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Arianrhod

Arianrhod is a figure in Welsh mythology who plays her most important role in the Fourth Branch of the Mabinogi. She is the sister of Gwydion and Gilfaethwy. In the Mabinogi her uncle Math ap Mathonwy is the King of Gwynedd, during the course of the story she gives birth to two sons, Dylan ail Don and Lleu Llaw Gyffes, through magical means. According to the Fourth Branch, Arianrhod's uncle Math fab Mathonwy would die if he didn't keep his feet in the lap of a virgin when he was not at war. Gilfaethwy conceives a lust for Math's original footholder, pretty Goewin, he and his brother Gwydion engineer a war with King Pryderi of Kingdom of Dyfed, forcing Math to leave his court. In Math's absence Gilfaethwy rapes Goewin; when Math returns he punishes his nephews by turning them into a series of mated pairs of animals, marries Goewin to alleviate her shame. However, he must find a new virgin to hold his feet. Gwydion suggests Arianrhod. To test her virginity, Math tells her to step over his magician's rod.

On doing this, she gives birth to a young boy, Dylan ail Don, a blob-like entity which becomes Lleu Llaw Gyffes. Dylan is a sea spirit, who flees to the ocean after he is baptized. Gwydion grabs Lleu Llaw Gyffes before anyone else places it in a chest. Before long it becomes a boy. Gwydion takes him to see his mother at Caer Arianrhod. However, Arianrhod was angry about her humiliation at Math's court, she places a tynged on the boy. Gwydion disguises the boy as returns to Caer Arianrhod. Gwydion reveals the disguise, says she has just given her son a name – Lleu Llaw Gyffes. Arianrhod places a second tynged on Lleu, that he would never take arms unless she armed him. A few years Gwydion and Lleu return to Caer Arianrhod, this time disguised as bards. Gwydion entertains her court; that night, while everyone sleeps, he conjures a fleet of warships. Arianrhod gives her guests weapons and armor to help her fight; when Gwydion reveals the trickery, Arianrhod places a final tynged on Lleu: he would never have a wife from any race, on this earth now.

Gwydion and Math break this curse by creating a woman out of oak blossom and meadowsweet. With her curses, Arianrhod denied Lleu the three aspects of masculinity: a name, a wife. One of the Welsh Triads, 35 by Rachel Bromwich's numbering, establishes a different family connection for Arianrhod, her father is named as Beli Mawr, her brother is Caswallawn. She has two sons by Lliaws son of Nwyfre and Gwanar, who both accompany Caswallawn in his pursuit of Julius Caesar after he has been chased from Britain; this triad is the only source connecting Arianrhod to Beli Mawr and the Caswallawn saga, but it is not incompatible with the tradition recorded in the Mabinogion. The stories of Welsh mythology changed over time, the Mabinogion does not contain the only version of them. Welsh scholar William John Gruffydd noted that 15th- and 16th-century poets knew an alternate tradition in which Arianrhod became Math's footholder. Additionally, some scholars have suggested that in an earlier form of the Fourth Branch, Gwydion was the father of Arianrhod's sons.

Arianrhod's palace, Caer Arianrhod, is connected with a rock formation visible off the coast of northern Gwynedd at low tide. This formation is one of several landmarks that attest to the localization of the events in the Fourth Branch in this area; the name "Caer Arianrhod" is used in Welsh for the constellation Corona Borealis. Robert Graves cites the riddling claim of Taliesin to have spent three periods in the prison/castle of Arianrhod, who Graves considers as "one more aspect of Caridwen, or Cerridwen, the White Goddess...the Muse-goddess". The name "Arianrhod" may be cognate with Proto-Celtic *Arganto-rotā, meaning "silver wheel." Alternatively, the earliest form of the name may have been Aranrot, in which case the first part of the name would be related to "Aran." Bromwich, Rachel. Trioedd Ynys Prydein: The Triads of the Island of Britain. University Of Wales Press. ISBN 0-7083-1386-8. Ford, Patrick K.. The Mabinogi and Other Medieval Welsh Tales. University of California Press. ISBN 0-520-03414-7.

Gantz, Jeffrey. The Mabinogion. New York: Penguin. ISBN 0-14-044322-3. Ellis, Peter Berresford. Dictionary of Celtic Mythology. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-508961-8 MacKillop, James. Dictionary of Celtic Mythology. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-280120-1. Wood, Juliette; the Celts: Life and Art. Thorsons Publishers. ISBN 0-00-764059-5

Jenny Craig (entrepreneur)

Jenny Craig is an American weight loss guru and founder of Jenny Craig, Inc. Craig was born in Berwick, was raised in New Orleans, married Sidney Craig in 1979. In 1983, she and her husband created a nutrition and weight loss program in Australia and began offering the program in the United States in 1985; the company became a part of Nestlé Nutrition in 2006. Craig is involved in a number of philanthropic causes including the San Diego Hospice, Easter Seals, United Way/CHAD, the Susan G. Komen Breast Cancer Foundation and Peace At Home's domestic violence prevention program, among others. In 1992, Craig and her husband committed $10 million to Fresno State University for its School of Business and Administrative Services renamed the Sid Craig School of Business. In 1996, the couple committed another $10 million to the University of San Diego, $7 million of, used to build the Jenny Craig Pavilion, a recreation and sports pavilion, dedicated in October 2000. In 1995, Craig and her husband bought a thoroughbred horse ranch and breeding operation in Rancho Santa Fe, California owned by sportsman Gene Klein.

This area is home to the Del Mar Thoroughbred Club. Craig has been involved in racing and she and her husband have owned a number of successful thoroughbreds. One of their colts, Dr. Devious, finished seventh in the 1992 Kentucky Derby and raced in England, where he won the 1992 Epsom Derby; that same year, their future National Museum of Racing and Hall of Fame filly Paseana won the Breeders' Cup Distaff at Gulfstream Park. In 2003, their horse Candy Ride won six races in a row including the Grade I Pacific Classic Stakes in which he set a new Del Mar track record for one and a quarter miles. Another Craig owned horse, Sidney's Candy, named after Sid Craig, ran in the 2010 Kentucky Derby. In April 1995, while reposing in a favorite armchair and napping, she was startled awake, which caused a strange medical anomaly that mimicked lockjaw but was not, as Craig was able to pry her mouth open. Though there seemed to be no imminent threat, Craig's condition worsened making it difficult for her to speak and eat.

Her dentist diagnosed temporomandibular joint syndrome, for which she was referred to a specialist, though to little avail. She was in turn referred to a series of physicians all of whom provided various suggestions but no solution. In the spring of 1998, she was introduced to Dr. Dennis M. Nigro a cosmetic surgeon, who assessed that Craig had suffered atrophying of her mouth muscles. Corrective surgery was provided by installing bioabsorbable screws into her cheeks, she underwent another year of speech therapy. Craig has since recovered from the debilitating condition. Official Jenny Craig Website

Pearson baronets

There have been three baronetcies for persons with the surname Pearson, all in the Baronetage of the United Kingdom. Two of the creations are extant as of 2010; the Pearson Baronetcy, of Cowdray in the County of Sussex, was created in the Baronetage of the United Kingdom on 26 June 1894. For more information on this creation, see Viscount Cowdray; the Pearson Baronetcy, of St Dunstan's in the County of London, was created in the Baronetage of the United Kingdom on 12 July 1916 for the newspaper magnate and publisher Arthur Pearson. He was the founder of the Daily Express; the title became extinct on the death of his son, the second Baronet, in 1982. Ethel, Lady Pearson, second wife of the first Baronet and mother of the second Baronet, was a humanitarian; the Pearson Baronetcy, of Gressingham in the County Palatine of Lancaster, was created in the Baronetage of the United Kingdom on 30 December 1964 for Francis Pearson, Conservative Member of Parliament for Clitheroe. As of 2010 the title is held by his son, the second Baronet, who succeeded in 1991.

See Viscount Cowdray Sir Arthur Pearson, 1st Baronet Sir Neville Arthur Pearson, 2nd Baronet Sir Francis Fenwick Pearson, 1st Baronet Sir Francis Nicholas Fraser Pearson, 2nd Baronet Kidd, Williamson, David. Debrett's Baronetage. New York: St Martin's Press, 1990, Leigh Rayment's list of baronets – Baronetcies beginning with "P"