Bloomington is a city in and the county seat of Monroe County in the southern region of the U. S. state of Indiana. It is the seventh-largest city in Indiana and the fourth-largest outside the Indianapolis metropolitan area. According to the Monroe County History Center, Bloomington is known as the "Gateway to Scenic Southern Indiana." The city was established in 1818 by a group of settlers from Kentucky, the Carolinas, Virginia who were so impressed with "a haven of blooms" that they called it Bloomington. The population was 80,405 at the 2010 census; the city's population was estimated at 84,067 as of July 2016 by the U. S. Census Bureau. Bloomington is the home to Indiana University Bloomington. Established in 1820, IU Bloomington has 49,695 students, as of September 2016, is the original and largest campus of Indiana University. Most of the campus buildings are built of Indiana limestone. Bloomington is the home of the Indiana University School of Education, Indiana University School of Public and Environmental Affairs, Indiana University Maurer School of Law, the Jacobs School of Music, Indiana University Press, the Kelley School of Business, the Kinsey Institute, the Stone Age Institute, the Indiana University School of Optometry, the Indiana University School of Informatics and Engineering.
Bloomington has been designated a Tree City for 32 years, as of 2015. The city was the location of the Academy Award–winning 1979 movie Breaking Away, featuring a reenactment of Indiana University's annual Little 500 bicycle race. Monroe County's famous limestone quarries are featured in the movie. Bloomington was platted in 1818. A post office has been in operation at Bloomington since 1825. Bloomington was incorporated in 1827; the Elias Abel House, Blair-Dunning House, Bloomington City Hall, Bloomington West Side Historic District, Cantol Wax Company Building, Coca-Cola Bottling Plant, Cochran-Helton-Lindley House, Courthouse Square Historic District, Hinkle-Garton Farmstead, Home Laundry Company, Illinois Central Railroad Freight Depot, Johnson's Creamery, Legg House, Millen House, Millen-Chase-McCalla House, Monroe Carnegie Library, Monroe County Courthouse, Morgan House, J. L. Nichols House and Studio, North Washington Street Historic District, The Old Crescent, Princess Theatre, Prospect Hill Historic District, Second Baptist Church, Seminary Square Park, Steele Dunning Historic District, University Courts Historic District, Vinegar Hill Historic District, Wicks Building, Woolery Stone Company, Andrew Wylie House are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
According to the 2010 census, Bloomington has a total area of 23.359 square miles, of which 23.16 square miles is land and 0.199 square miles is water. Southern Indiana receives an abundance of rain, with a yearly average of nearly 45 inches. Bloomington is an area of irregular limestone terrain characterized by sinks, fissures, underground streams, sinking streams and caves, it is situated in the rolling hills of southern Indiana, resting on the intersection of the Norman Uplands and the Mitchell Plain. The varied topography of the city provides a sharp contrast to the flatter terrain more typical of central to northern portions of Indiana. Bloomington is located on a comparatively high ground, the summit of the divide between the basins of the West Fork and East Fork of Indiana's White River. Accordingly, there are no major watercourses within the city, nor is much groundwater available for wells; the largest stream within the city itself is Clear Creek, with its eastern branch known on the Indiana University campus as Jordan River.
Due to the absence of either natural lakes or rivers or groundwater in or near the city, a number of dams have been constructed on nearby creeks over the last 100 years to provide for the water needs of Bloomington and Monroe County. Early 20th-century damming projects occurred at a number of locations southwest of the city, the most notable of them being the Leonard Springs Dam. Due to the limestone formations underlying the reservoirs and the dams, water kept seeping from the reservoirs through developing underground channels. Despite all efforts, the city was never able to stop the leakage, had to resort to pumping leaking water back to the reservoir. By the 1920s, a more radical solution was needed to deal with the water crisis. A new reservoir, known as Griffy Lake, was constructed in a more geologically suitable area north of the city. In the 1950s, two much larger reservoirs, Lake Lemon and Lake Monroe were created in the northeastern and southeastern parts of Monroe County. Monroe Lake was created by the US Army Corps of Engineers for flood control, but has since been used to supply the city and the county with water.
The water pumping station at Griffy Lake has been mothballed. PCB pollution, associated with Westinghouse's operations, long was a concern in the area. A number of sites, in particular, Bennett's Dump and Lemon Lane Landfill at the northwestern edge of the city and Neal's Landfill in the county, were listed as Superfund sites. Clean-up operations at the Bennett Quarry site, started in 1983, were completed by 2000. While cleanups at the other sites were completed in 2012. Bloomington is the principal city of the Bloomington Metropolitan Statistical Area, a metropolitan area that covers Greene and Owen counties and had a combined population of 175,506 at the 2000 census; as of the 2010 census, there were 80,405 people, 31,425 households, 11,267 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,471.7 inhabitants per square mile. There were 33,239 housing units at an average density of 1,435.2 per square mile (554.1/k
Cincinnati is a major city in the U. S. state of Ohio, is the government seat of Hamilton County. Settled in 1788, the city is located at the northern side of the confluence of the Licking and Ohio rivers, the latter of which marks the state line with Kentucky; the city drives the Cincinnati–Middletown–Wilmington combined statistical area, which had a population of 2,172,191 in the 2010 census making it Ohio's largest metropolitan area. With a population of 296,943, Cincinnati is the third-largest city in Ohio and 65th in the United States, its metropolitan area is the fastest growing economic power in the Midwestern United States based on increase of economic output and it is the 28th-largest metropolitan statistical area in the U. S. Cincinnati is within a day's drive of 49.70% of the United States populace. In the nineteenth century, Cincinnati was an American boomtown in the middle of the country. Throughout much of the 19th century, it was listed among the top 10 U. S. cities by population, surpassed only by New Orleans and the older, established settlements of the United States eastern seaboard, as well as being the sixth-biggest city for a period spanning 1840 until 1860.
As Cincinnati was the first city founded after the American Revolution, as well as the first major inland city in the country, it is regarded as the first purely "American" city. Cincinnati developed with fewer immigrants and less influence from Europe than East Coast cities in the same period. However, it received a significant number of German immigrants, who founded many of the city's cultural institutions. By the end of the 19th century, with the shift from steamboats to railroads drawing off freight shipping, trade patterns had altered and Cincinnati's growth slowed considerably; the city was surpassed in population by other inland cities Chicago, which developed based on strong commodity exploitation and the railroads, St. Louis, which for decades after the Civil War served as the gateway to westward migration. Cincinnati is home to three major sports teams: the Cincinnati Reds of Major League Baseball; the city's largest institution of higher education, the University of Cincinnati, was founded in 1819 as a municipal college and is now ranked as one of the 50 largest in the United States.
Cincinnati is home to historic architecture with many structures in the urban core having remained intact for 200 years. In the late 1800s, Cincinnati was referred to as the "Paris of America", due to such ambitious architectural projects as the Music Hall, Cincinnatian Hotel, Shillito Department Store. Cincinnati is the birthplace of the 27th President of the United States. Cincinnati began in 1788 when Mathias Denman, Colonel Robert Patterson, Israel Ludlow landed at a spot at the northern bank of the Ohio opposite the mouth of the Licking and decided to settle there; the original surveyor, John Filson, named it "Losantiville". In 1790, Arthur St. Clair, the governor of the Northwest Territory, changed the name of the settlement to "Cincinnati" in honor of the Society of the Cincinnati, made up of Revolutionary War veterans, of which he was a member; the introduction of steamboats on the Ohio River in 1811 opened up the city's trade to more rapid shipping, the city established commercial ties with St. Louis and New Orleans downriver.
Cincinnati was incorporated as a city on March 1, 1819. Exporting pork products and hay, it became a center of pork processing in the region. From 1810 to 1830 its population nearly tripled, from 9,642 to 24,831. Completion of the Miami and Erie Canal in 1827 to Middletown, Ohio further stimulated businesses, employers struggled to hire enough people to fill positions; the city had a labor shortage until large waves of immigration by Irish and Germans in the late 1840s. The city grew over the next two decades, reaching 115,000 people by the year 1850. Construction on the Miami and Erie Canal began on July 21, 1825, when it was called the Miami Canal, related to its origin at the Great Miami River; the first section of the canal was opened for business in 1827. In 1827, the canal connected Cincinnati to nearby Middletown. During this period of rapid expansion and prominence, residents of Cincinnati began referring to the city as the Queen City. After the steamboats, railroads were the next major form of commercial transportation to come to Cincinnati.
In 1836, the Little Miami Railroad was chartered. Construction began soon after, to connect Cincinnati with the Mad River and Lake Erie Railroad, provide access to the ports of the Sandusky Bay on Lake Erie. Cincinnati acted as a "border town" during the slave-owning period between 1810 and 1863, its location, on the border between the free state of Ohio and the slave state of Kentucky, made it a prominent location for slaves to escape the slave-owning south. Many prominent abolitionists called Cincinnati their home during this period, made it a popular stop on the Underground Railroad. In 2004, the National Underground Railroad Freedom Center was completed along Freedom Way in Downtown, honoring the city's past involvement in the Underground Railroad. In 1859, Cincinnati laid out six streetcar lines. By 1872, Cincinnatians could travel on the streetcars within the city and transfer to rail cars for travel to the hill communities; the Cincinnati Inclined Plane Company began transporting people t
Jasper is a city in, the county seat of Bainbridge Township, Dubois County, United States, located along the Patoka River. The population was 15,038 at the 2010 census making it the 48th largest city in Indiana. On November 4, 2007, Dubois County returned to the Eastern Time Zone, after having moved to the Central Time Zone the previous year. Land use in the area is agricultural. Jasper is a regional center in Southwestern Indiana, noted for its German Catholic ancestral roots. Jasper has been called the "Wood Capital of the World", boasting a large number of furniture companies, including Kimball International and Masterbrand Cabinets. Jasper is home to the Southern Indiana Education Center, Jasper Engines & Transmissions, to a satellite campus of Vincennes University; the Indiana Baseball Hall of Fame, which honors players and others associated with the national pastime who were born or lived in Indiana, is located in Jasper. Jasper boasts the only municipally supported Arts Council in the state of Indiana.
The city of Jasper and the Jasper Community Arts Commission have won the Governor's Arts Award twice, once in 1987 and again in 2007, it is the only group to have garnered this award twice. Jasper was founded in 1818; the Enlow family were the first settlers of the town. Jasper was going to be called Eleanor, the wife of settler Joseph Enlow, but she opted to suggest a name herself, named the city after a passage in the Bible. Jasper was not platted until 1830; that year, the community became the new county seat of Dubois County. The Jasper post office has been in operation since 1832. During the New Deal era, Jessie Hull Mayer won a federal commission to paint a mural as part of the Section of Painting and Sculpture′s projects called the Section of Fine Arts, of the Treasury Department. Indiana Farming Scene in Late Autumn depicts a harvest scene on a farmstead, with no indication of the town. In 1975, the painting was featured as part of a film, Art for Main Street: The Indiana Post Office Murals, produced by the Indiana Historical Society.
Jasper was incorporated as a town in 1866, was incorporated into a city in 1915. Jasper was ranked in the top 25 in Norman Crampton's 1992 book 100 Best Small Towns in America. In 2005, Jasper was ranked in the ten best places to live in the U. S. by Relocate America. In 2014, movoto.com ranked Jasper fifth on their "10 Best Cities to Live in Indiana" list. A 2014 report by safewise.com placed Jasper 8th on the "50 Safest Cities in Indiana" rankings. According to a study done by NerdWallet.com, Jasper is 9th on the "Best Places to Start a Business in Indiana" list. The largest industry sectors by employment in Jasper are manufacturing and health care & social services. According to the Jasper Chamber of Commerce Jasper is located at 38°23′29″N 86°55′51″W, is roughly: 1 hour northeast of Evansville, Indiana. 2 1/2 hours southwest of Indianapolis. 1 1/2 hours west of Louisville, Kentucky. 3 hours east of St. Louis, Missouri. According to the 2010 census, Jasper has a total area of 13.191 square miles, of which 13.1 square miles is land and 0.091 square miles is water.
City limits extend from Bainbridge Township into Boone Townships. Jasper is the principal city of the Jasper Micropolitan Statistical Area, a micropolitan area that covers Dubois and Pike counties and had a combined population of 54,734 at the 2010 census; as of the census of 2010, the population of Jasper was 15,038 and there were 5,994 households. The gender makeup of the city is 50.8 % female. The racial makeup of the city was: 93.6% white 7.7% Hispanic 0.4% African American 0.9% Asian 0.2% Native American 4.0% from other races 0.9% from two or more races. Of the total Jasper population: 14.0% were 1-9 12.9% were 10-19 12.1% were 20-29 11.9% were 30-39 14.4% were 40-49 13.6% were 50-59 9.1% were 60-69 6.1% were 70-79 5.4% were 80 or older Median age was 39.3 years. For males it was 36.9 years and for 41.6 years. Overall median household income in Jasper is $53,968 Median income for a family is $65,903 Males had a median income of $37,432 Females had a median income of $32,218 The per capita income for the city is $28,540 About 5.7% of families and 7.6% of the population are below the poverty line, including 8.2% of those under age 18 and 3.9% of those age 65 and over.
Jasper participates in the sister cities program, as designated by Sister Cities International, Inc.. Pfaffenweiler, Baden-Württemberg, Germany; the Jasper Strassenfest is a four-day event held annually during the first weekend in August. The "Fest" is a celebration between Jasper and its German sister-city Pfaffenweiler, a small village in southwest Germany. Many citizens of Pfaffenweiler travel to Jasper around this time of year; the street festival encompasses the entire city square, complete with numerous food stands, a large Biergarten. On average, over 1,300 pounds of bratwurst are consumed during the four-day event; the Strassenfest culminates in evening fireworks. The festival incorporates a golf tournament, beauty pageant, box parade, fishing tournament, a network of German "Polka Masses" at the three Roman Catholic parishes: St. Joseph's, Holy Family, Precious Blood. Jasper has had several newspapers during its history; the American Eagle was the town's first newspaper, operated 1846–1848.
The Jasper Weekly Courier, a Democratic newspaper, was one of the longest running newspapers
Bedford is a city in Shawswick Township, Lawrence County, United States. The population was 13,413 at the 2010 census; the city is the county seat of Lawrence County. Bedford is the principal city of the Bedford, IN Micropolitan Statistical Area, which comprises all of Lawrence County. Bedford was laid out as a town and the county seat of Lawrence County, United States around 1825; the original county seat was in Palestine, four miles to the south, but was moved, at the urging of the legislature, to a new location as the original location near the White River was deemed unhealthy because of malaria spread by mosquitoes. The new site was named Bedford at the suggestion of a prominent local businessman, Joseph Rawlins, who had relocated to the area from Bedford County, Tennessee, it incorporated as a town in 1864 and received its city charter in 1889. Bedford was a stop on the Underground Railroad. According to the 2010 census, Bedford has a total area of all land; the city is known as the "Limestone Capital of the World" because of its large limestone quarries that are around the area.
Some of the limestone was used to make The Pentagon. Bedford is situated 18 miles south of Bloomington; the climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and cool to cold winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Bedford has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps. On May 25, 2011, an EF3 tornado touched down near Bedford, closing U. S. Route 50 temporarily; as of the 2010 census, there were 13,413 people, 5,801 households, 3,426 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,103.0 inhabitants per square mile. There were 6,553 housing units at an average density of 538.9 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 96.2% White, 0.8% African American, 0.3% Native American, 0.9% Asian, 0.5% from other races, 1.3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.8% of the population. There were 5,801 households of which 27.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.5% were married couples living together, 13.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.3% had a male householder with no wife present, 40.9% were non-families.
36.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.8% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.22 and the average family size was 2.87. The median age in the city was 41.5 years. 22.3% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the city was 47.3% male and 52.7% female. As of the 2000 census, there were 13,768 people, 6,054 households, 3,644 families residing in the city; the population density was 1,157.1 people per square mile. There were 6,618 housing units at an average density of 556.2 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 98.87% White, 0.79% African American, 0.28% Native American, 0.48% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.70% from other races, 0.88% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.26% of the population. There were 6,054 households out of which 25.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.5% were married couples living together, 10.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 39.8% were non-families.
35.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.3% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.18 and the average family size was 2.81. In the city, the population was spread out with 21.2% under the age of 18, 8.0% from 18 to 24, 25.7% from 25 to 44, 23.2% from 45 to 64, 21.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females, there were 86.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 81.8 males. The median income for a household in the city was $31,022, the median income for a family was $39,462. Males had a median income of $31,956 versus $22,578 for females; the per capita income for the city was $17,649. About 7.4% of families and 11.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.8% of those under age 18 and 8.6% of those age 65 or over. Bedford is governed by a city council; the city council is known as the Common Council. Five of the members are elected from individual districts.
The mayor and clerk-treasurer are elected in a citywide vote. Bedford Stonecutters 1890-1974 Bedford North Lawrence Stars 1975–presentThe Bedford North Lawrence High School is known for its basketball and golf programs; the boys' basketball team, captained by Damon Bailey, won a state title in 1990, Also Indiana All Star Cole Sinclair 2001, is the only other Indiana All Star from Bedford. The girls won state titles in 1983, 1991, 2013, 2014; the boys' golf ranks third in Indiana in sectional championships with 20, second in regionals with 7, having produced dozens of college players including PGA Tour Pro Craig Bowden. They have numerous top five finishes; the BNL Boys Golf team holds the IHSAA record in all sports for most Finals trips without a championship with 27. Bedford is known as the limestone capital of the world, is surrounded by limestone quarries, many of which are dangerously used by the residents for swimming. A common name for the light gray Indiana limestone quarried in south central Indiana is "Bedford limestone", or "Bedford Oolitic limestone".
Much of the limestone used in the construction of various Washington, D
Batesville is a city in Franklin and Ripley counties in the U. S. state of Indiana. The population was 6,520 at the 2010 census; the Batesville Casket Company is headquartered here. Medical technology company Hill-Rom has a substantial presence in the town, employing over 1,700 people at its office and manufacturing campus. Batesville is noted for its central location between Indianapolis and Louisville. Central Batesville Historic District was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2011. Batesville was founded by owner of the John Callahan Trust Company; the company bought land and created new towns along rail lines that it began since Dunn was president of the Cincinnati and Indianapolis Railroad. Joshua Bates, who platted the town of Batesville, is thought to be the source of the name. On November 1, 1853, the first train from Cincinnati to Indianapolis passed through Batesville. Once the railway opened and Bates constructed more buildings. George Sims laid out Batesville's first addition in 1858.
The following year, German immigrant Henry Boehringer became Batesville's first major builder. A three-story building with a basement on East Pearl Street became known as the Boehringer Hall because of the dance floor on the third story; the Catholic congregation used the basement. Louis Walter established Batesville's first gristmill in 1858. Between 1860 and 1870, Boehringer built a row of apartments and homes on the north side of Batesville on Boehringer Street. Along with building the apartments and housing, Boehringer owned the lot where the Ward School now stands. In 1863 Conrad Rapp bought Walter's gristmill. In 1865, John Brinkman built a hotel and restaurant called the Sherman House, named after William Tecumseh Sherman, a major general that led the Union Army to its final victory of the Civil War in a campaign that became known as "Sherman's March to the Sea". Sebastian Messersmith built Union Hall in 1865, it was a two-story building on the west side of Main Street |Main Street and just north of South Street |South Street.
Union Hall was used by the fire department for meetings and it was used by the public school while the school building was being rebuilt. It was used as a boarding house for mill workers and visiting lumber salesman; this was an important building to the citizens of Batesville. Batesville has been known for its many factories built between the present. In 1873 the Greeman Bracket Company began manufacturing under the Greeman family name, one of the leading businesses for 30 years; the Schrader Furniture Factory was built in 1873, but had to be rebuilt in 1875 after the factory was destroyed by a fire. When the founder Herman Schrader died, the business was bought by John Hillenbrand|John and William Hillenbrand. In 1874, the Union Furniture Factory burned down and the Blank Bros. Furniture Manufacturing Company was erected the following year. In 1879, Batesville published its first newspaper, The Prairie Farmer. During the 1880s the town of Batesville started its first form of government appointed by the community.
The first mayor was George M. Hillenbrand; the first town board served without pay. The board consisted of five officers: Jacob Blank Jr. John Lehmkuehler, John Hillenbrand, William Hillenbrand, Christian Schwieler. Much of the money, put toward the town came directly out of the officers' pockets. For example, in February 1883, they donated $153.06 to go toward paying for the town's bills. By September, when the financial report was reviewed, Batesville only had $1.82 in its account. During 1883, Batesville began major road construction. In 1884 Batesville organized the Batesville Casket Company, it was managed by J. Spiegel and purchased by George M. Hillenbrand in February 1906. In 1884, the town jail was completed at a cost of $211.55. The inmates were forced to break stone to pay for their stay in the prison. Several developments took place in 1887, including new additions to the town and telephone connections to the town of Oldenburg; these developments were funded by a grant applied for by Mr. Haverkos.
In 1887, John Hillenbrand and Victor Oberting opened a stone quarry on some of Mr. Hillenbrand's land near Batesville. In December 1887, the town hall was completed; the town hall was separated into two parts: one for the town board and the other for the fire company. The town hall was rented out for public gatherings. In March 1888, the school board made a decision to construct an addition onto the schoolhouse; this proposal estimated that the total cost of the addition would be $1,500. In 1888, the first city attorney was appointed at a salary of $35 per year, many new businesses were added. In this year, Henry F. E. Schrader opened a tin shop and built homes. Henry H. Kramer started a grocery store on the corner of Walnut and Boehringer; as well as new stores, a covered bridge was built over the Laughery Creek, making travel much easier. In 1889, Batesville paved its roads with stone that came from the Hillenbrand and Oberting Stone Quarry; as well as the paving of the roads, Batesville opened the Batesville State Bank.
In February 1890, Batesville had built its first sidewalks. In the 1890s, street lamps were introduced to Batesville; these lamps were oil lamps. However, in October, a proposal was written to turn them all into electric lamps, but the proposal was denied. On January 29, 1894, the first electric lamp was placed in front of Town Hall. In 1895 a petition was accepted to build another school; the total estimated cost would be $5,700. The land
Shelby County, Indiana
Shelby County is a county located in the U. S. state of Indiana. As of 2010, the population was 44,436; the county seat is Shelbyville. Shelby County was organized in 1821, it was named for Gen. Isaac Shelby, who defeated the British at the Battle of Kings Mountain in the Revolutionary War. Shelby became the first Governor of Kentucky. During the War of 1812, he led the army of Kentucky into Canada, defeated the British at the decisive Battle of the Thames in 1813. According to the 2010 census, the county has a total area of 412.76 square miles, of which 411.15 square miles is land and 1.61 square miles is water. Shelbyville Edinburgh Fairland Morristown St. Paul Waldron Hancock County Rush County Decatur County Bartholomew County Johnson County Marion County In recent years, average temperatures in Shelbyville have ranged from a low of 18 °F in January to a high of 86 °F in July, although a record low of −25 °F was recorded in January 1994 and a record high of 105 °F was recorded in July 1954.
Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.38 inches in January to 4.47 inches in May. The county government is a constitutional body, is granted specific powers by the Constitution of Indiana, by the Indiana Code. County Council: The county council is the legislative branch of the county government and controls all the spending and revenue collection in the county. Representatives are elected from county districts; the council members serve four-year terms. They are responsible for setting salaries, the annual budget, special spending; the council has limited authority to impose local taxes, in the form of an income and property tax, subject to state level approval, excise taxes, service taxes. Board of Commissioners: The executive body of the county is made of a board of commissioners; the commissioners are elected county-wide, in staggered terms, each serves a four-year term. One of the commissioners the most senior, serves as president; the commissioners are charged with executing the acts legislated by the council, collecting revenue, managing the day-to-day functions of the county government.
Court: The county maintains a small claims court that can handle some civil cases. The judge on the court is elected to a term of four years and must be a member of the Indiana Bar Association; the judge is assisted by a constable, elected to a four-year term. In some cases, court decisions can be appealed to the state level circuit court. County Officials: The county has several other elected offices, including sheriff, auditor, recorder and circuit court clerk; each of these elected officers serves a term of four years and oversee different parts of the county government. Members elected to county government positions are required to declare party affiliations and to be residents of the county. Current elected officials: County CommissionersDonald Parker Kevin Nigh Chris Ross County Council Terry Smith Scott Asher Ryan Claxton Tony Titus Linda Sanders Leigh Lankable Bryan Fischer As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 44,436 people, 17,302 households, 12,221 families residing in the county.
The population density was 108.1 inhabitants per square mile. There were 19,080 housing units at an average density of 46.4 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 95.4% white, 1.0% black or African American, 0.5% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 1.6% from other races, 1.2% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 3.7% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 28.5% were German, 13.1% were American, 12.2% were Irish, 9.0% were English. Of the 17,302 households, 33.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.4% were married couples living together, 10.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 29.4% were non-families, 24.5% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 2.98. The median age was 39.9 years. The median income for a household in the county was $47,697 and the median income for a family was $60,824. Males had a median income of $46,325 versus $32,416 for females.
The per capita income for the county was $26,398. About 7.4% of families and 10.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.7% of those under age 18 and 10.5% of those age 65 or over. Isaac Colton Ash, Los Angeles, City Council member, 1925–27 George W. Clarke, governor of Iowa, 1913–1917 National Register of Historic Places listings in Shelby County, Indiana Young, Julie. A brief history of Shelby County, Indiana. Charleston, SC: History Press. ISBN 978-1-59629-846-0
Harrison County, Indiana
Harrison County is located in the far southern part of the U. S. state of Indiana along the Ohio River. The county was established in 1808; as of the 2010 census, the county's population was 39,364, an increase of 6.6% from 2000. The county seat is the former capital of Indiana. Harrison County is part of KY-IN Metropolitan Statistical Area; the county has a diverse economy with no sector employing more than 13% of the local workforce. Horseshoe Southern Indiana is the largest employer, followed by Tyson Foods and the Harrison County Hospital. Tourism is centered on the county's many historic sites. County government is divided among several bodies including the boards of the county's three school districts, three elected commissioners who exercise legislative and executive powers, an elected county council that controls the county budget, a circuit and superior court, township trustees in the county's 12 townships; the county has 10 incorporated towns with a total population of over 5,000, as well as many small unincorporated towns.
One Interstate highway and one U. S. Route run through the county, as do eight Indiana State Roads and two railroad lines. Migratory groups of Native Americans inhabited the area for thousands of years, but the first permanent settlements in what would become Harrison County were created by American settlers in the years after the American Revolutionary War; the population grew during first decade of the 19th century. Corydon was platted in 1808 and became the capital of the Indiana Territory in 1813. Many of the state's early important historic events occurred in the county, including the writing of Indiana's first constitution. Corydon was the state capital until 1825, but in the years afterward remained an important hub for southern Indiana. In 1859 there was a major meteorite strike. In 1863 the Battle of Corydon was fought, the only battle of the American Civil War to occur in Indiana. Humans first entered; this region was of particular value to the early humans because of the abundance of flint.
There is evidence of flint mining in local caves as early as 2000 BCE. Passing migratory tribes frequented the area, influenced by succeeding groups of peoples including the Hopewells and Mississippians. One flint-working and camping location is the Swan's Landing Archeological Site, one of the most important Early Archaic archaeological sites in eastern North America. Permanent human settlements in the county began with the arrival of American settlers in the last decade of the 18th century; the area became part of the United States following its conquest during the American Revolutionary War. Veterans of the revolution received land grants in the eastern part of the county as part of Clark's Grant. Daniel Boone and his brother Squire Boone were early explorers of the county, entering from Kentucky in the 1780s. Harvey Heth, Spier Spencer, Edward Smith were among the first to settle in the county beginning in the 1790s. Smith built the first home in the area of Corydon. Harrison County was part of Knox County and Clark County but was separated in 1808.
It was the first Indiana county formed by the Indiana territorial legislature instead of the Governor. Portions of the county were separated into parts of Crawford, Washington, Clark, Perry and Orange Counties; the county was named for William Henry Harrison, the first governor of Indiana Territory, a General in War of 1812, hero of Tippecanoe, the 9th U. S. President. Harrison was the largest land holder in the county at the time and had a small estate at Harrison Spring. Squire Boone settled permanently in what is now Boone Township in 1806, he is buried in a cave near his home, Squire Boone Caverns. James and Daniel Boone settled in Harrison County's Heth Township during the first decade of the 1800s; the county's first church was built by Boone east of present-day Laconia. The church, reconstructed, is known as Old Goshen. Jacob Kintner settled near Corydon in about 1810, he was one of the wealthiest settlers and amassed a 700-acre tract of land around Corydon, built a large home, maintained an inn.
Paul and Susanna Mitchem became Quakers and immigrated to Harrison County from North Carolina in 1814, bringing with them 107 slaves whom they freed after arriving. Although some of the former slaves left, the group became one of the largest communities of free blacks in the state; the first road was built in Harrison County in 1809 connecting Corydon with Mauckport on the Ohio River. A tow-and-ferry line was operated there by the Mauck family bringing settlers into the county from Kentucky; this road and ferry expanded the county's economic viability and ease of access to the outside world, leading to a rapid settlement of the area. The county's population more than doubled in the following decade. Dennis Pennington, who lived near Lanesville, became one of the county's early leading citizens and speaker of the territory's legislature. Corydon began competing with other southern Indiana settlements to become the new capital of the territory after its reorganization in 1809. Hostilities broke out in 1811 with the Native American tribes on the frontier, the territorial capital was moved to Corydon on May 1, 1813, after Pennington suggested that it would be safer than Vincennes.
For the next twelve years, Corydon was the political center of subsequent state. A state constitution was drafted in Corydon during June 1816 and after statehood the town served as the state capital until 1825; the first division of the county occurred in 1814 when t