the suffragan See of Grantham was created in 1905, the See of Grimsby in 1935. It would seem that the decision to not fill the suffragan see of Grantham was taken at some point, but reversed.
Alternative episcopal oversight is provided by the provincial episcopal visitor, Norman Banks, Bishop suffragan of Richborough, licensed as an honorary assistant bishop of the diocese in order to facilitate his work there. There are three retired bishops living in the diocese who are licensed as honorary assistant bishops: 2001–present: David Tustin, former Bishop suffragan of Grimsby, lives in Wrawby. 2013–present: Another retired area Bishop of Grimsby, David Rossdale, lives in East Keal. 2013–present: Tim Ellis, retired area Bishop of Grantham, lives in Intake, Sheffield. The diocese is divided into 22 deaneries. On 22 April 2013, it was announced that a third archdeacon had been appointed pending a pastoral reorganisation; the changes to the archdeaconries enacted by the resulting pastoral scheme were announced on 15 November: Archdeaconry of Lincoln: Bolingbroke. Bishop of Lincoln Suffragan Bishop of Grimsby Lincoln Cathedral Prebendaries of Aylesbury - The prebend of Aylesbury was attached to the See of Lincoln as early as 1092 Church of England Statistics 2002 Official website Herbermann, Charles, ed..
"Lincoln". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company
Robert Sherborne was bishop of Chichester from 1508 to 1536. Sherborne was Archdeacon of Huntingdon, Archdeacon of Buckingham and of Taunton and Dean of St Paul's. Exceptionally, he held ecclesiastical posts prior to ordination: he was made a deacon in 1499 and ordained a priest on 5 March 1501. From 1505 to 1508 he was bishop of St David's. Sherborne was a patron of the artist Lambert Barnard, commissioning several series of paintings from him, he founded the Free Grammar School in Rolleston, around 1520, which continued to 1909. Concise Dictionary of National Biography Steer, Francis W. Robert Sherburne Bishop of Chichester: Some Aspects of his Life Reconsidered, Chichester Papers No. 16
The Very Rev. Arthur Perceval Purey-Cust was a Church of England priest and author and in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, he was born Arthur Perceval Cust into a distinguished family, the younger son of the Honourable William Cust, younger son of Brownlow Cust, 1st Baron Brownlow. His mother was daughter of Thomas Newnham, he was educated at Brasenose College, became a fellow of All Souls' College, Oxford. He was ordained deacon 1851 and priest 1852, his early posts were: a curacy at Hertfordshire. He married a daughter of Edward Bligh, 5th Earl of Darnley, he became the Archdeacon of Buckingham in June 1875, installed Vicar of Aylesbury in the same year. His final appointment was as Dean of York from 1880 to 1916. For the next 36 years he meticulously catalogued York Minster's heritage and died in harness in his 88th year, his portrait hangs in the National Portrait Gallery. Works by Arthur Perceval Purey-Cust at Project Gutenberg
Church of England
The Church of England is the established church of England. The Archbishop of Canterbury is the most senior cleric, although the monarch is the supreme governor; the Church of England is the mother church of the international Anglican Communion. It traces its history to the Christian church recorded as existing in the Roman province of Britain by the third century, to the 6th-century Gregorian mission to Kent led by Augustine of Canterbury; the English church renounced papal authority when Henry VIII failed to secure an annulment of his marriage to Catherine of Aragon in 1534. The English Reformation accelerated under Edward VI's regents, before a brief restoration of papal authority under Queen Mary I and King Philip; the Act of Supremacy 1558 renewed the breach, the Elizabethan Settlement charted a course enabling the English church to describe itself as both catholic and reformed: catholic in that it views itself as a part of the universal church of Jesus Christ in unbroken continuity with the early apostolic church.
This is expressed in its emphasis on the teachings of the early Church Fathers, as formalised in the Apostles', Athanasian creeds. Reformed in that it has been shaped by some of the doctrinal principles of the 16th-century Protestant Reformation, in particular in the Thirty-Nine Articles of Religion and the Book of Common Prayer. In the earlier phase of the English Reformation there were both Catholic martyrs and radical Protestant martyrs; the phases saw the Penal Laws punish Roman Catholic and nonconforming Protestants. In the 17th century, the Puritan and Presbyterian factions continued to challenge the leadership of the Church which under the Stuarts veered towards a more catholic interpretation of the Elizabethan Settlement under Archbishop Laud and the rise of the concept of Anglicanism as the via media. After the victory of the Parliamentarians the Prayer Book was abolished and the Presbyterian and Independent factions dominated; the Episcopacy was abolished. The Restoration restored the Church of England and the Prayer Book.
Papal recognition of George III in 1766 led to greater religious tolerance. Since the English Reformation, the Church of England has used a liturgy in English; the church contains several doctrinal strands, the main three known as Anglo-Catholic and Broad Church. Tensions between theological conservatives and progressives find expression in debates over the ordination of women and homosexuality; the church includes both liberal and conservative members. The governing structure of the church is based on dioceses, each presided over by a bishop. Within each diocese are local parishes; the General Synod of the Church of England is the legislative body for the church and comprises bishops, other clergy and laity. Its measures must be approved by both Houses of Parliament. According to tradition, Christianity arrived in Britain in the 1st or 2nd century, during which time southern Britain became part of the Roman Empire; the earliest historical evidence of Christianity among the native Britons is found in the writings of such early Christian Fathers as Tertullian and Origen in the first years of the 3rd century.
Three Romano-British bishops, including Restitutus, are known to have been present at the Council of Arles in 314. Others attended the Council of Serdica in 347 and that of Ariminum in 360, a number of references to the church in Roman Britain are found in the writings of 4th century Christian fathers. Britain was the home of Pelagius. While Christianity was long established as the religion of the Britons at the time of the Anglo-Saxon invasion, Christian Britons made little progress in converting the newcomers from their native paganism. In 597, Pope Gregory I sent the prior of the Abbey of St Andrew's from Rome to evangelise the Angles; this event is known as the Gregorian mission and is the date the Church of England marks as the beginning of its formal history. With the help of Christians residing in Kent, Augustine established his church at Canterbury, the capital of the Kingdom of Kent, became the first in the series of Archbishops of Canterbury in 598. A archbishop, the Greek Theodore of Tarsus contributed to the organisation of Christianity in England.
The Church of England has been in continuous existence since the days of St Augustine, with the Archbishop of Canterbury as its episcopal head. Despite the various disruptions of the Reformation and the English Civil War, the Church of England considers itself to be the same church, more formally organised by Augustine. While some Celtic Christian practices were changed at the Synod of Whitby, the Christian in the British Isles was under papal authority from earliest times. Queen Bertha of Kent was among the Christians in England who recognised papal authority before Augustine arrived, Celtic Christians were carrying out missionary work with papal approval long before the Synod of Whitby; the Synod of Whitby established the Roman date for Easter and the Roman style of monastic tonsure in England. This meeting of the ecclesiastics with Roman customs with local bishops was summoned in 664 at Saint Hilda's double monastery of Streonshalh called Whitby Abbey, it was presided over by King Oswiu, who made the final ruling.
The final ruling was decided in favor of Roman tradition because St. Peter holds the keys to the gate of Heaven. In 1534, King Henry VIII separated the English Church from Rome. A theological separation had been foreshadowed by various movements within the English Church, such as Lollardy, but the English Reformation gained political support when Henry VIII wanted an a
Bishop of St David's
The Bishop of St David's is the ordinary of the Church in Wales Diocese of St David's. The succession of bishops stretches back to Saint David who in the 6th century established his seat in what is today the city of St David's in Pembrokeshire, founding St David's Cathedral; the current Bishop of St David's is Joanna Penberthy, since the confirmation on 30 November 2016 of her election. The history of the diocese of St David's is traditionally traced to that saint in the latter half of the 6th century Records of the history of the diocese before Norman times are fragmentary, consisting of a few chance references in old chronicles, such as'Annales Cambriae' and'Brut y Tywysogion'. Corresponding with the boundaries of Dyfed, St David's comprised all the country south of the River Dyfi and west of the English border, with the exception of the greater part of Glamorganshire, in all some 3,500 square miles; the early ecclesiastical organisation of the Welsh church is unclear but scanty references reveal that some form of Archbishopric existed, with multiple bishops under the jurisdiction of a senior see.
One of the earliest mentions of the religious community at St David's Cathedral comes in the work of Asser, trained there. In his Life of King Alfred c. 893 Asser describes his kinsman, Nobis of St David's, as Archbishop. In the Annales Cambriae, Elfodd is termed'archbishop of the land of Gwynedd’ in his obit, under the year 809. Rhygyfarch's Life of Saint David c. 1090. States Saint David was anointed as an archbishop by the Patriarch of Jerusalem, a position confirmed at the Synod of Llanddewi Brefi by popular acclaim. Blessed and extolled by the mouth of all, he is with the consent of all the bishops, princes and all grades of the whole Britannic race, made archbishop, his monastery too is declared the metropolis of the whole country, so that whoever ruled it should be accounted archbishop. Rhygyfarch's claim may be dubious history but there can be little doubt he was reflecting a pre-existing tradition, it is unclear when St David's came under the metropolitan jurisdiction of the Archbishop of Canterbury, but about 1115 King Henry I intruded a Norman into the see, Bishop of St David's, who prior to his ordination was confirmed by Canterbury, much to the disgust of the Brut y Tywysogyon which noted that Henry I'made him bishop in Menevia in contempt of the clerics of the Britons’.
Once in place Bernard became convinced. Bernard in the 1120s claimed metropolitan jurisdiction over Wales and presented his suit unsuccessfully before six successive popes. Pope Eugenius III was giving the case serious consideration, the issue was to be put to the synod summoned to meet at Rheims in March 1148, but the death of Bernard meant the case lapsed; the idea of Archbishops in Wales was reflected in the work of Geoffrey of Monmouth. The claim was afterwards revived in the time of Gerald of Wales; the failure of Gerald's campaign saw the claim lapse but it was revived by Owain Glyndŵr's plan for an independent Welsh Church. The idea was revived in the reformation with Bishop Richard Davies in the'Address to the Welsh nation' prefixed to the translation into Welsh of the New Testament by him and William Salesbury referred to'Archbishop David', it was only in 1920. The building of the present St David's Cathedral was begun under Bishop Peter de Leia. In the troubled times of the Reformation the former bishop of St David's, William Barlow, was a consecrator of Archbishop Matthew Parker in 1559.
At the English Reformation the See ceased to be in communion with Rome, but it continued as a See of the Church of England, since disestablishment, of the Church in Wales. Accounts of the early incumbents on the list are conflicting
Diocese of Oxford
The Diocese of Oxford is a Church of England diocese that forms part of the Province of Canterbury. The diocese is led by the Bishop of Oxford, the bishop's seat is at Christ Church Cathedral, Oxford, it contains more church buildings than any other diocese and has more paid clergy than any other except London. The Diocese of Oxford was created by letters patent from Henry VIII on 1 September 1542, out of part of the Diocese of Lincoln. Osney Abbey was designated the original cathedral, but in 1545 this was changed to St. Frideswide's which became Christ Church Cathedral. In 1836 the Archdeaconry of Berkshire was transferred from the Diocese of Salisbury to Oxford; this comprises parts of Wiltshire. In 1837 the County of Buckingham was transferred from the Diocese of Lincoln, to become the Archdeaconry of Buckingham, although this annexation did not take effect until 1845. In 2013 and 2014, the Diocese of Oxford discussed and resolved to undertake some pastoral alterations. On 3 March 2014, it was announced that Judy French would become the first Archdeacon of Dorchester from June 2014.
The diocesan Bishop of Oxford is assisted by the area bishops of Dorchester and Reading. The suffragan See of Buckingham was created in 1914, was the suffragan bishop for the whole diocese until 1939 when the See of Dorchester was created; the provincial episcopal visitor is Jonathan Goodall, Bishop suffragan of Ebbsfleet, licensed as an honorary assistant bishop of the diocese in order to facilitate his ministry in the diocese. Several retired bishops resident in or near the diocese are licensed to serve as honorary assistant bishops; as of 27 June 2017: Since 1996: Keith Arnold, retired Bishop suffragan of Warwick, lives in Olney. Since 1999: Peter Nott, retired Bishop of Norwich and Bishop suffragan of Taunton, lives in Westcot. Since 1999: Henry Richmond, retired Bishop suffragan of Repton, lives in Oxford itself. Since 2001: Bill Down, retired Assistant Bishop of Leicester and Bishop of Bermuda, lives in Witney. Since 2004: James Johnson returned to parish ministry in Northants and Essex before retiring to Bodicote.
Since 2010: Anthony Russell, former Bishop of Ely and area Bishop of Dorchester, lives in Holton. Since 2010: Henry Scriven, Mission Director for Latin America and former Assistant Bishop in Pittsburgh and Suffragan Bishop in Europe, lives in Abingdon-on-Thames and is licensed in Chichester and Winchester dioceses. Since 2013: David Jennings, retired former Bishop suffragan of Warrington, lives in Northleach, Gloucestershire and is licensed in Gloucester diocese. Since 2013: John Went, former Bishop suffragan of Tewkesbury, lives in Latimer. George Carey lives in the diocese and was an honorary assistant bishop, but resigned his licence following his implication in the Peter Ball abuse case, Humphrey Southern, former Bishop suffragan of Repton, is the Principal of Ripon College Cuddesdon; the diocese now covers the counties of Berkshire Buckinghamshire Oxfordshire and has three churches in the county of Bedfordshire one church in the traditional county of Middlesex one church in the county of Hampshire Since the creation of an area scheme in 1984, the diocese has been divided into three episcopal areas.
The Bishop of Oxford has authority throughout the diocese, but has primary responsibility for the city and suburbs of Oxford, which form the Archdeaconry of Oxford. City of Oxford & surrounding area current Bishop of Oxford: Steven Croft includes Deaneries of Oxford and Cowley Dorchester Episcopal Area current area Bishop of Dorchester: Colin Fletcher includes Deaneries of Aston & Cuddesdon, Bicester & Islip, Chipping Norton, Henley and Woodstock Buckingham Episcopal Area current area Bishop of Buckingham: Alan Wilson includes Deaneries of Amersham, Buckingham, Burnham & Slough, Milton Keynes, Newport and Wycombe Reading Episcopal Area current area Bishop of Reading: Andrew Proud includes Deaneries of Abingdon, Bradfield, Maidenhead & Windsor, Reading, Vale of White Horse and Wantage *including Cathedral 1situated within the area covered by the Cowley deanery Oliver Almond Oxford Diocesan Guild of Church Bell Ringers Church of England Statistics 2002 Official website Churches in the Diocese of Oxford