National Register of Historic Places listings in Los Angeles
This is a list of the National Register of Historic Places listings in Los Angeles, California. This is intended to be a complete list of the properties and districts on National Register of Historic Places in Los Angeles, California; the locations of National Register properties and districts for which the latitude and longitude coordinates are included below may be seen in an online map. There are more than 500 properties and districts listed on the National Register in the county, including 22 National Historic Landmarks. Los Angeles is the location of 249 of these properties and districts, including 12 National Historic Landmarks; the properties and districts elsewhere in the county, including 5 National Historic Landmarks, are listed separately. A single district, the Arroyo Seco Parkway Historic District, is split between Los Angeles and other parts of the county. Another property has been removed; the first site in Los Angeles to be listed was the Rómulo Pico Adobe in the Mission Hills section of the city, listed in November 1966 at the inception of the Register.
Several of the oldest historic sites are located in the Los Angeles Plaza Historical District in Downtown Los Angeles. While most of the sites are office buildings or homes, two are ships, twenty-one are current and former branches of the Los Angeles Public Library. Seven temples or churches are listed. At least five sites are related to rail transportation. Included are four hotels, five theaters, four U. S. post offices, four fire stations. To be listed on the National Register, sites must retain their historic integrity, they must be 50 years old, their listing must be promoted – or at least not opposed – by the current owner, so many important sites in the city are not listed. Included on the list are sites relating to the movie industry such as a former office building of the Warner Bros. studios, but no film lots or film studio buildings are listed. Despite the city's involvement in aviation history, only two sites, Hangar One and Portal of the Folded Wings, appears to relate to that. Only a Victory ship and two coastal battery sites relate to the city's military-industrial history.
The listings are distributed across many neighborhoods of Los Angeles, from San Pedro in the south to the northern reaches of Chatsworth in the San Fernando Valley, from the Pacific Palisades on the west to Highland Park on the east. Thirty-eight are located in Downtown Los Angeles. Reflecting the sprawl of Los Angeles, the city's northernmost historic site in Chatsworth is more than 55 miles from its southernmost site in San Pedro; this National Park Service list is complete through NPS recent listings posted April 5, 2019. List of National Historic Landmarks in California National Register of Historic Places listings in California California Historical Landmarks in Los Angeles County, California Given Place Media: City of Los Angeles Map
Jefferson Park, Los Angeles
Jefferson Park is a neighborhood in the South region of the City of Los Angeles, California. Jefferson Park is a 1.28 square mile neighborhood. It is bounded by the Santa Monica Freeway on the north, Crenshaw Boulevard on the west, South Western Avenue and Arlington Avenue on the east and Jefferson Boulevard and Rodeo Road on the south. According to the Mapping L. A. project of the Los Angeles Times, The 1.28 square miles neighborhood touches Arlington Heights to the north, Adams-Normandie to the east, the Exposition Park residential neighborhood on the southeast, Leimert Park on the south and West Adams to the west. Jefferson Park contains within it a smaller neighborhood called West Adams Terrace. With development commencing around the turn of the 20th century, Jefferson Park began as one of the city's wealthiest neighborhoods. On the hills rising west of Western Avenue, wealthy white Angelenos built luxury Edwardian and Art Deco mansions, with churches and commercial buildings of commensurate expense.
In 1903 there were trolley cars running down Adams Boulevard. Some wealthy blacks moved into the area as well, leading the neighborhood to be dubbed "Sugar Hill" by many African-Americans of the day. To the south, in the flatter areas along Jefferson Boulevard, a low-rise commercial corridor developed, with small single-story homes and low-rise apartment buildings in the blocks behind. After the 1948 Supreme Court ruling that banned segregationist covenants on property, most of Jefferson Park's white population decamped to other parts of the region, in turn being replaced by upper-middle and upper-class blacks whose descendants still reside in many of the district's spectacular homes; the Jefferson Park and Jefferson Boulevard area saw an influx of Creole peoples to the Los Angeles area in the post-World War II period. The resulting area was dubbed "Little New Orleans" and saw a large population of Creole people and Creole owned businesses such as the Big Loaf Bakery and Harold and Belle’s, an upscale creole restaurant.
The area and its Creole influence has been mentioned in the 2007 book One Drop: My Father's Hidden Life--A Story of Race and Family Secrets by Bliss Broyard. A total of 23,130 people lived in the neighborhood's 1.42 square miles, according to the 2000 U. S. census—averaging 16,300 people per square mile, among the highest population density in the city as a whole. The median age was 31, about the same as the rest of the city. Within the neighborhood, African Americans made up 46.8% of the population, with Latinos 44.9%, Asian 2.9%, non-Hispanic Whites 2.7% and others 2.7%. Mexico and El Salvador were the most common places of birth for the 32.7% of the residents who were born abroad, considered an average percentage of foreign-born when compared with the city or county as a whole. The median household income in 2008 dollars was $32,654, considered low when compared with all city and county neighborhoods; the percentage of households earning $20,000 or less was high, compared to the county at large.
The average household size of 2.8 people was about the same as the rest of the city. Renters occupied 69.5% of the housing units, homeowners occupied the rest. In 2000, there were 1,365 families headed by single parents, or 26.6%, a rate, high for the county and the city. Jefferson Park residents aged 25 and older holding a four-year degree amounted to 11.8% of the population in 2000, considered low when compared with the city and the county as a whole. Schools within the Jefferson Park boundaries are: Joseph Pomeroy Widney High, LAUSD, special education, 2302 South Gramercy Place Twenty-Fourth Street Elementary, LAUSD, 2055 West 24th Street Mid City Magnet, LAUSD alternative, 3150 West Adams Boulevard Celerity Nascent Charter, LAUSD, 3417 West Jefferson Boulevard Sixth Avenue Elementary, LAUSD, 3109 Sixth Avenue Holy Name of Jesus Catholic Elementary, private, 1955 West Jefferson Boulevard; the school was founded in 1924 by families from New Orleans. It celebrates its Creole heritage with a music program in which every child in the school learns to read music and to play a musical instrument.
In 2013 24th Street Elementary School in Jefferson Park became the first campus in Los Angeles to make use of a "parent trigger" law that enabled its parents to install a new administration. The school serves a low-income and minority population, it failed to meet the state's educational standards in English and mathematics; the parents voted to take control of what had been a chronically underperforming school, they chose to organize it as a hybrid charter school, with the Los Angeles Unified School District operating kindergarten through 5th grade and a private entity, Crown Prep Academy, running grades 5 through 8. Benny H. Potter West Adams Avenues Memorial Park Second Avenue Park, 2413 Second Avenue Leslie N. Shaw Park, 2250 West Jefferson Boulevard Jefferson - Vassie D. Wright Memorial Branch Library, 2211 W. Jefferson Boulevard Auguste R. Marquis Residence; this 1904 Queen Anne-style house — the city's 602nd historic cultural monument - was used to depict the Fisher & Sons Funeral Home in the HBO series Six Feet Under.
It is located at 2501 Arlington Avenue. Trinity Baptist Church. Located at 36th and Normandie, it moved to its present location at 2040 W. Jefferson Boulevard in 1948; the master plan for the church was designed by noted African-American architect Paul Williams. It was one of the first non-white land owners in the area in the 1940s, it was Trinity, along with its membership, that went to court to tear down white-only covenants in the area. The First African Methodist Episcopal Church. Considered the spiritual heart of South Los Angeles and the usual v
Washington Irving Branch
Washington Irving Branch is a branch library of the Los Angeles Public Library, located west of downtown Los Angeles at 4117 West Washington Boulevard, Los Angeles. The original building housing the branch is listed on the National Register of Historic Places but has been vacant and fenced for several years; the original branch was located at Los Angeles, California. The Romanesque Revival-Mediterranean Revival building was built in 1926 and designed by Allison & Allison; the building has been vacant and fenced for many years. Built in 1926, the Irving Branch had a airy room with exposed wood trusses and rafters. At the time of its closure, no major physical changes had been made to the building since its construction, books remained housed on thick wood shelves; the Washington Irving Branch was designated as a Historic-Cultural Monument by the Los Angeles Cultural Heritage Commission in April 1984. In 1987, the Washington Irving Branch and several other branch libraries in Los Angeles were added to the National Register of Historic Places as part of a thematic group submission.
The application noted that the branch libraries had been constructed in a variety of period revival styles to house the initial branch library system of the City of Los Angeles. With respect to the Irving Branch, the application described the building as a one-story Mediterranean building, constructed of hollow tile and finished with brick and stucco, it has a rectangular plan with side-facing gables, a symmetrical front elevation, a tiled roof and a bay window on the east side. When the Los Angeles Library Commission proposed closing the old Irving Branch and re-locating to a modern facility at a new location, the Los Angeles Times wrote: "It is comforting to know that residents of one Mid-City Los Angeles neighborhood are arguing vehemently with City Hall because of a library.... The city proposes a more complete and modern library that would be just 13 blocks away the site of a carwash; this makes sense. So would upgrading the historic building that houses the present branch as a community center - where that'neighborhood' feeling it now encourages would continue to be nurtured."In June 1990, the Los Angeles Library Commission voted to close the old library and re-open the Washington Irving Branch in a different location.
The majority of 62 speakers at a public forum on the closure spoke in favor of saving the old branch by renovating and expanding the existing structure. Commission President Martha D. Katsufrankis said at the time: "I'm old and I appreciate old things, but we have to think about serving the whole community for the future." At the time, City Councilman Nate Holden guaranteed that another "viable funded" use, such as a community center, would be found for the old structure. Area residents, were skeptical about promises to preserve the old building, one stating, "I don't believe that for one second. What are they going to turn it into-a police station? A fire station? It's a library, damn it." The library commission agreed in 1991 not to move the Irving branch from its historic Mid-City home of 65 years until a new tenant could be found to take over the building. Residents had feared that the library would be closed and the building left vacant. Library Commissioner Douglas Ring noted at the time: "Everyone knows if you vacate a building and don't have an alternative tenant it is the same as destroying it.
That's not what anyone wants." Despite the promises, a new tenant or use was not found. The new Washington Irving Branch opened in 2000, the old branch on Arlington Avenue has been vacant, boarded up, fenced for many years; as of 2008, it was marred with the lot covered with weeds and litter. List of Registered Historic Places in Los Angeles List of Los Angeles Historic-Cultural Monuments in South Los Angeles Los Angeles Public Library "History of Washington Irving Branch Library", 1936. "Branch building questionnaire", Annual report 1939/40, Los Angeles Public Library. "Branch history, 1959-1969", Los Angeles Public Library, 1969. "Program from Groundbreaking Ceremony for new Washington Irving Branch", 1997. "Library board OKs second site for branch amid public outcry", John D. Wagner, Wave Newspapers, June 6, 1990. "Washington Irving Branch celebrates 50th anniversary", Mary D. Brooks, Los Angeles Public Library, 1977
Government of Los Angeles
The Government of Los Angeles operates as a charter city under the Charter of the City of Los Angeles. The elected government is composed of the Los Angeles City Council with 15 city council districts and the Mayor of Los Angeles, which operate under a mayor–council government, as well as several other elective offices; the current mayor is Eric Garcetti, the current City Attorney is Mike Feuer and the current City Controller is Ron Galperin. In addition, there are numerous departments and appointed officers such as the Los Angeles Police Department, the Los Angeles Fire Department, the Los Angeles Department of Transportation, the Los Angeles Public Library, the Los Angeles Department of Water and Power; the government of the city of Los Angeles includes the following city officers: Mayor Members of the Council City Attorney City Clerk Controller Treasurer The members of the boards or commissions of the departments and the chief administrative officer of each department and office An Executive Director of the Board of Police Commissioners Other officers as prescribed by ordinance The Mayor of Los Angeles is the chief executive officer of the city.
The officeholder is elected for a four-year term, limited to serving no more than two terms. Under the California Constitution, all judicial, school and city offices, including those of chartered cities, are nonpartisan; the 42nd and current Mayor is Eric Garcetti. The Los Angeles City Council is the governing body of Los Angeles; the council is composed of fifteen members elected from single-member districts for four-year terms and limited to three terms. The president of the council and the president pro tempore are chosen by the council at the first regular meeting after June 30 in odd-numbered years. An assistant president pro tempore is appointed by the president; the current president of the Los Angeles City Council is Herb Wesson, the president pro tempore is Mitchell Englander and the assistant president pro tempore is Nury Martinez. Regular council meetings are held in the City Hall on Tuesdays and Fridays at 10 am except on holidays or if decided by special resolution; the Los Angeles Police Department polices the city of Los Angeles.
It is governed by the Los Angeles Board of Police Commissioners and the Chief of the Los Angeles Police Department. The city maintains specialized police agencies; the Los Angeles General Services Police, which provided police coverage for Los Angeles city owned property and parks was absorbed into the LAPD in 2012. The Los Angeles Unified School District maintains it own separate police department, as do many other school districts and college campuses within the city; the Charter of the City of Los Angeles ratified by voters in 1999 created a system of advisory neighborhood councils that would represent the diversity of stakeholders, defined as those who live, work or own property in the neighborhood. The neighborhood councils are autonomous and spontaneous in that they identify their own boundaries, establish their own bylaws, elect their own officers. There are about 90 neighborhood councils; the Los Angeles City Attorney is an elected official whose job is legal counsel for the city and may prosecute misdemeanor criminal offenses within the city.
The Los Angeles City Clerk is in charge of record keeping for elections. The Los Angeles City Controller is the elected chief accounting officer of the city; the Los Angeles City Treasurer handles financial matters. In addition, there are numerous departments and appointed officers such as the: Los Angeles City Clerk Economic & Workforce Development Department Office of Finance Los Angeles Fire Department Los Angeles Housing + Community Investment Department Housing Authority of the City of Los Angeles Port of Los Angeles Los Angeles Port Police Los Angeles Public Library Department of Recreation and Parks Los Angeles Department of Transportation Los Angeles Department of Water and Power Los Angeles Board of Water and Power Commissioners The most recent elections were in May 2013, with 13th district City Councilman Eric Garcetti defeating City Controller Wendy Greuel for Mayor; the voter turnout was about 19% of registered voters, one of the lowest turnouts on record, with Garcetti garnering about 54% of the votes.
The Charter of the City of Los Angeles is the founding document of Los Angeles. Pursuant to its Charter, all legislative power is vested in the Council and is exercised by ordinance subject to a veto by the Mayor. Pursuant to this power, the Council has caused to be promulgated the Administrative Code, consisting of administrative and procedural ordinances, the Municipal Code, consisting of codified regulatory and penal ordinances. Violations of the ordinances are misdemeanor crimes unless otherwise specified as an infraction and may be prosecuted by city authorities; the Los Angeles Superior Court, which covers the entire county, is not a County department but a division of the State's trial court system. The courthouses were county-owned buildings that were maintained at county expense, which created significant friction since the trial court judges, as officials of the stat
Jeanne de Lestonnac
Jeanne de Lestonnac, O. D. N. Alternately known as Joan of Lestonnac, was a Roman Catholic saint and foundress of the Sisters of the Company of Mary, Our Lady, in 1607; the new institute, approved by Paul V in 1607, was the first religious order of women-teachers approved by the Church. Her feast day is May 15. De Lestonnac was born in Bordeaux in 1556 to Richard de Lestonnac, a member of the Parlement of Bordeaux, Jeanne Eyquem, the sister of the noted philosopher, Michel Eyquem de Montaigne, she grew up in a time where the conflict between the Protestant reformists and the defenders of the Catholic faith was at its height. This was evident in her own family. While her mother became an enthusiastic Calvinist and tried to persuade her to convert, her father and her uncle Montaigne adhered to the Catholic faith and were her support in remaining a Catholic. At the age of 17 De Lestonnac married Gaston de Montferrant, with whom she had eight children, three of whom died in infancy, she was married for 24 years.
This marked the beginning of a painful period in her life, with the further loss, within seven months, of her father and eldest son. Following her husband's death, De Lestonnac, at the age of 46, with her children now grown, turned to a contemplative life and entered the Cistercian Monastery in Toulouse where she was given the religious name of Jeanne of Saint Bernard, she found great peace and satisfaction in the monastic life, after six months, she became ill and had to leave the monastery. She went to live on her estate La Mothe Lusié to recover her health, where she adopted the lifestyle of a secular dévote, performing many acts of charity, including food and alms distribution, met with young women of her social class to pray and discuss religious questions, she sought for models of Catholic women to be her guides and cultivated an interest in the lives of Saints Scholastica, Clare of Assisi, Catherine of Siena and Teresa of Avila. A few years in 1605, a plague broke out in Bordeaux. At risk to her own life, De Lestonnac returned to her native city to help care for the sick and suffering in the slums of the city.
Lestonnac's brother, a Jesuit attached to the college in Bordeaux, arranged a meeting between Lestonnac and two Jesuit fathers: Jean de Bordes and François de Raymond. The Jesuits asked de Lestonnac to serve as founder of a new teaching order for young women, they encouraged her to establish for girls in terms of formal education what they were doing for boys. The three decided upon a cloistered community to follow the Benedictine rule, modified to allow sisters to teach; the group gained the approval of Pope Paul V in 1607. The community took the name of the Compagnie de Notre-Dame; the group purchased an old priory near the Château Trompette, but moved in September 1610, to a larger old monastery on rue du Hâ. They were well-received and financially supported by the city's elite; the first five members of the new order took their religious vows on December 10, 1610. The community established its first school for girls in Bordeaux. Foundations proceeded in Beziers, Périgueux, Toulouse through Lestonnac's personal connections as well as her connections with the Jesuits and Bordelaise political elites.
By the time she died in 1640, at the age of 84, 30 houses existed in France. De Lestonnac was beatified in 1900 by Pope Leo XIII and was canonized on May 15, 1949 by Pope Pius XII; as of 2016 her religious order has over 1,450 sisters found in 26 countries throughout Europe, North America and South America. The Company of Mary Our Lady Official site Works by or about Jeanne de Lestonnac in libraries
Los Angeles Public Library
The Los Angeles Public Library system serves the residents of the City of Los Angeles. The system holds more than six million volumes, with over 18 million residents in the Los Angeles Metropolitan area, it serves the largest population of any publicly funded library system in the United States; the system is overseen by a Board of Library Commissioners with five members appointed by the mayor of Los Angeles in staggered terms in accordance with the city charter. Library cards are free to California residents. Circulating books, periodicals, computer access and audiovisual materials are available to patrons. Books and audiobooks are loaned for 3 weeks. Music cassettes, music CDs, documentary videos, documentary DVDs are loaned for 1 week. Entertainment videos and entertainment DVDs are loaned for 4 days. Fines are charged. There is a loan limit of 10 books, 10 magazines, 4 DVDs or videos at one time up to maximum of 30 items on the patron's record. Items checked out from Los Angeles Public Library may be returned to any of its 72 branches or to the Central Library.
Most items may be renewed a maximum of two times. Entertainment DVDs and videos may be renewed one time; the Los Angeles Public Library has many community support organizations which work with the library to raise funds and sponsor programs to enhance library service throughout the community. The Library's Rare Books Department is located in its downtown Los Angeles location. There is an extensive selection of databases covering a wide variety of topics, many of which are available to remote users who hold an LAPL library card. Examples include full-text databases of periodicals, business directories, language learning tools; the Central Library at 630 West 5th Street, between Grand Avenue and Flower Street in Downtown Los Angeles, remains an important research library, despite the development of accessible databases and public access to the Internet. The library offers an online program that allows adult patrons who have not completed high school to earn their high school diploma; the Los Angeles Library Association was formed in late 1872, by early 1873, a well-stocked reading room had opened under the first librarian, John Littlefield.
Aggressive expansion and growth of the system began in the 1920s. Under Library Board of Commissioners Chairman Orra E. Monnette, the system was improved with a large network of branch libraries with new buildings. Thelma Jackman founded the Business & Economics section of the library sometime prior to 1970; the historic Central Library Goodhue building was constructed in 1926 and is a Downtown Los Angeles landmark. The Central Library was designed by Bertram Goodhue; the Richard Riordan Central Library complex is the third largest public library in the United States in terms of book and periodical holdings. Named the Central Library, the building was first renamed in honor of the longtime president of the Board of Library Commissioners and President of the University of Southern California, Rufus B. von KleinSmid. The new wing of Central Library, completed in 1993, was named in honor of former mayor Tom Bradley; the complex was subsequently renamed in 2001 for former Los Angeles Mayor Richard Riordan, as the Richard Riordan Central Library.
The Los Angeles Public Library received the National Medal for Museum and Library Service, the nation's highest honor given to museums and libraries for service to the community. City Librarian John F. Szabo and community member Sergio Sanchez accepted the award on behalf of the library from First Lady Michelle Obama during a White House Ceremony on May 20, 2015; the Los Angeles Public Library was selected for its success in meeting the needs of Angelenos and providing a level of social and cultural services unmatched by any other public institution in the city. The award recognizes the library's programs that help people on their path to citizenship, earn their high school diploma, manage personal finances and access health and well-being services and resources. Architect Bertram Grosvenor Goodhue designed the original Los Angeles Central Library with influences of ancient Egyptian and Mediterranean Revival architecture; the central tower is topped with a tiled mosaic pyramid with suns on the sides with a hand holding a torch representing the "Light of Learning" at the apex.
Other elements include sphinxes and celestial mosaics. It has sculptural elements by the preeminent American architectural sculptor Lee Lawrie, similar to the Nebraska State Capitol in Lincoln, Nebraska designed by Goodhue; the interior of the library is decorated with various figures, statues and grilles, notably a four-part mural by illustrator Dean Cornwell depicting stages of the History of California, completed around 1933. The building is a designated Los Angeles Historic-Cultural Monument, is on the National Register of Historic Places; the Central Library was extensively renovated and expanded in a Modernist/Beaux-Arts architecture, according to Norman Pfeiffer, the principal architect of the renovation by Hardy Holzman Pfeiffer Associates from 1988 through 1993. It included an eight-story atrium wing dedicated to former mayor Tom Bradley. Now, the library contains an area of 538,000 square feet, has nearly 89 miles of shelves and seating for over 1,400 people; the building's limited access had caused a number of problems.
The accessible public stacks in the reading rooms only displayed about 10 to 20 percent of the actual collections of the Central Library. For anything else, a patron had to submit a request slip and a clerk would retrieve the desired material from the internal stacks. Internal stacks