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Hamza ibn Abdul-Muttalib

Hamzah ibn Abd al-Muttalib was a foster brother and paternal uncle of the Islamic prophet Muhammad. But Hamza Ibn Abd-ul-Muttalib, uncle of Mohammed matyred in the Battle of Uhud on 22 March 625 His kunyas were "Abū ʿUmārah" and "Abū Yaʿlā", he had the by-names Asad Allāh and Asad al-Jannah, Muhammad gave him the posthumous title Sayyid ash-Shuhadāʾ. Ibn Sa'd basing his claim on al-Waqidi states that Hamzah was four years older than Muhammad; this is disputed by Ibn Sayyid, who argues: "Zubayr narrated that Hamza was four years older than the Prophet. But this does not seem correct, because reliable hadith state that Thuwayba nursed both Hamza and the Prophet". Ibn Sayyid concludes that Hamza was only two years older than Muhammad, though he adds the traditional expression of doubt, "Only God knows". Ibn Hajar writes as a conclusion of Ibn Sayyid's hadiths: "Hamza was born two to four years before Muhammad". Ibn Kathir in Al-Sira Al-Nabawiyya cites Abu Nu`aym who traces a hadith to Ibn Abbas, that after Abdul Mutallib went to Yemen, he stayed with a Jewish priest.

A monk prophesised that he will have both power and prophethood and advised him to marry a woman of the Banu Zuhrah. After returning to Mecca, he did so by marrying Hala, a woman of the tribe, shave birthed Hamza. Abdullah married Aminah and the Quraysh said he had won out in terms of marriage. Hamza was skilled in wrestling and fighting, he was fond of hunting lions,and he is described as "the strongest man of the Quraysh, the most unyielding". Hamzah's father was Abdul Muttalib ibn Hashim ibn Abd Manaf ibn Qusayy from the Qurayshi tribe of Mecca, his mother was Hala bint Uhayb from the Zuhra clan of Quraysh. Tabari cites two different traditions. In one, Al-Waqidi states that his parents met when Abdul Muttalib went with his son Abdullah to the house of Wahb ibn'Abd Manaf to seek the hand of Wahb's daughter Aminah. While they were there, Abdul-Muttalib noticed Wahb's niece, Hala bint Uhayb, he asked for her hand as well. Wahb agreed, Muhammad's father Abdullah and his grandfather Abdul-Muttalib were both married on the same day, in a double-marriage ceremony.

However, this in response to a hadith by Ibn Shihab al-Zuhri which doesn't mention any such double marriage. Hence, Hamzah was the younger brother of Muhammad's father. Hamza had six children. Salma bint Umays ibn Ma'd, the half-sister of Maymuna bint al-Harith. Umama bint Hamza, wife of Salama ibn Abi Salama Zaynab bint Al-Milla ibn Malik of the Aws tribe in Medina. Amir ibn Hamza. Bakr ibn Hamza. who died in childhood Khawla bint Qays ibn Amir of the An-Najjar clan of themza. He had issue. Umar ibn Hamza. Married Ruqayyah bint Muhammad. Atika bint Hamza. Barra bint Hamza. Hamza took little notice of Islam for the first few years, he did not respond to Muhammad's first appeal to the Hashimite clan in 613.. He converted in late 612. Upon returning to Mecca after a hunting trip in the desert, he heard that Abu Jahl had "attacked the Prophet and abused and insulted him," "speaking spitefully of his religion and trying to bring him into disrepute". Muhammad had not replied to him. "Filled with rage," Hamza "went out at a run... meaning to punish Abu Jahl when he met him".

He entered the Kaaba, where Abu Jahl was sitting with the elders, stood over him and "struck him a violent blow" with his bow. He said, "Will you insult him, when I am of his religion and say what he says? Hit me back if you can!" He "struck Abu Jahl's head with a blow that cut open his head". Some of Abu Jahl's relatives approached to help him, but he told them, "Leave Abu Umara alone, for, by God, I insulted his nephew deeply". After that incident, Hamza declared Islam. "Hamza’s Islam was complete, he followed the Apostle's commands. When he became a Muslim, the Quraysh recognised that the Apostle had become strong, had found a protector in Hamza, so they abandoned some of their ways of harassing him". Instead, they tried to strike bargains with him. Hamza once asked Muhammad to show him the angel Jibreel "in his true form". Muhammad told Hamza. Hamza retorted that he would see the angel, so Muhammad told him to sit where he was, they claimed that Jibreel descended before them and that Hamza saw that Jibreel's feet were like emeralds, before falling down unconscious.

Hamza joined the emigration to Medina in 622 and lodged with Kulthum ibn al-Hidm or Saad ibn Khaythama. Muhammad made him the brother in Islam of Zayd ibn Harithah. Muhammad sent Hamza on his first raid against Quraysh. Hamza led an expedition of thirty riders to the coast in Juhayna territory to intercept a merchant-caravan returning from Syria. Hamza met Abu Jahl at the head of the caravan with three hundred riders at the seashore. Majdi ibn Amr al-Juhani intervened between them, "for he was at peace with both parties," and the two parties separated without any fighting. There is dispute as to whether Hamza or his second cousin Ubaydah ibn al-Harith was the first Muslim to whom Muhammad gave a flag. Hamza fought at the Battle of Badr, where he shared a camel with Zayd ibn Harithah and where his distinctive ostrich feather made him visible; the Muslims blocked the wells at Badr. Al-Aaswad ibn Abdalasad al-Makhzumi, a quarrelsome ill-natured man, stepped forth and said, "I swear to God that I will drink from their cistern or destroy it or die before reaching it".

Hamza came forth against him, when the two met, Hamza smote him and sent his


Rimbo is a locality situated in Norrtälje Municipality, Stockholm County, Sweden with 4,629 inhabitants in 2010. Rimbo is located about 20 km west of the municipal seat of Norrtälje. Rimbo grew up as a railhead at the junction between the narrow gauge railways to Uppsala and Norrtälje and Hallstavik; the last line was closed in 1981. A formal decision has been taken to reopen the 14 km line to Kårsta, but no funds have been allocated. Rimbo has a successful men's handball team, Rimbo HK Roslagen, which played in the first tier of the Swedish handball system in the 2013-2014 season. Official websitesNorrtälje municipalityOther websitesRimbo portal Rimbo IF


Maoyū Maō Yūsha known as Maoyu, or Archenemy and Hero in English, is a Japanese light novel series by Mamare Touno, posted in a play format on the textboard 2channel in 2009. Enterbrain published five main novels in the series, in addition to three side-story novels between 2010 and 2012, selling over 450,000 copies in total, it has received several manga adaptations. A 12-episode anime adaptation by Arms aired in Japan from January 5 to March 30, 2013; the series follows the exploits of a human hero and the queen of demons who join forces to bring peace and prosperity to their war-torn world. The story is set in a world embroiled by war between Demons; the Humans' greatest warrior, the Hero, invades the castle of the Demon King, intent on vanquishing the leader of the Demons. Inside, the Hero discovers, she explains how a sudden end to the war can bring further chaos to the world as the Humans, once united to stand against their common enemies, would begin fighting among themselves, with similar issues occurring in the Demon Realm.

Convinced by her words, the Hero joins forces with the Queen, together they execute a plan to bring prosperity and a lasting peace to both Humans and Demons alike. None of the characters in the story have proper names, each one of them are only being addressed by their title or occupation. Mao Voiced by: Ami Koshimizu The main female protagonist and the 43rd supreme ruler of the Demon Realm who holds the title of Demon Queen1. Though she looks young, she is in fact over a hundred years old, she wants the best outcome for both sides of the war and sets out for the Human Realm after convincing the Hero to join forces via revealing her plans. She disguises herself as a human noblewoman known as the Crimson Scholar, shares her vast knowledge on such topics as economics and farming, she comes from a clan of demons. They reside in a hidden dimension called the Outer Library, which contains a vast archive of knowledge from various times and alternate universes; that place is. The Crimson Scholar grows in popularity from both her radical ideas and beauty.

She is viewed with distrust by the church and the central kingdoms, who brand her as a heretic out of fear that it would loosen its grasp over the countries helped by her. To ensure a temporary ceasefire between the Humans and Demons, the Demon Queen disseminates rumors that her battle with the Hero indeed occurred as expected, resulting in his disappearance and her body becoming wounded; this provides her with extra time to complete her plans by leading her servants to believe that she cannot command them until her recuperation is completed. Though an imposing and intelligent woman, she has shown a bit of a comedic side. To appear more threatening, she wears a headband with a large set of horns; the Demon Queen has always held affections for the Hero and anticipated their meeting from the moment of his birth. One part of becoming the Demon King involves a transfer of emotion and power from the past Demon Kings in the Ancient Royal Tomb. However, the spirits of the past Kings possess her body when she attempts the ritual for a second time, she is rescued by Hero forcing the spirits out of her body by affirming their vow together.

Yusha Voiced by: Jun Fukuyama The main male protagonist and the greatest warrior that the Human Realm has. After traveling with his companions, he went out on his own to slay the Demon Queen and bring an end to the conflict between demons and humans. However, he agrees to aid her efforts after she explains that the world needs a peaceful solution for both sides, as both societies are set to collapse further once the war ends, he is an unparalleled swordsman capable of standing against Demon. He is capable of powerful magic ranging from healing abilities to creating familiar spirits, as well as teleporting to any location he has visited, he develops feelings for the Demon Queen though she only returns them in an over-the-top fashion. As part of the Queen's plan, he conceals his true identity and adopts the name of White Swordsman while living in a small village with The Crimson Scholar. While traveling through the Demon Realm as a peacekeeper, he dons an imposing black armor belonging to a former Demon King, addressing himself as a servant of the Queen called the Black Knight.

The Hero used to fight alongside three companions, a Female Knight, an Archer and a Wizard who followed their separate ways after the Hero left the party to confront the Demon King by himself. Female Knight Voiced by: Miyuki Sawashiro One of the members of Hero's old party. A powerful swordswoman who excels as a commander in battle. After the party is disbanded, she became a nun and Prioress at the Lakeside Convent in Lake nation, she reunites with the Hero by accident much to her surprise, as no one had news from him since he left for the Demon Realm. Despite failing to get a proper explanation from him, she joins the Crimson Scholar's efforts to improve Human society by teaching swordsmanship to her students. Female Knight becomes a close friend to the Crimson Scholar, staying by her side after learning about her true identity, despite the fact she is in love with Hero. Female Magician Voiced by: Misato Fukuen Another member of the Hero's old party. After the Hero left his party, she sets for the Demon Real


Tallink is an Estonian shipping company operating Baltic Sea cruiseferries and ropax ships from Estonia to Finland, Estonia to Sweden, Latvia to Sweden and Finland to Sweden. It is the largest cargo shipping company in the Baltic Sea region. Company owns a part of SeaRail. Tallink Hotels runs one in Riga, it is the co-owner of a taxi company Tallink Takso. It is a publicly traded company, listed in Tallinn Stock Exchange. Major shareholder is an investment company AS Infortar, that has ownership in several Tallink subsidiaries and a natural gas company Eesti Gaas; the history of the company known today as Tallink can be traced back to 1965 when the Soviet Union-based Estonian Shipping Company introduced passenger ferry services between Helsinki and Tallinn on MS Vanemuine. Regular around-the-year passenger ferry services began in 1968 on MS Tallinn, which served the route until it was replaced by the new MS Georg Ots in 1980. In May 1989 ESCO formed a new subsidiary, ühisettevõte Tallink, together with the Finnish Palkkiyhtymä Oy.

In December of the same year ESCO and Palkkiyhtymä purchased MS Scandinavian Sky from SeaEscape, the ship began traffic on the Helsinki–Tallinn route in January 1990 as MS Tallink. In the same year the freighter MS Transestonia joined the Tallink on the Helsinki–Tallinn route and Tallink was established as the name of the company as well as the main ship. At the same time ESCO still operated the Georg Ots in the same route competing with its own daughter company; this conflict was resolved in September 1991. In the early 1990s passenger numbers on Helsinki–Tallinn traffic were increasing, during winters between 1992 and 1995 Tallink chartered MS Saint Patrick II from Irish Ferries to increase capacity on the route. Tallink became a Estonian-owned company in 1993 when Palkkiyhtymä sold its shares of both the Tallink company and MS Tallink to ESCO. At this time other companies were establishing themselves on the lucrative Helsinki–Tallinn traffic, including the Estonian New Line, owned by the Tallinn-based Inreko.

ESCO and Inreko saw no sense in competing with each other and in January 1994 Tallink and Inreko Laeva AS were merged into AS Eminre. Tallink remained the marketing name for the company's fleet. In the same year Inreko purchased MS Nord Estonia from EstLine, renamed her MS Vana Tallinn and placed her in Helsinki–Tallinn traffic for Tallink. Inreko brought with them two fast hydrofoils, HS Liisa and HS Laura which began serving under the Tallink Express brand. In 1994 Tallink attempted traffic from Estonia to Germany for the first time, with two chartered ferries MS Balanga Queen and MS Ambassador II that were placed on the route Helsinki–Tallinn–Travemünde. In September 1994 AS Eminre's operations were divided into two companies, one that took care of the traffic to Germany and AS Hansatee which took the Helsinki–Tallinn traffic and the Tallink name. ESCO was the dominant partner in Hansatee, controlling 45% of the shares, whereas Inreko owned only 12.75%. In 1995 Hansatee brought the first large ferry into Helsinki–Tallinn traffic when they chartered MS Mare Balticum from EstLine and renamed her MS Meloodia.

Following various disputes between ESCO and Inreko, Inreko sold their shares of AS Hansatee to ESCO in December 1996. At the same time Inreko sold the Tallink Express hydrofoils to Linda Line and begun operating the Vana Tallinn on Helsinki–Tallinn traffic under the name TH Ferries. In 1997 a second large ferry was brought to Tallink's traffic when the company chartered MS Normandy from Stena Line. To replace the lost hydrofoils, Hansatee purchased a new express catamaran in May 1997, named MS Tallink Express I. At this time it was clear that two large ferries were needed for traffic between Helsinki and Tallinn, when the Normandy's charter ended in December 1997 Tallink purchased MS Lion King from Stena Line, which entered traffic in February 1998 as MS Fantaasia. In July of the same year Tallink purchased the freighter MS Kapella which opened a line from Paldiski to Kapellskär, Tallink's first route to Sweden. In October the original MS Tallink, which no longer conformed modern safety regulations, was sold.

Two months Hansatee purchased their first fast ferry capable of carrying cars, HSC Tallink AutoExpress. By the year 2000 ESCO had become the sole owner of EstLine, in December 2000 EstLine's two ferries MS Regina Baltica and MS Baltic Kristina were chartered to Hansatee, the line between Tallinn and Stockholm began to be marketed as a part of Tallink. A few months earlier, in August 2000, Hansatee had ordered their first newbuild from the Finnish Aker Finnyards. In June 2001 Tallink purchased HSC Tallink AutoExpress 2, while next month EstLine was declared bankrupt. In 2002 AS Hansatee changed its name into AS Tallink Grupp, in May of the same year the company took delivery of the brand new 2500-passenger cruiseferry MS Romantika, placed on Helsinki–Tallinn traffic. In November of the same year the classic Georg Ots was sold to the government of Russia. In 2004 three news ships joined Tallink's fleet, HSC Tallink AutoExpress 3 and HSC Tallink AutoExpress 4 alongside the Romantika's sister MS Victoria I, placed on Tallinn–Stockholm route, replacing MS Fantaasia which in turn started a new route from Helsinki to St. Petersburg via Tallinn.

This route proved unprofitable and was terminated in January 2005. In 2005 Tallink ordered a sister ship of the t

2001 Kuomintang chairmanship election

The Kuomintang chairmanship election of 2001 was held on 24 March 2001 in Taiwan. This was the first direct party leadership election in Kuomintang history in which all registered, due-paying party members were eligible to vote. In previous elections, only 2,000 high-ranking members could cast votes. Lee Teng-hui had assumed the presidency and Kuomintang chairmanship in 1988, after the death of Chiang Ching-kuo. With the help of Lien Chan, Lee had withstood a challenge to his leadership in 1997, shortly after the Kuomintang lost that year's local elections handily. In 2000, the Kuomintang lost the presidential election to Democratic Progressive Party candidate Chen Shui-bian, discontent over Lee's leadership had again broken out, he planned to resign the chairmanship in September, but submitted his resignation on 24 March, after days of speculation and protest. Lien Chan succeeded Lee as chairman in June; the first direct leadership election was scheduled for 24 March 2001. In previous elections, only 2,000 party representatives could vote for the office.

Lien Chan registered for the election on 9 February 2001, ran unopposed, as Tuan Hung-chun was declared ineligible. Lien was required to gather a petition of three percent of the party membership to validate his candidacy, he garnered 521,712 of 537,370 votes in the election itself, at a time when the Kuomintang had an eligible voter count of 928,175. Lien won 97.09% of all votes cast, a record that would stand until 2015, when Eric Chu was elected