Kelefa is a castle and village in Mani, Greece. It is part of the municipal unit of Oitylo; the castle of Kelefa is located about half-way between the current village of Kelefa and the Bay of Oitylo. It was built in 1679 by the Ottomans; some years in 1685, the Maniots besieged the castle. They sent messengers to Venice; the Venetians were at war with the Ottomans so they agreed and sent a fleet under Francesco Morosini. As soon the fleets bearing the symbol of St Mark the Ottoman garrison surrendered. A year the Ottomans returned with a strong force and laid siege to the castle but were driven back. Along with the rest of the Peloponnese, the castle remained in Venetian hands for about 30 years, but in 1715 the Ottomans recaptured the Peloponnese. Around 1780 the Ottomans abandoned the castle. Now Kelefa is a small village. List of settlements in Laconia
Oitylo, known as "Βίτσουλο", pronounced Vitsoulo, in the native Maniot dialect, is a village and a former municipality in Laconia, Greece. Since the 2011 local government reform it is part of the municipality East Mani, of which it is a municipal unit, it is one of the oldest towns in the Mani Peninsula. It was mentioned in the Iliad as part of Menelaus' kingdom. In the Middle Ages, Oitylo grew to become the most important town in Messenian Mani; the only town in Mani that rivaled Oitylos in numbers of pirates was Skoutari. Now Areopoli has taken Oitylo's place as most important town in Laconian Mani. Areopoli was the seat of the municipality of Oitylo, located on the western half of the Mani Peninsula in the extreme southwestern part of Laconia, it has a population of 3,515 inhabitants. There are 91 villages in the municipality; the largest of these are Pyrgos Dirou and Oítylo. The municipal unit Oitylo is subdivided into the following communities: Alika Ano Boularioi Areopoli Dryalos Dhry Germa Gerolimenas Kareas Kelefa Koita Kounos Kryoneri Mina Neo Oitylo Oitylo Pyrgos Dirou Tsikkalia Vachos Vatheia The province of Oitylo was one of the provinces of the Laconia Prefecture.
Its territory corresponded with that of the current municipal unit Oitylo. It was abolished in 2006. List of settlements in Laconia Official website Chapman, Mani: A guide and history, Zorbas.de Travel Agency
Administrative divisions of Greece
Following the implementation on 1 January 2011 of the Kallikratis Plan, the administrative divisions of Greece consist of two main levels: the regions and the municipalities. In addition, a number of decentralized administrations overseeing the regions exist as part of the Ministry of the Interior, but are not entities of local government; the old prefectures were either abolished and split up or transformed into regional units in 2011. The administrative regions are divided into regional units which are further subdivided into municipalities; the Eastern Orthodox monastic community on Mount Athos is an autonomous self-governing entity. The first level of government is constituted by the municipalities, which have resulted from merging several former municipalities and communities, they are run by a municipal council, elected every 5 years. The municipalities are further subdivided into municipal units and into communities. Although communities have their own councils, their role is purely advisory to the municipal-level government.
The second level is composed of the regions, run by a regional governor and a regional council, popularly elected every 5 years. The regions are divided into 74 regional units but not always coterminous with the former prefectures; each regional unit is headed by a vice-regional governor, drawn from the same political block as the regional governor. The third level is composed of the new decentralized administrations, comprising one to three regions, run by a government-appointed general secretary, assisted by an advisory council drawn from the regional governors and the representatives of the municipalities. Decentralized Administration of Attica, with the capital of Athens Decentralized Administration of Macedonia and Thrace, with the capital of Thessaloniki Decentralized Administration of Epirus and Western Macedonia, with the capital of Ioannina Decentralized Administration of Thessaly and Central Greece, with the capital of Larissa Decentralized Administration of Peloponnese, Western Greece and the Ionian, with the capital of Patras Decentralized Administration of the Aegean, with the capital of Piraeus Decentralized Administration of Crete, with the capital of Heraklion Mount Athos From 1 January 2011, in accordance with the Kallikratis programme, the administrative system of Greece was drastically overhauled.
The former system of 13 regions, 54 prefectures and 1033 municipalities and communities was replaced by 7 decentralized administrations, 13 regions and 325 municipalities. The first elections to the restructured Greek local government areas were held between 7 November and 14 November 2010. Politics of Greece