St. Louis Post-Dispatch
The St. Louis Post-Dispatch is the major regional newspaper in St. Louis, serving St. Louis City and County, St. Charles County, the Metro East and surrounding counties, it is the only daily newspaper in the city. The publication has received 18 Pulitzer Prizes; the paper is owned by Lee Enterprises of Davenport, which purchased Pulitzer, Inc. in 2005 in a cash deal valued at $1.46 billion. The paper is sold at $4 on Sundays and Thanksgiving Day; the price may be higher outside adjacent states. Sales tax is included at newsracks. On April 10, 1907, Pulitzer wrote what became known as the paper's platform: I know that my retirement will make no difference in its cardinal principles, that it will always fight for progress and reform, never tolerate injustice or corruption, always fight demagogues of all parties, never belong to any party, always oppose privileged classes and public plunderers, never lack sympathy with the poor, always remain devoted to the public welfare, never be satisfied with printing news, always be drastically independent, never be afraid to attack wrong, whether by predatory plutocracy or predatory poverty.
In 1878, Joseph Pulitzer purchased the bankrupt St. Louis Dispatch at a public auction and merged it with the St. Louis Evening Post to create the St. Louis Post and Dispatch, whose title was soon shortened to its current form, he appointed John A. Cockerill as the managing editor, its first edition, 4,020 copies of four pages each, appeared on December 12, 1878. In 1882, James Overton Broadhead ran for US Congress against John Glover; the St. Louis Post-Dispatch, at Cockerill's direction, ran a number of articles questioning Broadhead's role in a lawsuit between a gaslight company and the city. Broadhead's friend and law partner, Alonzo W. Slayback, publicly defended Broadhead, asserting that the St. Louis Post-Dispatch was nothing more than a "blackmailing sheet." The next day, October 13, 1882, Cockerill re-ran an offensive "card" by John Glover that the paper had published the prior November. Incensed, Slayback barged into Cockerill's offices at the paper demanding an apology. Cockerill killed Slayback.
A grand jury refused to indict Cockerill for murder, but the economic consequences for the paper were severe. Therefore, in May 1883, Pulitzer sent Cockerill to New York to manage the New York World for him; the Post-Dispatch was one of the first daily newspapers to print a comics section in color, on the back page of the features section, styled the "Everyday Magazine." At one time, the St. Louis Post-Dispatch had the second-largest news bureau in Washington, D. C. of any newspaper in the Midwestern United States. After Joseph Pulitzer's retirement, generations of Pulitzers guided the newspaper, ending when great-grandson Joseph Pulitzer IV left the company in 1995; the Post-Dispatch was characterized by a liberal editorial page and columnists, including Marquis Childs. The editorial page was noted for political cartoons by Daniel R. Fitzpatrick, who won the 1955 Pulitzer Prize for editorial cartooning, Bill Mauldin, who won the Pulitzer for editorial cartooning in 1959. Several months prior to the anniversary edition, the newspaper published a 63rd anniversary tribute to "Our Own Oddities", a lighthearted feature that ran from 1940 to 1990.
During the presidency of Harry S. Truman, the paper was one of his most outspoken critics, it associated him with the Pendergast machine in Kansas City, attacked his integrity. In 1950, the St. Louis Post-Dispatch sent a reporter, Dent McSkimming, to Brazil to cover the 1950 FIFA World Cup; the reporter paid for his own travelling expenses and was the only U. S. reporter in all of Brazil covering the event. In 1959 the St. Louis Globe-Democrat entered into a joint operating agreement with the Post-Dispatch; the Post–Globe operation merged advertising, printing functions and shared profits. The Post-Dispatch, distributed evenings, had a smaller circulation than the Globe-Democrat, a morning daily; the Globe-Democrat folded in 1983, leaving the Post-Dispatch as the only daily newspaper in the region. In August 1973 a Teamsters union representing Globe and Post-Dispatch staffers went on strike, halting production for six weeks. On January 13, 2004, the Post-Dispatch published a 125th anniversary edition, which included some highlights of the paper's 125 years: Coverage of Charles Lindbergh, who flew across the Atlantic despite being denied financial or written support from the Post-Dispatch.
A Pulitzer Prize-winning campaign to clean up smoke pollution in St. Louis. In the late 1930s and early 1940s, the city had the filthiest air in America. See 1939 St. Louis smog. Sports coverage, including nine "St. Louis baseball Cardinals" championships, an NBA title by the St. Louis Hawks in 1958, the 2000 Super Bowl victory of the St. Louis Rams. Coverage of the city's "cultural icons" including Kate Chopin, Tennessee Williams, Chuck Berry, Miles Davis. On January 31, 2005, Michael Pulitzer announced the sale of Pulitzer, Inc. and all its assets, including the Post-Dispatch and a small share of the St. Louis Cardinals, to Lee Enterprises of Davenport, for $1.46 billion. He said. On March 12, 2007, the paper eliminated 31 jobs in its circulation, classified phone rooms, purchasing, telephone operations and marketing departments. Several rounds of layoffs have followed. On March 23, 2009, the paper converted to a compact style every day from the previous broadsheet Sunday through Friday and tabloid on Saturday.
On May 4, 2012, the Post-Dispatch named Gilbert Bailon. In 2015
The Muscatine Journal serves 8,000 adult readers in Muscatine and Louisa counties and is delivered to nearly 3,500 homes Monday through Saturday. Hometown Extra, its sister shopper publication, is delivered every Wednesday to nearly 13.000 households. Both publications are part of Lee Enterprises Lee Enterprises, located in Davenport; the Muscatine Journal publishes news daily on their website, muscatinejournal.com. The Muscatine Journal traces its history to October 27, 1840, when the first issue of the weekly Bloomington Herald was released. On June 7, 1849, the town’s name was changed from Bloomington to Muscatine, the newspaper became the Muscatine Journal; the late John Mahin played the most significant role in the newspaper’s early history and headed the Journal for more than a half-century. John Mahin was apprenticed by his father in 1847, at the age of 13 to the owners of what was still the Bloomington Herald to learn the printing trade. Mahin and his father, purchased the Journal in 1852.
Mahin became the Journal's editor at that time, at the age of 19, continued to publish the newspaper until his retirement in 1903. It was through Mahin that Alfred W. Lee came to Muscatine and founded the newspaper group, which evolved into what now is Lee Enterprises, Inc; the most famous contributor to Muscatine Journal articles was Samuel Clemens, otherwise known as Mark Twain. Clemens contributed writings to the Journal in 1853, 1854, 1855. Clemens lived in Muscatine in 1854 when the Muscatine Journal was run by Orion Clemens. In September 1864, John Mahin married daughter of Mr. and Mrs. John B. Lee of West Branch. In about 1880, Mr. and Mrs. Lee moved to Muscatine and Mahin’s father-in-law became the Journal's bookkeeper. With them came their youngest son, Alfred, to take a position in the Muscatine post office under John Mahin, the postmaster as well as the newspaper editor. Alfred W. Lee joined the staff of the Journal and started his newspaper career here. In 1886, Lee moved to Chicago.
Lee returned to Iowa to buy his first newspaper in the early 1890s when he took charge of the Ottumwa Courier. In about 1899 he acquired a controlling interest in the Davenport Times. Lee and his associates purchased the Muscatine Journal in 1903 when John Mahin had reached the age of 70 years and was ready for retirement. Walter Lane was named as the Journal's publisher when the Lee group assumed control and served until death in 1907; the Journal has had many locations throughout its history, including the second floor of what is now DC Arnold’s on Iowa Avenue. In 1919, the current building was constructed, with the pressroom and mailroom added in the early 1970s; that remodeling was made to accommodate a new Goss Community offset press, coincided with the Journal’s conversion to cold type composition. In 1999, the Muscatine Journal began printing remotely at the Quad City Times and the press area was remodeled to become the Muscatine distribution center for delivery of many regional newspapers in the Muscatine area.
Muscatine Journal Handbook: Includes the history of the newspaper titled "How Did We Get Here?" Pages 42–43. Muscatine Journal Iowa Newspaper Association Lee Enterprises profile of the Muscatine Journal Muscatine News Competitor
The Times of Northwest Indiana
The Times of Northwest Indiana is a daily newspaper headquartered in Munster, Indiana. It is the second-largest newspaper in Indiana, behind only The Indianapolis Star; the paper was founded on June 1906, as The Lake County Times. Its founder, Simon McHie, was a native of a small town along the Niagara River in Canada. In 1933, the name was changed to The Hammond Times, it became an afternoon paper serving Hammond and East Chicago. In May 1962, the McHie family sold the publication to Robert S. Howard; the paper expanded to all of northwest Indiana in 1967 and dropped Hammond from its masthead to become The Times. Offices were moved to Munster in 1989, the paper began morning delivery and began printing different editions based on distribution region; the Howard papers were bought in April 2002 by Lee Enterprises. The Times prints different editions based on delivery region; the three major news regions are: Munster Crown Point Valparaiso The Times’ main office is located in Munster. There are bureau offices in Indianapolis.
List of newspapers in Indiana Post-Tribune Official website Lee Enterprises subsidiary profile of The Times
Media of the United States
Media of the United States consist of several different types of media: television, cinema, newspapers and Internet-based Web sites. The U. S. has a strong music industry. Many of the media are controlled by large for-profit corporations who reap revenue from advertising and sale of copyrighted material. American media conglomerates tend to be leading global players, generating large revenues as well as large opposition in many parts of the world. With the passage of the Telecommunications Act of 1996, further deregulation and convergence are under way, leading to mega-mergers, further concentration of media ownership, the emergence of multinational media conglomerates; these mergers enable tighter control of information. Five corporations control 90% of the media. Critics allege that localism, local news and other content at the community level, media spending and coverage of news, diversity of ownership and views have suffered as a result of these processes of media concentration. Theories to explain the success of such companies include reliance on certain policies of the American federal government or a tendency to natural monopolies in the industry.
See Media bias in the United States. The organization Reporters Without Borders compiles and publishes an annual ranking of countries based upon the organization's assessment of their press freedom records. In 2013–14 United States was ranked 46th out of 180 countries, a drop of thirteen points from the preceding year. Newspapers have declined in their penetration into American households over the years; the U. S. does not have a national paper. The New York Times, The Wall Street Journal, USA Today are the most circulated newspapers in the United States and are sold in most U. S. cities. Although the Times' primary audience has always been the people of New York City, the New York Times has become the dominant national "newspaper of record." Apart from its daily nationwide distribution, the term means that back issues are archived on microfilm by every decent-sized public library in the nation, the Times' articles are cited by both historians and judges as evidence that a major historical event occurred on a certain date.
The Los Angeles Times and the Wall Street Journal are newspapers of record to a lesser extent. Although USA Today has tried to establish itself as a national paper, it has been derided by the academic world as the "McPaper" and is not subscribed to by most libraries. Apart from the newspapers just mentioned, all major metropolitan areas have their own local newspapers. A metropolitan area will support at most one or two major newspapers, with many smaller publications targeted towards particular audiences. Although the cost of publishing has increased over the years, the price of newspapers has remained low, forcing newspapers to rely more on advertising revenue and on articles provided by a major news agency wire service, such as the Associated Press, Reuters or Bloomberg News for their national and world coverage. With few exceptions, all the newspapers in the U. S. are owned, either by large chains such as Gannett or McClatchy, which own dozens or hundreds of newspapers. Most general-purpose newspapers are either being printed one time a week on Thursday or Friday, or are printed daily.
Weekly newspapers tend to have much smaller circulation and are more prevalent in rural communities or small towns. Major cities have "alternative weeklies" to complement the mainstream daily paper, for example, New York City's Village Voice or Los Angeles' L. A. Weekly. Major cities may support a local business journal, trade papers relating to local industries, papers for local ethnic and social groups. Due to competition from other media, the number of daily newspapers in the U. S. has declined over the past half-century, according to Editor & Publisher, the trade journal of American newspapers. In particular, the number of evening newspapers has fallen by one-half since 1970, while the number of morning editions and Sunday editions has grown. For comparison, in 1950, there were 1,772 daily papers while in 2000, there were 1,480 daily papers Daily newspaper circulation is slowly declining in America due to the near-demise of two-newspaper towns, as the weaker newspapers in most cities have folded: The primary source of newspaper income is advertising – in the form of "classifieds" or inserted advertising circulars – rather than circulation income.
However, since the late 1990s, this revenue source has been directly challenged by Web sites like eBay, Monster.com, Craigslist. Additionally, as investigative journalism declined at major daily newspapers in the 2000s, many reporters formed their own non-profit investigative newsrooms. Examples include ProPublica on the national level, Texas Tribune at the state level and Voice of OC at the local level; the largest newspapers in the United States are USA Today, The Wall Street Journal, The New York Times and the Los Angeles Times. Thanks to the huge size of the English-speaking North American media market, the United States has a large magazine industry with hundreds of magazines serving every interest, as can be determined by glancing at any newsstand in any large American city. Most magazines are owned by one of the large media conglomerates or by one of their smaller regional brethren; the American Society of Magazine Ed
The United States of America known as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U. S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D. C. and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico; the State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean; the U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The diverse geography and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.
Paleo-Indians migrated from Siberia to the North American mainland at least 12,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century; the United States emerged from the thirteen British colonies established along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the colonies following the French and Indian War led to the American Revolution, which began in 1775, the subsequent Declaration of Independence in 1776; the war ended in 1783 with the United States becoming the first country to gain independence from a European power. The current constitution was adopted in 1788, with the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, being ratified in 1791 to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties; the United States embarked on a vigorous expansion across North America throughout the 19th century, acquiring new territories, displacing Native American tribes, admitting new states until it spanned the continent by 1848. During the second half of the 19th century, the Civil War led to the abolition of slavery.
By the end of the century, the United States had extended into the Pacific Ocean, its economy, driven in large part by the Industrial Revolution, began to soar. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the country's status as a global military power; the United States emerged from World War II as a global superpower, the first country to develop nuclear weapons, the only country to use them in warfare, a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. Sweeping civil rights legislation, notably the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and the Fair Housing Act of 1968, outlawed discrimination based on race or color. During the Cold War, the United States and the Soviet Union competed in the Space Race, culminating with the 1969 U. S. Moon landing; the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the world's sole superpower. The United States is the world's oldest surviving federation, it is a representative democracy.
The United States is a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States, other international organizations. The United States is a developed country, with the world's largest economy by nominal GDP and second-largest economy by PPP, accounting for a quarter of global GDP; the U. S. economy is post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge-based activities, although the manufacturing sector remains the second-largest in the world. The United States is the world's largest importer and the second largest exporter of goods, by value. Although its population is only 4.3% of the world total, the U. S. holds 31% of the total wealth in the world, the largest share of global wealth concentrated in a single country. Despite wide income and wealth disparities, the United States continues to rank high in measures of socioeconomic performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP, worker productivity.
The United States is the foremost military power in the world, making up a third of global military spending, is a leading political and scientific force internationally. In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a world map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America in honor of the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci; the first documentary evidence of the phrase "United States of America" is from a letter dated January 2, 1776, written by Stephen Moylan, Esq. to George Washington's aide-de-camp and Muster-Master General of the Continental Army, Lt. Col. Joseph Reed. Moylan expressed his wish to go "with full and ample powers from the United States of America to Spain" to seek assistance in the revolutionary war effort; the first known publication of the phrase "United States of America" was in an anonymous essay in The Virginia Gazette newspaper in Williamsburg, Virginia, on April 6, 1776. The second draft of the Articles of Confederation, prepared by John Dickinson and completed by June 17, 1776, at the latest, declared "The name of this Confederation shall be the'United States of America'".
The final version of the Articles sent to the states for ratification in late 1777 contains the sentence "The Stile of this Confederacy shall be'The United States of America'". In June 1776, Thomas Jefferson wrote the phrase "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" in all capitalized letters in the headline of his "original Rough draught" of the Declaration of Independence; this draft of the document did not surface unti
Arizona is a state in the southwestern region of the United States. It is part of the Western and the Mountain states, it is the 14th most populous of the 50 states. Its capital and largest city is Phoenix. Arizona shares the Four Corners region with Utah and New Mexico. Arizona is the 48th state and last of the contiguous states to be admitted to the Union, achieving statehood on February 14, 1912, coinciding with Valentine's Day. Part of the territory of Alta California in New Spain, it became part of independent Mexico in 1821. After being defeated in the Mexican–American War, Mexico ceded much of this territory to the United States in 1848; the southernmost portion of the state was acquired in 1853 through the Gadsden Purchase. Southern Arizona is known for its desert climate, with hot summers and mild winters. Northern Arizona features forests of pine, Douglas fir, spruce trees. There are ski resorts in the areas of Flagstaff and Tucson. In addition to the Grand Canyon National Park, there are several national forests, national parks, national monuments.
About one-quarter of the state is made up of Indian reservations that serve as the home of 27 federally recognized Native American tribes, including the Navajo Nation, the largest in the state and the United States, with more than 300,000 citizens. Although federal law gave all Native Americans the right to vote in 1924, Arizona excluded those living on reservations in the state from voting until the state Supreme Court ruled in favor of Native American plaintiffs in Trujillo v. Garley; the state's name appears to originate from an earlier Spanish name, derived from the O'odham name alĭ ṣonak, meaning "small spring", which applied only to an area near the silver mining camp of Planchas de Plata, Sonora. To the European settlers, their pronunciation sounded like "Arissona"; the area is still known as alĭ ṣonak in the O'odham language. Another possible origin is the Basque phrase haritz ona, as there were numerous Basque sheepherders in the area. A native Mexican of Basque heritage established the ranchería of Arizona between 1734 and 1736 in the current Mexican state of Sonora, which became notable after a significant discovery of silver there, c.
1737. There is a misconception. For thousands of years before the modern era, Arizona was home to numerous Native American tribes. Hohokam and Ancestral Puebloan cultures were among the many that flourished throughout the state. Many of their pueblos, cliffside dwellings, rock paintings and other prehistoric treasures have survived, attracting thousands of tourists each year; the first European contact by native peoples was with Marcos de Niza, a Spanish Franciscan, in 1539. He explored parts of the present state and made contact with native inhabitants the Sobaipuri; the expedition of Spanish explorer Coronado entered the area in 1540–1542 during its search for Cíbola. Few Spanish settlers migrated to Arizona. One of the first settlers in Arizona was José Romo de Vivar. Father Kino was the next European in the region. A member of the Society of Jesus, he led the development of a chain of missions in the region, he converted many of the Indians to Christianity in the Pimería Alta in the 1690s and early 18th century.
Spain founded presidios at Tubac in 1752 and Tucson in 1775. When Mexico achieved its independence from the Kingdom of Spain and its Spanish Empire in 1821, what is now Arizona became part of its Territory of Nueva California known as Alta California. Descendants of ethnic Spanish and mestizo settlers from the colonial years still lived in the area at the time of the arrival of European-American migrants from the United States. During the Mexican–American War, the U. S. Army occupied the national capital of Mexico City and pursued its claim to much of northern Mexico, including what became Arizona Territory in 1863 and the State of Arizona in 1912; the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo specified that, in addition to language and cultural rights of the existing inhabitants of former Mexican citizens being considered as inviolable, the sum of US$15 million dollars in compensation be paid to the Republic of Mexico. In 1853, the U. S. acquired the land south below the Gila River from Mexico in the Gadsden Purchase along the southern border area as encompassing the best future southern route for a transcontinental railway.
What is now known as the state of Arizona was administered by the United States government as part of the Territory of New Mexico until the southern part of that region seceded from the Union to form the Territory of Arizona. This newly established territory was formally organized by the Confederate States government on Saturday, January 18, 1862, when President Jefferson Davis approved and signed An Act to Organize the Territory of Arizona, marking the first official use of the name "Territory of Arizona"; the Southern territory supplied the Confederate government with men and equipment. Formed in 1862, Arizona scout companies served with the Confederate States Army duri
The Columbus Telegram is a newspaper owned by Lee Enterprises and published in Columbus, in the east-central part of the state of Nebraska in the Midwestern United States. It is delivered on Saturday morning, its circulation is 8,285. In February 1874, W. N. Hensley founded the Columbus Era. At that time, Columbus had two newspapers, the Journal and the Republican, both Republican in policy. Hensley, a young lawyer, was working for Dr. George Miller, publisher of the Omaha Herald and a leader in the Democratic Party, who advised him to start a Democratic newspaper in Columbus; the Era ceased publication in November 1880. Coffroth and J. K. Coffroth. In 1892, the name was changed to the Telegram. In the early 1890s, D. Frank Davis attempted to publish the newspaper as a daily. In 1900, Edgar Howard bought the Telegram from J. L. Paschal, elected state senator. A lawyer and newspaperman, Howard was a strong Democrat. In 1883, he had purchased the Papillion Times in Nebraska. In 1890, he bought back the Times.
He had served a few months as William Jennings Bryan's private secretary in 1891. In 1900, he made an unsuccessful bid for a seat in Congress. In that same year, he sold the Times, moved to Columbus, purchased the Telegram, he remained its editor for over fifty years. In 1901, Howard incorporated the newspaper as the Telegram Company. In 1912, Zela H. Loomis, who had worked as a reporter and day editor for two Fremont, Nebraska newspapers, became managing editor and city editor of the Telegram. In 1922, the Telegram Company bought out the Columbus Daily News and ended publication of that title. In that year, Howard was elected to the United States House of Representatives, he sold most of his stock to his associates in the company. Howard was re-elected to the House five times, serving from 1923 to 1935. In 1934, he lost the seat to Karl Stefan. In 1940, Zela Loomis acquired a controlling interest in the Telegram Company and became editor-publisher of the newspaper. After Howard's death in 1951, Loomis's name appeared at the top of the masthead as editor.
Zela Loomis died in 1957, whereupon his widow Svea Loomis became president and associate editor, their son Laird Loomis general manager. In 1969, the Loomis family sold the newspaper to Inc.. Shortly after the transaction, the "Daily" was removed from the name, leaving it the Columbus Telegram. In 1974, the newspaper made the conversion from letterpress to offset printing; the Omaha World-Herald Company bought the Telegram from Freedom Newspapers in September 1989. At the same time, the World-Herald bought the Pawnee Scout shopper, which they merged with the Telegram. In 1998, the World-Herald sold the Telegram to Independent Media Group, Inc.. At the time of the sale, the paper's circulation was reported as 11,500. IMG was sold to Lee Enterprises and to Liberty Group Publishing in 2000; the publisher of the Telegram is Vincent Laboy, who publishes the daily Fremont Tribune and the weekly David City Banner-Press and Schuyler Sun. Laboy was appointed to the position in 2016; the editor is Matt Lindberg.
The market area for the newspaper consists of 24,000 households in seven counties in east central Nebraska: Boone, Colfax, Nance and Polk. A weekly supplement, the Telegram Advantage, is delivered to both subscribers and non-subscribers