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Argos

Argos is a city in Argolis, the Peloponnese, Greece and is one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world. It is a major center for the area. Since the 2011 local government reform it has been part of the municipality of Argos-Mykines, of which it is a municipal unit; the municipal unit has an area of 138.138 km2. It is 11 kilometres from Nafplion, its historic harbour. A settlement of great antiquity, Argos has been continuously inhabited as at least a substantial village for the past 7,000 years; the city is a member of the Most Ancient European Towns Network. A resident of the city of Argos is known as an Argive. However, this term is used to refer to those ancient Greeks who assaulted the city of Troy during the Trojan War. Numerous ancient monuments can be found in the city today. Agriculture is the mainstay of the local economy; the name of the city is ancient and several etymological theories have been proposed as an explanation to its meaning. The most popular one maintains that the name of the city is a remainder from the Pelasgian language, i.e. the one used by the people who first settled in the area, in which Argos meant "plain".

Alternatively, the name is associated with Argos, the third king of the city in ancient times, who renamed it after himself, thus replacing its older name Phoronikon Astu. It is believed that "Argos" is linked to the word αργός, which meant "white". According to Strabo, the name could have originated from the word αγρός "field" by antimetathesis of the consonants. Argos is traditionally considered to be the origins of the ancient Macedonian royal Greek house of the Argead dynasty; the most celebrated members were Philip II of Alexander the Great. As a strategic location on the fertile plain of Argolis, Argos was a major stronghold during the Mycenaean era. In classical times Argos was a powerful rival of Sparta for dominance over the Peloponnese, but was shunned by other Greek city-states after remaining neutral during the Greco-Persian Wars. There is evidence of continuous settlement in the area starting with a village about 7000 years ago in the late Neolithic, located on the foot of Aspida hill.

Since that time, Argos has been continually inhabited at the same geographical location. Its creation is attributed to Phoroneus, with its first name having been Phoronicon Asty, or the city of Phoroneus; the historical presence of the Pelasgian Greeks in the area can be witnessed in the linguistic remainders that survive up to today, such as the name of the city and "Larisa", the name of the city's castle located on the hill of the name. The city is located at a rather propitious area, among Nemea and Arcadia, it benefitted from its proximity to lake Lerna, which, at the time, was at a distance of one kilometre from the south end of Argos. Argos was a major stronghold of Mycenaean times, along with the neighbouring acropolis of Mycenae and Tiryns became a early settlement because of its commanding positions in the midst of the fertile plain of Argolis. Argos experienced its greatest period of expansion and power under the energetic 7th century BC ruler King Pheidon. Under Pheidon, Argos regained sway over the cities of the Argolid and challenged Sparta’s dominance of the Peloponnese.

Spartan dominance is thought to have been interrupted following the Battle of Hyssiae in 669-668 BC, in which Argive troops defeated the Spartans in a hoplite battle. During the time of its greatest power, the city boasted a pottery and bronze sculpturing school, pottery workshops and clothes producers. Moreover, at least 25 celebrations took place in the city, in addition to a regular local products exhibition. A sanctuary dedicated to Hera was found at the same spot where the monastery of Panagia Katekrymeni is located today. Pheidon extended Argive influence throughout Greece, taking control of the Olympic Games away from the citizens of Elis and appointing himself organizer during his reign. Pheidon is thought to have introduced reforms for standard weight and measures in Argos, a theory further reinforced with the unearthing of six "spits" of iron in an Argive Heraion remainders of a dedication from Pheidon. In 494 BC, Argos suffered a crushing defeat at the hands of its regional rival, Sparta, at the Battle of Sepeia.

Following this defeat, Herodotus tells us the city suffered a form of stasis. The political chaos is thought to have resulted in a democratic transition in the city. Argos did not participate in the Hellenic Alliance against the Persian Invasion of 480 BC; this resulted in a period of diplomatic isolation, although there is evidence of an Argive alliance with Tegea prior to 462 BC. In 462 BC, Argos joined a tripartite alliance with Thessaly; this alliance was somewhat dysfunctional and the Argives are only thought to have provided marginal contributions to the alliance at the Battle of Oenoe and Tanagra. For example, only 1,000 Argive hoplites are thought to have fought alongside the Athenians at the Battle of Tanagra. Following the allies' defeat at Tanagra in 457 BC, the alliance began to fall apart, resulting in its dissolution in 451 BC. Argos remained neutral or the ineffective ally of Athens during the Archidamian War between Sparta and Athens. Argos' neutrality resulted in a rise of its prestige among other Greek cities, Argos used this political capital to organize and lead an alliance against Sparta and Athens in 421 BC.

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Lorengecora

Lorengecora is a settlement in the Northern Region of Uganda. It is the headquarters of Lorengecora Parish, in Iriri sub-county, in Bokora County, in Napak District, in the Karamoja sub-region. Lorengecora Town Council is located along the Soroti–Katakwi–Moroto–Lokitanyala Road 111 kilometres, by road, northeast of Soroti; the town is about 62 kilometres, by road, southwest of Moroto Town, the largest town in the Karamoja sub-region. This location is within the Bokora Corridor Wildlife Reserve 400 kilometres, by road, northeast of Kampala, the largest city and capital of Uganda; the geographical coordinates of Lorengecora Town Council are 02°14'04.0"N, 34°15'57.0"E. Lorengecora is situated at an average elevation of 1,162 metres, above sea level. Lorengecora Town Council was created, effective 14 July 2011. In 2015, a study carried out by a non-government organisation, called African Network for the Prevention and Protection against Child Abuse and Neglect, on the streets of Kampala, found that 57 percent of all Kampala street children come from the Karamoja sub-region.

44 percent of the same cohort, come from Napak District. Efforts to resettle the nomadic children back in their home area, have focused in Lorengecora Town Council, where attempts are made to enroll in school and house the returnees at Kobulin Resettlement Camp in Napak District. Karamoja Bokora Corridor Wildlife Reserve Napak District: Hazard, Risk And Vulnerability Profile As At August 2014

Jozef Golonka

Jozef Golonka is a Slovak former ice hockey player who played in the Czechoslovak Extraliga and was a member of the Czechoslovakia national ice hockey team. He won a bronze medal in the 1964 Winter Olympics in Innsbruck and won a silver medal in the 1968 Winter Olympics in Grenoble, France, he was inducted into the International Ice Hockey Federation Hall of Fame in 1998. He is a member of the Slovak Hockey Hall of Fame, German Ice Hockey Hall of Fame and Czech Ice Hockey Hall of Fame. IIHF Hockey Hall of Fame bio Jozef Golonka career statistics at EliteProspects.com