Ardour is a hard disk recorder and digital audio workstation application that runs on Linux, macOS, FreeBSD and Microsoft Windows. Its primary author is Paul Davis, responsible for the JACK Audio Connection Kit. Ardour is intended to be digital audio workstation software suitable for professional use. Released under the terms of the GNU General Public License, Ardour is free software. Ardour major version 5.0, with improvements including support for a new tabbed interface, Lua scripting, VCAs, plugin pin management and many other new features, was released in August 2016. Ardour's recording abilities are limited by only the hardware; when recording on top of existing material, Ardour can do latency compensation, positioning the recorded material where it was intended to be when recording it. Monitoring options include use of external hardware or specialised product. Self-monitoring makes it possible to apply plug-in effects to the signal while recording in real-time. Using the audio server JACK, Ardour can record both from the audio card and compatible software concurrently.
Ardour supports an arbitrary number of tracks and buses through an "anything to anywhere" routing system. All gain and plug-in parameters can be automated. All sample data maintained internally in 32-bit floating point format. Ardour supports dragging, trimming and time-stretching recorded regions with sample-level resolution and has a possibility to layer regions, it beat detection. Ardour has unlimited undo/redo and a snapshot feature for storing the current state of a session to a file for future reference. Ardour can be used as an audio mastering environment, its integration with the JACK Audio Connection Kit makes it possible to use mastering tools such as JAMin to process the audio data. The output of Ardour's mixer can be sent to JAMin and/or other audio-processing software to be processed and/or recorded, it can export TOC and CUE files, which allows for the creation of audio CDs. Ardour attempts to adhere to industry standards, such as SMPTE/MTC, Broadcast Wave Format, MIDI Machine Control and XML.
Ardour has been tested on GNU/Linux, on the x86-64, x86, PowerPC and ARM architectures, macOS on Intel and PowerPC, Windows on Intel architectures and FreeBSD. It takes advantage of multiprocessor and multicore SMP and real-time features of these operating systems. Support is limited on operating systems other than macOS, however. Ardour 4.0 was made above, but without official support. As of August 2016, Ardour 5.0 was released with official Windows support. Ardour relies on plug-ins to enable many features, from audio effects processing to dynamic control, it supports the LADSPA and LV2 plug-in architectures on Linux and additionally Audio Units on macOS. Calf Studio Gear can be used through LV2. Using Steinberg's VST plug-ins with Ardour on Linux and FreeBSD is possible if Ardour is compiled by the user or packager/distributor to include VST support; as of version 2.8, VST support no longer requires use of the VST SDK from Steinberg. Ardour supports exporting whole sessions or parts of sessions and importing audio clips into sessions from more than 30 different audio file formats.
This can be done using Ardour's built-in audio file database manager or directly from an ordinary file browser. SAE Institute provided corporate support for Ardour up until February 2009; the aim of the initiative was to provide a more integrated experience on Mac OS X and the development of a version tailored towards beginner students. Solid State Logic employed Paul Davis to work full-time on Ardour during the development of version 2; this support lasted through to the end of 2006. Harrison Audio Consoles has been a supporter of the Ardour project since early 2005. Harrison's destructive film dubber, the Xdubber, is based on Ardour; the Xdubber serves as a customizable platform for enterprise-class digital audio workstation users. As of July 2014, the Ardour project is fully reliant on donations and contributions from users while those from companies are only a small portion. JACK Audio Connection Kit, a real-time low latency audio server. Comparison of free software for audio Linux audio software Comparison of multitrack recording software Hinkle-Turner, Elizabeth.
"Ardour et al. or Free and Easy Laptop Pro Audio: An Essay Perspective from a desperate working mother composer". EContact! 11.3 — Open Source for Audio Application. Canadian Electroacoustic Community. Nettingsmeier, Jörn. "Ardour and Ambisonics: A FLOSS approach to the next generation of sound spatialisation". EContact! 11.3 - Jörn Nettingsmeier - Ardour and Ambisonics. Canadian Electroacoustic Community. Official website
The Designated Mourner is a play written by Wallace Shawn in 1996, adapted into a film directed by David Hare in 1997. The film, which follows the play's script is based on the original London stage production directed by Hare and has the same cast: Mike Nichols as Jack, Miranda Richardson as Judy, David de Keyser as Howard; the North American premiere of The Designated Mourner was staged in March 1997 at Steppenwolf Theatre in Chicago, directed by Les Waters, featuring David Shapiro as Jack, Martha Lavey as Judy and Nicholas Rudall as Howard. Andre Gregory subsequently directed a stage production in New York City in 2000, a radio play, both of which featured Wallace Shawn as Jack, Deborah Eisenberg as Judy, Larry Pine as Howard; the play was revived in 2017 at REDCAT. The production was directed by André Gregory, featuring the same cast from the 2000 New York production and presented by Alex Westerman; the play takes place in what seems to be the present or the near future, in an unnamed Western country, undergoing political conflict similar to what occurred in many Latin American countries during the Cold War: a ruling oligarchy with fascist tendencies, threatened by a communist guerrilla movement based in the lower class, is imprisoning and executing anyone suspected of subversion, including writers and intellectuals who have no direct connection to the guerrillas.
One of the latter is a respected poet who wrote political essays in his youth. Jack, an embittered English professor, is the play's chief narrator, he is uninterested in politics, but is somewhat sympathetic toward the government's murderous acts, for two reasons: he secretly resents Howard as a representative of "highbrow" culture, he fears that his middle-class world would be wiped out if the rebels succeeded. As political repression worsens, Jack withdraws from reality. Howard is killed due to an arbitrary decision by the government, Judy is arrested and subsequently executed for unclear reasons, Jack, after recovering from his nervous breakdown, is left as the sole survivor of Howard's literary circle. There is no visible action in the film. Though the play is more realistic than Shawn's previous politically charged work The Fever, it focuses on the characters' emotional lives and leaves the civil war in the background; as a result, many reviewers of the play and film have been unclear as to whether the assassinated characters were killed by the government, for sympathizing with the rebels, or by the rebels, for being privileged academics.
A close reading of the play suggests that the rebels have not gained power and that what has occurred is a purge by one faction of the regime. Writing in Time Out New York about the conclusion to the film, Andrew Johnston stated: "The film's final scene, in which Jack has an epiphany that inverts the one experienced by Winston Smith at the end of 1984, is sublimely harrowing. Like all great political art, Mourner offers no easy answers; the Designated Mourner on IMDb The Designated Mourner at Rotten Tomatoes Radio play on WNYC Roger Ebert review of the film "To see this film is not the best choice. The material suffers by being placed in a frame. It's that an audio book of the play or film will be released, that would be a good way to absorb Shawn's disturbing, Prufrockian words." Entertainment Weekly review of the film Grade D. Variety review of the 2000 New York production Los Angeles Times review of the 2017 Los Angeles production
Charles Albert Aaron Morgan was an Australian politician. Born in Woonona, New South Wales, he was educated at Catholic schools and at Sydney Technical College, he became a solicitor in 1920 and a Labor lawyer. In 1940, he was elected as the Labor candidate for the Australian House of Representatives seat of Reid, held by Lang Labor MP Joe Gander. Morgan defeated Gander and held the seat until his defeat by Jack Lang himself in 1946. In 1949, Lang contested the new seat of Blaxland instead of Reid, Morgan regained the seat. In 1955, Morgan complained to the House of Representatives that his integrity and ability to perform his parliamentary duties were inhibited by claims made in the Bankstown Observer, a free newspaper circulated in his electorate; the matter was referred to the Committee of Privileges, the proprietor of the newspaper, Raymond Fitzpatrick, its editor, Frank Browne, were called before the Bar of the House. After hearing statements from both men, the House sentenced them to 90 days jail.
Morgan held the seat until 1958, when he lost his Labor pre-selection to Tom Uren and unsuccessfully contested the seat as an independent. Morgan died in 1967