SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Archducal hat of Tyrol

The archducal hat of Tyrol is an insignia of the County of Tyrol. It is located in the treasury of Mariastein, its design resembles the original archducal hat and depictions on coins of the archdukes Ferdinand I and Ferdinand II of Tyrol. It consists of a gilded copper circlet which rests ten triangular gables with precious stones and ornaments, it is closed with two arches surmounted by a cross at the center. The copper circlet is hidden by the crimson cap, turned up with ermine; the ermine was replaced with silk in ermine pattern. Both the hat and the sceptre were made in 1602. Although the Tyrol was a county, the hat is called archducal hat since its ruler Maximilian III was an imperial Habsburg archduke, a higher rank than the count of Tyrol, he appears to have considered it unsuitable for his personal use after personal examination of the hat at Innsbruck in 1613. It was given as a votive offering to the church in Mariastein

Creston Clippers

The Creston Clippers were a junior'B' ice hockey team based in Creston, British Columbia, Canada. They were members of the Eastern Division of the Kootenay International Junior Hockey League; the Clippers joined the league in 1976 as an expansion team and folded in 1985. They won one division title as a member of the Eastern Division from 1976-1985. After the Clippers folded in 1985, the Creston Thunder joined the Rocky Mountain Junior Hockey League as a junior'A' team as an expansion team in 1992, but by the 1998-99 season, the RMJHL had fallen to four teams and was playing a lot of interleague with the America West Hockey League; the Creston Thunder could not afford the travel and opted to leave the RMJHL forcing the league to fold, at the end of the 1999 playoffs. The team sat out for the 1999-00 season to reorganize. Prior to the 2000-01 season, the team was renamed the Creston Valley Thunder Cats and joined the Kootenay International Junior Hockey League, as a junior'B' team. Note: GP = Games played, W = Wins, L = Losses, T = Ties, OTL = Overtime Losses, Pts = Points, GF = Goals for, GA = Goals against Jamie Huscroft

Sara Khatun

Sara Khatun, or Saray Khatun, was a diplomat of Aq Qoyunlu state and Uzun Hassan’s mother. According to John E. Woods, Sara Khatun was the daughter of Pir Ali Bayandur, the ruler of Kiğı. Pir Ali was himself the son of the Aq Qoyunlu ruler Fakhr ad-Din Qutlu by his Pontic wife Maria Comnena, sister of Alexios III of Trebizond. Franz Babinger speculates that Sara Khatun was an Aramaic Christian who had grown up near Diyarbakir, but this speculation is based on an earlier assumption by Vladimir Minorsky which he renounced. Sara Khatun married her paternal cousin Ali, the son of the leader of the Aq Qoyunlu federation Qara Osman. Sara Khatun was a skilful diplomat and headed embassies for the purpose of regulating disputed issues. Sara Khatun was famous on the west, ambassadors of foreign countries took advantage from her influence on son.. Negotiations with Mehmed II, Sultan of the Ottoman Empire were successful; the first round of negotiations with Mehmed II was held in Goyluhisar. There she could make peace, according to which Uzun Hassan promised not to impede seizure of Trebzond by the Ottoman Turks, Turks had to leave the territory of the Aq Qoyunlu.

She could persuade the Sultan that the treasury of Trebizond should belong to his bride – Despine Khatun, princess of Trabzon and to bring this wealth to a palace of her son. During these negotiations Mehmed II and Sara Khatun called each other "mother" and "son". For example, during Trabzon negotiations Sara Khatun said Mehmed II that: Sara Khatun helped the last Trapezuntine Emperor by providing him and his family with freedom, she took his promise not to disturb the emperor and his family taking advantage of her good relations with Mehmed II. And Mehmed II redeemed his promise, given to Sara Khatun: the Emperor and his children and young nephew Alexis were graciously accepted by Sultan and were sent to Constantinople on a special ship with courtiers and all private property, except piles of jewelry which were given to Sara Khatun as a reward for her polite intermediation. Sara Khatun was sent to the Timurid ruler Abu Said for negotiations, but these were unsuccessful