Percy Williams (sprinter)
Percy Alfred Williams, was a Canadian athlete, winner of the 100 and 200 metres races at the 1928 Summer Olympics and a former world record holder for the 100 metres sprint. Williams was the only child of Frederick Williams, from England, Charlotte Rhodes, who hailed from St. John's, Newfoundland. At the age of 15 Williams suffered from rheumatic fever and was advised to avoid strenuous physical activities. However, as his high school required participation in athletic competitions, he started training in sprint in 1924 and by 1927 became a local champion. At the 1928 Olympic trials he won the 100 and 200 metres races, equaling the Olympic 100 metres record of 10.6 seconds. To earn his travel ticket for the trials Wiliams' volunteer coach Bob Granger worked as a waiter and dishwasher in a dining car, Vancouver track fans raised the money to pay Granger's transatlantic ship passage to the 1928 Olympics. In the second round of the 100 metres at Amsterdam, Williams again equaled the Olympic record with a time of 10.6 seconds and did the same in his semi-final, but placed second to Bob McAllister.
The final opened with two false starts, first by Wilfred Legg and one by Frank Wykoff. Williams took the lead off the start and never relinquished it, winning the gold over Jack London with Georg Lammers third. Williams won the 200 metres two days coming from behind to overtake Helmut Körnig, who led out of the bend, it was Williams' eighth race in four days and he was the first non-American to complete the sprint double. Williams was part of the Canadian team, disqualified in the final of the 4×100 metre relay contest. Williams' victories were front page news in Canada and he came back home a national hero, feted by enormous crowds across the country. An estimated 25,000 people turned out to welcome him home at the Canadian Pacific Railway station at the foot of Granville Street in Vancouver. Williams was met off the train by Premier Simon Fraser Tolmie, they paraded them through the confetti-filled city. The event was covered live over the airways by reporters with microphones stationed along the route.
Williams showed that his success was not an accident, setting a World Record at the Canadian Track and Field Championships at Varsity Stadium in Toronto in 1930. He won the 100 yard dash at the inaugural British Empire Games in Hamilton, but tore the tendons in his upper left leg around the 70 yard mark and never made a full comeback. At the 1932 Summer Olympics in Los Angeles, he was eliminated in the semi-finals of the 100 metre event. With the Canadian team he finished fourth in the 4×100 metre relay competition. Subsequently, Williams became an insurance agent. In August 1940, Williams joined the Non-Permanent Active Militia, his occupation listed as "Salesman" and religion as "C of E", he served as a civilian pilot during World War II, ferrying aircraft around the country for Canadian Airways became a civilian flight instructor for the Royal Canadian Air Force. In 1971, after his former mentor's death, Williams was asked how much credit was due to Granger for his Olympic success. "Offhand, I'd say 100 percent," Williams answered.
He donated two gold medals from the 1928 Olympics to the BC Sports Hall of Fame, saying that he wanted them to be seen and remembered. Within weeks they were stolen, it was said at the time that Williams shrugged off the loss and no replacements were issued. In years, Williams grew bitter about his sporting experiences, culminating in being the only living Canadian Olympic gold medalist who refused the federal government’s invitation to the 1976 Summer Olympics in Montreal. In 1979, he was made an Officer of the Order of Canada. Williams stayed with his mother until she died in 1980. After that, he suffered from arthritic pain. A keen collector of guns, Williams shot himself in the head with a gun he had been awarded in 1928 as a prize for his Olympic feat, his suicide was a surprise to everyone and no note was left. He was interred at Masonic Cemetery of British Columbia, Canada. In 1950, a Canadian press poll proclaimed Williams Canada's greatest track athlete of the first half of the century.
They updated that in 1972 to declare him Canada's all-time greatest Olympic athlete. Percy Williams Junior Public School located in Scarborough, Ontario was named after Williams. In 1996, Canada Post released a postage stamp of Percy Williams as part of its sporting heroes series. Outside the BC Sports Hall of Fame at BC Place is a life-sized statue of Williams, crouched in a sprinter’s stance. Neil Duncanson, The Fastest Men on Earth: The Story of the Men's 100 Metre Champions, HarperCollinsWillow, 1988 Percy Williams at Find a Grave Percy Williams: an on-line collection of photos and memorabilia
Bobby Joe Morrow is a retired American sprinter who won three gold medals at the 1956 Olympics. He has been called "the dominant sprinter of the 1950s" and "the most relaxed sprinter of all time more so than his hero Jesse Owens". Bobby Joe Morrow was born in Harlingen and raised on a farm in San Benito, Texas. Before becoming a sprinter, Morrow played football for San Benito High School. Morrow was a sprinter at Abilene Christian University and a member of the men's club Frater Sodalis. Morrow won the 1955 AAU 100-yard title, his most successful season was in 1956, when he was chosen by Sports Illustrated as "Sportsman of the Year". Morrow defended his AAU title. Morrow went to the 1956 Summer Olympics in Melbourne, where he won three gold medals and was the leader of the American sprint team. First, he was victorious in the 100-meter dash, he led an American sweep of the medals in the 200-meter dash, while equaling the world record at that distance with a time of 20.6 seconds. He won his third gold by anchoring the 4×100-meter relay team to a world record time.
Morrow achieved great fame after winning his three gold medals, was featured on the covers of Life magazine and SPORT magazine, as well as Sports Illustrated. He appeared on The Ed Sullivan Show and Arthur Godfrey and His Friends, addressed a joint session of the Texas legislature. Morrow's success on a national level continued after the Olympics, but he retired in 1958 to become a farmer and a woodworker, he failed to qualify for the US Olympic team. In October 2006, San Benito High School named its new 11,000 seat sporting facility Bobby Morrow Stadium. Morrow was on hand to help dedicate the new facility, he was inducted into the National Track and Field Hall of Fame in 1989 and into the Texas Track and Field Coaches Hall of Fame in 2016
Ralph Cook Craig was an American athlete, winner of the sprint double at the 1912 Summer Olympics. Craig began his track career as a hurdler at Detroit Central High School, only developed into a sprinter at the University of Michigan. In 1910, he won the IC4A 220 y championship. In 1912, Craig qualified for the Olympic team and went to Sweden, where he reached the final of the 100m. A big favourite was his compatriot Donald Lippincott, who had set a World Record of 10,6 in the heats. After no less than seven false starts, Craig won the race in 10,8 – Lippincott only finished third. Craig fought out another battle with Lippincott in the 200m. Craig was not a part of the American 4 × 100 m relay team, disqualified and didn't medal. After the Olympics, Ralph Craig retired from the sport, although his brother, became an All-American footballer in 1913. In 1948, he made a return to the Olympics as an alternate on the US yachting team. Although he did not compete, Craig carried the American flag at the opening ceremonies in London.
Craig was employed for many years as an administrator with the New York State Unemployment Bureau. He died at New York. In 2010 he joined the National Field Hall of Fame. In March 1911, Craig set a new record by running the 40-yard high hurdles in 5.2 seconds, breaking the prior record held by Forrest Smithson. In May 1911, at his last competition wearing the Michigan uniform, Craig helped the Wolverines to a third-place finish in the inter-collegiate meet, he tied the inter-collegiate record in the 100-yard dash with a time of 9.8 seconds. He tied the world record in the 220-yard dash with a time of 21.2 seconds. The Wolverines finished the meet with 24 points, trailing only Yale. Ralph Craig's entry in the Michigan Track & Field Hall of Fame
Livio Berruti is an Italian former athlete, the winner of the 200-meter dash in the 1960 Summer Olympics. He won five medals, at individual level, three medals with the national relay team at the International athletics competitions. Berruti was born in Turin where he attended Liceo Classico "Cavour". After high school, while pursuing an undergraduate degree in chemistry, he competed in the 1960 Rome Olympics. In the semi-finals of the 200 m, spurred by the home crowd, he unexpectedly ran in 20.5 seconds, equalling the world record for that distance. This made him a surprise outsider for the final that day. In that race, noted for always running with black glasses and white socks, once again clocked 20.5, beating the American favourites to the gold medal. Anchoring the Italian 4 × 100 m relay team, Berruti narrowly missed out on a second Olympic medal, finishing in 4th, his world record was not beaten until June 1962, but his performance remained a European record for a further two years, until 21 June 1964.
His Olympic victory, at the beginning of his career, would remain his best achievement. His three appearances at the European Championships only brought him a 7th place in the 1966 200 m final, he did, win Italian titles in both the 100 and 200 m from 1957 until 1962, two more 200 m titles in 1965 and 1968. Berruti made two more Olympic appearances, in 1964 and 1968. On both occasions, he reached the final of the 4 × 100 m relay, placed 5th in the 200 m final of 1964. Livio Berruti has won 14 times the individual national championship. 6 wins in the 100 metres 8 wins in the 200 metres On 7 May 2015, in the presence of the President of Italian National Olympic Committee, Giovanni Malagò, was inaugurated in the Olympic Park of the Foro Italico in Rome, along Viale delle Olimpiadi, the Walk of Fame of Italian sport, consisting of 100 tiles that chronologically report names of the most representative athletes in the history of Italian sport. On each tile are the name of the sportsman, the sport in which he distinguished himself and the symbol of CONI.
One of theat tile is dedicated to Livio Berruti. Italy national relay team Men's 100 metres European record progression Men's 200 metres European record progression Men's 200 metres world record progression FIDAL Hall of Fame Legends of Italian sport - Walk of Fame Livio Berruti at Olympics at Sports-Reference.com Livio Berruti at IAAF Livio Berruti at the International Olympic Committee
Roger Bambuck is a French former sprinter and politician. Bambuck took part in his first Olympic Games in Tokyo in 1964. At the 1966 European Championships in Budapest, he won the gold medal in the 200 m and in the 4 × 100 m relay, as well as the silver medal in the 100 m, he competed in the 1968 Summer Olympics held in Mexico City in the 100 metres and in the 4 x 100 metre relay where he won the bronze medal with his team mates Gérard Fenouil, Jocelyn Delecour and Claude Piquemal. In the 100 and 200m. Individual men's final he finished fifth with times of 20.51 seconds respectively. Earlier in 1968 he had equalled Armin Hary's eight-year-old European record of 10.0 seconds. He retired from sprint after the Mexico games, aged 23. Bambuck dropped out, he worked a time for Renault. In the mid-eighties, he became head of sport for the commune of Épinay-sur-Seine. From 1988 to 1991, he was minister of Sports under Michel Rocard, he held senior positions in the civil service. He had the honour of starting the 24-hour Le Mans race.
He is an active freemason. Bambuck has been married to former track and field athlete Ghislaine Barnay since 1974
International Olympic Committee
The International Olympic Committee is a non-governmental sports organisation based in Lausanne, Switzerland. Created by Pierre de Coubertin and Demetrios Vikelas in 1894, it is the authority responsible for organising the modern Summer and Winter Olympic Games; the IOC is the governing body of the National Olympic Committees, which are the national constituents of the worldwide Olympic Movement. As of 2016, there are 206 NOCs recognised by the IOC; the current president of the IOC is Thomas Bach of Germany, who succeeded Jacques Rogge of Belgium in September 2013. The IOC was created by Pierre de Coubertin, on 23 June 1894 with Demetrios Vikelas as its first president; as of January 2019, its membership consists of 96 active members, 45 honorary members, an honorary president and two honour members. The IOC is the supreme authority of the worldwide modern Olympic movement; the IOC organises the modern Olympic Games and Youth Olympic Games, held in summer and winter, every four years. The first Summer Olympics was held in Athens, Greece, in 1896.
The first Summer YOG were in Singapore in 2010 and the first Winter YOG in Innsbruck were in 2012. Until 1992, both Summer and Winter Olympics were held in the same year. After that year, the IOC shifted the Winter Olympics to the years between Summer Games, to help space the planning of the two events from one another, improve the financial balance of the IOC, which receives a proportionally greater income in Olympic years. In 2009, the UN General Assembly granted the IOC Permanent Observer status; the decision enables the IOC to be directly involved in the UN Agenda and to attend UN General Assembly meetings where it can take the floor. In 1993, the General Assembly approved a Resolution to further solidify IOC–UN cooperation by reviving the Olympic Truce. During each proclamation at the Olympics, announcers speak in different languages: French is always spoken first, followed by an English translation, the dominant language of the host nation; the IOC received approval in November 2015 to construct a new headquarters in Lausanne.
The cost of the project was estimated to stand at $156m. The IOC announced on 11 February 2019 that "Olympic House" would be inaugurated on 23 June 2019 to coincide with its 125th anniversary; the Olympic Museum remains in Lausanne. The stated mission of the IOC is to promote the Olympics throughout the world and to lead the Olympic Movement: To encourage and support the organisation and coordination of sport and sports competitions, it is the IOC's supreme organ and its decisions are final. Extraordinary Sessions may be convened by the President or upon the written request of at least one third of the members. Among others, the powers of the Session are: To amend the Olympic Charter. To elect the members of the IOC, the Honorary President and the honorary members. To elect the President, the Vice-Presidents and all other members of the IOC Executive Board. To elect the host city of the Olympic Games. In addition to the Olympic medals for competitors, the IOC awards a number of other honours; the IOC President's Trophy is the highest sports award given to athletes who have excelled in their sport and had an extraordinary career and created a lasting impact on their sport The Pierre de Coubertin medal is awarded to athletes who demonstrate a special spirit of sportsmanship in Olympic events The Olympic Cup is awarded to institutions or associations with a record of merit and integrity in developing the Olympic Movement The Olympic Order is awarded to individuals for distinguished contributions to the Olympic Movement, superseded the Olympic Certificate The Olympic Laurel is awarded to individuals for promoting education, culture and peace through sport The Olympic town status has been given to some towns which have been important for the Olympic movement For most of its existence, the IOC was controlled by members who were selected by other members.
Countries that had hosted. When named, they did not become the representatives of their respective countries to the IOC, but rather the opposite, IOC members in their respective countries. "Granted the honour of becoming a member of the International Olympic Committee and declaring myself aware of my responsibilities in such a capacity, I undertake to serve the Olympic Movement to the best of my ability. The membership of IOC members ceases in the following circumstances: Resignation: any IOC member may cease their membership at any tim
United States at the 1912 Summer Olympics
The United States competed at the 1912 Summer Olympics in Stockholm, Sweden. 174 competitors, took part in 68 events in 11 sports. Out of the 174 athletes who had participated, 63 won medals. Two divers, both men, represented the United States, it was the nation's third appearance in diving, appearing in each edition of the diving competition. Both men competed in all three events. Gaidzik, the defending bronze medalist in the springboard, advanced to the final in that event and placed eighth. Neither diver advanced to the final in either of the other two events. Rankings given are within the diver's heat. Seven swimmers competed for the United States at the 1912 Games, it was the nation's fifth appearance in swimming, a sport in which the United States had competed at each Olympic Games. The American men finished with two gold medals and the corresponding Olympic records, as well as a bronze medal, in individual events; the relay team added a silver medal, held the world record after winning its semifinal heat.
Ranks given for each swimmer are within the heat. Men 109 athletes represented the United States, it was the fifth appearance of the nation in athletics. The Americans won gold medals in 16 of the 30 events and finished with 42 of the 94 total medals awarded, they swept the medals in 4 events, as well as taking the top three spots in the pole vault. Ranks given are within that athlete's heat for running events. Nine cyclists represented the United States, it was the fourth appearance of the nation in cycling, which it had not appeared in only in 1896. The American cyclists won both bronze medals in the cycling competitions, with Carl Schutte taking third place in the individual competition and the fastest four Americans posting a combined time placing third in the team competition. DressageEventing Thirteen fencers represented the United States, it was the third appearance of the nation in fencing. No American fencer reached the finals; the United States had one competitor in the first Olympic pentathlon competition.
George S. Patton, who would become a famous general during World War II, excelled in the military-influenced set of events. Patton finished in fifth place. Twenty six shooters represented the United States, it was the nation's third appearance in shooting. The Americans won a total of 14 medals. Only the host nation, did better. A single tennis player represented the United States at the 1912 Games, it was the nation's third appearance in tennis. Pell advanced to the round of 16 before being defeated in the men's outdoor singles. Men The United States was represented by two wrestlers at its third Olympic wrestling appearance. Both men competed in the featherweight class and lost each of their first two bouts to be eliminated from competition