Oleg Aleksandrovich Prudius better known by his ring name Vladimir Kozlov, is a Ukrainian-American retired professional wrestler. He is best known for his time in WWE, where he won the WWE Tag Team Championship once with Santino Marella and he is trained in freestyle wrestling, football, kickboxing, jujutsu, Brazilian jiu-jitsu and mixed martial arts. Prudius has worked as a stage and screen actor, notably having a role in Spike Lees 25th Hour. Prudius had a role in Grindhouse, appearing in the Werewolf Women of the SS trailer, he was credited under his real name and he is a former Ohio Valley Wrestling Heavyweight Champion. Prudius has won numerous achievements, becoming the 2005 USA Open Heavyweight Sambo Champion and he has played American football for the Ukrainian National Team as well as Santa Barbara City College. On January 17,2006, World Wrestling Entertainment announced that Prudius had signed a deal and was sent to Deep South Wrestling. On April 7,2006, he debuted under his name and had his first match in DSW against Bobby Walker.
On May 5,2006, Prudius had his first untelevised WWE match during a show in San Jose, California. The next night, at house show in Sacramento, Matt Striker cut a promo on Prudius, calling him a filthy immigrant. Prudius picked up the microphone and said he that he is proud to be in America, on the December 18,2006 episode of Raw, Prudius made an appearance as a WWE prospect named Vladimir Kozlov, which became his ring name. He was taken off television for over a year working in the developmental system and participating in a number of dark matches, including a victory at Armageddon 2006. On the July 11 episode of SmackDown, Kozlov debuted an entrance theme, in the following weeks, as Kozlov continued to easily win matches, he began demanding better competition. On the September 12 episode of SmackDown, he started to seek that competition, over the following weeks, Kozlov would continue attacking both Hardy and the WWE Champion Triple H, eventually starting a loose feud between the three of them over the WWE Championship.
The match was intended to include Kozlov, Jeff Hardy. The result of this was the addition of Edge to the match while it was in progress, continuing his pursuit of the WWE Championship, Kozlov competed in and was unsuccessful in winning a Beat the Clock Challenge match against ECW Champion Matt Hardy for another title shot. This led to the two meeting at Armageddon, where Kozlov gained his first pay-per-view win by defeating Hardy in a non-title match. Kozlov competed in the 2009 Royal Rumble match, entering as the participant, but was eliminated by Triple H after eliminating The Great Khali, Carlito. His first televised singles loss on SmackDown came against The Undertaker himself on March 13, on April 13,2009, Kozlov was drafted to the ECW brand as part of the 2009 WWE draft, as ECWs only pick of the night
Professional wrestling is a dramatized athletic performance that portrays a combat sport. Various forms of weaponry are sometimes used, the content – including match outcomes – is scripted and choreographed, and the combative actions and reactions are performed to appear violent without injuring the wrestlers. Before the 1980s, these facts were considered trade secrets, in the mid-90s, the presentation of scripted events as legitimate is known as kayfabe. Although the combative content is staged and communicated between the wrestlers, there are physical hazards involved - including permanent injury and death. While it has declined in Europe, in North America it has experienced several different periods of prominent cultural popularity during its century. The advent of television gave professional wrestling a new outlet, unlike in Europe, show wrestling has become especially prominent in Japan and in North America. In Brazil, there was a popular wrestling television program from the 1960s to the early 1980s called Telecatch.
High-profile figures in the sport have become celebrities or cultural icons in their native or adopted home countries, although professional wrestling started out as petty acts in sideshows, traveling circuses and carnivals, today it is a billion-dollar industry. Revenue is drawn from live event ticket sales, network television broadcasts, pay-per-view broadcasts, personal appearances by performers, branded merchandise, pro wrestling was instrumental in making pay-per-view a viable method of content delivery. Annual shows such as WrestleMania, SummerSlam, Royal Rumble, and formerly Bash at the Beach, Halloween Havoc, home video sales dominate the Billboard charts Recreational Sports DVD sales, with wrestling holding anywhere from 3 to 9 of the top 10 spots every week. Due to its persistent cultural presence and to its novelty within the performing arts, there have been many fictional depictions of wrestling, the 2008 film The Wrestler received several Oscar nominations and began a career revival for star Mickey Rourke.
Because actual events are often co-opted by writers for incorporation into storylines for the performers, special care must be taken when talking about people who perform under their own name. The actions of the character should be considered fictional events, wholly separate from the life of the performer and this is similar to other entertainers who perform with a persona that shares their own name. Some wrestlers will incorporate elements of their real-life personalities into their characters, even if they and those who participated felt that it was necessary that spectators should be kept in a constant and complete illusion of a real competition to keep audience interest. For decades, up until the mid-1980s, wrestlers lived their lives as though they were their characters. Wrestlers and promoters all rigorously enforced the illusion and very few were allowed into the society of professional wrestling to maintain suspension of disbelief. The practice of keeping the illusion, and the methods used to do so, came to be known as kayfabe within wrestling circles.
An entire lexicon of slang jargon and euphemism developed to allow performers to communicate without outsiders knowledge of what was being said, occasionally a performer will deviate from the intended sequence of events
Survivor Series (2008)
Survivor Series was a professional wrestling pay-per-view event produced by World Wrestling Entertainment and presented by THQs WWE SmackDown vs. It took place on November 23,2008, at the TD Banknorth Garden in Boston, the event, the 22nd Survivor Series, involved wrestlers from WWEs all three brands, SmackDown, and ECW. The events card consisted of six professional wrestling matches, the event received 319,000 pay-per-view buys, less than the previous years event. Another match on the event was the SmackDown main event, which saw Edge return and defeat Vladimir Kozlov, the undercard matches included The Undertaker versus The Big Show in a Casket Match and three five-on-five elimination tag team matches. The event featured professional wrestling matches involved different wrestlers from pre-existing scripted feuds, plots. Wrestlers portrayed a villain or a fan favorite character as they followed a series of events that built tension, all wrestlers came from the ECW, and SmackDown brands — a storyline division in which WWE assigns its employees to different programs.
Advertising on WWE programming and on the Survivor Series promotional poster had foreshadowed the return of John Cena, on the November 3,2008 episode of Raw, Shane McMahon announced that Cena would challenge for the World Heavyweight Championship at Survivor Series. Cena would face the champion resulting from a Steel cage match between World Heavyweight Champion Batista and Chris Jericho, which Jericho won and this event marks the first time that Jericho and Cena would wrestle for a major championship since August 2005. During that summer, Cena defeated Jericho on two different occasions for the WWE Championship. First at the SummerSlam event and on the nights episode of Raw in a Youre Fired match. At No Mercy in October, Jeff Hardy came close to winning the WWE Championship from Triple H but failed to do so when Triple H rolled him up. Vladimir Kozlov was one of the choices for Triple Hs challengers at Cyber Sunday for the fans to vote, but Hardy won the poll and faced Triple H for the title, Kozlov won the match, albeit via disqualification after Hardy interfered and hit Kozlov with a steel chair.
Hardy won the match and earned the opportunity, however it was announced during the event that Hardy was found unconscious in a hotel stairwell in Boston, casting doubt over whether he would be able to compete in the match. At Unforgiven, The Big Show betrayed The Undertaker and attacked him, punching him in the head on several occasions. At No Mercy, in a match between them, Big Show KOd Undertaker with 2 punches to the face and 1 to the back of the head, prompting the referee to rule the match a knockout in Big Shows favour. However, at Cyber Sunday, in a fans-voted Last Man Standing match, on an episode of SmackDown, The Undertaker defeated Chavo Guerrero in a casket match despite of Big Shows interference. On the November 7 episode, Big Show challenged Undertaker to a match at Survivor Series. Three inter-promotional Survivor Series Elimination matches were scheduled for the event, from SmackDown, MVP and The Great Khali have had their own issues in the few weeks leading up to Survivor Series
Ubisoft Entertainment SA is a French multinational video game publisher, headquartered in Rennes, France. In March 1986, five brothers of the Guillemot family founded the game publisher, Ubisoft, in Carentoir. Yves Guillemot soon made deals with Electronic Arts, Sierra On-Line, by the end of the decade, Ubisoft began expanding to other markets, including the United States, the United Kingdom, and Germany. They entered the game distribution and wholesale markets, and by 1993 they had become the largest distributor of video games in France. In the early 1990s, Ubisoft initiated its in-house game development program and it became their administrative and commercial head office, even as the company continues to register its headquarters in Rennes. Ubisoft became a traded company in 1996 and continued its expansion around the globe, opening locations in Annecy, Montreal. In the late 1990s and early 2000s, Ubisoft committed itself to online games by supporting Uru, Ages Beyond Myst, The Matrix Online, the publisher established an online division.
However, in February 2004, Ubisoft cancelled the portion of Uru. The company is noted for its teams of female game developers/testers, in March 2001, Gores Technology Group sold The Learning Companys entertainment division to them. The sale included the rights to properties such as the Myst. In July 2006, Ubisoft bought the Driver franchise from Atari for a sum of €19 million in cash for the franchise, technology rights, and most assets. In July 2008, Ubisoft made the acquisition of Hybride Technologies, in November 2008, Ubisoft acquired Massive Entertainment from Activision. In January 2013, Ubisoft acquired South Park, The Stick of Truth from THQ for $3.265 million, in December 2004, rival gaming corporation Electronic Arts purchased a 19. 9% stake in the firm, an action Ubisoft referred to as hostile on EAs part. Ubisoft announced plans in 2013 to invest $373 million into its Quebec operations over seven years, the publisher is investing in the expansion of its motion capture technologies, and consolidating its online games operations and infrastructure in Montreal.
The significant investment is expected to generate 500 jobs in Quebec over a seven-year period, by 2020, the company will employ more than 3,500 staff at its studios in Montreal and Quebec City. In March 2015, the set up a Consumer Relationship Centre in Newcastle upon Tyne. The centre is intended to integrate consumer support teams and community managers, Consumer Support and Community Management teams at the CRC are operational seven days a week. In October 2015, French mass media company Vivendi bought a 6% stake in Ubisoft, in February 2016, Ubisofts Yves Guillemot and his brother asked for more Canadian investors, to help prevent a hostile takeover by Vivendi
Buffalo, New York
Buffalo is a city in western New York state and the county seat of Erie County, on the eastern shores of Lake Erie at the head of the Niagara River. As of 2014, Buffalo is New York states 2nd-most populous city after New York City, the metropolitan area has a population of 1.13 million. After an economic downturn in the half of the 20th century, Buffalos economy has transitioned to sectors that include financial services, biomedical engineering. Residents of Buffalo are called Buffalonians, the citys nicknames include The Queen City, The Nickel City and The City of Good Neighbors. The city of Buffalo received its name from a creek called Buffalo Creek. British military engineer Captain John Montresor made reference to Buffalo Creek in his journal of 1764, there are several theories regarding how Buffalo Creek received its name. In 1804, as principal agent opening the area for the Holland Land Company, Joseph Ellicott, designed a radial street and grid system that branches out from downtown like bicycle spokes similar to the street system he used in the nations capital.
Although Ellicott named the settlement New Amsterdam, the name did not catch on, during the War of 1812, on December 30,1813, Buffalo was burned by British forces. The George Coit House 1818 and Samuel Schenck House 1823 are currently the oldest houses within the limits of the City of Buffalo, on October 26,1825, the Erie Canal was completed with Buffalo a port-of-call for settlers heading westward. At the time, the population was about 2,400, the Erie Canal brought about a surge in population and commerce, which led Buffalo to incorporate as a city in 1832. In 1845, construction began on the Macedonia Baptist Church, an important meeting place for the abolitionist movement, Buffalo was a terminus point of the Underground Railroad with many fugitive slaves crossing the Niagara River to Fort Erie, Ontario in search of freedom. During the 1840s, Buffalos port continued to develop, both passenger and commercial traffic expanded with some 93,000 passengers heading west from the port of Buffalo.
Grain and commercial goods shipments led to repeated expansion of the harbor, in 1843, the worlds first steam-powered grain elevator was constructed by local merchant Joseph Dart and engineer Robert Dunbar. Darts Elevator enabled faster unloading of lake freighters along with the transshipment of grain in bulk from barges, canal boats, by 1850, the citys population was 81,000. At the dawn of the 20th century, local mills were among the first to benefit from hydroelectric power generated by the Niagara River, the city got the nickname City of Light at this time due to the widespread electric lighting. It was part of the revolution, hosting the brass era car builders Pierce Arrow. President William McKinley was shot and mortally wounded by an anarchist at the Pan-American Exposition in Buffalo on September 6,1901, McKinley died in the city eight days and Theodore Roosevelt was sworn in at the Wilcox Mansion as the 26th President of the United States. The Great Depression of 1929–39 saw severe unemployment, especially working class men
Óscar Gutiérrez, better known by his ring names Rey Mysterio Jr, or simply Rey Mysterio, is an American professional wrestler. He is best known for his tenure in WWE from July 2002 to February 2015. He is known for his work in Extreme Championship Wrestling, Asistencia Asesoría y Administración, Gutierrez was trained by his uncle Rey Misterio, Sr. learning the high flying Lucha Libre style that has been his trademark. Rey Misterio is Spanish for King Mystery, but subsequently dropped the Junior from his name when he began working for WWE in July 2002 until February 2015. In WCW, he won the WCW World Tag Team Championship three times, and the WCW Cruiserweight Tag Team Championship once with Billy Kidman as part of The Filthy Animals. In WWE, Mysterio is a world champion, having held WWEs World Heavyweight Championship twice. He has held the WWE Tag Team Championship a record-tying four times, all totaled, Mysterio has won 21 titles between WWE and WCW, including a record eight Cruiserweight Championships.
He was the 21st person to complete the WWE Triple Crown, Gutierrez made his debut in Mexico on April 30,1989 when he was 14 years old. He was trained by his uncle Rey Misterio, Sr. and he had ring names such as La Lagartija Verde and Colibrí before his uncle gave him the name of Rey Misterio, Jr. In 1991, Mysterio was awarded Most Improved Wrestler in Mexico while wrestling as Colibrí, in Asistencia Asesoría y Administración, Mysterio feuded with Juventud Guerrera. Mysterios uncle Misterio, Sr. took on Guerrera in a tag match, Misterio, Sr. and Mysterio, Jr. facing Guerrera, Mysterio signed with Paul E. Dangerouslys Extreme Championship Wrestling in 1995. He debuted in September at Gangstas Paradise, defeating Psicosis, who was making his ECW debut. A feud between the two began, which included a two out of three falls match and a Mexican Death match, Mysterio had a series of matches with ECW-newcomer Juventud Guerrera during the first half of 1996. Mysterio made his World Championship Wrestling debut on June 16,1996, at The Great American Bash, challenging Dean Malenko for the WCW Cruiserweight Championship, which Malenko retained by winning.
In July at Bash at the Beach, he defeated longtime rival Psicosis in a number one contenders match to another opportunity at the Cruiserweight title. The next night, on the July 8 episode of WCW Monday Nitro and he reigned as champion for three months, which included title defenses against the likes of Ultimate Dragon and Super Caló before he lost the title to Malenko at Halloween Havoc. Following his Cruiserweight Championship reign, Mysterio challenged Ultimate Dragon for the J-Crown Championship, in early 1997, he feuded with Prince Iaukea over the WCW World Television Championship. Mysterio was defeated in his match against Iaukea at SuperBrawl VII after Lord Steven Regal attacked him
WWE Intercontinental Championship
The WWE Intercontinental Championship is a professional wrestling championship created and promoted by the American professional wrestling promotion WWE on the SmackDown brand. Along with the United States Championship on the Raw brand, it is one of the two titles of the promotion. The current champion is Dean Ambrose, who is in his second reign and it is the third oldest championship currently active in WWE, behind the WWE Championship and United States Championship. It has been called a stone to the WWE Championship. In November 2001, the then-WCW United States Championship was unified into the Intercontinental Championship, in 2002 after the first brand extension, it became exclusive to Raw and the WWF was renamed to WWE. Later that year, the European and Hardcore championships were unified into the Intercontinental Championship, the following year, however, it was reactivated for Raw, followed by the United States Championships reactivation as a counterpart title on SmackDown. As a result of the 2016 draft, the Intercontinental Championship became exclusive to the SmackDown brand, the term intercontinental in the title originally referred to North and South America.
In 1985, the belt design changed, the centerplate now centered on the Atlantic Ocean, in a map including western Africa. On April 10,1989, the championship was first defended outside of North America, by Rick Rude against The Ultimate Warrior in Milan, Italy. On March 30,1991, Mr. Perfect made the first Asian defense against The Texas Tornado at a WWF co-promotion with Super World of Sports in Tokyo, Japan. It first came to Africa on April 6,1997, when champion Rocky Maivia pinned Savio Vega in Durban, shelton Benjamin made the first Australian defense on April 7,2006, pinning Gene Snitsky in Brisbane. WWF North American Heavyweight Champion Pat Patterson became the champion on September 1,1979. Mr. Perfect would go on to win a tournament to crown a new Intercontinental Champion, on October 17,1999, Chyna became the only woman to hold the Intercontinental Championship by defeating Jeff Jarrett at No Mercy. Then-United States Champion Edge defeated then-Intercontinental Champion Test, in 2002, after the first brand extension had begun and the WWF was renamed to WWE, Raw General Manager Eric Bischoff began unifyng his brands singles championships.
On August 19,2002, Bischoff made a six-minute gauntlet match for the Hardcore Championship, tommy Dreamer successfully retained his title in that match, but lost to Van Dam in a hardcore match the next week. On September 30,2002, Bischoff scheduled another unification match, the match took place at No Mercy the following month and saw then-World Heavyweight Champion Triple H defeat then-Intercontinental Champion Kane, making him the Raw brands sole male singles champion. Christian won the royal to win the championship and restore a secondary singles title for Raw wrestlers to compete for. The first brand extension would end on August 29,2011, on May 31,2015, the championship was contested for in an Elimination Chamber match for the first time
Punk began his professional wrestling career on the American independent circuit, primarily with Ring of Honor until 2005, when he signed with World Wrestling Entertainment. Throughout his career, he won championships, including the WWE Championship twice. In WWE, Punk was a one-time World Tag Team Champion, throughout his career, Punk consistently portrayed the character of an outspoken, sharp-tongued, anti-establishment, straight edge iconoclast. Most of the straight edge principles he portrayed, such as not drinking alcohol or not taking drugs, are his real life views. Depending on his alignment as a hero or villain, he emphasized different aspects of the straight edge culture to garner the desired audience reaction. After retiring from wrestling in 2014, Punk pursued a career in mixed martial arts and was signed by the UFC in December of that year. His first professional fight took place on September 10,2016, at UFC203 against Mickey Gall, Brooks was born in Chicago and raised in nearby Lockport, Illinois.
He is one of five children, his father was an engineer, Brooks father struggled with alcoholism which inspired him to become straight edge from an early age. He attended Lockport Township High School, Brooks first venture into wrestling was a stint in a backyard wrestling federation called the Lunatic Wrestling Federation with his friends and brother Mike Brooks in the mid-late 1990s. He first started using the ring name CM Punk when he was put into a tag team named The Chick Magnets with CM Venom after another performer skipped out on the card. Unlike his friends, Punk genuinely wanted to be a wrestler, as part of the training, he wrestled at Steel Domain Wrestling in St. Paul, Minnesota. It was in the Steel Domain that he met Scott Colton and Cabana became best friends and spent most of their early career together working in the same independent promotions, as both opponents and tag team partners. In the independents, along with fellow Steel Domain graduates Colt Cabana, Chucke E. Smooth, Adam Pearce, Punks home promotion for his early career was considered to be the Independent Wrestling Association Mid-South. J.
Styles and even Eddie Guerrero in matches for the heavyweight championship, Punks feud with Hero included a 55-minute TLC match, a 93-minute two out of three falls match, and several 60-minute time limit draws. Punks matches with Cabana led him to being hired by the Ring of Honor promotion, from February 2003 until May 2004, Punk refused to wrestle for IWA Mid-South, explaining this as a protest to Ian Rottens mistreatment of Chris Hero in the company. Hero, has stated he believes there were other reasons, eventually Punk returned to IWA Mid-South and continued to perform as a wrestler and commentator for them until 2005 when he was signed to World Wrestling Entertainment. His last appearance in IWA Mid-South was on July 2,2005 in which he competed in a 60-minute time limit draw against Delirious. Initially, Punk joined Ring of Honor as a face, and their rivalry was rooted in Punks straight-edge lifestyle, with him likening Raven to his alcoholic father, it lasted most of 2003 and was considered one of ROHs top feuds of the year
World Heavyweight Championship (WWE)
The World Heavyweight Championship was a professional wrestling world heavyweight championship owned by WWE. The World Heavyweight Championship was retired at the WWE pay-per-view, TLC, Ladders & Chairs, the unified championship became the WWE World Heavyweight Championship, retaining the lineage of the WWE Championship. Triple H was the inaugural World Heavyweight Champion, with Randy Orton being the last, the title was one of six to be represented by the historic Big Gold Belt, first introduced in 1986. Its heritage can be traced back to the first world championship, thereby giving the belt a legacy over 100 years old. WWE introduced its World Heavyweight Championship in 2002 by Eric Bischoff with Triple H becoming the champion on September 2. During this time, WCW used the NWA World Heavyweight Championship as its world title, the WCW World Heavyweight Championship was soon established when the recognition was awarded to then-NWA World Heavyweight Champion Ric Flair in 1991. In 1993, WCW seceded from the NWA and grew to become a rival promotion to the World Wrestling Federation, both organizations grew into mainstream prominence and were eventually involved in a television ratings war dubbed the Monday Night Wars.
Near the end of the war, WCW began a financial decline which culminated in March 2001 with the WWFs purchase of selected assets of WCW. As a result of the purchase, the WWF acquired the library of WCW, select talent contracts. The slew of former WCW talent joining the WWF roster began The Invasion which effectively phased out the WCW name, following this, the WCW World Heavyweight Championship was unified with the WWF Championship, the WWFs world title, at Vengeance in December. By 2002, the WWE roster had doubled in size due to the overabundance of contracted workers, as a result of the increase, the WWE divided the roster through its two main television programs and SmackDown, assigning championships and appointing figureheads to each brand. This expansion became known as the Brand Extension, in May 2002, the WWF was renamed to World Wrestling Entertainment. Following these changes, the Undisputed WWE Championship remained unaffiliated with either brand as competitors from both brands could challenge the Undisputed Champion, on September 2, after disputing the brand designation of the Undisputed title, Eric Bischoff announced the creation of the World Heavyweight Championship.
Bischoff awarded the title to Triple H due to previously being Lesnars scheduled opponent, immediately afterwards, the Undisputed Championship returned to being the WWE Championship. The World Heavyweight Championship and the WWE Championship switched brands a number of times before the first brand split ended in 2011, due to its relation to both titles, its lineage is connected with the earliest recognized world heavyweight championship. In 2009, WWE released a DVD set called History of the World Heavyweight Championship that definitively linked the title to the WCW, following the end of the first brand extension in 2011, both the World Heavyweight Champion and WWE Champion could appear on both Raw and SmackDown. In 2013, the night after Survivor Series, then-World Heavyweight Champion John Cena made a challenge to then-WWE Champion Randy Orton to determine an undisputed WWE world champion. Randy Orton defeated John Cena in a TLC match at the TLC, Ladders & Chairs pay-per-view on December 15,2013, the WWE Championship was renamed WWE World Heavyweight Championship
Professional wrestling attacks
Attacking maneuvers are offensive moves in professional wrestling, used to set up an opponent for a submission hold or for a throw. There are a variety of attacking moves in pro wrestling. Professional wrestlers frequently give their finishers new names, these names become popular and are used regardless of the wrestler performing the technique. Professional wrestling contains a variety of punches and kicks found in martial arts and other fighting sports, many of the moves below can be performed from a raised platform, these are called aerial variations. Moves are listed under general categories whenever possible, known as a splash, a body press involves a wrestler falling against the opponent with the core of their body. It is executed from a running or jumping position, using momentum and weight to impact the opponent and this attack is a plancha in lucha libre. The big splash involves a wrestler jumping forward and landing stomach-first across an opponent lying on the ground below, on some occasions a wrestler has a short running start before executing the move.
The wrestler charges into an opponent in the corner of the ring without leaving their feet and this is normally used by bigger, heavier wrestlers. There is a variation, known as a diving crossbody. A move named after Sting, who popularized it, the Stinger splash involves the wrestler trapping his opponent in a corner. This move is described as a crossbody as a counter of a tilt-a-whirl backbreaker/tilt-a-whirl mat slam. The bronco buster is normally treated as having comic or sexual connotations rather than as a painful move. Similar to a bronco buster, the wrestler jumps onto a standing opponent in the corner and sitting on the opponents chest. The attacking wrestler follows with mounted punches, the act of a wrestler to slap the chest of his opponent with the palm of the hand using a backhand swing. Many wrestlers use this chop, often referring to it as a knife edge chop, because it was popularized by Ric Flair the crowd always responds with a woo noise. Sometimes referred to as a frying pan chop or an open-hand chop, the act of slapping the chest of the opponent using the forehand. A downward diagonal backhand chop to the side of the opponents neck, the act of karate chopping both the opponents shoulders and sides of the neck with the hands edges in a swinging motion at the same time.
Also known as a brain chop or a tomahawk chop, the wrestler draws his hand back and hits the opponent vertically with a backhand chop, usually hitting the head
John Felix Anthony Cena Jr. is an American professional wrestler, rapper and reality television show host. He is signed to WWE, where he performs on the SmackDown brand, Cena started his professional wrestling career in 1999 with Ultimate Pro Wrestling and won the UPW Heavyweight Championship the following year. Cena signed a contract with the World Wrestling Federation in 2001. From a generic character in 2002, Cena morphed into a rapper for the period of 2002–2004. Cena transitioned to his current character, which he describes as a goody-two shoes Superman, in 2012, IGN described Cena as WWEs franchise player since 2005 and WWE credited Cena as being the face of WWE in 2015 since 2004. Industry veterans John Layfield, Paul Heyman and Kurt Angle have called Cena the greatest WWE star of all time. Throughout his WWE career, Cena has won 25 championships, with 16 reigns as a world champion and he is a five-time United States Champion, and four-time world tag team champion. Furthermore, he is a Money in the Bank ladder match winner, a two-time Royal Rumble winner, Cena has the fourth-highest number of combined days as WWE Champion, behind Bruno Sammartino, Bob Backlund, and Hulk Hogan.
He has headlined WWEs flagship event, WrestleMania, on five different occasions over the course of his career, as of 2016, John Cena is WWEs highest-paid wrestler. Cena has made appearances on shows including Manhunt, Deal or No Deal, MADtv, Saturday Night Live, Psych. He was a contestant on Fast Cars and Superstars, The Gillette Young Guns Celebrity Race, Cena is the host of American Grit on Fox. Cena is involved in philanthropic causes, most notably with the Make-A-Wish Foundation. He has granted the most wishes in Make-A-Wish history, Cena was born on April 23,1977 in West Newbury, Massachusetts, to Carol and John Cena, Sr. He is the second oldest of five brothers, Matt and his maternal grandfather was baseball player Tony Lupien. His father is of Italian descent, while his mother has English, Cena originally attended Central Catholic High School in Lawrence, before transferring to Cushing Academy, a private prep boarding school. After graduating from Cushing Academy, Cena attended Springfield College in Springfield, in college, Cena was a NCAA Division III All-American center on the college football team, wearing the number 54, which is still used on some of his WWE merchandise.
He graduated from Springfield in 1998 with a degree in physiology, after which he pursued a career in bodybuilding. Cena started training to become a wrestler in 1999 at Ultimate Pro Wrestlings California-based Ultimate University operated by Rick Bassman