Kissamos is a town and municipality, multiple bishopric and Latin titular see in the west of the island of Crete, Greece. It is part of the Chania regional unit and of the former Kissamos Province which covers the northwest corner of the island, the city of Kissamos is known as Kastelli Kissamou and often known simply as Kastelli after the Venetian castle that was there. It is now a port and fishing harbour, with a ferry from the Peloponnese via Kythira. A town museum is located in the old Venetian governors palace and there have been important archaeological finds in the town, including fine mosaics, the head town of the municipality is Kastelli-Kissamos itself. Strabo said that ancient Cisamus was dependent on Aptera and was its naval arsenal, the Peutinger Table distinguishes two port towns in Crete called Cisamus, Modern Kissamos is much further west than where Aptera is now placed. It was excluded already by Pashley in 1837 as being, of the two ancient maritime Cretan cities named Kisamos, the one associated with Aptera.
In the past, when the port of Aptera was thought to be present-day Kissamos, some supposed Aptera to be identical with Polyrrhenia, however and other ancient sources say that Polyrrhenias port was at Phalasarna on the west coast. Ancient Cisamus became a Christian bishopric, a suffragan of the see of Gortyna. Only two of its bishops are named in extant contemporary documents, Nicetas at the Trullan Council in 692. The bishopric is still a residential see of the Eastern Orthodox Church of Crete, after the Venetian conquest of Crete in 1212, Cisamus became a Latin Church diocese. The names of more than 20 residential Latin bishops from until the end of the 16th century are known, angelo Barbarigo, Bishop of Verona, Cardinal-Priest of Ss. Marcellino e Pietro, Cardinal-Priest of S. Prassede in commendum (1415.07.04 –1418.08.16 and it forms the extreme western part of the region, and of Crete. It is bordered by Platanias to the East, and by Kantanos-Selino to the south, the province of Kissamos was one of the provinces of the Chania Prefecture.
Its territory corresponded with that of the current municipality Kissamos, and the municipal units Kolymvari and Voukolies
Crete is the largest and most populous of the Greek islands, 88th-largest island in the world and the fifth-largest island in the Mediterranean Sea, after Sicily, Sardinia and Corsica. Crete and a number of surrounding islands and islets constitute the region of Crete, the capital and the largest city is Heraklion. As of 2011, the region had a population of 623,065, Crete forms a significant part of the economy and cultural heritage of Greece, while retaining its own local cultural traits. It was once the centre of the Minoan civilization, which is regarded as the earliest recorded civilization in Europe. The island is first referred to as Kaptara in texts from the Syrian city of Mari dating from the 18th century BC, repeated in Neo-Assyrian records and it was known in ancient Egyptian as Keftiu, strongly suggesting a similar Minoan name for the island. The current name of Crete is thought to be first attested in Mycenaean Greek texts written in Linear B, through the words
Arnaia is a town and a former municipality in Chalkidiki, Greece. Since the 2011 local government reform it is part of the municipality Aristotelis, the municipal unit has an area of 288.739 km2. The History and Folklore Museum of Arnaia is located in the town, subdivisions of the municipal unit, Arnaia Varvara Neochori Palaiochori Stanos
Visaltia is a municipality in the Serres regional unit, Greece. The seat of the municipality is in Nigrita and it was named after the ancient region Bisaltia. The ancient city of Berge is located here.333 km2, the province of Visaltia was one of the provinces of the Serres Prefecture. Its territory corresponded with that of the current municipality Visaltia, and part of the municipal unit Strymoniko
Hydra is one of the Saronic Islands of Greece, located in the Aegean Sea between the Saronic Gulf and the Argolic Gulf. It is separated from the Peloponnese by a strip of water. In ancient times, the island was known as Hydrea, a reference to the springs on the island. The municipality of Hydra consists of the islands Hydra, the province of Hydra was one of the provinces of the Piraeus Prefecture. Its territory corresponded with that of the current municipality, there is one main town, known simply as Hydra port. It consists of a harbor, around which is centered a strand of restaurants, markets. Steep stone streets lead up and outward from the harbor area, most of the local residences, as well as the hostelries on the island, are located on these streets. Other small villages or hamlets on the island include Mandraki, Vlychos, Episkopi, Hydra depends on tourism, and Athenians account for a sizable segment of its visitors. High-speed hydrofoils and catamarans from Piraeus, some 37 nautical miles away, serve Hydra, there is a passenger ferry service providing an alternative to Hydrofoils that runs from Hydra Harbor to Metochi on the Peloponnese coast.
Many Athenians drive to Metochi, leave their car in the car park. Rubbish trucks are the motor vehicles on the island, since by law, cars. Horses and donkeys, and water taxis provide public transportation, the inhabited area, however, is so compact that most people walk everywhere. Hydra benefits from numerous bays and natural harbors, and has a maritime culture. The island is a popular yachting destination and is the home of the Kamini Yacht Club, in 2007, a National Geographic Traveler panel of 522 experts rated Hydra the highest of any Greek island as a unique destination preserving its integrity of place. The Tsamadou mansion on the side of the harbor as one enters is now a Maritime Academy. The Tombazi mansion is now part of the School of Fine Arts, the mansions of Lazarus and George Kountouriotis, Kriezi, Voulgari and Miaouli all contain collections of 18th-century island furniture. The descendants of Lazarus Kountouriotis donated his mansion to the Historic-Ethnologic Institute of Greece, today, it operates as an extension branch of the National Museum of History.
There are numerous churches and six Orthodox monasteries on the island, two particularly noteworthy monasteries are Profitis Ilias, founded in the 10th century, and Ayia Efpraxia
This is the ancient Greek name of a small island off Naples, site of the Castel dellOvo. Megaris was a small but populous state of ancient Greece, west of Attica and north of Corinthia, whose inhabitants were adventurous seafarers, the capital, famous for white marble and fine clay, was the birthplace of Euclid. Mount Geraneia dominates the center of the region, the island of Salamis was originally under the control of Megara, before it was lost to Athens in the late 7th century BCE. The province of Megaris or Megarida was one of the provinces of the East Attica Prefecture and its territory corresponded with that of the current municipalities Aspropyrgos, Mandra-Eidyllia and Megara. This article incorporates text from a now in the public domain, James. London and New York, Frederick Warne
Central Greece (region)
Central Greece Region is one of the thirteen administrative regions of Greece. The region occupies the half of the traditional region of Central Greece. To the south it borders the regions of Attica and the Peloponnese, to the west the region of West Greece and to the north the regions of Thessaly, the Central Greece region was established in the 1987 administrative reform. With the 2010 Kallikratis plan, its powers and authority were redefined and extended, along with Thessaly, it is supervised by the Decentralized Administration of Thessaly and Continental Greece based at Larissa. The region is based at Lamia and is divided into five units, Euboea, Evrytania and Phthiotis. The regions governor is, since 1 January 2011, Klearchos Pergantas, biggest towns in each regional unit, according to the census of 2001, Official website
Imathia is one of the regional units of Greece. It is part of the region of Central Macedonia, the capital of Imathia is the city of Veroia. The regional unit Imathia is subdivided into 3 municipalities and these are, Alexandreia Naousa Veroia As a part of the 2011 Kallikratis government reform, the regional unit Imathia was created out of the former prefecture Imathia. The prefecture had the territory as the present regional unit. At the same time, the municipalities were reorganised, according to the table below, Veroia Province Naousa Province Note, Provinces no longer hold any legal status in Greece since 2006. The northeastern part of Imathia, along the course of the river Aliakmonas, is a vast agricultural plain known as Kampania or Roumlouki. The area is known for the production of crops such as peach. Much of the lives in this plain, where the towns Alexandreia and Veroia are situated. Imathia has a shoreline on the Thermaic Gulf around the mouth of the Aliakmonas. The mountainous western part of Imathia is covered by the Vermio Mountains, the Pierian Mountains reach into the southern part of Imathia, south of the Aliakmonas.
The regional unit borders on Pieria to the south, Kozani to the west, Pella to the north, Imathia has a mainly Mediterranean climate with warm, dry summers and mild, wet winters. The railway from Thessaloniki to Florina and the important railway from Thessaloniki to Athens pass through Imathia, with stations at Platy. The motorways A2 and A1 and the Greek National Roads EO1, EO4, the Alexandreia Airport is a military airport. Imathia was named after the historic region Emathia, which was used by classical authors as a synonym for Bottiaea or even all of Macedon. Important ancient towns in the area of present Imathia were Aegae, as a part of the Macedonia region, it was ruled by the kingdom of Macedonia, the Roman Empire, the Byzantine Empire and from early 15th century by the Ottoman Empire. In 1913, as a result of the Second Balkan War and after the Greco-Turkish War, several refugees from Turkey settled in Imathia. Initially part of the prefecture of Thessaloniki, Imathia became a prefecture in 1946, - Veroia Pontioi Veria F. C.
- Veroia Naoussa F. C. - Naousa Alexandria F. C
Naousa, officially The Heroic City of Naousa is a city in the Imathia regional unit of Macedonia, Greece. It is situated in the foothills of the Vermio Mountains,17 kilometres northwest of Veroia. Naousa is surrounded by orchards, producing peaches, cherries, the jam brand name Naousa is known all over Greece. Its dry red wines are well known, sold under the Naousa denomination of origin. Naousa is known for its parks and for its ski resorts, Naoussa is home of one of the three female named Greek rivers, together with Neda in Peloponnesus and Erkyna in Livadia. The Lanaras family built hospitals, social centers etc. while streets of Naousa were named after family members, in the 1990s and 2000s however, most of the local factories closed, leaving Naousa with a serious unemployment problem. Due to its industrial past, Naousa is traditionally a stronghold of the Communist Party of Greece.491 km2, the province of Naousa was one of the provinces of Imathia. It had the territory as the present municipality.
The city is situated in ancient Emathia west of the ancient Macedonian town of Mieza, the area, according to Herodotus, was where the fertile Gardens of King Midas were situated. Later, in the current position of the city, the Romans established the colony of Nova Augusta, the name changed through the centuries to Niagusta and Niaousa, until it became todays Naousa. It was known as Ağustos during Ottoman rule, in 1705, an armatolos named Zisis Karademos led a Greek uprising against the local Ottoman garrison. In 1822, during the Greek War of Independence, the fighting in Central Macedonia against the Turks came to a finale in Naousa. Abdul Abud, the Pasha of Thessaloniki, arrived on 14 March at the head of a 16,000 strong force and 12 cannons, the Turks attempted to take the town of Naousa on 16 March, and again on 18 and 19 March, without success. On 24 March the Turks began a bombardment of the city walls that lasted for several days, after requests for the towns surrender were dismissed by the Greeks, the Turks charged the Gate of St George on Good Friday,31 March.
The Turkish attack failed but on 6 April, after receiving fresh reinforcements of some 3,000 men, in an infamous incident, as the rebels were abandoning the town, some of the women left behind committed suicide by falling down a cliff over the small river Arapitsa. Zafeirakis Theodosiou was pursued by a Turkish unit and was killed, the other Greek leaders retreated southwards. Abdul Abud laid the town and surrounding area to waste, the fall and massacre of Naousa marked the end of the Greek Revolution in Central Macedonia. Naousa has a population of Aromanians, known as Vlachs
Paionia is a municipality in the Kilkis regional unit of Central Macedonia, Greece. The seat of the municipality is the town Polykastro, the municipality is named after the ancient region of Paeonia. It has an area of 919.276 km2 and its territory corresponded with that of the current municipality Paionia, except the municipal unit Polykastro
Locris was a region of ancient Greece, the homeland of the Locrians, made up of three distinct districts. The city of Locri in Calabria, known in antiquity as Epizephyrian Locris, was a founded by the Locrians in Magna Graecia. There is some disagreement over whether it was those from Opuntian Locris or from Ozolian Locris who were responsible, the territory of the Locrians was divided into three by Doris and Phocis, perhaps due to an early invasion of a contiguous Locrian state. This fact, combined with the regions infertility, meant that the Locrians tended to be dominated by their neighbours, to the south-west of Phocis was Ozolian Locris, situated on the north coast of the Gulf of Corinth, between Naupactus and Crisa. The main cities of Ozolian Locris were Amphissa and Naupactus which was its seaport, to the north east of Phocis was Opuntian Locris, named after its main city, Opus. Finally, to the north of Phocis was Epicnemidian Locris, situated near the pass of Thermopylae, the territories of the Opuntian Locri and the Epicnemidian Locri were not a continuous unit but were separated from one another by Phocis The main towns of Ozolian Locris were Amphissa and Naupactus.
Today, the area is part of Aetolia-Acarnania and Phocis, the main towns of Opuntia Locris were Opus and Larymna. Today, Opuntian Locris is part of modern Phthiotis, main article, Epicnemidian Locris The main towns of Epicnemidian Locris were Nicaea and Thronium. Today, Epicnemidian Locris is part of modern Phthiotis, the province of Locris was one of the provinces of the Phthiotis Prefecture. Its capital was the town Atalanti and its territory corresponded with that of the current municipalities Amfikleia-Elateia and Molos-Agios Konstantinos
Prefectures of Greece
They are now defunct, and have been approximately replaced by regional units. They are called departments in ISO 3166-2, GR and by the United Nations Group of Experts on Geographical Names, the prefectures became self-governing entities in 1994, when the first prefectural-level elections took place. The prefects were appointed by the government. In addition, there were three super-prefectures controlling two or more prefectures, with the Kallikratis reform, which entered into force on 1 January 2011, the prefectures were abolished. Many, especially in the mainland, were retained in the form of units within the empowered regions. The current Prefectural Self-Governments were formed in 1994 and replaced the previous prefectures, whose councils, prefectures are governed by a Prefectural Council made up of 21 to 37 members, led by the Prefect and presided by a Council President. Other organs of the prefectures are, The Prefectural Committee, consisted of the Prefect or an assistant appointed by him and 4 to 6 members, the Provincial Council and The Eparchos.
Prefectural councillors are elected via public election every four years, three-fifths of all seats go to the combination winning a majority and two-fifths of the seats go to remaining parties based on a proportional system. Prefect becomes the president of the victorious electoral combination, electoral is a combination which attains more than 42% in the first round of the prefectural elections. Nonetheless, the affairs of state administration belonging to the prefects before 1994 are now exerted by the Presidents of the Regions, the current Prefectural Self-Governments have kept the local affairs of prefectureal level not belonging to the state administration. With certain laws specific affairs of certain ministries were transferred to the Prefectural Self-Governments, unlike the rest mentioned above, the prefecture never broke up into two prefectures, thus being the only one left with a composite appellation. Messenia originally included the half of what is now Elis. Laconia originally included the half of what is now Messinia.
Euboea originally included the Sporades, which now belong to Magnesia, the territory of Phthiotis Prefecture did not originally include the Domokos Province, which was part of Thessaly. Arcadia Prefecture and the Cyclades Prefecture are the only prefectures to have their borders unchanged since independence, the capital of Argolis Prefecture, Nafplion was the first capital of the modern Greek state, before the move of the capital to Athens by King Otto. is Nomarchy