Aristolochene synthase

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aristolochene synthase
Identifiers
EC number 4.2.3.9
Databases
IntEnz IntEnz view
BRENDA BRENDA entry
ExPASy NiceZyme view
KEGG KEGG entry
MetaCyc metabolic pathway
PRIAM profile
PDB structures RCSB PDB PDBe PDBsum
Gene Ontology AmiGO / QuickGO

In enzymology, an aristolochene synthase (EC 4.2.3.9) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction

Aristolochene synthase.svg
2-trans,6-trans-farnesyl diphosphate aristolochene + diphosphate

Hence, this enzyme has one substrate, 2-trans,6-trans-farnesyl diphosphate, and two products, aristolochene and diphosphate.

This enzyme belongs to the family of lyases, specifically those carbon-oxygen lyases acting on phosphates. The systematic name of this enzyme class is 2-trans,6-trans-farnesyl-diphosphate diphosphate-lyase (cyclizing, aristolochene-forming). Other names in common use include sesquiterpene cyclase, trans,trans-farnesyl diphosphate aristolochene-lyase, trans,trans-farnesyl-diphosphate diphosphate-lyase (cyclizing,, and aristolochene-forming). This enzyme participates in terpenoid biosynthesis.

This protein may use the morpheein model of allosteric regulation.[1]

Structural studies[edit]

As of late 2007, two structures have been solved for this class of enzymes, with PDB accession codes 2E4O and 2OA6. They are both notable for the very high helix content of the structure.

References[edit]

  1. ^ T. Selwood & E. K. Jaffe (2011). "Dynamic dissociating homo-oligomers and the control of protein function". Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 519 (2): 131–43. doi:10.1016/j.abb.2011.11.020. PMC 3298769Freely accessible. PMID 22182754.