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Douglas B. Rasmussen

Douglas B. Rasmussen is professor of philosophy at St. John's University, where he has taught since 1981. Rasmussen earned his B. A. from the University of Iowa, his Ph. D. in Philosophy from Marquette University. Rasmussen's areas of scholarly interest include Political Philosophy, Ontology, Business Ethics, Political Economy. Rasmussen has contributed articles to leading journals such as American Philosophical Quarterly, International Philosophical Quarterly, The New Scholasticism, Public Affairs Quarterly, The Review of Metaphysics, American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly, Social Philosophy and Policy, The Thomist. Rasmussen coauthored several books: Liberty and Nature: An Aristotelian Defense of Liberal Order, he co-edited The Philosophic Thought of Ayn Rand. A collection of scholarly essays about Rasmussen and Den Uyl's Norms of Liberty, Reading Rasmussen and Den Uyl: Critical Essays on "Norms of Liberty", edited by Aeon J. Skoble, was published in 2008. Douglas B. Rasmussen's faculty page at St. John's University Rasmussen's CATO page Interview with Professor Douglas Rasmussen at the Center for Ethics and Entrepreneurship

Beneath Apple Manor

Beneath Apple Manor is a roguelike game written by Don Worth for the Apple II and published by The Software Factory in 1978. Higher resolution "Special Editions" were released in 1982 and 1983, through Quality Software, for the Apple II and Atari 8-bit family, it was one of the first video games to use procedural generation. The goal is to obtain a Golden Apple on the bottom floor of the dungeon. There are 10 rooms per level in the low-res version, 5 in the high-res version; the high-res versions may be played in low-res/text mode, thereby gaining this increase in level size. It is notable for being the first commercial role playing game developed and released for a home computer as opposed to a mainframe computer. Despite being included in the "roguelike" genre, Beneath Apple Manor predates Rogue by two years; the creator claims that neither the implementors of Rogue knew about the other game. Alan Isabelle reviewed Beneath Apple Manor in The Space Gamer No. 35, commenting that "All in all, strengths by far outnumber weaknesses.

The game is recommended."Softline in 1983 said of Beneath Apple Manor—Special Edition that "now it's back, it's better", including improved graphics, varying difficulty levels, the ability to save progress. The magazine concluded that "BAM is not a game that you will tire of easily... is for any adventurer, beginner to expert". Computer Gaming World's Scorpia stated in 1991 and 1993 that Beneath Apple Manor was "terribly slow by the standards of the day, but it was fun nonetheless" and "not bad for a game" designed for a 16K Apple II. Kim R Schuette. Book of Adventure Games. P. 22. Beneath Apple Manor can be played for free in the browser at the Internet Archive

Stan Salett

Stan Salett is a civil rights organizer, national education policy advisor and creator of the Upward Bound Program and helped to initiate Head Start. In the early 1960s Salett was an organizer for the Congress of Racial Equality and helped organize the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom, he was the first director of education of the Office of Economic Opportunity, where the Head Start program was created. He co-founded the National Committee for Citizens in Education, dedicated to promoting parent and citizen involvement in schools. During President Lyndon Johnson administration he initiated the National Upward Bound program. While working in Washington, D. C. he served on the staff of all three Kennedy brothers: President Kennedy's Committee on Youth Employment, Attorney General Robert Kennedy's President's Committee on Juvenile Delinquency and Senator Edward Kennedy's Presidential campaign in 1980. He was an active school board member in Maryland in the 1980s. During President Bill Clinton's transition he vetted candidates for Attorney General and Secretary of the Interior.

In 2011 he published his memoir, "The Edge of Politics: Stories from the Civil Rights Movement, the War on Poverty & the Challenges of School Reform." He received the New England Education Opportunity Association's Claiborne Pell Award in 2013. Presently he is President of the Foundation for the Future of Youth, a division of the Eigen Arnett Educational and Cultural Foundation, he has developed special search engines to meet a variety of human needs such as the elimination of human trafficking, the improvement of school performance and the scarcity of the global water supply. In 2016 Salett has been involved in The Independent Media Institute study which evaluated the movement to privatize public education, it was revealed that, "… in the past two decades, a small group of billionaires – including News Corporation's Rupert Murdoch, who once called public schools an "untapped 500-billion-dollar sector" – have worked to assert private control over public education...." Salett was presented with the 2017 Distinguished Graduate Award from Boston Latin School for his career to public service and public policy work.

The Award is given each year to alumni exemplifying sumus primi. As of 2016, he resides in Washington, DC, Chestertown, MD with his wife Elizabeth, he has 2 sons, singer-songwriters Peter Salett and Steve Salett, owner of Saltlands Studio in Brooklyn, NY and Reservoir in Manhattan. The Edge of Politics Eigen Arnett Educational and Cultural Foundation The Global Resource and Database Stan Salett NEOA Acceptance Speech

Jamaican monkey

The Jamaican monkey is an extinct species of New World monkey first uncovered at Long Mile Cave in Jamaica by Harold Anthony in 1920. Anthony is responsible for many species descriptions of Caribbean taxa during this period and his field notes record the discovery of the monkey material: “January 17 – Spent all day digging in the long mile cave and secured some good bones; the most important find was the lower jaw and femur of a small monkey, found in the yellow limestone detritus. It was not associated with the human remains but not so far from them that the animal must not be suspected as an introduced species, it was deeper than any of the human bones by at least 10” to 1’…” The eventual species description was not completed until 1952 when two graduate students, Ernest Williams and Karl Koopman, found the associated femur and mandibular fragment forgotten in a drawer at the American Museum of Natural History. They remained circumspect in placing this primate taxonomically as it had shared characteristics with a number of platyrrhine taxa.

The small mandible has a dental formula of 2 incisors, 1 canine, 3 premolars and 2 molars – a departure from the vast majority of living platyrrhines, with the notable exception of the callitrichines. It is larger than the living callitrichines, work by Rosenberger has eliminated the possibility that these taxa share a close phylogenetic relationship. Rosenberger suggested that the absence of the third molar in Xenothrix was not homologous with this character state in callitrichines, he based his assessment on the length of the molars relative to the molar row, the inferred retention of hypocones on M1-2, which have been reduced in the marmosets and tamarins. He further suggested that Xenothrix shared a close phylogenetic affinity with Aotus, his conclusions were tentative due to the fragmentary nature of the material. The postcranial remains discovered by Anthony in the 1920s were described by MacPhee and Fleagle who attributed the femur, os coxae, tibia to the order Primates. MacPhee and Fleagle stated that the primate postcrania bore little resemblance to modern forms, but they interpreted the femur as being indicative of slow climbing.

The femur shares some similarities with Potos flavus, the kinkajou. They provisionally accepted Hershkovitz’s family Xenotrichidae until further analysis could elucidate the relationships of Xenothrix. In the 1990s, several expeditions to Jamaican cave sites resulted in the recovery of additional cranial and postcranial material attributed to Xenothrix, including a partial lower face containing the palate with left and right P4-M2, most of the maxilla and parts of the sphenoid; this discovery confirmed that the dental formula of this taxon is 2.1.3.2. With the new partial face and MacPhee were able to further develop the hypothesis, first proposed by MacPhee et al. that all the Antillean monkeys belonged to a monophyletic group linked most with modern Callicebus. Rosenberger has objected to this hypothesis and has suggested that Xenothrix was a Jamaican owl monkey, thus modifying his earlier view, he based his conclusions on the large orbit size as inferred from the preserved orbital rim, large inferior orbital fissure, the large I1 alveolus as compared to the I2 alveolus.

These characters are shared with Aotus. MacPhee and Horovitz tested this alternative phylogeny with extensive anatomical comparisons and by extending their parsimony analysis using PAUP*, they maintained that the monophyly of the Antillean monkeys was still supported in the most parsimonious trees, but in less parsimonious trees, Aotus does appear to be linked with Xenothrix. MacPhee and Horovitz assigned the Antillean monkeys to the tribe Xenotrichini – the sister group of the tribe Callicebini. DNA analysis indicates that the species is a type of titi monkey, sister to the recognized northern South American genus Cheracebus, that colonized Jamaica around 11 million years ago. Rosenberger, A. L.. "Xenothrix and Ceboid Phylogeny". Journal of Human Evolution. 6: 461–481. Doi:10.1016/s0047-248480058-4. Rosenberger, A. L.. Systematics: the higher taxa. In Coimbra, A. F. & Mittermeier, R. A.. Ecology and Behavior of Neotropical Primates 1: 9–28. Rio de Janeiro: Academia Brasileira de Ciencias. CREO – Recently extinct species: Xenothrix mcgregori Jamaican monkey

Ewa Paradies

Ewa Paradies was a Nazi concentration camp overseer. In August 1944 she went to Stutthof SK-III camp for training as an Aufseherin, she soon became a wardress. In October 1944 she was reassigned to the Bromberg-Ost subcamp of Stutthof, in January 1945, back to Stutthof main camp. In April 1945 she accompanied one of the last transports of women prisoners to the Lauenburg subcamp and fled. After she was captured, she was a defendant in the Stutthof trial. One witness testified:She ordered a group of female prisoners to undress in the freezing cold of winter, doused them with ice cold water; when the women moved, Paradies beat them. For this and other brutalities, including causing the deaths of some prisoners, she was sentenced to death, she was publicly executed by short-drop hanging on 4 July 1946 with 10 other Stutthof guards and kapos. Female guards in Nazi concentration camps Daniel Patrick Brown; the Female Auxiliaries. Atglen, Pennsylvania: Schiffer Publishing, Ltd. 2002. P. 288. Markus Wiener Publishers, 2000.

P. 380. University of Wisconsin Press, 2004. P. 336.