Arkansas Scenic Byways
The Arkansas Scenic Byways Program is a list of highways state highways, that have been designated by the Arkansas State Highway and Transportation Department as scenic highways. The Arkansas General Assembly designates routes for scenic byway status upon successful nomination. For a highway to be declared scenic, a group interested in preserving the scenic, cultural and historic qualities of the route must be created. Mayors of all communities along the route and county judges from each affected county must be included in the organization. Scenic highways are marked with a circular shield in addition to regular route markers. There are 11 scenic routes that have been designated Arkansas state scenic byways. Three of these byways are National Scenic Byways. Roads in italics are National Scenic Byways. Scenic Highway 7 Boston Mountains Scenic Loop Crowley's Ridge Parkway Great River Road Interstate 530 Scenic Byway Mount Magazine Scenic Byway Ozark Highlands Scenic Byway Pig Trail Scenic Byway Sylamore Scenic Byway Talimena Scenic Drive West–Northwest Scenic Byway Arkansas portal U.
S. Roads portal Arkansas Parks and Recreation: Scenic Byways
Dutch Mills, Arkansas
Dutch Mills is an unincorporated community in Dutch Mills Township, Washington County, United States. Dutch Mills is on a small tributary of the Baron Fork of the Illinois River on Arkansas Highway 59 6 miles south of U. S. Route 62 and 1 mile east of the Oklahoma border. Since Dutch Mills is a small rural community, it receives mail delivery from Lincoln; the population of the Lincoln ZCTA was 4,571 at the 2000 census. It is AR-MO Metropolitan Statistical Area. Dutch Mills was called Hermannsburg, named after its first documented settler, Johann H. Hermann, a German immigrant and former student at the University of Heidelberg. In the early 1850s, Johann Hermann and his brother, Karl F. Hermann acquired the property of the town, built a mill, laid out the lots, acquired the rights to a United States post office; the brothers operated the mill, a small store, both served as Postmaster. Multiple German families moved there, following the Hermanns. Hermannsburg was located at a dangerous crossroads between The North and The South during the American Civil War.
Bushwackers from both sides of the conflict pillaged the town and conditions worsened after the Battle of Wilson's Creek. Renegade Missouri Governor Claiborne Jackson and his Confederate militia commandeered the Hermann home in Hermannsburg for the night while on their flight to Texas; because many German immigrants sided with the Union cause, Southern bushwackers would target them for robbery and murder. In December 1862, the last 19 German immigrants who remained in the town, including the Hermann brothers and their families, fled Hermannsburg under the cover of night for the safety of the larger German community in St. Louis. After the Civil War, the name of Hermannsburg was changed to Dutch Mills; the name change was intended as subtle insult, or a statement of indifference, by the English descended residents who didn't care to differentiate between the Germans and the Dutch. Dutch Mills is located within the Lincoln Consolidated Public School District
Maysville is an unincorporated community in Benton County, United States. It is the westernmost settlement in the state of Arkansas; as of the 2010 census, its population is 130. A post office has been in operation at Maysville since 1850. Maysville once rivaled Bentonville in size, according to local history. Maysville is the location of Coats School, located on Spavinaw Creek Rd. and Sellers Farm, located on Old Hwy. on State Line. Both are listed on the National Register of Historic Places
Siloam Springs, Arkansas
Siloam Springs is a city in Benton County, United States. The city shares a border on the Arkansas-Oklahoma state line with the city of West Siloam Springs, within the Cherokee Nation territory; the town was founded in 1882 and was characterized by the purported healing powers of the spring water feeding Sager Creek and trading with nearby Native American tribes. John Brown University was founded in 1919 as a private, interdenominational, Christian liberal arts college in the city. Today, Siloam Springs is known for its efforts to preserve and revitalize the city's historic downtown and as a promoter of the arts via Sager Creek Arts Center and the JBU art gallery; the community is located on the western edge of the growing Northwest Arkansas metropolitan area and has had a population increase of 47% to 15,039 between the 2000 and 2010 censuses. In 2012, the city was named one of the 20 best small towns in America by Smithsonian magazine Osage Indians were the known first inhabitants of the area.
Siloam Springs' first white settlers were of Scots-Irish origin. Simon Sager is considered the founder of the town known as Hico; the area is located in the Mid-South region of the country where the southern plains meet the Ozark Mountains. The city sits atop a plateau with many dogwood trees growing across the landscape. Siloam Springs is made up of Siloam Springs and West Siloam Springs, Oklahoma; the latter is in the territory of the Cherokee Nation in northeastern Oklahoma. A perennial creek, named after the founder, Sager Creek, flows through the downtown area. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 11.2 square miles, of which 11.1 square miles is land and 0.077 square miles, or 0.71%, is water. The Fayetteville–Springdale–Rogers Metropolitan Area consists of three Arkansas counties: Benton and Washington, McDonald County, Missouri; the area had a population of 347,045 at the 2000 census which had increased to 463,204 by the 2010 Census. Siloam Springs is at the extreme western edge of this area, connected to the principal cities by Highway 412.
The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Siloam Springs has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps. July is the hottest month of the year, with an average high of 89.1 °F and an average low of 68.6 °F. Temperatures above 100 °F are rare but not uncommon. January is the coldest month with an average high of 44.3 °F and an average low of 24.2 °F. Highs below 32 °F occur on average thirteen times a year, with 2.2 nights per year dropping below 0 °F. The city's highest temperature was 111 °F, recorded on July 14, 1954; the lowest temperature recorded was −24 °F, on February 12, 1899. Precipitation is weakly seasonal, with a bimodal pattern: wet seasons in the spring and fall, drier summers and winters, but some rain in all months; the spring wet season is more pronounced than fall, with the highest rainfall in May. This differs from the climate in central Arkansas, where the fall wet season is more comparable to spring.
As of the census of 2010, there were 15,039 people in 5,138 households with 93.3% of the population in households. The racial and ethnic composition of the population was 76% non-Hispanic white, 0.8% black, 4.6% Native American, 1.6% Asian, 0.2% non-Hispanic reporting some other race, 5.0% from two or more races and 20.8% Hispanic or Latino. At the 2000 census, there were 2,647 families residing in the city; the population density was 1,027.2 per square mile. There were 4,223 housing units at an average density of 400.1 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 85.22% White, 0.49% Black or African American, 4.29% Native American, 0.83% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 5.67% from other races, 3.42% from two or more races. 14.00% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 3,894 households out of which 34.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.8% were married couples living together, 10.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 32.0% were non-families.
26.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.9% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 3.11. In the city, the population was spread out with 26.0% under the age of 18, 16.8% from 18 to 24, 27.8% from 25 to 44, 17.1% from 45 to 64, 12.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.2 males. The median income for a household in the city was $34,513, the median income for a family was $41,153. Males had a median income of $27,339 versus $21,451 for females; the per capita income for the city was $16,047. About 9.5% of families and 12.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.6% of those under age 18 and 8.6% of those age 65 or over. As of 2009, there were 52 churches. There are reports that Siloam Springs has a record for most number churches per capita, while the ratio is higher than average, it has never been verified through reliable documentation.
Major employers in Siloam Springs include Simmons Foods, Gates Corporation, La-Z-Boy, DaySpring, Sager Creek Vegetable Company, Cobb-Vantress, a
U.S. Route 412
U. S. Route 412 is an east–west United States highway, first commissioned in 1982, its route number is a "violation" of the usual AASHTO numbering scheme, as it comes nowhere near its implied "parent", US 12. U. S. 412 overlaps expressway-grade Cimarron Turnpike from Tulsa west to Interstate 35 and the Cherokee Turnpike from 5 miles east of Chouteau, Oklahoma, to 8 miles west of the Arkansas state line. A curiosity of this highway is that it runs the entire length of the Oklahoma Panhandle and traverses the Missouri Bootheel; as of 2004, the highway's eastern terminus is in Columbia, Tennessee at an intersection with Interstate 65, where it continues east as State Route 99. Its western terminus is in Springer, New Mexico at an intersection with Interstate 25. U. S. 412 overlaps with U. S. 43, U. S. 56, US 60, U. S. 62, U. S. 63, U. S. 64, U. S. 65, I-155, U. S. 270, runs parallel to U. S. 62 and U. S. 64 in various places and intersects U. S. 70. The highway begins at Interstate 25 in Springer, it is concurrent with U.
S. Route 56 throughout its entire route in the state at just under 100 miles. Besides Springer, the only other town Route 412 passes through is Clayton, where it merges with U. S. Route 64. Just before entering Oklahoma, the highway touches the northwestern corner of Texas at a small road junction. Highway 412 runs across the Panhandle and northern part of the state passing through cities such as Boise City, Woodward and Tulsa; some major highway junctions include Interstate 35 in Noble County and several others in Tulsa such as I-44, 244, 444, U. S. Routes 75 and 169. Two sections of this highway are tolled: the Cimarron Turnpike, the Cherokee Turnpike; the Arkansas section starts at the Oklahoma line, runs through the scenic Ozark Mountains in the northern part of Arkansas, leaves the state at the Missouri Bootheel. Cities along the route include Siloam Springs, Alpena, Cotter, Mountain Home, Walnut Ridge, Paragould. In Harrison, U. S. Route 412 is concurrent with both US 62 and US 65; the route enters Arkansas in the northwest portion of the state.
In Benton County, the route serves Siloam Springs as a major route through the southern part of the city. US 412 has a concurrency with Highway 59. US 412 runs east to enter Washington County; the route enters Tontitown, passes the historic Tontitown School Building, intersects Highway 112 before entering Springdale. US 412 crosses I-49/US 62/US 71 in Springdale, where the route is four-lane with a center left-turn lane. Now named Sunset Avenue, the route passes through developed parts of Springdale, including many restaurants and businesses before turning south, forming a concurrency with US 71B; the concurrency ends and US 412 heads east past the Springdale Municipal Airport and Highway 265 out of town. Again becoming four-lane divided, the route winds east to Hindsville; the route nears Hindsville, including an intersection with a former alignment now designated US 412B. The community was bypassed in 2009 with a four-lane alignment of US 412. US 412 continues east. Near Huntsville, the highway intersects another business route and Highway 23 before entering Carroll County.
The highway has a brief overlap with Highway 21 in the southwest corner of the county, has junctions with many rural routes in Carroll County. The highway passes the James C. Chaney House and Stamps Store in Osage, the Dog Branch School, the Yell Masonic Lodge Hall in Carrollton. In Alpena, US 412 begins a concurrency with US 62; this overlap is 150 miles through many north central Arkansas communities, including Harrison, Mountain Home, Ash Flat, Hardy. In Imboden, US 412 breaks from US 62 north, now concurrent with US 63 until 2 miles east of Portia. After the concurrency ends, US 412 runs due east to through downtown Walnut Ridge. US 412 runs near the Old Walnut Ridge Post Office, Missouri-Pacific Depot, the Walnut Ridge Commercial Historic District, each on the National Register of Historic Places. Further east, the route intersects US 67 at a full interchange before crossing the Cache River and entering Greene County; the route passed over the water on the Cache River Bridge, but the 1934 Parker pony truss bridge was bypassed in 1995.
The highway runs due east, intersecting Highway 228, Highway 141, Highway 168 before Paragould. US 412 runs as Kings Hwy in Paragould, passing the Linwood Mausoleum, US 49B, Highway 69, Highway 135 in the city limits; the route continues east across the St. Francis River. U. S. 412 crosses Missouri on its Bootheel, runs concurrent with Interstate 155 east of Hayti to the Tennessee state line. Still concurrent with I-155, US 412 enters Tennessee from Missouri on the Caruthersville Bridge before meeting US 51 in Dyersburg; the interstate designation ends as 412 turns southeast toward Jackson on a stretch of highway, upgraded from 2 to 4 lanes in the 1990s. After leaving Jackson on its eastern side, US 412 passes through the towns of Lexington and Hohenwald before reaching Columbia; the section from Hohenwald eastward to I-65 near Columbia is overlapped with unsigned State Route 99. East of I-65 at the eastern terminus of US 412, the route remains SR 99. Arkansas Highway 68 is the former designation of U.
S. Highway 412 from the Arkansas-Oklahoma State Line to U. S. Highway 62 at Alpena; the original eastern terminus of Highway 68 was 10 miles east of Huntsville at Highway 21, but was extended in the 1940s to Alpena. An old alignment of Highway 68 can be found 4
Arkansas Highway 59
Arkansas Highway 59 is a north–south state highway in Northwest Arkansas. The route runs 93.24 miles from Arkansas Highway 22 in Barling north to the Missouri state line through Van Buren, the county seat of Crawford County. Highway 59 parallels US 59 between Fort Smith. Since US 59 goes through Arkansas, AR 59 is the only Arkansas state highway to share its numbering with a federal highway that goes through Arkansas; the route begins in Barling at AR 22. The route runs north to enter Van Buren, crossing I-540 and concurring with US 64; the concurrency begins near the Joseph Starr Dunham House and before crossing Interstate 40. The route exits town northbound, intersecting rural highways AR 162 and AR 220 in Cedarville and crossing Lee Creek on the historic Lee Creek Bridge. At this time, AR 59 is running through the Boston Mountains subdivision of The Ozarks. North of Cedarville, AR 59 curves west toward Oklahoma, coming within 0.1 miles of the border. Entering Washington County, the route meets AR 244 in Tofu.
The route continues north to Dutch Summers before entering Siloam Springs. Upon entering Benton County, AR 59 concurs with US 412 east around the southeast edge of Siloam Springs; the concurrency ends and AR 59 continues north to Gentry. AR 59 passes near Kansas City-Southern Depot in Decatur; the route continues north to the Kansas City Southern Railway Caboose No. 383 in Gravette. The highway runs further north to Wee Pine Knot, the Adar House, Butler Creek Cemetery in Sulphur Springs. AR 59 terminates; when Arkansas established its first numbered state highway system in 1926, Arkansas Highway 59 was designated for a route that led from the Louisiana state line to Eudora. The South Arkansas route became AR 159, the 59 number moved to northwest Arkansas. In 1936, AR 59 traveled from Van Buren north to Siloam Springs. From AR 72 at Gravette, north to the Missouri state line, AR 59 is the original alignment of US 71; the roadway continues north into Missouri as Missouri Route 59. The route was widened by the AHTD in 2007 around Siloam Springs.
AR 59 has two special routes, both in Gentry. Arkansas Highway 59 Business is a 0.94-mile business route in Gentry. Arkansas Highway 59 Spur is a 0.71-mile spur route in Gentry. List of state highways in Arkansas Media related to Arkansas Highway 59 at Wikimedia Commons
Arkansas Highway System
The Arkansas Highway System is made up of all the highways designated as Interstates, U. S. Highways and State Highways in the US state of Arkansas; the system is maintained by the Arkansas Department of Transportation, known as the Arkansas State Highway Department until 1977 and the Arkansas State Highway and Transportation Department from 1977 to 2017. The system contains 16,442.90 miles of Interstates, U. S. Routes, state highways, special routes; the shortest members are unsigned state highways Arkansas Highway 806 and Arkansas Highway 885, both 0.09 miles in length. The longest route is U. S. Route 67. Travel in Arkansas has come from humble beginnings. In the late nineteenth century, travelers would follow dirt paths riddled with potholes, ruts. Bicycles would stick in mud puddles. Trains never became popular in Arkansas, instead travelers would use horse and buggy to get around the rural parts of state, bicycles within cities. Across the nation, many cyclists began demanding better roads to use for travel, these road enthusiasts formed groups to advance their cause.
A group of Arkansas cyclists held a good roads convention in Little Rock just before the turn of the century. Arkansas automobile salesmen picked up on the notion that better roads would help their business as well, became the driving force behind the Arkansas good roads movement; the enterprising salesmen increased the movement's breadth by expanding their scope outside of city streets to farm to market routes, a move that enticed farmers to support the cause. The combination of money from Little Rock salesmen and the large number of farmers in the state made the good roads movement a formidable alliance. At this time, the roads were maintained by a state law that mandated all healthy men of middle age contribute five days of road work annually. Another convention in 1907 formed road districts. Although the need for improvement was obvious, the citizens had trouble finding funding for their goals. In December 1913, Arkansas formed the "Dollarway", the name of a concrete road with asphalt concrete topping.
It was opened near Pine Bluff. By 1914, a segment of 23 miles was opened, the longest paved stretch in the United States. Today, the route is covered by Highway 365, although some original concrete segments are still visible, the Dollarway Road portion has been listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Now that Arkansas had discovered a durable paving system, concrete topped with asphalt of "Dollarway pavement", they could replace the often-broken macadam roads. Dollarway was a more economical choice, as macadam would need replacing; the next problem facing Arkansas was that "road improvement districts" established in 1907. These districts lacked central organization, there was limited communication among districts, they were often headed by novices, were heavily in debt. In 1913, the Arkansas Highway Commission was ordered with the task of organizing the state's road system. In 1915, the Commission was charged with misappropriating funds for officials to use on automobiles and gasoline, making the financial situation worse.
The Alexander Road law of 1915 allowed those close to a route to form their own districts and subsequently contract out the work themselves. This resulted in wild variations of how the same road was paved from district to district and from county to county. In 1917, the Arkansas General Assembly enacted Act 105, designating all public roads as state roads eligible to receive federal aid in response to the Federal Aid Road Act of 1916; the Act had a limited scope, small appropriation limits, implementation was delayed nationwide due to World War I. The Federal Aid Highway Act of 1921, was passed in an effort to remedy the deficiencies of the 1917 legislation, it allowed for funds to be allocated for a state highway system, as long as a central highway authority meeting certain requirements was in charge of disbursing funds, not the case in Arkansas at the time. The Arkansas legislature was slow to create an authority capable of meeting the Federal Aid Act's requirements, opting instead to stay with the district approach, which cost the state millions of dollars in funds.
During this period, district leaders were caught charging exorbitant taxes for road projects, where districts overlapped, bankrupting farmers. The federal government decided to withhold money from states without a unified highway authority; when the General Assembly again tried to create one, the local county judges blocked the legislation. Since Arkansas was not in compliance with the Federal Aid Act of 1921, the state was declared ineligible for federal funds in 1923. Upon withdrawal of federal money in 1923, Governor Thomas McRae called a special session of the General Assembly to solve the problem; the result was Act 5 known as the Harrelson Road Law. The most significant provision of the law created a state highway system, the roads within it were eligible for federal funding to be disbursed by the Commission; the Commission gained significant influence over construction by having the ability to disburse federal aid to projects meeting its standards. The law consolidated all construction and maintenance activities on public roads under the Highway Commission supervision, ensuring roads were built to Commission standards.
The law modified the number of commissioners, how they were appointed, term limits. The state highway system was first created on October 10, 1923 by the Commission