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Armageddon (1998 film)

Armageddon is a 1998 American science fiction disaster film produced and directed by Michael Bay, produced by Jerry Bruckheimer, released by Touchstone Pictures. The film follows a group of blue-collar deep-core drillers sent by NASA to stop a gigantic asteroid on a collision course with Earth, it stars Bruce Willis and an ensemble cast comprising Ben Affleck, Billy Bob Thornton, Liv Tyler, Owen Wilson, Will Patton, Peter Stormare, William Fichtner, Michael Clarke Duncan, Keith David, Steve Buscemi. Though the film was released to negative reviews, it was an international box-office success, becoming the highest-grossing film of 1998 worldwide, although astronomers noted that the similar disaster film Deep Impact was more scientifically accurate. A massive meteor shower destroys the orbiting Space Shuttle Atlantis, before entering the atmosphere and bombarding New York City. NASA discovers that the meteors were pushed out of the asteroid belt by a Texas-sized asteroid that will impact the Earth in 18 days, causing an extinction level event that will wipe out all life on the planet.

NASA scientists plan to drill a deep shaft into the asteroid and plant a nuclear weapon into it that, when detonated, will split the asteroid into two halves that will fly safely past Earth. NASA contacts Harry Stamper, considered the best deep sea oil driller in the world, for assistance. Harry departs for Houston with his daughter Grace, where they are told about the asteroid and Harry agrees to participate in the mission, but explains that he will need his team as well, including Chick, Max, Bear and Grace's lover A. J, they agree to help, but only after their unusual list of demands are met. As NASA puts Harry and his crew through 12 days of rigorous astronaut training at the Johnson Space Center and his team re-outfit the mobile drillers, named "Armadillos", they will use on the asteroid; when a piece of the asteroid wipes out part of Shanghai, NASA is forced to reveal their plans to the world. Two advanced Space Shuttles, called Freedom and Independence, are launched from the Kennedy Space Center in Florida.

Once in orbit, the shuttles dock with the Russian space station Mir manned by Lev Andropov to refuel. A fire breaks out during the fuel transfer and the station is evacuated before it explodes, with Lev and A. J. making a narrow escape. 60 hours the shuttles slingshot around the far side of the Moon to land on the rear of the asteroid. As they travel through the asteroid's debris field, Independence's hull is punctured and crashes, with most of its crew killed. Grace, watching from Mission Control, is distraught by A. J.'s apparent death. Freedom lands safely, but misses the target area, meaning the team must now drill through a thicker crust of compressed iron ferrite; when they fall behind schedule and communications threaten to fail, the military initiates "Secondary Protocol". As this would be ineffective, NASA executive Dan Truman and his team delays the military at Mission Control, while Harry persuades the shuttle commander Colonel Sharp and bomb specialist Gruber to disarm the bomb so they can complete the drilling.

After the mission is resumed, the Freedom Armadillo strikes a methane gas pocket and is blown into space, killing Max. With the mission presumed lost, worldwide panic ensues and martial law is declared in many countries, just before another meteorite destroys Paris. However, A. J. Lev, Bear, having survived the Independence crash, arrive in Independence's Armadillo in time to complete the drilling; as the asteroid approaches Earth, the surviving crew is struck by a rock storm, which kills Gruber and damages the bomb's remote trigger, meaning someone must stay behind to detonate it manually. After the non-flight crew draw straws, A. J. is selected. As he and Harry exit the airlock, Harry rips off A. J.'s air hose and shoves him back inside, telling him he is the son he never had and would be proud to have him marry Grace. Before preparing to detonate the bomb, Harry contacts Grace to say his last goodbyes. After the Freedom moves to a safe distance, Harry pushes the button at the last second, detonating the nuclear weapon and splitting the asteroid in two at the cost of his own life.

Both halves safely fly past Earth. Freedom lands, the surviving crew return as heroes. Sometime A. J. and Grace are married, with portraits of Harry and the other lost crew members present in memoriam. In May 1998, Walt Disney Studios chairman Joe Roth expanded the film's budget by $3 million to include additional special effects scenes; this additional footage, incorporated two months prior to the film's release, was added for the television advertising campaign to differentiate the film from Deep Impact, released a few months before. According to Bruce Joel Rubin, writer of Deep Impact, a production president at Disney took notes on everything the writer said during lunch about his script and initiated Armageddon as a counter film at Disney. Nine writers worked on the script. In addition to Robert Roy Pool, Jonathan Hensleigh, Tony Gilroy, Shane Salerno and J. J. Abrams, the writers involved included Paul Attanasio, Ann Biderman, Scott Rosenberg and Robert Towne, it was Hensleigh's script, based on Pool's original, given the green-light by Touchstone.

Then-producer, Jerry Bruckheimer, hired the succession of scribes for polishes. Prior to Armageddon's release, the film was advertised in Super Bowl XXXII at a cost of $2.6 million. Despite a mixed critical reception, a DVD edition of Armageddon was released by The Criterion Collection, a specialist film distributor of arthouse films that markets what it considers to be "important classic and contemporary films" and "cine

Pacific (disambiguation)

The Pacific Ocean is the largest ocean in the world. Pacific may refer to: Pacific-Antarctic Ridge, oceanic ridge at the boundary between the Pacific and Antarctic tectonic plates Pacific-Farallon Ridge, former oceanic ridge at the boundary between the Pacific and Farallon tectonic plates Pacific-Kula Ridge, former oceanic ridge at the boundary between the Pacific and Kula tectonic plates Pacific Rim and economic term used to designate the countries on the edges of the Pacific Ocean as well as the various island nations within the region Pacific, community in El Dorado County Pacific, place in the United States Pacific, city in King County, Washington Pacific, Wisconsin Pacific County, Washington Pacific Highway, any one of several highways around the world Pacific Time Zone Asiatic-Pacific Theater, the term used in the United States for all military activity in the Pacific Ocean and the countries bordering it during World War II Pacific Ocean Areas, the major Allied military command in the Pacific Ocean theatre of World War II Pacific Ocean theater of World War II, one of four major theaters of the Pacific War, between 1941 and 1945 Pacific War, the part of World War II — and preceding conflicts — that took place in the Pacific Ocean, its islands, in East Asia, from 1937 to 1945 War of the Pacific, fought between Chile and the joint forces of Bolivia and Peru, from 1879 to 1884 Pacific Theatres, a movie theater chain in southern California Pacific TV, an Indonesian television station The Pacific, an HBO TV miniseries about the US involvement in the Pacific during World War II Pacific Jazz Records, a Los Angeles-based record company and label Pacific, an album by Haruomi Hosono, Shigeru Suzuki and Tatsuro Yamashita Pacific, a 2007 album by NEWS Pacific, a non-fiction book by Simon Winchester Pacific, a painting by Alex Colville A&P, a former American and Canadian supermarket chain COSCO Pacific, a Chinese port operator Georgia-Pacific, an American pulp and paper company Pacific Basin Shipping Limited, a Hong Kong shipping company Pacific Investment Management, an investment company Pacific Trucks, a Canadian heavy truck maker Pacific University, a private college in Oregon Universidad_del_Pacífico translated as "University of the Pacific", any of a number of distinct Latin American universities University of the Pacific, a private university in California University of the South Pacific Pacific FC, a soccer club based in the Victoria, British Columbia area that starts play in the Canadian Premier League in 2019 Pacific Grand Prix, former Formula 1 race in Japan Pacific Racing, an extinct Formula 1 team Pacific Tigers, the intercollegiate sports program of the University of the Pacific in California Air Pacific, a Fijian airline Cathay Pacific, a Hong Kong airline Jetstar Pacific Airlines, an airline based in Vietnam Pacific Air Lines, a defunct airline Pacific, a name given to steam locomotives of the 4-6-2 wheel arrangement Union Pacific Railroad, a railroad network in the United States MS Pacific, a cruise ship known as the MS Pacific Princess Pacific-class patrol boat, a class of 22 patrol boats built by Australia and donated to twelve South Pacific countries SS Pacific, a transatlantic sidewheel steamer of the Collins Line that sank off the coast of Wales in 1856 SS Pacific, an ocean liner that sank off the coast of Washington State in 1875

Panama Formation

The Panama Formation is a geologic formation in Panama. The formation consists of tuffaceous sandstones, tuffaceous shales and algal and foraminifera-rich limestones, preserves bivalve fossils of Leopecten gatunensis and Nodipecten sp. and dates back to the Late Oligocene period. List of fossiliferous stratigraphic units in Panama Stewart, R. H.. L. Stewart, W. P. Woodring. 1980. Geologic Map of the Panama Canal and Vicinity, 1. USGS. Accessed 2019-02-09. Woodring, W. P. 1957. Geology and Paleontology of Canal Zone and Adjoining Parts of Panama - 306A Geology and description of Tertiary mollusks, 1–186. USGS. Accessed 2019-02-09