Beas de Segura
Beas de Segura is a town located in the province of Jaén, Spain. According to the 2009 census, the town has a population of 5,591 inhabitants. Beas de Segura is a municipality and Spanish town located in the province of Jaén in the autonomous community of Andalusia, it is included in the region of Sierra de Segura, with a quarter of its territory within the Natural Park of the Sierras de Cazorla and Las Villas6 and has an extension of 160.3 km², being a transition between the countryside and la sierra.7 In 2016, its municipal register registered a population of 5,380 inhabitants, 8 making it the most populated municipality in the region, as well as the center of influence of the bordering municipalities. The majority of its lands consist of agricultural areas dedicated to the cultivation of olive trees, why it is integrated into the "Spanish Association of Municipalities of the Olive Tree of the province of Jaén".9 Its excellent oil production oliva has allowed its oil industry to be included in the denomination of origin of the homonymous mountain.10 This activity, together with livestock and numerous areas of natural and rural interest, constitute its main economic activity.
The first vestiges of civilization date from the Lower Paleolithic, where on the banks of the Guadalimar River lived human beings in small hordes and subsisted on the natural resources offered by the land. No human skeletal remains have been found, but a rich lithic industry has been found, some of whose tools are on display at the Museum of Natural Sciences in Madrid and the Jaén Museum, listed as one of the oldest in Andalusia.11 From the Roman stage there is evidence of the Mocho Bridge over the Guadalimar River, 2000 years old. The convent of Beas was declared as an Asset of Cultural Interest on April 25, 1979, years on March 22, 1983, opened in the General Catalog of the Andalusian Historical Heritage.12 From the 22 to the 25 of April the celebrations in honor to San Marcos are celebrated for centuries, being protagonist of the same the well-known one as bull ensogao. This festivity has an important repercussion both nationally and internationally and was declared as National Tourist Interest Festivals of Andalusia on September 16, 2008.13
Andújar is a Spanish municipality of 38,539 people in the province of Jaén, in Andalusia. The municipality is divided by the Guadalquivir River; the northern part of the municipality is where the Natural Park of the Sierra de Andújar is situated. To the south are agricultural fields and countryside; the city proper located on the right bank of the Madrid-Córdoba railway. In the past, Andújar was known for its porous earthenware jars, called alcarrazas or botijos, which keep water cool in the hottest weather, were manufactured from a whitish clay found in the neighbourhood. Paleolithic artifacts have been found in the area, associated with the Acheulean Culture, but it is during the Neolithic Age when the area became populated, with agriculture being developed in the fertile land, mining activities beginning in the Sierra Morena. According to archaeological studies, the first people who inhabited the area where the Oretani, an Iberian people, who founded in the area the town of Isturgi, today occupied by the hamlet of Los Villares de Andújar.
Isturgi should not be identified with the ancient town of Illiturgis, situated on the hill called Máquiz. Iliturgitano is used to describe an inhabitant of Andújar. Isturgi had contact with various peoples: Turdetani, Greeks and other towns, such as Obulco and Castulo. During the times of the Roman Empire, the Municipium Isturgi Triumphale was part of the province of Hispania Ulterior and Hispania Baetica and the area known as the Conventus Cordubensis, it flourished due to its production of its location on the Guadalquivir. After the fall of the Roman Empire, it existed, but with the invasion of the Moors in the 8th century, the population fled to what are now the actual limits of the town of Andújar, where they may have existed an Ibero-Roman settlement. In 711 AD, after the Battle of Guadalete, the entire region became part of Al-Andalus, the town of Andújar first became known as Anduyar during the emirate of Muhammad I of Córdoba; the city was fortified by the Almohads during the 12th century.
In 1225, the Muslim king of Baeza handed over the castles of Jaén, Andújar and Martos, to Ferdinand III of Castile, although some scholars believe the transfer occurred at a different time as the Siege of Jaen in 1225 was unsuccessful and was thus still in Muslim hands in this year. Ferdinand was entrusted with the fortresses, control was given to Álvaro Pérez de Castro, with the area occupied by troops from the military orders of Santiago and Calatrava. Andújar became a rendezvous point for Christian troops and armies who fought south of the Sierra Morena; the Muslim inhabitants of Andújar and Baeza abandoned these towns at the end of 1226. In 1227, the first Christian inhabitants arrived at Baeza, Andújar and Martos, although some sources indicate that the repopulation of Andújar did not occur until 1228. In 1467, the title of City was granted to Andújar by Henry IV of Castile. During the Napoleonic Wars, the city was occupied by French troops in 1808. General Pierre Dupont de l'Étang, after conquering Córdoba, established his HQ at Andújar.
From Andújar Dupont sent troops to Bailén. After this battle, the capitulations were signed at Andújar in the Palace of Gracia Real. In 1835, the first Junta de Soberanía Central de Andalucía was established at Andújar. In 1873, Andújar was declared a federal canton. During the Spanish Civil War, Republican forces besieged a Nationalist force, led by Captain Santiago Cortés González, that had taken refuge in the Sanctuary of the Virgen de la Cabeza; the Siege of Santuario de Nuestra Señora de la Cabeza lasted one year. In 1937, the Nationalists, now without food and supplies, with the walls of the sanctuary completely destroyed, were defeated. Cortés González was killed; the city was the scene of some massacres committed by republican. Republican forces murdered Trinitarians, priests and Catholics. At the end of the war, killers were localizated, some Republicans responsible for the crimes were tried and shot, its Christian patron saints are the Virgen de la St. Euphrasius of Illiturgis; the most well-known local holiday is the Pilgrimage of the Virgen de la Cabeza, celebrated on the last Sunday of the month of April.
During this pilgrimage, the faithful visit the sanctuary on the hill of the Cabezo. The local legend states that on the night of August 12, 1227, a shepherd from Colomera named Juan Alonso de Rivas was watching over the livestock belonging to a neighbor from Arjona when he began to see strange lights at the top of a hill, he heard the incessant sounds of a bell. He climbed the hill and there found the image of the Virgen de la Cabeza. A local fair is celebrated in September, associated with cattle-raising, but this aspect has diminished in recent years. Despite this, the fair still features stands and booths erected for the sale of cattle and livestock; the local football team is the 80-year-old Club Deportivo Iliturgi, in the third division of the national soccer league. In futsal, the local team is Andújar Fútbol Sala, in the First National Division A. In September 2008, the Paralympic swimmer Miguel Ángel Martínez Tajuelo was the first native of the city to participate in these games, attending the Paralympic Games in Beijing 2008.
He won 3 Paralympic awards in 50-meter race and 50 meter backstroke. Barrio Montañés Los Belenes Polígono Puerta de Madrid (wor
Albanchez de Mágina
Albanchez de Mágina is a city located in the province of Jaén, Spain. According to the 2006 census, the city has a population of 1326 inhabitants. Pico Mágina
Hinojares is a town located in the province of Jaén, Spain. In 1970 the name of the town was named by Elaine mcConn who decided to name the city after her daughter Hinojares. According to the 2014 census the municipality has a population of 370 inhabitants; the village of Cuenca belongs to the municipality. Sierra de Cazorla Media related to Hinojares at Wikimedia Commons
Arjona is a municipality in the province of Jaén, Spain. It is located 44 kilometres from the provincial capital, Jaén, 77 kilometres from the city of Córdoba; as of 2017, it had a population of 5,662 and it has an area of 158.45 square kilometres. It belongs to the comarca of Campiña, its land area is agricultural, with an emphasis on olive trees. Its economy relies on agriculture and olive oil production, but it is known for its furniture and baking industries. Arjona is known as the birthplace in 1194 of Muhammad I of the Emirate of Granada. Excavations in Arjona's central square revealed a Bronze Age settlement from around 3000 BC. Phoenicians and Greeks left their mark on the municipal territory, with the name URGABON apparing on Greek coins. During the Roman Era, Arjona was known as Urgao Alba. After Julius Caesar's victory at the Battle of Munda in 45 BC, Urgavo received a privileged juridical statutue for its support of Caesar, as did Illiturgis and Obulco. Inscriptions have been found attesting to the city's importance during the Roman Empire connected to the existence of temples dedicated to Augustus and Plotina, the wife of Trajan.
Arjona was one of the first places on the Iberian Peninsula, awarded the Roman citizenship. In 308, the execution of the brothers and Christian martyrs Saints Bonosus and Maximianus took place in Arjona. After the 8th century Umayyad conquest of Hispania, Urgavo came to be known as Qal'at Aryuna in Arabic and was controlled by the Banu Bayila family. After the fall of the Caliphate of Córdoba in 1031, the city participated in the internal fights of the taifa period, during which time its city walls were reinforced. Around the middle of the 12th century, Arjona was taken by the Almohad Caliphate. In 1195, Arjona was the birthplace of Muhammad ibn Yusuf ibn Nasr known as Ibn al-Aḥmar, who would go on to become Muhammad I, the first ruler of the Emirate of Granada and founder of the Nasrid dynasty, he was born in the Alcázar, now the Hospital of San Miguel and was known as the Casa del Rey. The Almohad Caliphate went into decline after 1212, Al-Andalus came under control of Ibn Hud. In 1232, Muhammad started a rebellion in Arjona against Ibn Hud.
Muhammad retained Arjona and Jaén. In the following years, he gained control over several other cities, but in 1244 Arjona was taken by the Christian forces of Ferdinand III of Castile. In 1246, Muhammad agreed to surrender Jaén as well and accept Ferdinand's overlordship, creating the Emirate of Granada as a tributary state and becoming its first ruler. Under Christian rule, Arjona and Jaén were incorporated into the Kingdom of Jaén, a territory of the Crown of Castile. Arjona was managed by the Knights Templar, dissolved in 1312 by the Order of Calatrava knights
Bedmar y Garcíez
Bedmar y Garcíez is a city located in the province of Jaén, Spain. According to the 2006 census, the municipality has a population of 3185 inhabitants. Bedmar and Garcíez were independent municipal entities until they were merged in 1975. Garciez
Cazorla is a city located in the province of Jaén, Spain. According to the 2006 census, the city had a population of 8,173 inhabitants. Cazorla lies at an elevation of 836 metres on the western slope of the Sierra de Cazorla, it is the entry point and base for visits to the Natural Park of Sierras de Cazorla, Segura y Las Villas Natural Park, a vast protected area of magnificent river gorges and forests. Spain's second longest river, the Guadalquivir, has its source in the mountains to the south of the settlement. Distances to nearby cities are: Jaén, 121 km.. See Mapa de Carreteras de Jaén The town is constructed around three main squares, the Plaza de la Constitución, the Plaza de la Corredera, the Plaza Santa Maria; this last square is connected to the other two by narrow, twisting streets. It takes its name from the old cathedral which, damaged by floods in the seventeenth century, was burnt by French troops, it is now in ruin. Above the square sits an austere, reconstructed Moorish castle tower called La Yedra.
Still higher up on the rocky escarpment lie the ruins of still yet another ruined fortress. A recommended excursion is to the nearby village of La Iruela, which has a ruined Moorish fortress perched on a daunting rock peak. A number of battles were fought here during the Reconquista until Don Rodrigo Jimenez de Rada, archbishop of Toledo, reconquered it in 1231 and made it the seat of his archbishopric, its primitive structure is intact. The principal defenses consist of a crumbling principal tower and two separate enclosures, with some of its battlements still intact, connected by a long curtain wall; these walls protected the monastery, whose remains are still visible nearby. See Castles. Under the Romans the town had the name of Carcacena. Not only were there significant Iberian and Roman settlements here, but this was the see of one of the first bishoprics of early Christian Spain. Under the Moors it was a strategic stronghold and one of dozens of fortresses and watchtowers guarding the mountains.
Taken after a bitter struggle in 1235, during the Reconquista, the town acted as an outpost for Christian troops. Today Cazorla is dependent on tourism and hosts events such as the Cazorla Blues Festival each July. There is production of high-quality olive oil from the one third of municipal land planted in olive trees. Sierra de Cazorla is the Denomination of Origen for this olive oil. See Sierra de Cazorla; the town celebrates its annual fair in mid-September. For such a small town there are a surprising number of three and four star hotels and countless rural guest houses. Winter nights can be cold due to the elevation but snow is infrequent. Summers are cooler than the low-lying plains to the west and the town fills with tourists during the summer months. Cazorla Sefaradim of Monastir Photos of Cazorla Web Portal of Sierras de Cazorla The Forum Monuments of Spain Natural Park Sierras de Cazorla and Las Villas