George Montgomerie, 15th Earl of Eglinton
George Arnulph Montgomerie, 15th Earl of Eglinton, 3rd Earl of Winton was the third and youngest son of Archibald Montgomerie, 13th Earl of Eglinton and his first wife, Theresa Newcomen. Lord Eglinton married Janet Lucretia Cuninghame on 13 November 1873, they had several children: Lady Georgiana Theresa Montgomerie Lady Edith Mary Montgomerie Archibald Seton Montgomerie, 16th Earl of Eglinton William Alexander Montgomerie Captain Francis Cuninghame Montgomerie Lord Eglinton died on 10 August 1919, aged 71. George Montgomerie, 15th Earl of Eglinton profile, thepeerage.com. Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by the Earl of Eglinton
House of Lords
The House of Lords known as the House of Peers, is the upper house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. Membership is else by heredity or official function. Like the House of Commons, it meets in the Palace of Westminster; the full name of the house is the Right Honourable the Lords Spiritual and Temporal of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland in Parliament assembled. Unlike the elected House of Commons, members of the House of Lords are appointed; the membership of the House of Lords is drawn from the peerage and is made up of Lords Spiritual and Lords Temporal. The Lords Spiritual are 26 bishops in the established Church of England. Of the Lords Temporal, the majority are life peers who are appointed by the monarch on the advice of the Prime Minister, or on the advice of the House of Lords Appointments Commission. However, they include some hereditary peers including four dukes. Membership was once an entitlement of all hereditary peers, other than those in the peerage of Ireland, but under the House of Lords Act 1999, the right to membership was restricted to 92 hereditary peers.
Since 2008, only one of them is female. While the House of Commons has a defined number of seats membership, the number of members in the House of Lords is not fixed; the House of Lords is the only upper house of any bicameral parliament in the world to be larger than its lower house. The House of Lords scrutinises bills, it reviews and amends Bills from the Commons. While it is unable to prevent Bills passing into law, except in certain limited circumstances, it can delay Bills and force the Commons to reconsider their decisions. In this capacity, the House of Lords acts as a check on the House of Commons, independent from the electoral process. Bills can be introduced into the House of Commons. While members of the Lords may take on roles as government ministers, high-ranking officials such as cabinet ministers are drawn from the Commons; the House of Lords has its own support services, separate from the Commons, including the House of Lords Library. The Queen's Speech is delivered in the House of Lords during the State Opening of Parliament.
In addition to its role as the upper house, until the establishment of the Supreme Court in 2009, the House of Lords, through the Law Lords, acted as the final court of appeal in the United Kingdom judicial system. The House has a Church of England role, in that Church Measures must be tabled within the House by the Lords Spiritual. Today's Parliament of the United Kingdom descends, in practice, from the Parliament of England, though the Treaty of Union of 1706 and the Acts of Union that ratified the Treaty in 1707 and created a new Parliament of Great Britain to replace the Parliament of England and the Parliament of Scotland; this new parliament was, in effect, the continuation of the Parliament of England with the addition of 45 MPs and 16 Peers to represent Scotland. The House of Lords developed from the "Great Council"; this royal council came to be composed of ecclesiastics and representatives of the counties of England and Wales. The first English Parliament is considered to be the "Model Parliament", which included archbishops, abbots, earls and representatives of the shires and boroughs of it.
The power of Parliament grew fluctuating as the strength of the monarchy grew or declined. For example, during much of the reign of Edward II, the nobility was supreme, the Crown weak, the shire and borough representatives powerless. In 1569, the authority of Parliament was for the first time recognised not by custom or royal charter, but by an authoritative statute, passed by Parliament itself. During the reign of Edward II's successor, Edward III, Parliament separated into two distinct chambers: the House of Commons and the House of Lords; the authority of Parliament continued to grow, during the early 15th century both Houses exercised powers to an extent not seen before. The Lords were far more powerful than the Commons because of the great influence of the great landowners and the prelates of the realm; the power of the nobility declined during the civil wars of the late 15th century, known as the Wars of the Roses. Much of the nobility was killed on the battlefield or executed for participation in the war, many aristocratic estates were lost to the Crown.
Moreover, feudalism was dying, the feudal armies controlled by the barons became obsolete. Henry VII established the supremacy of the monarch, symbolised by the "Crown Imperial"; the domination of the Sovereign continued to grow during the reigns of the Tudor monarchs in the 16th century. The Crown was at the height of its power during the reign of Henry VIII; the House of Lords remained more powerful than the House of Commons, but the Lower House continued to grow in influence, reaching a zenith in relation to the House of Lords during the middle 17th century. Conflicts between the King and the Parliament led to the English Civil War during the 1640s. In 1649, after the defeat and execution of King Charles I, the Commonwealth of England was declared, but the nation was under the overall control of Oliver Cromwell, Lord Protector of England, S
Archibald Montgomerie, 17th Earl of Eglinton
Archibald William Alexander Montgomerie, 17th Earl of Eglinton was the son of Archibald Montgomerie, 16th Earl of Eglinton. He was educated at Oxford. On 10 November 1938, he married Ursula Joan Watson and they had four children: Archibald George Montgomerie, 18th Earl of Eglinton Susanna Montgomerie Elizabeth Beatrice Montgomerie Egida Seton Montgomerie Eglinton Castle Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by the Earl of Eglinton
Edward Bruce, 10th Earl of Elgin
Edward James Bruce, 10th Earl of Elgin, 14th Earl of Kincardine KT, CMG, TD, JP was the son of Victor Alexander Bruce, 9th Earl of Elgin who became Assistant Private Secretary to the Secretary State for the Colonies and a director of the Royal Bank of Scotland. He had been a Captain in the Forfar and Kincardine Royal Garrison Artillery Militia, when the Territorial Force was created in 1908 he became Commanding officer of the Highland Heavy Battery, RGA with the rank of Major, a position that he held at the outbreak of World War I, he served in the war, attaining the rank of Lieutenant-Colonel, being Mentioned in dispatches twice. In 1918 -- 19 he was Assistant Director of a Temporary Colonel and Labour Commandant. After the war he received the CMG. On 5 January 1921, he married daughter of Lt.-Col. Thomas Cochrane, 1st Baron Cochrane of Cults and his wife, Lady Gertrude Julia Georgina Boyle. In 1938, Countess of Elgin, was appointed Dame Commander of the Order of the British Empire; the couple had six children: Lady Martha Veronica Bruce OBE, who became governor of Greenock and Cornton Vale prisons Lady Jean Christian Bruce Andrew Bruce, 11th Earl of Elgin Hon. James Michael Edward Bruce Lady Alison Margaret Bruce Hon. Edward David Bruce He was made a Knight of the Thistle on 3 June 1933.
He held the Order of Polonia Restituta. As a Colonel in the Territorial Reserve the Earl held a number of honorary colonelcies in the Territorial Army and Canadian Militia: City of Edinburgh Royal Engineers. Elgin Regiment, Canadian Permanent Militia, appointed 23 November 1938. 71st Heavy Anti-Aircraft Regiment, Royal Artillery and its successor, the 371st Heavy Anti-Aircraft Regiment, RA, appointed 28 January 1939. 357th Medium Regiment, RA No 948 Balloon Squadron, Royal Auxiliary Air Force He was Lieutenant of the Royal Company of Archers the Queen's Bodyguard for Scotland. He died at the age of 87 in 1968 Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by the Earl of Elgin
Earl of Eglinton
Earl of Eglinton is a title in the Peerage of Scotland. In 1859, the thirteenth Earl of Eglinton, Archibald Montgomerie, was created Earl of Winton in the Peerage of the United Kingdom, which gave him an automatic seat in the House of Lords, both earldoms have been united since. Furthermore, other titles held with the earldoms are: Lord Montgomerie, Baron Ardrossan and Baron Seton and Tranent; the first is in the Peerage of Scotland, while the latter two are in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. William Dunbar mentions a Sir Hugh of Eglinton in his Lament for the Makaris, citing him as a fellow poet, he has sometimes been tentatively identified as Huchown. The Earl of Eglinton is the hereditary Clan Chief of Clan Montgomery; the family seat is Balhomie House, near Perthshire. The ancestral seat was Eglinton Castle, in North Ayrshire. Alexander Montgomerie, 1st Lord Montgomerie Hugh Montgomerie, 2nd Lord Montgomerie. Hugh Montgomerie, 1st Earl of Eglinton Hugh Montgomerie, 2nd Earl of Eglinton Hugh Montgomerie, 3rd Earl of Eglinton Hugh Montgomerie, 4th Earl of Eglinton Hugh Montgomerie, 5th Earl of Eglinton Alexander Montgomerie, 6th Earl of Eglinton Hugh Montgomerie, 7th Earl of Eglinton Alexander Montgomerie, 8th Earl of Eglinton Alexander Montgomerie, 9th Earl of Eglinton Alexander Montgomerie, 10th Earl of Eglinton Archibald Montgomerie, 11th Earl of Eglinton Hugh Montgomerie, 12th Earl of Eglinton Archibald William Montgomerie, 13th Earl of Eglinton, 1st Earl of Winton Archibald William Montgomerie, 14th Earl of Eglinton, 2nd Earl of Winton George Arnulph Montgomerie, 15th Earl of Eglinton, 3rd Earl of Winton Archibald Seton Montgomerie, 16th Earl of Eglinton, 4th Earl of Winton Archibald William Alexander Montgomerie, 17th Earl of Eglinton, 5th Earl of Winton Archibald George Montgomerie, 18th Earl of Eglinton, 6th Earl of Winton Hugh Archibald William Montgomerie, 19th Earl of Eglinton, 7th Earl of Winton The heir apparent is the present holder's son Rhuridh Seton Archibald Montgomerie, Lord Montgomerie.
Clan Montgomery Barony and Castle of Giffen Eglinton Country Park Eglinton Tournament Bridge Lament for the Makaris Industry and the Eglinton Castle estate Eglinton Castle Robert Burns and the Eglinton Estate Polnoon Castle Seagate Castle Burke, John. A General and heraldic dictionary of the peerage and baronetage of the British Empire. 1. H. Colburn and R. Bentley. Henderson, Thomas Finlayson. "Montgomerie, Alexander". In Lee, Sidney. Dictionary of National Biography. 38. London: Smith, Elder & Co. pp. 298–300. Chisholm, Hugh, ed.. "Seton". Encyclopædia Britannica. 24. Cambridge University Press. P. 703. Henderson, Thomas Finlayson. "Montgomerie, Alexander". In Lee, Sidney. Dictionary of National Biography. 38. London: Smith, Elder & Co. p. 2300. Video & commentary on Auchans House and Lady Susanna Montgomerie
Eglinton Castle was a large Gothic castellated mansion in Kilwinning, North Ayrshire, Scotland. The ancient seat of the Earls of Eglinton, it is located just south of the town of Kilwinning; the original Eglinton Castle was burnt by the Earl of Glencairn in 1528. The current castle was built between 1797 and 1802 in Gothic castellated style dominated by a central 100-foot large round keep and four 70-foot outer towers, it was second only to Culzean Castle in appearance and grandeur; the foundation stone of the new Eglinton Castle in Kilwinning was laid in 1797, the 12th Earl of Eglinton, was proud to have the ceremony performed by Alexander Hamilton of Grange, grandfather of the American Hero Alexander Hamilton. Eglinton was the most notable post-Adam Georgian castle in Ayrshire. Amongst many items of interest, the castle contained a chair built from the oak timbers of Alloway kirk and the back of the chair was inlaid with a brass plaque which bore the whole of Burns' poem Tam o' Shanter; this was sold at an auction in 1925.
The previous Eglington castle was described circa 1563–1566 as a fare castell, but noo strength againsts any power. An escape tunnel is said to run from the old castle to the area of the rockery on the castle lawns; the appearance of the old waterfall may have inspired this story. The total acreage of the Earl of Eglinton's holdings was 34,716 Scots Acres in 1788; this included Little Cumbrae, lands at Southannan and Eaglesham. The original castle of Eglinton may have been near Kidsneuk, Bogside where a substantial earth mound or motte stands and excavated pottery was found tentatively dating the site to the thirteenth century; the Montgomerys' first holdings were its Castle of Polnoon. In 1691 the'Hearth Tax for Ayrshire' records show 25 hearths in use, the highest number for a single dwelling in Ayrshire, it is noted. The earl's house in Kilwinning, Easter Chambers or the old abbot's dwelling, had 15 hearths. Thirty-seven other dwellings were listed within the barony of Eglinton; the stables were built from stones taken from the Easter Chambers of Kilwinning Abbey.
In 1784, over a period of four months, the building was demolished and the stones were taken to Eglinton. The construction of the new castle was not universally accepted as beneficial; the castle is said to have had a moat. In the 1640s Alasdair Mac Colla had been sent by Montrose to suppress support for the Covenanting cause, he plundered the Ayrshire countryside for some days and demanded financial penalties. Neil Montgomery of Lainshaw negotiated a 4,000 merks penalty for the Eglinton Estates. Persistent rumours exist of a Ley tunnel, said to run from Kilwinning Abbey, under the'Bean Yaird', below the'Easter Chaumers' and the'Leddy firs', underneath the Garnock and on to Eglinton Castle. No evidence exists for it, although it may be related to the underground burial vault of the Montgomeries which does exist under the old abbey. A ley or an escape tunnel is said to run from the castle to exit at the old waterfall near the rockery, it is reported. This tunnel was stone lined and tall enough for a man to walk through.
This is to have been the main drain from the castle. Sir William Brereton in 1636 describes the landscape on his journey south from Glasgow as "a barren and poor country", but the earls had enhanced Eglinton for he comments that the land at Irvine was "dainty, level, champaign country." The grounds of the castle were described in one record of the 1840s as follows: Its princely gates soon presented themselves and we thought we should find our way to Irvine through the park. It was a rich treat to wander in these extensive grounds. We soon made way through a handsome avenue to the gardens; the hot-houses for fruits and flowers are on a magnificent scale, on reaching the parterre we were delighted with the elegance which pervaded it. A glassy river with a silvery cascade came gliding through these fairy regions, as though conscious of the luxuriant paradise which it was watering. Nor was the classic taste wanting, nor horticultural skill, to render this a region of enchantment. Two elegant cast-iron bridges, statues, a sun-dial.
Leaving these luxurious regions we again wandered among thick woods, obtained glimpses of the proud castle, peering over the trees. At length we found our way to a seat beneath some noble weepers of the ash tribe, here we had a fine view of the castle, towering majestically over the dense foliage. Among our wanderings we passed an enormous quadrangular building, resembling some of our London hospitals, it forms the stables, it is quite detached, at some distance from the Castle. We mistook our way, owing to the many devious paths, wandered deeper and deeper into the recesses of this extensive domain. In passing through one long avenue, so dark that we were unable to see our steps.
John Crichton-Stuart, 4th Marquess of Bute
John Crichton-Stuart, 4th Marquess of Bute, KT, was a Scottish peer. He was the son of The 3rd Marquess of Bute and The Hon. Gwendolen Fitzalan-Howard, a daughter of The 1st Baron Howard of Glossop and granddaughter of The 13th Duke of Norfolk, he was educated at Harrow School, succeeded his father as Marquess of Bute in October 1900, when he was nineteen years old. In early 1902 he was on a tour in the Far East. On reaching his majority in June 1902, he received the Honorary Freedom of the Burgh of Rothesay, the same month took the oath and his seat in the House of Lords; the 4th Marquess, like his father, had a passion for architecture and was responsible for restoring Caerphilly Castle in South Wales. In 1936 he published a pamphlet entitled "A Plea for Scotland's Architectural Heritage", which argued for the preservation of Scotland's smaller burgh dwellings and advocated reconditioning traditional working class housing, rather than wholesale demolition, he became "the man who sold a city" when, in 1938, he disposed of the remaining Bute family estate in Cardiff.
On 6 July 1905, the young Lord Bute married Augusta Bellingham, daughter of Sir Henry Bellingham, 4th Baronet, Catherine Noel. The lavish wedding, at Castle Bellingham in the village of Castlebellingham in County Louth, was followed by a party at Mount Stuart House in Scotland. A film company was employed to film the event, one of the earliest examples of the aristocratic classes making a private film, they married Edward Walker and had issue. John Crichton-Stuart, 5th Marquess of Bute Lady Jean Crichton-Stuart, married Lt.-Cmdr. Hon. James had issue. Lord Robert Crichton-Stuart, married Lady Janet Egida Montgomerie, daughter of Archibald Montgomerie, 16th Earl of Eglinton and had issue. Lord David married Ursula Packe and had issue. Lord Patrick married Jane von Bahr and had issue. Captain Lord Rhidian Crichton-Stuart, married Selina van had issue. Works by or about John Crichton-Stuart, 4th Marquess of Bute at Internet Archive Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by the Marquess of Bute Scotland on Screen Wedding of the 4th Marquis of Bute in 1905 - Scotland's first wedding film