Castellamonte is a comune in the Metropolitan City of Turin in the Italian region Piedmont, located about 35 kilometres north of Turin. It is located in the Canavese, at the feet of a hill surmounted by a 14th-century castle, hence the name. Only traces remain of the latter's original structure, what is visible now dating to an 18th-century renovation; the town is home to an unfinished rotunda designed by Alessandro Antonelli, the Baroque church of San Rocco. Architects Carlo and Amedeo di Castellamonte were born in the town
Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Vercelli
The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Vercelli is a Latin rite Metropolitan see in northern Italy, one of the two archdioceses which form the ecclesiastical region of Piedmont. The archbishop's seat is in Basilica Cattedrale di S. Eusebio, a minor basilica dedicated to its canonized first bishop, in Vercelli, Piemonte; the city has two Minor basilicas: Basilica di S. Andrea and Basilica di S. Maria Maggiore The suffragan dioceses under the Metropolitan of Vercelli are: Roman Catholic Diocese of Alessandria Roman Catholic Diocese of Biella Roman Catholic Diocese of Casale Monferrato Roman Catholic Diocese of Novara. 300: Established as Diocese of Vercelli / Vercellen Lost territories on 1474.04.18 to establish Diocese of Casale Monferrato and on 1772.06.01 to establish Diocese of Biella Gained territory on 1803.06.01 from the suppressed Diocese of Biella Promoted on 1817.07.17 as Metropolitan Archdiocese of Vercelli / Vercellen, having lost territory to establish Diocese of Biella Lost territory on 1874.08.01 to suffragan daughter Diocese of Casale MonferratoAccording to an ancient lectionary the Gospel was first preached in Vercelli in the second half of the third century by Saints Sabinianus and Martialis, bishops from Gaul, when they were returning to their dioceses.
The episcopal see. The first bishop was Saint Eusebius, a Sardinian lector of the Roman Church and a strenuous opponent of Arianism. From Vercelli the Gospel spread through the valley of its environs. From Eusebius to Nottingo there were forty bishops, whose images were preserved in the Eusebian basilica, predecessor of the present cathedral, so called because Saint Eusebius, who dedicated it to the martyr Saint Theonestus, was interred in it, he introduced the common and monastic life among his clergy, from whom bishops for the surrounding territory were selected. In 1817 the Diocese of Vercelli suffragan of the archbishopric of Turin was made an archdiocese, the first archbishop being Giuseppe di Grimaldi. Cardinal Tarcisio Bertone, SDB, Secretary of State served as archbishop of Vercelli, it enjoyed a Papal visit from Pope John Paul II in May 1998. Exempt Bishops of VercelliErected: 3rd CenturyImmediately Subject to the Holy See St. Eusebius of Vercelli... Saint Simenus, who baptized and consecrated Saint Ambrose Saint Honoratus, who administered the Viaticum to Saint Ambrose Saint Justinianus Saint Æmilianus built an aqueduct for the city at his own expense Saint Flavianus, who decorated the apse of the original basilica Saint Celsus Norgaudus, who restored common life among the canons Liutuardus, archchancellor of Charles the Fat and was slain during the invasion of the Hungarians, like Regenbertus though only a bishop, Pope Anastasius III granted him the pallium for life Atto II of Vercelli, son of Aimone, Count of Vercelli, reformer of ecclesiastical discipline, chancellor for Lothair II.
He returned only to be killed by Arduino, the marquess of Ivrea who hoped to be King of Italy himself. Anselmo Avogadro the first bishop of Vercelli to hold the title of count Gisulfus II Avogadro re-established common life among the canons in 1144 Uberto Crivelli Archbishop of Milan Uberto Crivelli held both Vercelli and Milan at the same time, until elected Pope Urban III Saint Albert Avogadro, a Canon Regular at Mortara elected bishop of Bobbio, but translated to Vercelli. Jacques de' Cavalli Ludovico Fieschi, next Administrator of Diocese of Carpentras) Guglielmo Didier, an elector of the Antipope Felix V Giovanni Stefano Ferrero, former Coadjutor Bishop. Giovanni Stefano Ferrero, Administrator of Ivrea) Bonifacio Ferrero, next Bishop of Ivrea) Agostino Ferrero Pier Francesco Ferrero Auxiliary Bishop: Melchiore Cribelli, O. P. Cardinal Guido Luca Ferrero, founder of the seminary, embellished the cathedral and introduced the Tridentine reform Giovanni Francesco Bonomigni, continued the reform and replaced the Eusebian Rite by the Roman rite Costanzo de Sarnano, O.
F. M. Conv. (6 April 1587 – 29 M
Otto I, Holy Roman Emperor
Otto I, traditionally known as Otto the Great, was German king from 936 and Holy Roman Emperor from 962 until his death in 973. He was the oldest son of Henry I the Matilda. Otto inherited the Duchy of Saxony and the kingship of the Germans upon his father's death in 936, he continued his father's work of unifying all German tribes into a single kingdom and expanded the king's powers at the expense of the aristocracy. Through strategic marriages and personal appointments, Otto installed members of his family in the kingdom's most important duchies; this reduced the various dukes, co-equals with the king, to royal subjects under his authority. Otto transformed the Roman Catholic Church in Germany to strengthen royal authority and subjected its clergy to his personal control. After putting down a brief civil war among the rebellious duchies, Otto defeated the Magyars at the Battle of Lechfeld in 955, thus ending the Hungarian invasions of Western Europe; the victory against the pagan Magyars earned Otto a reputation as a savior of Christendom and secured his hold over the kingdom.
By 961, Otto had conquered the Kingdom of Italy. The patronage of Otto and his immediate successors facilitated a so-called "Ottonian Renaissance" of arts and architecture. Following the example of Charlemagne's coronation as "Emperor of the Romans" in 800, Otto was crowned Holy Roman Emperor in 962 by Pope John XII in Rome. Otto's years were marked by conflicts with the papacy and struggles to stabilize his rule over Italy. Reigning from Rome, Otto sought to improve relations with the Byzantine Empire, which opposed his claim to emperorship and his realm's further expansion to the south. To resolve this conflict, the Byzantine princess Theophanu married his son Otto II in April 972. Otto returned to Germany in August 972 and died at Memleben in May 973. Otto II succeeded him as Holy Roman Emperor. Otto was born on 23 November 912, the oldest son of the Duke of Saxony, Henry the Fowler and his second wife Matilda, the daughter of Dietrich of Ringelheim, a Saxon count in Westphalia. Henry had married Hatheburg of Merseburg a daughter of a Saxon count, in 906, but this marriage was annulled in 909 after she had given birth to Henry's first son and Otto's half-brother Thankmar.
Otto had four full siblings: Hedwig, Gerberga and Bruno. On 23 December 918, King of East Francia and Duke of Franconia, died. According to the Res gestae saxonicae by the Saxon chronicler Widukind of Corvey, Conrad persuaded his younger brother Eberhard of Franconia, the presumptive heir, to offer the crown of East Francia to Otto's father Henry. Although Conrad and Henry had been at odds with one another since 912, Henry had not opposed the king since 915. Furthermore, Conrad's repeated battles with German dukes, most with Arnulf, Duke of Bavaria, Burchard II, Duke of Swabia, had weakened the position and resources of the Conradines. After several months of hesitation and the other Frankish and Saxon nobles elected Henry as king at the Imperial Diet of Fritzlar in May 919. For the first time, a Saxon instead of a Frank reigned over the kingdom. Burchard II of Swabia soon swore fealty to the new king, but Arnulf of Bavaria did not recognize Henry's position. According to the Annales iuvavenses, Arnulf was elected king by the Bavarians in opposition to Henry, but his "reign" was short-lived.
In 921, Henry forced him into submission. Arnulf had to accept Henry's sovereignty. Otto first gained experience as a military commander when the German kingdom fought against Wendish tribes on its eastern border. While campaigning against the Wends/West Slavs in 929, Otto's illegitimate son William, the future Archbishop of Mainz, was born to a captive Wendish noblewoman. With Henry's dominion over the entire kingdom secured by 929, the king began to prepare his succession over the kingdom. No written evidence for his arrangements is extant, but during this time Otto is first called king in a document of the Abbey of Reichenau. While Henry consolidated power within Germany, he prepared for an alliance with Anglo-Saxon England by finding a bride for Otto. Association with another royal house would give Henry additional legitimacy and strengthen the bonds between the two Saxon kingdoms. To seal the alliance, King Æthelstan of England sent Henry two of his half-sisters, so he could choose the one which best pleased him.
Henry selected Eadgyth as Otto's bride and the two were married in 930. Several years shortly before Henry's death, an Imperial Diet at Erfurt formally ratified the king's succession arrangements; some of his estates and treasures were to be distributed among Thankmar and Bruno. But departing from customary Carolingian inheritance, the king designated Otto as the sole heir apparent without a prior formal election by the various dukes. Henry died from the effects of a cerebral stroke on 2 July 936 at his palace, the Kaiserpfalz in Memleben, was buried at Quedlinburg Abbey. At the time of his death, all of the various German tribes were united in a single realm. At the age of 24, Otto assumed his father's position as Duke of Saxony and King of Germany, his coronation was held on 7 August 936 in Charlemagne's former capital of Aachen, where Otto was anointed and crowned by Hildebert, the Archbishop of Mainz. Though he was a Saxon by birth, Otto appeared at the coronation in Frankish dress in an attempt to demonstrate his sovereignty over the Duchy of Lotharingia and his role as true successor to Charlemagne
Agliè is a comune in the Metropolitan City of Turin in the Italian region Piedmont, located about 35 kilometres north of Turin. Agliè borders the following municipalities: San Martino Canavese, Torre Canavese, Vialfrè, San Giorgio Canavese, Ozegna. Agliè's main attraction is its Castello Ducale, one of the Residences of the Royal House of Savoy, listed in the UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Dating from the 12th century, it was a possession of the counts of San Martino. In the 17th century it was turned into a rich residence by count Filippo d'Agliè, but was ravaged during the French invasion of 1706. In 1765 it was acquired by Charles Emmanuel III of Savoy and sold it to his son Benedetto of Savoy who had it radically renewed ten years under design by Ignazio Birago di Bòrgaro. Thenceforth it was a summer residence for the Kings of Sardinia, it was sold to the Italian state in 1939. It has a monumental façade with a fountain; the castle is surrounded by large English- and Italian-style gardens. It was used as the location for the Italian series Elisa di Rivombrosa as Rivombrosa.
Other sights include: Church of Santa Marta, an example of Baroque architecture by Costanzo Michela Parrocchiale di San Massimo, annexed to the castle Villa Meleto, a 19th-century countryside residence used by poet Guido Gozzano Church of San Gaudenzio, where Gozzano is buried. Statute of the Comune di Agliè Agliè Online Castello di Agliè
Brosso is a comune in the Metropolitan City of Turin in the Italian region of Piedmont, located about 50 kilometres north of Turin. Brosso borders the following municipalities: Tavagnasco, Borgofranco d'Ivrea, Trausella, Meugliano and Vico Canavese. Official website
Novara is the capital city of the province of Novara in the Piedmont region in northwest Italy, to the west of Milan. With 104 284 inhabitants, it is the second most populous city in Piedmont after Turin, it is an important crossroads for commercial traffic along the routes from Milan to Turin and from Genoa to Switzerland. Novara lies between the rivers Agogna and Terdoppio in northeastern Piedmont, 50 kilometres from Milan and 95 kilometres from Turin. Novara was founded in ancient times by the Romans, its name is formed from Nov, meaning "new", Aria, the name the Cisalpine Gauls used for the surrounding region. Ancient Novaria, which dates to the time of the Ligures and the Celts, was a municipium and was situated on the road from Vercellae to Milan, its position on perpendicular roads dates to the time of the Romans. After the city was destroyed in 386 by Magnus Maximus for having supported his rival Valentinian II, it was rebuilt by Theodosius I. Subsequently, it was sacked by Attila. Under the Lombards, Novara became a duchy.
Novara came to enjoy the rights of a free imperial city. In 1110, it was conquered by Henry V and destroyed. At the end of the 12th century, it accepted the protection of Milan and became a dominion of the Visconti and of the Sforza. In the Battle of Novara in 1513, Swiss mercenaries defending Novara for the Sforzas of Milan routed the French troops besieging the city; this defeat ended the French invasion of Italy in the War of the League of Cambrai. In 1706, which had long ago been promised by Filippo Maria Visconti to Amadeus VIII of Savoy, was occupied by Savoyard troops. With the Peace of Utrecht, the city, together with Milan, became part of the Habsburg Empire. After its occupation in 1734, Novara passed, to the House of Savoy. After Napoleon's campaign in Italy, Novara became the capital of the Department of the Agogna, but was reassigned to the House of Savoy in 1814. In 1821, it was the site of a battle in which regular Sardinian troops defeated the Piedmontese constitutional liberals.
In the larger Battle of Novara in 1849, the Sardinian army was defeated by the Austrian army of Field Marshal Joseph Radetzky von Radetz. This defeat led to the abdication of Charles Albert of Sardinia and to the partial occupation of the city by the Austrians; the defeat of the Sardinians can be seen as the beginning of the Italian unification movement. A decree in 1859 created the province of Novara, which included the present-day provinces of Vercelli and Verbano-Cusio-Ossola; the city of Novara had a population of 25,144 in 1861. Industrialisation during the 20th century brought an increase in the city's population to 102,088 in 1981; the city's population has changed little in subsequent years. Oscar Luigi Scalfaro, former president of Italy and Italian senator for life, was born in Novara in 1918. Novara's sights can be divided into two groupings; the city's most important sights lie within its historic centre, the area once enclosed by the city walls. However, several important sights lie outside the line of the former city walls.
The old urban core makes up the "Historic centre", situated in the district of the same name. Novara once had an encircling wall, demolished to permit urban development. Of the old wall there remains only the Barriera Albertina, a complex of two neo-classical buildings that constituted the gate of entry to the city, the required passageway for those who traveled from Turin to Milan. After their removal, the walls were replaced by the present-day baluardi, the broad, tree-lined boulevards that surround the Historic Centre; the most imposing monument in the city is the Basilica of San Gaudenzio, with a cupola 121 metres high, designed by Alessandro Antonelli and constructed in 1888. The bell tower is of particular interest; the centre of the religious life of the city is the Novara Cathedral, in the neo-classical style designed by Alessandro Antonelli. It rises where the temple of Jupiter stood in the time of the Romans. Facing the Duomo is the oldest building in Novara today: the early Christian Battistero.
Close to the Duomo is the courtyard of the Broletto, the centre of the political life of the imperial free city of Novara. Overlooking the courtyard of the Broletto are the Palazzo del Podestà, Palazzetto dei Paratici, site of the Civic Museum and of the Gallery of Modern Art, the Palace of the City Council, a building of the 15th century. Not far from the Piazza della Repubblica is the Piazza Cesare Battisti, which constitutes the exact centre of the city of Novara. In Piazza Giacomo Matteotti stands the Palazzo Natta-Isola, seat of the province and of the prefecture of Novara; the landmark feature of this palace is its clock tower. Extending from this square is the via Fratelli Rosselli, along, the Palazzo Cabrino, the official seat of the administrative offices of the city; as it was a Roman city, the street network of Novara is characterized by a cardo and a Decumanus Maximus, which correspond to the present-day Corso Cavour and Corso Italia. The two streets cross at the so-called "Angolo delle Ore".
The largest square is Piazza Martiri della Libertà dominated by the equestrian s
Roman Catholic Diocese of Vigevano
The Italian Catholic Diocese of Vigevano lies entirely in the Province of Pavia, Lombardy. It has existed since 1530; the diocese is suffragan of the Archdiocese of Milan, having in the past been suffragan of the Archdiocese of Vercelli. The earliest notices of Vigevano date from the tenth century, when it was favoured as a residence by King Arduin for hunting. In the next period it was a Ghibelline commune, was accordingly besieged and taken by the Milanese in 1201 and again in 1275. In 1328 it surrendered to Azzone Visconti, thereafter shared the political fortunes of Milan. In the last years of the Visconti domination it sustained a siege by Francesco Sforza; until 1530 the town had a collegiate chapter. Francesco Sforza procured the erection of the provided its revenues; the Duke of Milan's interest in Novara was not purely philanthropic. With the Treaty of Worms the diocese became part of the Kingdom of Sardinia; the first bishop was Galeazzo Pietra, succeeded by his nephew Maurizio Pietra. Marsilio Landriani distinguished himself in various nunciatures and founded a Barnabite college for the education of young men.
Giorgio Odescalchi was a zealous pastor. Giovanni Caramuel Lobkowitz was an example of pastoral activity and the author of many works, theological, ascetical etc. though his Theologia fundamentalis was censured. Pier Marino Sonnani, a Minorite, who enlarged the seminary, maintained a struggle against the spread of the doctrines of Miguel Molinos. Nicola Saverio Gamboni was appointed to the see by Napoleon in 1801. In 1817, after the agreements at the Congress of Vienna, which returned the Kingdom of Sardinia to the House of Savoy after French occupation, the diocese of Vigevano was augmented; the church which became the Cathedral of Vigevano was built in 1100, rebuilt in the sixteenth century through a commission by Duke Francesco II Sforza. The facade of the second and current structure was re-designed by Cardinal Juan Caramuel y Lobkowitz in 1673; the Church of S. Pietro Martiere was built, with the adjacent Dominican convent, by Filippo Maria Visconti in 1445. Among the civil edifices is the castle, once a fortress, built by Bramante in 1492, by order of Ludovico il Moro, which became a royal palace.
Erected: 14 March 1530Latin Name: Viglevanensis Metropolitan: Archdiocese of Milan Of the 87 parishes 86 are located, like Vigevano, within the Province of Pavia in Lombardy. The exception is S. Silvano Martire, within the commune of Sozzago in the Piedmontese province of Novara. In 2014 there was one priest for every 1,682 Catholics. Gams, Pius Bonifatius. Series episcoporum Ecclesiae catholicae: quotquot innotuerunt a beato Petro apostolo. Ratisbon: Typis et Sumptibus Georgii Josephi Manz. p. 827. Eubel, Conradus. Hierarchia catholica, Tomus 3. Münster: Libreria Regensbergiana. CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list p. 334. Gauchat, Patritius. Hierarchia catholica IV. Münster: Libraria Regensbergiana. Retrieved 2016-07-06. P. 369. Ritzler, Remigius. Hierarchia catholica medii et recentis aevi V. Patavii: Messagero di S. Antonio. Retrieved 2016-07-06. P. 415. Ritzler, Remigius. Hierarchia catholica medii et recentis aevi VI. Patavii: Messagero di S. Antonio. Retrieved 2016-07-06. P. 442. Ritzler, Remigius. Hierarchia Catholica medii et recentioris aevi sive summorum pontificum, S. R. E. cardinalium, ecclesiarum antistitum series...
A pontificatu Pii PP. VII usque ad pontificatum Gregorii PP. XVI. Volume VII. Monasterii: Libr. Regensburgiana. Remigius Ritzler. Hierarchia catholica Medii et recentioris aevi... A Pontificatu PII PP. IX usque ad Pontificatum Leonis PP. XIII. Volume VIII. Il Messaggero di S. Antonio. Pięta, Zenon. Hierarchia catholica medii et recentioris aevi... A pontificatu Pii PP. X usque ad pontificatum Benedictii PP. XV. Volume IX. Padua: Messagero di San Antonio. ISBN 978-88-250-1000-8. Biffignandi Buccella, Pietro Giorgio. Memorie Istoriche della Città e Contado di Vigevano. Vigevano. Cappelletti, Giuseppe. Le chiese d'Italia: dalla loro origine sino ai nostri giorni. Volume decimoquarto. Venice: G. Antonelli. Pp. 595–648. Gianolio, Matteo. De Viglevano et omnibus episcopis qui usque ad MDCCCI sanctam et regiam viglevanensem ecclesiam rexere commentaria historica ex variis monumentis excerpta a Matthaeo Gianolio. Novara: F. Artaria. Lorenzo, Mazzini D.. Vigevano ed i suoi vescovi. Mortara: A. Cortellezzi. Ughelli, Ferdinando. Italia sacra, sive De episcopis Italiæ.
Tomus quartus. Venice: apud Sebastianum Coleti. Pp. 816–826. Benigni, Umberto. "Vigevano." The Catholic Encyclopedia. Vol. 15. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1912. Retrieved: 2016-10-06; this article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Herbermann, Charles, ed.. "Vigevano". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton