Canadian Forces Base Chilliwack was a Canadian Forces Base located in Chilliwack, British Columbia. Military Camp Chilliwack was established on February 15, 1942 on a parcel of land in the rural community of Vedder Crossing, along the north side of the Vedder River several kilometres east of its discharge point into the Fraser River; the property was bounded by Keith Wilson Road and Vedder Road and was intended as a Canadian Army post for defending the Lower Mainland of British Columbia. Camp Chilliwack was created only two months after the Empire of Japan's surprise attack on Pearl Harbor, launching the Pacific Theatre of World War II; the swift succession of Japanese operations in the Aleutian Islands and a submarine presence off the west coast of North America, coupled with the fall of Hong Kong took the Department of National Defence by surprise. The Canadian military's presence in British Columbia was restricted at that time to the Royal Canadian Navy base at Esquimalt on southern Vancouver Island plus a chain of RCAF land-based and flying boat stations including Sea Island, Allingford Bay, Bella Coola and Prince Rupert.
The rapid flow of events during late 1941 and early 1942 saw the United States military presence in the Pacific Northwest expand with corresponding increases in Canada to meet the perceived Japanese threat. One manifestation was the agreement in February 1942 by both nations to construct the Alaska Highway as a defence project, followed by the Royal Air Force's decision to construct RAF Station Comox to boost Commonwealth air defence for Canada's west coast. Camp Chilliwack opened several months and housed several army units for territorial defence, but it soon became apparent as 1942 wore on that the Japanese threat to mainland North America was minor. Camp Chilliwack was designated as a recruit training centre and hosted the No. 112 Canadian Army Basic Training Centre, as well as the A6 Canadian Engineering Training Centre. During the postwar years and into the Cold War, Camp Chilliwack continued to operate as a permanent training establishment for the Canadian Army, as well as providing support to regular and reserve army units in British Columbia.
The A6 Canadian Engineering Training Centre was renamed the Royal Canadian School of Military Engineering. In 1957, the 58th Field Engineer Squadron moved from the navy base at Esquimalt to Camp Chillwack. In 1968 Canada unified its military forces when it merged the Canadian Army, Royal Canadian Air Force and Royal Canadian Navy to create the Canadian Forces. Camp Chilliwack was renamed "Canadian Forces Base Chilliwack" to reflect the new organization; the Royal Canadian School of Military Engineering was renamed the Canadian Forces School of Military Engineering following unification and in 1970 the Canadian Forces Officer Candidate School moved to CFB Chilliwack. In 1977 3 Field Squadron was renamed 1 Combat Engineer Regiment. CFB Chilliwack took responsibility for supporting all Canadian Forces units in the lower mainland of British Columbia, including the Jericho Beach Garrison in Vancouver. In 1994, the 3rd Battalion, Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry moved to CFB Chilliwack from Esquimalt, the last new unit to transfer to the facility.
Defence budget cutbacks and force consolidation following the end of the Cold War saw CFB Chilliwack identified in the mid-1990s as a candidate for closure by 1997. The CFOCS was moved to ASU St-Jean while the CFSME was moved to CFB Gagetown and 3PPCLI moved to CFB Edmonton; the base consisted of two separate properties. Area Support Unit Chilliwack was established on September 2, 1997 at the Vedder Creek property to provide support to reserve and regular force units on mainland British Columbia, while the remainder of the Vedder Creek property has been transferred to the Canada Lands Company for disposal and is being developed into a residential subdivision named "Garrison Crossing." After the closure of CFB Chilliwack, the Royal Engineer Log Building was moved by 6 Field Squadron from CFB Chilliwack to the Six Field Engineer Squadron Museum Association's Armoury in 2000. It was built in 1860 to provide accommodation for the Royal Engineer team surveying the 49th parallel between Canada and the United States.
CFB Chiliwack had a Military Post Office from July 1944 to August 1946. A regular post office with the name "CFB Chilliwack" was opened in 1979
CFB Moose Jaw
Canadian Forces Base Moose Jaw known as 15 Wing Moose Jaw, is a Canadian Forces base located 4 nautical miles south of Moose Jaw, Saskatchewan. It is operated as an air force base by the Royal Canadian Air Force and is home to Royal Canadian Air Force Pilot training and 431 Squadron, aka Snowbirds; the base's airfield is named after Air vice-marshal Clifford McEwen and is one of only three military aerodromes in Canada to be named after an individual, Valcartier Heliport and Cold Lake/Group Captain R. W. McNair Airport being the others; the airport is classified as an airport of entry by Nav Canada and is staffed by the Canada Border Services Agency. The customs service is restricted to 15 Wing – Moose Jaw aircraft only. A civilian flying club aerodrome was established on the site south-southwest of Moose Jaw in 1928 by the Moose Jaw Flying Club, its location surrounded by flat open prairie proved to be an ideal training site. The declaration of World War II saw the Moose Jaw Flying Club contracted to provide pilot training for the Royal Canadian Air Force, however this was soon replaced by the far larger British Commonwealth Air Training Plan which saw the Government of Canada acquire the aerodrome and reconstruct it into RCAF Station Moose Jaw in 1940 with the new aerodrome opening in 1941.
The Royal Air Force trained at the base under the RAF's No. 32 Service Flying Training School using Harvards, Oxfords. No. 32 SFTS broadened its intake to train 1,200 pilots for the air forces of Canada, the United Kingdom, New Zealand, France, Belgium, the United States and the Netherlands. In 1942 the aerodrome was listed at 50°20′N 105°33′W with a variation of 18 degrees east and elevation of 1,900 ft. Six runways were listed as follows: RCAF Station Moose Jaw had two Relief Landing Fields one at Buttress and one at Burdick. In 1946 RCAF Station Moose Jaw was decommissioned and the aerodrome was returned to civilian service after the war. Rising Cold War tensions saw the aerodrome reactivated by the RCAF in 1953 as the site of military pilot training. RCAF Station Moose Jaw undertook additional construction to support its expanded personnel complement; the base was used by the RCAF and its NATO allies for pilot training, using both single-prop World War II-era Harvards and CT-133 Silver Star jet training aircraft.
By the mid-1960s these were both replaced by the Canadian built CT-114 Tutor. The Institute for stained glass in Canada has documented the stained glass at RCAF Base Chapel. In 1968 the RCAF merged with the Canadian Army and the Royal Canadian Navy to form the unified Canadian Forces; the base's name was changed to Canadian Forces Base Moose Jaw shortened to CFB Moose Jaw. From 1968 until the formation of Air Command in 1975, CFB Moose Jaw fell under the direction of Training Command and served to house the Tutor Jet Training Program. By the early 1990s, CFB Moose Jaw was operated by over 1,300 employees and made a significant economical impact on the region, but pending cutbacks in military spending spread rumours of possible closure of the base. In 1994, the Government of Canada awarded Bombardier with a 20-year contract to support the delivery of what is now the NFTCNATO Flying Training in Canada program. Many of the base's structures were renovated to accommodate new training aircraft. Pilots from Denmark, Great Britain, Hungary, Germany and many other allied nations train at CFB Moose Jaw every year, ensuring the base's future with the Canadian Forces.
In 2015, Bombardier sold its NFTC contract to CAE who are the prime contractor. From 1970 until its disbandment in 1993 Moose Jaw had a Base Rescue Flight flying three CH-118 Huey helicopters. During a reorganization at AIRCOM in the late 1990s, CFB Moose Jaw's various AIRCOM units were placed under a new primary lodger unit called "15 Wing"; the base is one of only two Canadian Forces facilities in Saskatchewan, the other being CFD Dundurn, a detachment of 17 Wing, Winnipeg. 15 Wing – Moose Jaw NATO Flying Training in Canada Canadian Air Force Snowbirds Demonstration Team Moose Jaw Flying Club Encyclopedia of SaskatchewanPast three hours METARs, SPECI and current TAFs for CFB Moose Jaw from Nav Canada as available
Canadian Forces Base Montreal is a Canadian Forces Base network located in Montreal, Quebec. Its official name is 2nd Canadian Division Support Base Valcartier, Detachment Montreal The address of CFB Montreal is 6769 Notre-Dame Street. In 1994, the Canadian Forces Bases in Montreal and Saint-Jean were merged to create a new entity, an expanded CFB Montreal that included the Longue-Pointe, Saint-Hubert, CFB Saint-Jean and Saint-Bruno sites. In 1998, the mergers culminated in the amalgamation of CFB Montreal and CFB Valcartier into a new organization, 5 Area Support Group. CFB Montreal is delimited by sectors north and south accessible from streets Notre-Dame Street and Hochelaga; the north and south sectors of CFB Montreal occupy an area of 2.8 km square. Montreal CFB covers several sites: for example many armories welcome Primary Reserves to the site of Saint-Bruno or marine equipment trials in the LaSalle borough. On the Saint-Hubert site, 190 housing are available to military staff; the garrison is an important military base located in the heart of the Montreal.
CFB Montreal employs 2,000 people and civilians. A lot of merchandise valued at several billion dollars are stored at CFB Montreal. All equipment purchased by the Canadian Armed Forces passes through CFB Montreal. CFB Montreal is the hub of the Canadian Army. Local spending impact: $200,598,000. Estimated local spending impacts: $223,210,000; the base itself is home to a number of units and forces reserves, including: 202 Workshop Depot 25 CFSD Army Equipment Fielding Centre 2nd Canadian Division 34 Canadian Brigade Group Headquarters, responsible for local units including: The Royal Canadian Hussars The Canadian Grenadier Guards The Black Watch of Canada The Royal Montreal Regiment Le Régiment de Maisonneuve Les Fusiliers Mont-Royal 34 Combat Engineer Regiment The Journal Servir is the official newspaper of CFB Montreal. It covers the military community west of Quebec; every second Wednesday, some 3,300 copies are distributed free of charge to CFB Montreal, Saint-Jean and elsewhere in the region covered.
Building 42 called the Administration Building, is on the Canadian Register of Historic Places. The one-storey building faces Notre-Dame Street and was constructed in 1941. CFB Montreal CFB Presentation — Canadian Forces Newspaper CFB Montreal Servir newspapers — CFB Montreal official newspapers CFB Montreal - Canadian Armed Forces
Chilliwack is the 7th largest agglomeration in British Columbia, Canada. An agricultural community, most of its 83,788 residents are now city-dwellers. Chilliwack is its second largest city; this city is surrounded by mountains and recreational areas such as Cultus Lake and Chilliwack Lake Provincial Parks. It is located 102 kilometres southeast of Vancouver. There are many outdoor activities in the area, including hiking, horseback riding, biking, camping and golf. In Halq'eméylem, the language of the Stó:lō communities around Chilliwack and Sardis, Tcil'Qe'uk means "valley of many streams", it lends its name to the Chilliwack River, group of aboriginal people, the Ts'elxweyeqw. The spelling of Chilliwack is sometimes a matter of confusion. Prior to the amalgamation of the City of Chilliwack and the Municipality of Chilliwhack, there were two different spellings; when amalgamated, the current spelling of the city was adopted. Anglicized spellings other versions closer to the original Halq'em éylem.
The archeological record shows evidence of Stó:lō people in the Fraser Valley, or S'ólh Téméxw, 10,000 years ago. Permanent structures in the Chilliwack area date from around 5,000 years ago, it is estimated that at the time of the first contact with Europeans, there were as many as 40,000 people living within Stó:lō territory. By 1859, over 40,000 gold miners had trekked to the goldfields, most travelling through the Chilliwack area. By the mid-1860s, several farms had grown up around the steamboat landings on the Fraser River called Miller's Landing, Minto Landing, Sumas Landing and Chilliwack Landing; the Township of Chilliwack was incorporated in the third municipality in British Columbia. The initial settlement was along the Fraser River at Chilliwack Landing. Steamboats were the main mode of transportation, carrying goods and passengers between Chilliwack and New Westminster. After the construction of the Canadian Pacific Railway in 1885, many residents began to cross the Fraser River at Minto Landing to catch the train at Harrison Mills.
With little room for expansion along the river, the commercial area of the town moved south to the junction of the New Westminster-Yale Wagon Road, Wellington Avenue and Young Road, called "Five Corners". A large subdivision called Centreville was built in 1881; the name "Centreville" was replaced In 1887 by the more popular "Chilliwack." The area was incorporated in 1908 as the City of Chilliwack. The city and the township co-existed for 72 years. In 1980, they merged to form the District of Chilliwack; the District of Chilliwack became the City of Chilliwack in early 1999. Chilliwack is located in the Upper Fraser Valley, 100 kilometres east of Vancouver on the Trans-Canada Highway; the city is bounded on the north by the Fraser River, on the south by the Canada-United States border. Chilliwack is surrounded by tall mountain peaks, such as Mount Cheam and Slesse Mountain, large rivers; the Chilliwack Batholith is a large batholith that forms much of the North Cascades in southwestern British Columbia and the U.
S. state of Washington. The geological structure is named after the City of Chilliwack, where it is the most notable geological feature; the Chilliwack Batholith is part of the Pemberton Volcanic Belt and is the largest mass of exposed intrusive rock in the Cascade Volcanic Arc. The age of the Chilliwack batholith ranges from 26 to 29 million years old. In 2013, Maclean's reported that, with an average annual temperature of 10.5 °C, Chilliwack is the warmest city in Canada. The city is made up of communities; the urban core has a decidedly north-south axis bisected by the Trans-Canada Highway. The city is bounded in the north by the Fraser River, in the east by the Eastern Hillsides, in the south by the Canada–US border, in the west by the Vedder Canal. With 939 farms on 17,322 hectares of dedicated farmland, farming is essential to the city's identity. Referred to as "Chilliwack Proper Village West", the north side covers the area from the Trans-Canada Highway in the south, to the Fraser River in the north, includes the communities of Camp River, Chilliwack Mountain, Downtown Chilliwack, East Chilliwack, Fairfield Island and Popkum.
Downtown Chilliwack is the historical urban centre of the city. Several cultural attractions, such as the Prospera Centre, Chilliwack Cultural Centre and the Eagle Landing Shopping Centre are located there, as well as key government buildings, such as city hall, FVRD offices, the Provincial Court of British Columbia; the south side includes the communities of Atchelitz, Cultus Lake Park, Ryder Lake, Promontory Heights, Vedder Crossing, Yarrow. Sardis is a popular shopping destination. Bridal Veil Falls Provincial Park Cheam Wetlands Regional Park Chilliwack Heritage Park Chilliwack Lake Provincial Park Cultus Lake Provincial Park Fairfield Park Great Blue Heron Nature Reserve Gwynne Vaughn Park Island 22 Salish Park Sardis Park Townsend Park Chilliwack is known for its locally-grown corn. From June until September the farmers take advantage of the sunny weather and produce up to two crops of corn for both human consumption as well as for cattle feed; the Book Man used. Chilliwack has an active rock music scene, centring around young ska and punk rock bands.
Bands originating in Chilliwack include: These Kids Wear Crowns, Mystery Machine, The Darkest of the Hillside Thickets. Chilliwack has a thriving classical music community, featuring the Chilliwack Symphony Orchest
The Seaforth Highlanders of Canada
The Seaforth Highlanders of Canada is a Primary Reserve infantry regiment of the Canadian Army based in Vancouver, British Columbia. The regiment is subordinate to 3rd Canadian Division. Based at the Seaforth Armoury on Burrard Street in Vancouver, the regiment serves in both times of war and civil emergency, such as disaster relief after earthquakes or floods, it contributes individual volunteers or "augmentees" to Canadian Forces operations around the world. The regiment was formed in 1910 and served overseas in both World War I and World War II. Members of the Seaforth Highlanders have deployed on many missions since World War II including Korea, Cyprus and most in Afghanistan. Originated 24 November 1910 in Vancouver, British Columbia as the 72nd Highlanders of Canada Redesignated 15 April 1912 as the 72nd Seaforth Highlanders of Canada Redesignated 16 December 1912 as the 72nd Regiment "Seaforth Highlanders of Canada" Redesignated 12 March 1920 as The Seaforth Highlanders of Canada Redesignated 7 November 1940 as the 2nd Battalion, The Seaforth Highlanders of Canada Redesignated 1 November 1945 as The Seaforth Highlanders of CanadaLineage of the Seaforth Highlanders of Canada: 72nd Battalion, CEF 231st Battalion, CEF The 72nd Battalion, CEF was authorized on 10 July 1915 and embarked for Britain on 23 April 1916.
It disembarked in France on 13 August 1916, where it fought as part of the 12th Infantry Brigade, 4th Canadian Division in France and Flanders until the end of the war. The battalion disbanded on 30 August 1920; the 231st Battalion, CEF was authorized on 15 July 1916 and embarked for Britain on 11 April 1917, where, on 22 April 1917, its personnel were absorbed by the 24th Reserve Battalion, CEF to provide reinforcements for the Canadian Corps in the field. The battalion disbanded on 11 April 1918; the regiment mobilized The Seaforth Highlanders of Canada, CASF for active service on 1 September 1939. It was redesignated as the 1st Battalion, The Seaforth Highlanders of Canada, CASF on 7 November 1940, it embarked for Britain on 20 December 1939. The battalion landed in Sicily on 10 July 1943 and in Italy on 4 September 1943 as part of the 2nd Brigade, 1st Canadian Infantry Division. On 14 March 1945, it moved with the I Canadian Corps to North-West Europe as part of Operation Goldflake, where it fought until the end of the war.
The overseas battalion disbanded on 31 October 1945. On 1 June 1945, a second Active Force component of the regiment was mobilized for service in the Pacific theatre of operations designated as the 2nd Canadian Infantry Battalion, CASF; the battalion disbanded on 1 November 1945. On 4 May 1951, the regiment mobilized two temporary Active Force companies designated "E" and "F" Company. "E" Company was reduced to nil strength when its personnel were incorporated into the 1st Canadian Highland Battalion for service in Germany with the North Atlantic Treaty Organization. It disbanded on 29 July 1953. "F" Company was used as a reinforcement pool for "E" Company. On 15 May 1952, it was reduced to nil strength when its personnel were absorbed by the newly formed 2nd Canadian Highland Battalion for service in Korea with the United Nations. "F" Company disbanded on 29 July 1953. The regiment contributed an aggregate of more than 20% of its authorized strength to the various Task Forces which served in Afghanistan between 2002 and 2014.
In the list below, battle honours in small capitals are for participation in large operations and campaigns, while those in lowercase indicate honours granted for more specific battles. Those battle honours in bold type are emblazoned on the regimental colour. First World War Second World War South-West Asia Afghanistan In 1909 members of Vancouver's Scottish community sought to raise a highland regiment in Vancouver; the question was first put to the Gaelic societies and the idea was received favourably. A meeting was held on 11 May 1909, in the St. Andrews and Caledonian Societies rooms to discuss the issue; the topic continued to be discussed in the Scottish circles of the city. The delegates met again on 17 January 1910, it was reported that an application had been sent to the Minister of Militia to raise a highland regiment in Vancouver, it had been decided to apply for the number 72, that of the Seaforth Highlanders in Scotland, that number being vacant on the Canadian Militia List. On 24 November 1910, authorization was received from the Militia Department for the formation of a new regiment in Vancouver bearing the number 72, wearing the same uniform and tartan as the Seaforth Highlanders of the Imperial service.
In a letter dated April 11, 1911, consent to use the name Seaforth Highlanders of Canada was received from the 1st and 2nd Battalions of the Imperial Seaforth Highlanders. On 22 June 1911, the years of hard work culminated in the first parade of the regiment on the parade ground in downtown Vancouver, at Larwill Park the bus depot of Pacific Coast Stage Lines and now a parking lot, between the Queen Elizabeth Theatre and the Beatty Street Drill Hall; the Seaforths first saw active service the next year in the summer of 1912 when rallies by striking coal miners in the area around Nanaimo led to rioting. The miners were striking because of workplace safety concerns, such as lethal gas explosions that had killed hundreds. A company from the Seaforths was sent to maintain the peace. Though not a shot was fired, peace was restored and maintained until the unit was called back to
The British Columbia Regiment (Duke of Connaught's Own)
The British Columbia Regiment is a Primary Reserve armoured reconnaissance regiment of the Canadian Army. Established in 1883, it is the oldest military unit in Vancouver, British Columbia, it parades at the Beatty Street Drill Hall at the corner of Dunsmuir and Beatty in downtown Vancouver. The regiment has been variously designated as garrison artillery, rifles and armoured, but has been reconnaissance since 1965, it has received 41 battle honours in its history, has been a unit of the Royal Canadian Armoured Corps since 1942. The British Columbia Regiment originated in Victoria, British Columbia on 12 October 1883, when the British Columbia Provisional Regiment of Garrison Artillery was formed, it was redesignated as the British Columbia Brigade of Garrison Artillery on 7 May 1886, as the British Columbia Battalion of Garrison Artillery on 1 January 1893, as the 5th British Columbia Battalion of Garrison Artillery on 1 January 1895 and the 5th British Columbia Regiment, Canadian Artillery on 28 December 1895.
The regiment was reorganized and split into two battalions on 1 July 1896, designated the 1st Battalion and 2nd Battalion, detached and converted to infantry and redesignated the 6th Battalion Rifles on 1 August 1899, with headquarters in Vancouver. It was redesignated the 6th Regiment The Duke of Connaught's Own Rifles on 1 May 1900. Following the Great War on 12 March 1920, the 6th Regiment The Duke of Connaught's Own Rifles was amalgamated with the 104th Regiment, now The Royal Westminster Regiment, redesignated as the 1st British Columbia Regiment, it was redesignated the 1st British Columbia Regiment on 1 November 1920. On 15 May 1924 it was reorganized into three separate regiments, designated The Vancouver Regiment, The Westminster Regiment and the 1st British Columbia Regiment; the 1st British Columbia Regiment was redesignated The British Columbia Regiment on 15 January 1930 and the 2nd Battalion, The British Columbia Regiment, on 7 November 1940. The regiment was converted to armour and redesignated the 13th Armoured Regiment, RCAC, on 1 April 1946, The British Columbia Regiment on 4 February 1949, The British Columbia Regiment, on 19 May 1958 and The British Columbia Regiment on 7 October 1985.
On 13 June 2002, it was amalgamated with The Irish Fusiliers of Canada. Lineage of the British Columbia Regt: The 6th Battalion Rifles contributed volunteers for the Canadian Contingents during the South African War. In 1914 the regiment was involved in the Komagata Maru incident; the 6th Regiment The Duke of Connaught's Own Rifles and the 11th Regiment Irish Fusiliers of Canada were placed on active service on 6 August 1914 for local protection duties. The 7th Battalion, CEF was authorized on 10 August 1914 and sailed for Britain on 28 September 1914; the 7th Battalion disembarked in France on 15 February 1915, where it fought as part of the 2nd Infantry Brigade, 1st Canadian Division in France and Flanders until the end of the war. The battalion was disbanded on 30 August 1920; the 29th Battalion, CEF, known as "Tobin's Tigers," was authorized on 7 November 1914 and embarked for Britain on 20 May 1915. It arrived in France on 17 September 1915, where it fought as part of the 6th Infantry Brigade, 2nd Canadian Division in France and Flanders until the end of the war.
The battalion was disbanded on 30 August 1920. The 102nd Battalion, CEF, was authorized on 22 December 1915 and embarked for Britain on 18 June 1916, arriving in France on 12 August 1916, where it fought as part of the 11th Infantry Brigade, 4th Canadian Division in France and Flanders until the end of the war; the battalion was disbanded on 30 August 1920. The 30th Battalion, CEF, was authorized on 27 October 1914 and embarked for Britain on 23 February 1915, it was redesignated the 30th Reserve Battalion, CEF, on 18 April 1915 to provide reinforcements for units in the field. On 4 January 1917 its personnel were absorbed by the 1st Reserve Battalion, CEF; the 62nd Battalion, CEF, was authorized on 20 April 1915 and embarked for Britain on 20 March 1916, where it provided reinforcements for the Canadian Corps in the field until 6 July 1916 when its personnel were absorbed by the 30th Reserve Battalion, CEF. The 121st Battalion, CEF, was authorized on 22 December 1915 and embarked for Britain on 14 November 1916, where it provided reinforcements for Canadian units in the field until 10 January 1917 when its personnel were absorbed by the 16th Reserve Battalion, CEF.
The 158th Battalion, CEF, was authorized on 22 December 1915 and embarked for Britain on 14 November 1916 where it provided reinforcements for the units in the field until 4 January 1917 when its personnel were absorbed by the 1st Reserve Battalion, CEF. The British Columbia Regiment was called out on service on 26 August 1939 and details of the regiment were placed on active service on 1 September 1939 for local protection duties under the designation The British Columbia Regiment, CASF. Details from the Irish Fusiliers were called out on service on 26 August 1939 and on active service on 1 September 1939, as the Irish Fusiliers, CASF