Margherita, Archduchess of Austria-Este
Margherita, Dowager Archduchess of Austria-Este is the first-born child of the late Amedeo, 3rd Duke of Aosta and Princess Anne dOrléans. Margheritas family announced her engagement to Robert, Archduke of Austria-Este on 20 October 1953 and they married on 29 December 1953 in Bourg-en-Bresse, France and 29 December 1953, in Brou, France. He was the son of former Emperor Charles I of Austria. Robert was 38, and Margherita was 23, as the royal couple arrived for the first ceremony, hundreds of Austrians and Italians stood outside the town hall where the marriage was held. The wedding was attended by former King Umberto II of Italy and Roberts older brother Otto of Habsburg. At six feet tall, Margherita was, according to some witnesses and she wore an ivory gown made out of satin with a long train hung from a diamond tiara. The couple took up residence in Paris, where Robert was a bank clerk and they had five children, Archduchess Maria Beatrice Anna Felicitas Zita Charlotte Adelheid Christina Elisabeth Gennara.
Married Count Riprand of Arco-Zinneberg, a great-grandson of the last Bavarian king, Ludwig III, married 22 September 1984 at Brussels, Princess Astrid of Belgium only daughter of King Albert II of the Belgians
Archduke Felix of Austria
Archduke Felix of Austria was the last surviving child of the last Austrian Emperor Charles I and a member of the Habsburg. He was a brother of former Crown Prince Otto of Austria. Archduke Felix was born in the Schönbrunn Palace in Vienna the third son of the heir presumptive to the throne of Austria-Hungary the Archduke Charles. On 21 November 1916 the Emperor Franz Joseph died and Felixs father succeeded as the new Emperor of Austria, Archduke Felix was less than three years old when Austria-Hungary collapsed following its defeat in the First World War. As a result, republics were declared in the now-separate countries Austria, on 1 April 1922 his father Emperor Charles died in Madeira. In the autumn of 1937 Archduke Felix was permitted to return to Austria and he became the first Habsburg since the abolition of the monarchy to pursue a career as an officer in the Austrian Army. With the Anschluss approaching Archduke Felix, his sister Archduchess Adelheid, during the Second World War while in the United States and his brother Carl Ludwig volunteered to serve in the 101st Infantry Battalion known as the Free Austria Battalion.
However the battalion was disbanded when a number of exiled Jewish volunteers who made up the majority of force ultimately declined to confirm their enlistment. Felix, unlike his brother Otto, always refused to renounce his rights to the Austrian throne and membership of the Habsburg family, as a result, he was banned from entering Austria except for a brief three-day stay in 1989 in order to attend his mothers funeral. After his presence known, he was warned by the Austrian government that he would face prosecution if he ever tried to enter the country illegally again. Felix built up a number of businesses in Mexico and Brussels. During his time in exile Archduke Felix lived in Portugal, Mexico and he lived in the colonia of San Ángel in Mexico City where he died 6 September 2011. He was interred in the crypt in Muri Abbey, near Zürich. The abbey is a burial place of the Habsburg dynasty, and contains the remains of his wife. Felix was married civilly on 18 November 1952 at Beaulieu and they had seven children, and twenty-two grandchildren.
Archduke Carl Philipp of Austria married firstly in 1994 Martina Donath, married secondly in 1998 Annie-Claire Christine Lacrambe, two sons, one from his first wife, and one from the second wife Julien, Louis-Damien. Archduchess Kinga Barbara of Austria married in 1985 Baron Wolfgang von Erffa, one son and four daughters Zita, Hubert Laszlo, Maria Assunta, Maria-Isabel, Archduke Raimund of Austria married in 1994 Bettina Götz, one son and two daughters Felix, Maria. Archduchess Myriam of Austria married in 1983 Jaime Corcuera Acheson, a Mexican descendant of the Earls of Gosford, four sons Karl Sebastian, Pedro Johannes, Andres
Francesca von Habsburg
Francesca von Habsburg-Lothringen is an art collector and the wife of Karl Habsburg-Lothringen, head of the House of Habsburg-Lorraine. She was educated at Le Rosey in Switzerland and at the age of eighteen attended Saint Martins School of Art, after leaving the college she worked as an actress and model Her partying lifestyle in London in the 1980s earned her reputation as an It girl. For the ten years after she left Saint Martins college she lived in England, New York, during the war in Croatia Francesca visited the country to help protect Croatias heritage and artworks and to help restore churches and paintings damaged during the fighting. And has built up her own art collection with four hundred pieces of contemporary video. Since 2012, TBA21 has a new space in Viennas second district. The exhibition space was therefore renamed Thyssen-Bornemisza Art Contemporary–Augarten and it exhibits works from the collection in thematic exhibitions twice a year. The Foundation organises exhibitions of its world wide.
Von Habsburg has criticised her stepmother, Carmen Cervera, for the management of the Thyssen-Bornemisza Museum in Madrid after the sale of John Constables painting. She appeared as Queen Marie-Henriette in the production Kronprinz Rudolf, directed by Robert Dornhelm, Francesca married the heir to the Habsburg dynasty, Archduke Karl, son of Dr. Otto von Habsburg, in Mariazell on 31 January 1993. Francesca and Karl have been separated since 2003. She owns a residence in Port Antonio, where she is a supporter of the Reggae music industry
Karl von Habsburg
Born in Starnberg, Germany in 1961, he is the son of Otto von Habsburg and Princess Regina of Saxe-Meiningen, and the grandson of the last Austrian emperor, Charles I. He served as a Member of the European Parliament for the Austrian Peoples Party 1996–1999, like his father, he is known as an advocate for the Pan-European movement. Since 1986, Karl von Habsburg has been president of the Austrian branch of the Paneuropean Union, after studying law for 12 years, in 1992/1993, he hosted a TV game show with Austrian public TV broadcaster ORF, called Who Is Who. In October 1996, he was elected to the European Parliament for the Austrian Peoples Party and his father exacerbated the controversy when he complained that his son was being attacked unfairly and drew a parallel between the name Habsburg and a yellow badge. ÖVP did not nominate Karl von Habsburg again for the 1999 elections, in 2004, Karl von Habsburg paid 37,000 euros to the new World Vision Austria branch. On 19 January 2002, he was appointed Director General of UNPO by the UNPO Steering Committee, since 7 December 2008, he is the President of the Association of National Committees of the Blue Shield.
In 1961, his father Otto von Habsburg renounced all claims to the Austrian throne, as a necessary legal condition to being allowed to return to Austria. On 30 November 2000, Karls father transferred over to him the position of head and sovereign of the Order of the Golden Fleece and in 2008 he became the Grand Master of the Order of St. George. In 2005, Karl von Habsburg filed a lawsuit before Austrias constitutional court after a failed attempt to have former properties of the Habsburg family returned. The familys estates had been expropriated by the First Republic, this had in part been reverted under Austrofascism, the family tried to get their former property returned under rules for victims of the Nazi regime. The attempt failed because the law of expropriation still has constitutional status, on 1 January 2007, his father relinquished his position as the head of the House of Habsburg-Lorraine, a status which devolved on Karl. Karl von Habsburg is one of the three co-founders of BG Privatinvest, a Vienna-based investment company, in December 2010 the company acquired the two most important Bulgarian daily newspapers, Dneven Trud and 24 Chasa.
After ongoing conflicts with Bulgarian partners, BG Privatinvest sold the newspapers in April 2011, since 2009, Karl von Habsburg is a shareholder in a media group in the Netherlands, consisting of radio stations, a magazine and a music television channel. Karl von Habsburg was born in Germany and he was baptised in Pöcking, Bavaria, as Archduke Karl of Austria, the name entered in the baptismal records. At the time of his birth, his father was de facto stateless and possessed a Spanish diplomatic passport, like his father and siblings, he was banished from Austria for the first years of his life. The Austrian Republic was forced to repeal the banishment of him and his family and he has lived in Salzburg, since 1981. He resides in Casa Austria, formerly called Villa Swoboda, in Anif and Francesca separated in 2003. The diadem belonged to his wife who intended to wear it at a wedding ceremony
Georg von Habsburg
He has worked as a television journalist, based in Budapest, since 1993. On 1 May 2004 he was chairman of the Grand Europe Ball, georg was the President of Red Cross in Hungary, having been named Hungarys Ambassador extraordinary to the European Parliament in 1996. He is a Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece and his family live near the village of Sóskút, in Pest County in Hungary
By population, Spain is the sixth largest in Europe and the fifth in the European Union. Spains capital and largest city is Madrid, other urban areas include Barcelona, Seville, Bilbao. Modern humans first arrived in the Iberian Peninsula around 35,000 years ago, in the Middle Ages, the area was conquered by Germanic tribes and by the Moors. Spain is a democracy organised in the form of a government under a constitutional monarchy. It is a power and a major developed country with the worlds fourteenth largest economy by nominal GDP. Jesús Luis Cunchillos argues that the root of the span is the Phoenician word spy. Therefore, i-spn-ya would mean the land where metals are forged, two 15th-century Spanish Jewish scholars, Don Isaac Abravanel and Solomon ibn Verga, gave an explanation now considered folkloric. Both men wrote in two different published works that the first Jews to reach Spain were brought by ship by Phiros who was confederate with the king of Babylon when he laid siege to Jerusalem.
This man was a Grecian by birth, but who had given a kingdom in Spain. He became related by marriage to Espan, the nephew of king Heracles, Heracles renounced his throne in preference for his native Greece, leaving his kingdom to his nephew, from whom the country of España took its name. Based upon their testimonies, this eponym would have already been in use in Spain by c.350 BCE, Iberia enters written records as a land populated largely by the Iberians and Celts. Early on its coastal areas were settled by Phoenicians who founded Western Europe´s most ancient cities Cadiz, Phoenician influence expanded as much of the Peninsula was eventually incorporated into the Carthaginian Empire, becoming a major theater of the Punic Wars against the expanding Roman Empire. After an arduous conquest, the peninsula came fully under Roman Rule, during the early Middle Ages it came under Germanic rule but later, much of it was conquered by Moorish invaders from North Africa. In a process took centuries, the small Christian kingdoms in the north gradually regained control of the peninsula.
The last Moorish kingdom fell in the same year Columbus reached the Americas, a global empire began which saw Spain become the strongest kingdom in Europe, the leading world power for a century and a half, and the largest overseas empire for three centuries. Continued wars and other problems led to a diminished status. The Napoleonic invasions of Spain led to chaos, triggering independence movements that tore apart most of the empire, eventually democracy was peacefully restored in the form of a parliamentary constitutional monarchy. Spain joined the European Union, experiencing a renaissance and steady economic growth
Grabs is a municipality in the Wahlkreis of Werdenberg in the canton of St. Gallen in Switzerland. Grabs is first mentioned in 841 as Quaravedes, in 979 it was mentioned as Quadravedes, in 1235 as Grabdis and in 1253 as Graps. Grabs has an area, as of 2006, of 54.7 km2, of this area, 50% is used for agricultural purposes, while 32. 2% is forested. Of the rest of the land,4. 8% is settled, the municipality is located in the Werdenberg Wahlkreis. The eastern portion of the municipality is on edge of the Rhine valley, the larger part of the municipality is on the eastern slope of the Churfirsten-Alvier group. It includes lightly settled alpine pastures on the broad Maiensässgürtel, the city of Werdenberg with its castle is part of the municipality. Voralpsee and Werdenbergersee are located in the municipality, the blazon of the municipal coat of arms is Argent a Wild Man stantant afrontee holding a Club in dexter and a Pine Tree eradicated Vert in sinister Grabs has a population of 6,929. As of 2007, about 16. 1% of the population was made up of foreign nationals.
Of the foreign population,132 are from Germany,77 are from Italy,365 are from ex-Yugoslavia,112 are from Austria,56 are from Turkey, over the last 10 years the population has grown at a rate of 5. 2%. Most of the population speaks German, with Albanian being second most common, of the Swiss national languages,5,854 speak German,17 people speak French,58 people speak Italian, and 13 people speak Romansh. The age distribution, as of 2000, in Grabs is,777 children or 12. 3% of the population are between 0 and 9 years old and 914 teenagers or 14. 5% are between 10 and 19. Of the adult population,639 people or 10. 1% of the population are between 20 and 29 years old. 1,038 people or 16. 5% are between 30 and 39,999 people or 15. 9% are between 40 and 49, and 798 people or 12. 7% are between 50 and 59. In 2000 there were 671 persons who were living alone in a private dwelling, There were 1,282 persons who were part of a couple without children, and 3,607 who were part of a couple with children. In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the SVP which received 32. 9% of the vote, the next three most popular parties were the SP, the FDP and the CVP.
The entire Swiss population is well educated. In Grabs about 70. 5% of the population have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education, the remainder did not answer this question. The historical population is given in the table, There are several sites
Switzerland, officially the Swiss Confederation, is a federal republic in Europe. It consists of 26 cantons, and the city of Bern is the seat of the federal authorities. The country is situated in western-Central Europe, and is bordered by Italy to the south, France to the west, Germany to the north, and Austria and Liechtenstein to the east. Switzerland is a country geographically divided between the Alps, the Swiss Plateau and the Jura, spanning an area of 41,285 km2. The establishment of the Old Swiss Confederacy dates to the medieval period, resulting from a series of military successes against Austria. Swiss independence from the Holy Roman Empire was formally recognized in the Peace of Westphalia in 1648. The country has a history of armed neutrality going back to the Reformation, it has not been in a state of war internationally since 1815, nevertheless, it pursues an active foreign policy and is frequently involved in peace-building processes around the world. In addition to being the birthplace of the Red Cross, Switzerland is home to international organisations.
On the European level, it is a member of the European Free Trade Association. However, it participates in the Schengen Area and the European Single Market through bilateral treaties, spanning the intersection of Germanic and Romance Europe, Switzerland comprises four main linguistic and cultural regions, French and Romansh. Due to its diversity, Switzerland is known by a variety of native names, Suisse, Svizzera. On coins and stamps, Latin is used instead of the four living languages, Switzerland is one of the most developed countries in the world, with the highest nominal wealth per adult and the eighth-highest per capita gross domestic product according to the IMF. Zürich and Geneva have each been ranked among the top cities in the world in terms of quality of life, with the former ranked second globally, according to Mercer. The English name Switzerland is a compound containing Switzer, a term for the Swiss. The English adjective Swiss is a loan from French Suisse, in use since the 16th century.
The name Switzer is from the Alemannic Schwiizer, in origin an inhabitant of Schwyz and its associated territory, the Swiss began to adopt the name for themselves after the Swabian War of 1499, used alongside the term for Confederates, used since the 14th century. The data code for Switzerland, CH, is derived from Latin Confoederatio Helvetica. The toponym Schwyz itself was first attested in 972, as Old High German Suittes, ultimately related to swedan ‘to burn’
Austria, officially the Republic of Austria, is a federal republic and a landlocked country of over 8.7 million people in Central Europe. It is bordered by the Czech Republic and Germany to the north and Slovakia to the east and Italy to the south, the territory of Austria covers 83,879 km2. The terrain is mountainous, lying within the Alps, only 32% of the country is below 500 m. The majority of the population speaks local Bavarian dialects of German as their native language, other local official languages are Hungarian, Burgenland Croatian, and Slovene. The origins of modern-day Austria date back to the time of the Habsburg dynasty, from the time of the Reformation, many northern German princes, resenting the authority of the Emperor, used Protestantism as a flag of rebellion. Following Napoleons defeat, Prussia emerged as Austrias chief competitor for rule of a greater Germany, Austrias defeat by Prussia at the Battle of Königgrätz, during the Austro-Prussian War of 1866, cleared the way for Prussia to assert control over the rest of Germany.
In 1867, the empire was reformed into Austria-Hungary, Austria was thus the first to go to war in the July Crisis, which would ultimately escalate into World War I. The First Austrian Republic was established in 1919, in 1938 Nazi Germany annexed Austria in the Anschluss. This lasted until the end of World War II in 1945, after which Germany was occupied by the Allies, in 1955, the Austrian State Treaty re-established Austria as a sovereign state, ending the occupation. In the same year, the Austrian Parliament created the Declaration of Neutrality which declared that the Second Austrian Republic would become permanently neutral, Austria is a parliamentary representative democracy comprising nine federal states. The capital and largest city, with a population exceeding 1.7 million, is Vienna, other major urban areas of Austria include Graz, Linz and Innsbruck. Austria is one of the richest countries in the world, with a nominal per capita GDP of $43,724, the country has developed a high standard of living and in 2014 was ranked 21st in the world for its Human Development Index.
Austria has been a member of the United Nations since 1955, joined the European Union in 1995, Austria signed the Schengen Agreement in 1995, and adopted the euro currency in 1999. The German name for Austria, Österreich, meant eastern realm in Old High German, and is cognate with the word Ostarrîchi and this word is probably a translation of Medieval Latin Marchia orientalis into a local dialect. Austria was a prefecture of Bavaria created in 976, the word Austria is a Latinisation of the German name and was first recorded in the 12th century. Accordingly, Norig would essentially mean the same as Ostarrîchi and Österreich, the Celtic name was eventually Latinised to Noricum after the Romans conquered the area that encloses most of modern-day Austria, around 15 BC. Noricum became a Roman province in the mid-first century AD, heers hypothesis is not accepted by linguists. Settled in ancient times, the Central European land that is now Austria was occupied in pre-Roman times by various Celtic tribes, the Celtic kingdom of Noricum was claimed by the Roman Empire and made a province
Infante Carlos, Duke of Calabria
If Mateu Morral’s attempt to assassinate King Alfonso XIII of Spain had succeeded, Infante Alfonso would have become at that moment the King of Spain. Raised from infancy side-by-side with his king, Juan Carlos I. The school was the site of a house, Las Jarillas, located 10 miles north of Madrid. The princes obtained their bacs from the Colegiata de San Isidro de Madrid, Carlos lived in Madrid with his family. Their assets included agricultural properties in Toledo and Ciudad Real and he held investments in major companies, including Repsol and Telefonica. In April 1961 Carlos met his wife, Princess Anne of Orléans in Madrid, at the wedding of his elder sister, Princess Teresa, with Don Iñigo Moreno. Two months Anne was invited to and visited the home of Carloss parents at Toledana, by the end of 1963 the secret was out, French news media pictured the couple together and speculated about the date when the engagement of the royal couple would be announced publicly. Carloss father, Infante Alfonso, had asserted himself as heir because his late father.
The Comte de Paris withheld his consent, thus plans for the marriage were dropped. Carloss father died in 1964, and with patience and compromise from afar, michele Carrelli Palombi dei Marchesi di Raiano Nob. Teresa Carrelli Palombi dei Marchesi di Raiano Nob, blanca Carrelli Palombi dei Marchesi di Raiano Princess Victoria of Bourbon-Two Sicilies, married Greek shipowner Markos Nomikos in 2003. Following marriage and his wife remained for sometime guests of the Marquès de Decio, in 1966 the couple took up residence in a large apartment in the heart of Madrid. Carlos launched a professional specialization in law and banking. After his fathers death in 1964 he managed his familys large agricultural holdings in Spain, Infante Carlos was one of two claimants of the dignity of Head of the Royal House of the Two Sicilies. The other claimant was his second cousin Prince Carlo of Bourbon-Two Sicilies, Prince Carlo of Bourbon, grandfather of the Infante, is alleged to have renounced his rights by signing the Act of Cannes.
While Duke of Castro is a title that belongs to the Head of the Royal House along with Duke of Parma, Duke of Calabria is a title of the Crown Prince, corresponding to the Spanish Prince of Asturias or the British Prince of Wales. He died on 5 October 2015 at the age of 77 and she is the closest known genealogical representative of King Edward the Confessor, and the direct genealogical representative of King David I of Scotland. After Infanta Alicias death Carloss son Pedro will presumably become the titular King of Navarre, THE HEAD OF THE ROYAL HOUSE – official website of the Royal House of Bourbon-Two Sicilies