Helsinki Book Fair
Helsinki Book Fair is an annual trade fair for books held since 2001. It is held in October in Convention Centre in Helsinki, Finland. Book, the Helsinki Book Fair Magazine, Media Card Home page, Helsinki Book Fair
Icelandic names differ from most current Western family name systems by being patronymic or matronymic: they indicate the father of the child and not the historic family lineage. Iceland shares a common cultural heritage with the Scandinavian countries of Norway, Sweden and the Faroe Islands. Icelanders, unlike other Nordics, have continued to use their traditional name system, used by all Nordic countries except Finland; the Icelandic system is thus not based on family names. A person's second name indicates the first name of their father or in some cases mother. According to Icelandic naming tradition, second names end in -son or -dóttir with few exceptions; some family names do exist in Iceland, most adaptations from last name patronyms Icelanders took up when living abroad Denmark. Notable Icelanders who have an inherited family name include former prime minister Geir Haarde, football star Eiður Smári Guðjohnsen, entrepreneur Magnús Scheving, film director Baltasar Kormákur Samper, actress Anita Briem and member of parliament Elín Hirst.
Before 1925, it was legal to adopt new family names. Since 1925, one cannot adopt a family name unless one explicitly has a legal right to do so through inheritance. First names not used in Iceland must be approved by the Icelandic Naming Committee before being used; the criterion for acceptance of names is whether they can be incorporated into the Icelandic language. With some exceptions, they must contain only letters found in the Icelandic alphabet, it must be possible to decline the name according to the language's grammatical case system, which in practice means that a genitive form can be constructed in accordance with Icelandic rules. Gender-inappropriate names are not allowed, her mother Björk Eiðsdóttir did not realize at the time. A man named. Ólafur's last name will not be Einarsson like his father's. The same practice is used for daughters. Jón Einarsson's daughter Sigríður's last name would not be Jónsdóttir. Again, the name means "Jón's daughter". In some cases, an individual's surname is derived from a parent's middle name instead of the first name.
For example, if Jón is the son of Hjálmar Arnar Vilhjálmsson he may either be named Jón Hjálmarsson or Jón Arnarsson. The reason for this may be that the parent prefers to be called by the middle name instead of the first name, it may be that the parent's middle name seems to fit the child's first name better. In cases where two people in the same social circle bear the same first name and the same father's name, they have traditionally been distinguished by their paternal grandfather's name, e.g. Jón Þórsson Bjarnarsonar and Jón Þórsson Hallssonar; this practice features conspicuously in the Icelandic sagas. The vast majority of Icelandic last names carry the name of the father, but the mother's name is used: e.g. if the child or mother wishes to end social ties with the father. Some women use it as a social statement while others choose it as a matter of style. In all of these cases, the convention is the same: Ólafur, the son of Bryndís, will have the full name of Ólafur Bryndísarson. One well-known Icelander with a matronymic name is football player Heiðar Helguson, another is novelist Guðrún Eva Mínervudóttir.
One medieval example is the poet Eilífr Goðrúnarson. In the Icelandic film Bjarnfreðarson the title character's name is the subject of some mockery for his having a woman's name – as Bjarnfreður's son – not his father's. In the film this is connected to the mother's radical feminism and shame over his paternity, which form part of the film's plot; some people have both a matronymic and a patronymic: for example, Dagur Bergþóruson Eggertsson, the current mayor of Reykjavík. Another example is the girl Blær mentioned above: her full name is Blær Bjarkardóttir Rúnarsdóttir. In Iceland, listings such as the telephone directory are alphabetised by first name rather than surname. To reduce ambiguity, the telephone directory goes further by listing professions. In Russia, where name-patronyms of similar style were used, the much larger population necessitated the introduction of surnames, delegated the patronymic to record-keeping middle-name and conversational honorific. Icelanders formally address others by their first names.
By way of example, the former prime minister Jóhanna Sigurðardóttir would not be introduced as'Ms Sigurðardóttir
Jar City (film)
Jar City is a 2006 Icelandic film directed by Baltasar Kormákur. It is based on a novel written by Arnaldur Indriðason and released in English as Jar City. Kormákur is in the midst of producing an English-language remake called Jar City, which will be set in Louisiana. A world-weary cop comes to believe a recent murder of a middle-aged man is linked to a case of possible rape three decades earlier by a group of friends and a corrupt cop. Working through, he finds it linked to a rare disease among Nordics. One thing leads to another and he puts the pieces together. A geneticist father loses his child to neurofibromatosis and his search for answers leads to his degenerate father and unravels many missing person cases during the decade. Like the book on which it is based, the film is implicitly a semi-critique to the gene-gathering work of the Icelandic company deCODE genetics. Ingvar E. Sigurðsson as Erlendur Ágústa Eva Erlendsdóttir as Eva Lind Björn Hlynur Haraldsson as Sigurður Óli Ólafía Hrönn Jónsdóttir as Elínborg Atli Rafn Sigurðsson as Örn Kristbjörg Kjeld as Katrín Þorsteinn Gunnarsson as Holberg Theódór Júlíusson as Elliði Þórunn Magnea Magnúsdóttir as Elín Guðmunda Elíasdóttir as Theodóra Walter Grímsson as Handrukkarar Sveinn Ólafur Gunnarsson Magnús Ragnarsson as Lögfræðingur Rafnhildur Rósa Atladótir as Kola Jón Sigurbjörnsson as Albert The score was composed by Mugison.
Track listing: "Til eru fræ" "Sveitin milli sanda" "Bíum bíum bambaló" "Erlendur" "Elliði" "Á Sprengisandi" "Fyrir átta árum" "Áfram veginn – Nikka" "Áfram veginn" "Halabalúbbúlúbbúlei" "Malakoff" "Bí bí og blaka I" "Myrra" "Kirkjuhvoll" "Bí bí og blaka II" "Dagný" "Heyr, Ó Gud raust mína" "Lyrik" "Nú hnígur sól" "Sofðu unga ástin mín" "Ódur til Hildigunnar" "Svefnfræ" "Fræsvefn" "Svefnfræ, söngur" "Nú legg ég augun aftur"Incidental music: Extract from George Frideric Handel's "The Arrival of the Queen of Sheba" from the oratorio Solomon The film was awarded the 2007 Crystal Globe Grand Prix at the 42nd Karlovy Vary International Film Festival. It won the Breaking Waves Award at the 15th Titanic International Film Festival in Budapest with a €10,000 prize. A Blockbuster Exclusive Region 1 DVD was released in the U. S. and Canada. Otherwise, the film was not released commercially in America, it has been released on DVD in Europe and is available on iTunes. Jar City on IMDb Jar City at AllMovie
Silence of the Grave
Silence of the Grave is a crime novel by Icelandic writer Arnaldur Indriðason. Set in Reykjavík, the novel forms part of the author's regionally popular Murder Mystery Series, which star Detective Erlendur. Published in Icelandic in 2001, the English translation by Bernard Scudder, in 2005, won the British Crime Writers' Association Gold Dagger award for best crime novel of the year; the novel has the distinction of being the last to do so, as the award was renamed in 2006. Human bones are found buried in a construction site in Grafarholt; the police starts investigating only to uncover dark secrets from 70 years ago and in a parallel narrative we hear the story of an abused woman from the same time, somehow connected to the bones. 2003 Glass Key award 2005 Gold Dagger 2006 Barry Award
Reykjavík-Rotterdam is an Icelandic film from 2008 directed by Óskar Jónasson and starring Baltasar Kormákur. In 2012, a Hollywood remake was released, the film Contraband starring Mark Wahlberg. Kristofer is working as a security guard, he was fired from the freight ship. Faced with money problems, he is tempted to accept the help of his friend, who manages to pull some strings to get his old job back aboard the MV Dettifoss, he decides to take his chances one last time on a tour to Rotterdam to bring alcohol back on the return journey to Iceland. While in Rotterdam, his brother-in-law Arnor steals the money intended for the alcohol purchase, buys ecstasy with it; the alcohol sellers force Kristofer to take part in a violent art theft. Meanwhile, back in Iceland, Kristofer's wife Iris is threatened by three men, who trash her flat and her place of work, she accepts Steingrimur's offer to stay with him until Kristofer returns. Steingrimur, with whom she was once involved, tries to seduce her, as she tries to escape, he knocks her unconscious and, thinking that he has killed her, attempts to dispose of her body.
The Detttifoss returns. Customs search the vessel. Arnor believes that Kristofer has thrown the ecstasy and the alcohol overboard and attempts to escape from the gangsters expecting the consignment. Kristofer has planted the ecstasy in the car of the captain of the Dettifoss, sets up the gangsters to be intercepted at the captain's house. Iris survived Steingrimur's attack, Kristofer locates her just as Steingrimur is attempting to bury her in concrete at the construction site he works at. Out at sea, Kristofer's friends locate the alcohol; the film was released on 3 October 2008. It was broadcast on German television ARD on 1 January 2010. Reykjavík-Rotterdam was one of the biggest-budget Icelandic films of all-time, features an all-star cast of Icelandic cinema; the film garnered a four-star rating from Morgunblaðið, has a'fresh' rating of 8.2/10 at Rottentomatoes.com. The film won five Edda Awards, including best script, editing and music: Director of the year – Óskar Jónasson Screenplay of the year – Arnaldur Indriðason and Óskar Jónasson Editor of the year – Elísabet Rónaldsdóttir Sound design of the year – Kjartan Kjartansson and Ingvar Lundberg Achievement in music for film or television – Barði JóhannssonAn Icelandic Film and Television Academy committee chose Reykjavík-Rotterdam to be Iceland's submission to the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences for the 82nd Academy Awards for Best Foreign Language Film, though it failed to receive an Oscar nomination.
Variety, after a 2010 screening at the Palm Springs International Film Festival called it a "straightforward product from much of the team behind Baltasar Kormákur's more eccentric Jar City" and an "uncommonly commercial item with brawny action, strokes of humor and a besieged rooting interest." Working Title Films released a U. S. remake produced by Mark Wahlberg. The original film's lead actor, Baltasar Kormákur—a successful director in his home country of Iceland—took on the role of director. Reykjavík-Rotterdam from Blueeyes Productions in co-production with Rotterdam Films Reykjavík-Rotterdam on IMDb Rotterdam films Film Festival Rotterdam
Jar City known as Tainted Blood, is a crime novel by Icelandic author Arnaldur Indriðason, first published in Iceland in 2000. It was the first in the Detective Erlendur series to be translated into English. In the UK, the title was changed to Tainted Blood; the novel is at one level a fierce critique of the gene-gathering work of deCODE genetics: far from reinforcing the kind of myths of Icelandic national identity promoted by eugenicists earlier in the twentieth century and re-invoked by the publicity machine around DeCODE, Indriđason’s novel uses the figure of the defective gene not only to expose and trouble national mythologies of social and familial cohesion and continuity but to ask some fundamental questions about the meaning of innocence and guilt and punishment in the face of the identification of genes that bear the secret not of life but of death. The body of a 70-year-old man has been found in a flat in Norðurmýri having been struck on the head with a glass ashtray; the only clues are a photograph of a young girl's grave, cryptic note left on the body.
Detective Erlendur discovers the victim was accused of a violent rape some forty years earlier, but was never convicted... The novel won the Scandinavian crime writers' Glass Key award in 2002 for best Nordic crime fiction novel. In 2003, Arnaldur Indriðason's following novel, Silence of the Grave won the award, making him the first author to have won the award two years in a row. An eponymous film of Jar City, was directed by Baltasar Kormákur and premiered in Iceland on 20 October 2006 and in the UK on 12 September 2008
Reykjavík is the capital and largest city of Iceland. It is located on the southern shore of Faxa Bay, its latitude is 64°08' N, making it the world's northernmost capital of a sovereign state. With a population of around 128,793, it is the heart of Iceland's cultural and governmental activity, is a popular tourist destination. Reykjavík is believed to be the location of the first permanent settlement in Iceland, according to Ingólfr Arnarson, was established in AD 874; until the 19th century, there was no urban development in the city location. The city was founded in 1786 as an official trading town and grew over the following decades, as it transformed into a regional and national centre of commerce and governmental activities, it is among the cleanest and safest cities in the world. The first permanent settlement in Iceland by Norsemen is believed to have been established at Reykjavík by Ingólfr Arnarson around AD 870. Ingólfur Arnarson is said to have decided the location of his settlement using a traditional Norse method.
The story about the pillars is dubious to many people. He settled near the hot springs to keep warm in the winter and would not have determined it by happenstance. Furthermore the probability of the pillars drifting to that location from where they were said to have been thrown from the boat seems improbable; that is what the Landnamabok says and says furthermore that Ingolf's pillars are still to be found in a house there in town. Steam from hot springs in the region is said to have inspired Reykjavík's name, which loosely translates to Smoke Cove. In the modern language, as in English, the word for'smoke' and the word for fog or steamy vapour are not confused but this is believed to have been the case in the old language; the original name was Reykjarvík with an additional "r" that had vanished around 1800. The Reykjavík area was farmland until the 18th century. In 1752, the King of Denmark, Frederik V, donated the estate of Reykjavík to the Innréttingar Corporation; the leader of this movement was Skúli Magnússon.
In the 1750s, several houses were built to house the wool industry, Reykjavík's most important employer for a few decades and the original reason for its existence. Other industries were undertaken by the Innréttingar, such as fisheries, sulphur mining and shipbuilding; the Danish Crown abolished monopoly trading in 1786 and granted six communities around the country an exclusive trading charter. Reykjavík was the only one to hold on to the charter permanently. 1786 is thus regarded as the date of the city's founding. Trading rights were limited to subjects of the Danish Crown, Danish traders continued to dominate trade in Iceland. Over the following decades, their business in Iceland expanded. After 1880, free trade was expanded to all nationalities, the influence of Icelandic merchants started to grow. Icelandic nationalist sentiment gained influence in the 19th century, the idea of Icelandic independence became widespread. Reykjavík, as Iceland's only city, was central to such ideas. Advocates of an independent Iceland realized that a strong Reykjavík was fundamental to that objective.
All the important events in the history of the independence struggle were important to Reykjavík as well. In 1845 Alþingi, the general assembly formed in 930 AD, was re-established in Reykjavík. At the time it functioned only as an advisory assembly; the location of Alþingi in Reykjavík established the city as the capital of Iceland. In 1874, Iceland was given a constitution; the next step was to move most of the executive power to Iceland: Home Rule was granted in 1904 when the office of Minister For Iceland was established in Reykjavík. The biggest step towards an independent Iceland was taken on 1 December 1918 when Iceland became a sovereign country under the Crown of Denmark, the Kingdom of Iceland. By the 1920s and 1930s most of the growing Icelandic fishing trawler fleet sailed from Reykjavík. On the morning of 10 May 1940, following the German occupation of Denmark and Norway on 9 April 1940, four British warships approached Reykjavík and anchored in the harbour. In a few hours, the allied occupation of Reykjavík was complete.
There was no armed resistance, taxi and truck drivers assisted the invasion force, which had no motor vehicles. The Icelandic government had received many requests from the British government to consent to the occupation, but it always declined on the basis of the Neutrality Policy. For the remaining years of World War II, British and American soldiers occupied camps in Reykjavík, the number of foreign soldiers in Reykjavík became about the same as the local population of the city; the Royal Regiment of Canada formed part of the garrison in Iceland during the early part of the war. The economic effects of the occupation were positive for Reykjavík: the unemployment of the Depression years va