A chef is a highly trained and skilled professional cook who is proficient in all aspects of food preparation of a particular cuisine. The word chef is derived from the chef de cuisine. Chefs can receive both formal training from an institution, as well as through apprenticeship with an experienced chef, the Brigade system is a system of hierarchy found in restaurants and hotels employing extensive staff, many of which use the word chef in their titles. Underneath the chefs are the kitchen assistants, a chefs standard uniform includes a hat called a toque, double-breasted jacket and shoes with steel or plastic toe-caps. The word chef is derived from the chef de cuisine. In English, the chef in the culinary profession originated in the haute cuisine of the 19th century. The culinary arts, among other aspects of the French language introduced French loan-words into the English language, various titles, detailed below, are given to those working in a professional kitchen and each can be considered a title for a type of chef.
Many of the titles are based on the brigade de cuisine documented by Auguste Escoffier, other names include executive chef, chef manager, head chef, and master chef. Chef de cuisine is the traditional French term from which the English word chef is derived and this is often the case for executive chefs with multiple restaurants. Involved in checking the sensory evaluation of dishes after preparation and they are aware of each sensory property of those specific dishes. The Sous-Chef de Cuisine is the second-in-command and direct assistant of the Chef de Cuisine and this person may be responsible for scheduling the kitchen staff, or substituting when the head chef is off-duty. Also, he or she will fill in for or assist the Chef de Partie when needed and this person is accountable for the kitchens inventory, cleanliness and the continuing training of its entire staff. A sous-chefs duties can include carrying out the head chefs directives, conducting line checks, smaller operations may not have a sous-chef, while larger operations may have more than one.
The sous chef is responsible when the Executive Chef is absent, a chef de partie, known as a station chef or line cook, is in charge of a particular area of production. In large kitchens, each chef de partie might have several cooks or assistants, in most kitchens, the chef de partie is the only worker in that department. Line cooks are often divided into a hierarchy of their own, starting with first cook, second cook, kitchen-hands assist with basic food preparation tasks under the chefs direction. They carry out relatively unskilled tasks such as peeling potatoes and washing salad, stewards/ kitchen porters are involved in the scullery, washing up and general cleaning duties. In a smaller kitchen, these duties may be incorporated, a communard is in charge of preparing the meal for the staff during a shift
Television or TV is a telecommunication medium used for transmitting moving images in monochrome, or in color, and in two or three dimensions and sound. The term can refer to a set, a television program. Television is a medium for entertainment, news, gossip. Television became available in experimental forms in the late 1920s. After World War II, a form of black-and-white TV broadcasting became popular in the United States and Britain, and television sets became commonplace in homes, businesses. During the 1950s, television was the medium for influencing public opinion. In the mid-1960s, color broadcasting was introduced in the US, for many reasons, the storage of television and video programming now occurs on the cloud. At the end of the first decade of the 2000s, digital television transmissions greatly increased in popularity, another development was the move from standard-definition television to high-definition television, which provides a resolution that is substantially higher. HDTV may be transmitted in various formats, 1080p, 1080i, in 2013, 79% of the worlds households owned a television set.
Most TV sets sold in the 2000s were flat-panel, mainly LEDs, major manufacturers announced the discontinuation of CRT, DLP, and even fluorescent-backlit LCDs by the mid-2010s. In the near future, LEDs are gradually expected to be replaced by OLEDs, major manufacturers have announced that they will increasingly produce smart TVs in the mid-2010s. Smart TVs with integrated Internet and Web 2.0 functions became the dominant form of television by the late 2010s, Television signals were initially distributed only as terrestrial television using high-powered radio-frequency transmitters to broadcast the signal to individual television receivers. Alternatively television signals are distributed by cable or optical fiber, satellite systems and. Until the early 2000s, these were transmitted as analog signals, a standard television set is composed of multiple internal electronic circuits, including a tuner for receiving and decoding broadcast signals. A visual display device which lacks a tuner is correctly called a video monitor rather than a television, the word television comes from Ancient Greek τῆλε, meaning far, and Latin visio, meaning sight.
The Anglicised version of the term is first attested in 1907 and it was. formed in English or borrowed from French télévision. In the 19th century and early 20th century, other. proposals for the name of a technology for sending pictures over distance were telephote. The abbreviation TV is from 1948, the use of the term to mean a television set dates from 1941
Art Nouveau is an international style of art and applied art, especially the decorative arts, that was most popular between 1890 and 1910. A reaction to the art of the 19th century, it was inspired by natural forms and structures, particularly the curved lines of plants. English uses the French name Art Nouveau, according to the philosophy of the style, art should be a way of life. For many well-off Europeans, it was possible to live in an art nouveau-inspired house with art nouveau furniture, fabrics, ceramics including tableware, cigarette cases, artists desired to combine the fine arts and applied arts, even for utilitarian objects. By 1910, Art Nouveau was already out of style and it was replaced as the dominant European architectural and decorative style first by Art Deco and by Modernism. Art Nouveau took its name from the Maison de lArt Nouveau, in France, Art Nouveau was sometimes called by the British term Modern Style due to its roots in the Arts and Crafts Movement, Style moderne, or Style 1900.
It was sometimes called Style Jules Verne, Le Style Métro, Art Belle Époque, in Belgium, where the architectural movement began, it was sometimes termed Style nouille or Style coup de fouet. In Britain, it was known as the Modern Style, or, because of the arts and crafts movement led by Charles Rennie Mackintosh in Glasgow, as the Glasgow style. In Italy, because of the popularity in Italy of designs from Londons Liberty & Co department store, in the United States, due to its association with Louis Comfort Tiffany, it was often called the Tiffany style. In Germany and Scandinavia, a style emerged at about the same time, it was called Jugendstil. In Catalonia the related style was known as Modernisme, in Spain as Modernismo, Arte joven, in Russia, it was called Modern, and Jugendstil, and Nieuwe Kunst in the Netherlands. Some names refer specifically to the forms that were popular with the Art Nouveau artists, Stile Floreal in France, Paling Stijl in the Netherlands. The new art movement had its roots in Britain, in the designs of William Morris.
Early prototypes of the include the Red House of Morris. In France, the style combined several different tendencies, in architecture, it was influenced by the architectural theorist and historian Eugène Viollet-le-Duc, a declared enemy of the historical Beaux-Arts architectural style. For each function its material, for each material its form and this book influenced a generation of architects, including Louis Sullivan, Victor Horta, Hector Guimard, and Antoni Gaudí. The French painters Maurice Denis, Pierre Bonnard and Édouard Vuillard played an important part in integrating fine arts painting with decoration, I believe that before everything a painting must decorate, Denis wrote in 1891. The choice of subjects or scenes is nothing and it is by the value of tones, the colored surface and the harmony of lines that I can reach the spirit and wake up the emotions
Dick Van Patten
Richard Vincent Dick Van Patten was an American actor and animal welfare advocate, best known for his role as patriarch Tom Bradford on the ABC television comedy-drama Eight Is Enough. Van Patten began work as an actor and was successful on the New York stage. He worked in radio, on Duffys Tavern and he starred in numerous television roles including the long running CBS television series, I Remember Mama and Young Doctor Malone. Later, he would star or co-star in many films, including Mel Brooks Robin Hood, Men in Tights and Spaceballs, Charlton Hestons Soylent Green. Van Patten was the founder of Natural Balance Pet Foods and National Guide Dog Month. Richard Vincent Van Patten was born in the Kew Gardens section of Queens, New York, the son of Richard Byron Van Patten, a decorator, and Josephine Rose. His mother was of Italian descent, while his father had Dutch and he began work as a model and actor as a child making his Broadway debut at the age of seven. He was successful on the New York stage, appearing in a dozen theatrical plays before reaching his teen years and he moved to Hollywood and began a lengthy career in film and television.
Van Pattens career in business began as a child actor on Broadway in 1935 in Tapestry In Gray starring Melvyn Douglas. He was billed as Dickie Van Patten and went on to appear in twelve other Broadway plays as a teenager. He moved on to television with the role of Nels Hansen in the CBS series, about a Norwegian-American family living in San Francisco, California and it ran from 1949 to 1957. Van Patten appeared in episodes of Sanford and Son, Arrested Development, The Brian Keith Show, The Streets of San Francisco, Adam-12, Van Patten had numerous leading roles in motion pictures including Joe Kidd, The Snowball Express and The Santa Trap. He played the role of Usher #1 alongside Charlton Heston. Van Patten played the role of Jack Benson in Opposite Day and he was a commentator for the World Series of Poker from 1993 to 1995. The Hollywood Walk of Fame honored Van Patten November 20,1985, on January 12,2008, Van Patten received a star on the Palm Springs Walk of Stars. On November 1,2009, Phoenix Books published Eighty Is Not Enough, a book co-authored by Van Patten and Robert Baer in which Van Patten shares an 80-year journey of insights and anecdotes through the entertainment industry.
An animal enthusiast, Van Patten co-founded Dick Van Pattens Natural Balance Pet Foods in 1989. Van Pattens creation of his own brand of dog food was satirized in comedian John Hodgmans 2008 book, More Information Than You Require, and was re-branded as Dick Van Pattens Hobo Chili for Dogs
Herb Voland was born on October 2,1918, in New Rochelle, New York, USA as Herbert Maurice Voland. He was best known for his various roles on the sitcom Bewitched, as General Crandell Clayton on the sitcom M*A*S*H during Seasons 1 and 2, Voland started his professional acting career on the Broadway stage, where his credits include Farewell, Farewell Eugene and Someone Waiting. Voland died of a stroke on April 26,1981, in Riverside, Herb Voland at the Internet Movie Database Herb Voland at Find a Grave
All in the Family
All in the Family is an American sitcom TV-series that was originally broadcast on the CBS television network for nine seasons, from January 1971 to April 1979. The following September, it was replaced by Archie Bunkers Place, the show is often regarded in the United States as one of the greatest television series of all time. It became the first television series to reach the milestone of having topped the Nielsen ratings for five consecutive years, the episode Sammys Visit was ranked number 13 on TV Guides 100 Greatest Episodes of All Time. TV Guides 50 Greatest TV Shows of All Time ranked All in the Family as number four, bravo named the shows protagonist, Archie Bunker, TVs greatest character of all time. In 2013, the Writers Guild of America ranked All in the Family the fourth-best written TV series ever, All in the Family is about a typical working-class family living in Queens, New York. Its patriarch is Archie Bunker, an outspoken, narrow-minded white man, Archies wife Edith is sweet and understanding, though somewhat naïve and uneducated, her husband sometimes disparagingly calls her dingbat.
Their one child, Gloria, is kind and good-natured like her mother. Gloria is married to college student Michael Stivic – referred to as Meathead by Archie – whose values are likewise influenced and shaped by the counterculture of the 1960s, the two couples represent the real-life clash of values between the so-called Greatest Generation and Baby Boomers. For much of the series, the Stivics live in the Bunkers home to save money, the show is set in the Astoria section of Queens, with the vast majority of scenes taking place in the Bunkers home at 704 Hauser Street. The house seen in the opening is at 89-70 Cooper Avenue near the junction of the Glendale, Middle Village, supporting characters represent the demographics of the neighborhood, especially the African American Jeffersons, who live in the house next door in the early seasons. Carroll OConnor as Archie Bunker, Frequently called a lovable bigot, a World War II veteran, Archie longs for better times when people sharing his viewpoint were in charge, as evidenced by the nostalgic theme song Those Were the Days.
His ignorance and stubbornness seem to cause his arguments to self-destruct. He often rejects uncomfortable truths by blowing a raspberry, scott Brady, formerly of the Western series Shotgun Slade, declined the role of Archie Bunker, but appeared four times on the series in 1976 in the role of Joe Foley. OConnor appears in all but seven episodes of the series run, Jean Stapleton as Edith Bunker, née Baines, Edith is Archies ditzy but kind-hearted wife. Despite their different personalities, they love each other deeply, Stapleton remained with the show through the original series run, but decided to leave before the first season of Archie Bunkers Place had wrapped up. At that point, Edith was written out as having suffered a stroke and died off-camera, Stapleton appeared in all but four episodes of All in the Family and had a recurring role during the first season of Archie Bunkers Place. In the series first episode, Edith is portrayed as being less of a dingbat and even refers to her husband as Mr.
Religion. After they come home from church, something her character would not be expected to say later, sally Struthers as Gloria Stivic, née Bunker, The Bunkers college-aged daughter is married to Michael Stivic
Charles Nelson Reilly
Reilly was born in The Bronx, New York City, the son of Charles Joseph Reilly, an Irish Catholic commercial artist, and Signe Elvera Nelson, a Swedish Lutheran. When young, he would make his own puppet theater to amuse himself. His mother, foreshadowing his future as an entertainer, often would tell him to save it for the stage, at age 13, he survived the 1944 Hartford Circus Fire, which killed 169 people in Connecticut. As a result, he never sat in an audience throughout the remainder of his life. Because of the trauma, he rarely attended theater, stating that the large crowds reminded him of what happened that day. As a boy, Reilly developed a love of opera and desired to become an opera singer and he entered the Hartt School of Music as a voice major, but eventually abandoned this pursuit when he realized that he lacked the natural vocal talent to have a major career. However, opera remained a passion, and he was a frequent guest on opera-themed radio programs. He directed opera productions for the Lyric Opera of Chicago, Dallas Opera, Portland Opera, San Diego Opera and he was good friends with opera singers Renée Fleming, Rod Gilfry, Roberta Peters, and Eileen Farrell.
Reilly made his debut in 1957 with an uncredited role in A Face in the Crowd, directed by Elia Kazan. He was a regular and popular performer in comic roles for several seasons in the 1950s at the Starlight Theatre in Kansas City. Reilly appeared in many Off Broadway productions and his big break came in 1960 with the enormously successful original Broadway production of Bye Bye Birdie. In the groundbreaking musical, Reilly had a small part and was the standby for Dick Van Dyke in the leading role of Albert Peterson. In 1961, Reilly was in the original cast of another big Broadway hit, for his memorable origination of the role of Bud Frump, Reilly earned a 1962 Tony Award for featured actor in a musical. In 1964, Reilly was featured in the original cast of yet another giant Broadway success, for originating the role of Cornelius Hackl, Reilly received a second nomination for a Tony Award for performance by an actor in a featured role in a musical. While he kept active in Broadway shows, Reilly would soon become known for his TV work.
For example, he appeared both as one of the Whats My Line, mystery Guests and as a panelist on that popular Sunday night CBS-TV program. In 1965, he made appearances on The Steve Lawrence Show. Television commercials he made throughout the 1960s and 1970s included Excedrin and Bic Banana Ink Crayons, from 1968 to 1970, he appeared as the constantly flustered bumbler Claymore Gregg on the television series The Ghost & Mrs. Muir, which starred Hope Lange and Edward Mulhare
In 1998 it became a subsidiary of Amazon Inc, who were able to use it as an advertising resource for selling DVDs and videotapes. As of January 2017, IMDb has approximately 4.1 million titles and 7.7 million personalities in its database, the site enables registered users to submit new material and edits to existing entries. Although all data is checked before going live, the system has open to abuse. The site featured message boards which stimulate regular debates and dialogue among authenticated users, IMDb shutdown the message boards permanently on February 20,2017. Anyone with a connection can read the movie and talent pages of IMDb. A registration process is however, to contribute info to the site. A registered user chooses a name for themselves, and is given a profile page. These badges range from total contributions made, to independent categories such as photos, bios, if a registered user or visitor happens to be in the entertainment industry, and has an IMDb page, that user/visitor can add photos to that page by enrolling in IMDbPRO.
Actors and industry executives can post their own resume and this fee enrolls them in a membership called IMDbPro. PRO can be accessed by anyone willing to pay the fee, which is $19.99 USD per month, or if paid annually, $149.99, which comes to approximately $12.50 per month USD. Membership enables a user to access the rank order of each industry personality, as well as agent contact information for any actor, director etc. that has an IMDb page. Enrolling in PRO for industry personnel, enables those members the ability to upload a head shot to open their page, as well as the ability to upload hundreds of photos to accompany their page. Anyone can register as a user, and contribute to the site as well as enjoy its content, however those users enrolled in PRO have greater access and privileges. IMDb originated with a Usenet posting by British film fan and computer programmer Col Needham entitled Those Eyes, others with similar interests soon responded with additions or different lists of their own.
Needham subsequently started an Actors List, while Dave Knight began a Directors List, and Andy Krieg took over THE LIST from Hank Driskill, which would be renamed the Actress List. Both lists had been restricted to people who were alive and working, the goal of the participants now was to make the lists as inclusive as possible. By late 1990, the lists included almost 10,000 movies and television series correlated with actors and actresses appearing therein. On October 17,1990, Needham developed and posted a collection of Unix shell scripts which could be used to search the four lists, at the time, it was known as the rec. arts. movies movie database
Sue Ane Langdon
Sue Ane Langdon is an American actress. She began her career singing at Radio City Music Hall. In the mid-1960s, she appeared in the Broadway musical The Apple Tree and her co-starring role on the television series Arnie won her a Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actress - Television. In 1976, she appeared in Hello Dolly at The Little Theatre on the Square and she was featured mainly in comedies as well as in an occasional dramatic film. Langdon was born in Paterson, New Jersey to Albert G. Lookhoff, Grace Lookhoff, an operatic soprano, studied music at Washington University in Saint Louis and Juilliard. Graces teaching career indicates a timeline of where her daughter grew up and she was briefly enrolled full-time at Idaho State University. Langdons film debut came in The Great Impostor, starring Tony Curtis, Langdon went on to have leading roles in films such as The Rounders, Hold On. A Guide for the Married Man, A Man Called Dagger, The Cheyenne Social Club, in 1966, United Artists Pictures released Frankie and Johnny in which Langdon co-starred along with Elvis Presley, Donna Douglas and Harry Morgan.
Her films included The Evictors, Without Warning, langdons first regular role on network series television came as the third actress to play Alice Kramden in Jackie Gleasons The Honeymooners sketches and shows. Preceded by Pert Kelton and Audrey Meadows and followed by Sheila MacRae and Meadows again, a premature departure from the role following a brief four week run left her mark on the American Scene Magazine era of Gleasons career a small one at best. The press reported at the time incompatible personality differences between her and The Great One, four years MacRae took over the role for the color, hour-long musical versions. Langdon was more seen on the small screen in guest spot roles such as Kitty Marsh during the NBC portion of Bachelor Father. The next year, she appeared twice on Rod Camerons syndicated crime drama COronado 9, in 1961 she made her first of three appearances on Perry Mason as Rowena Leach in The Case of the Crying Comedian. In 1962, she appeared as nurse Mary Simpson in an episode of CBSs The Andy Griffith Show, in another popular situation comedy, Langdon played a scatter-brained defendant on trial in a Dick Van Dyke Show episode called One Angry Man.
Langdon made her second guest appearance on Perry Mason in 1964 as murder victim Bonnie in The Case of the Scandalous Sculptor and her third Perry Mason appearance was in the 1966 episode The Case of the Avenging Angel as Dorothy Merrill. Other guest appearances on TV programs included Gunsmoke,77 Sunset Strip, Bourbon Street Beat, Room for One More, Thriller, Ironside, McHales Navy, The Man from U. N. C. L. E. Banacek, The Wild Wild West, Hart to Hart, Threes Company, The Love Boat, Happy Days and as herself on Rowan and she co-starred in two television series in the 1970s. Arnie, a starring actor Herschel Bernardi, debuted in 1970
In English-speaking countries, a blue-collar worker is a working class person who performs non-agricultural manual labour. Often something is physically being built or maintained, in contrast, the white-collar worker typically performs work in an office environment and may involve sitting at a computer or desk. A third type of work is a worker whose labour is related to customer interaction, entertainment. Many occupations blend blue, white or pink industry categorizations, blue-collar work is often paid hourly wage-labor, although some professionals may be paid by the project or salaried. There is a range of payscales for such work depending upon field of specialty. Industrial and manual workers wear durable canvas or cotton clothing that may be soiled during the course of their work. Navy and light blue colors conceal potential dirt or grease on the clothing, helping him or her to appear cleaner. For the same reason, blue is a color for boilersuits which protect a workers clothing. Some blue collar workers have uniforms with the name of the business or the name embroidered or printed on it.
Historically the popularity of the color blue among manual labourers contrasts with the popularity of white shirts worn by people in office environments. The blue collar/white collar color scheme has socio-economic class connotations, this distinction has become blurred with the increasing importance of skilled labour, and the relative increase in low-paying white-collar jobs. The term blue collar was first used in reference to trades jobs in 1924, Alden, a higher level academic education is often not required for many blue-collar jobs. However, certain fields may require specialized training, licensing or certification as well as a school diploma or GED. With the information revolution, Western nations have moved towards a service, many manufacturing jobs have been offshored to developing nations which pay their workers lower wages. This offshoring has pushed formerly agrarian nations to industrialized economies and concurrently decreased the number of jobs in developed countries. Due to this economic osmosis, the rust belt has experienced high unemployment, blue-collar can be used as an adjective to describe the environment of the blue-collar worker such as a blue-collar neighborhood, restaurant, or bar
Herschel Bernardi was an American film and television actor. Born in New York City, into the Yiddish theatre, the son of Berel Bernardi and Helen Bernardi. In the 1930s, Bernardi appeared in the Yiddish films of Edgar G. Ulmer and was among those actors who made the transition from Yiddish-speaking roles in film to American films, Herschel was the brother of Jack Bernardi. From 1958-1961 Bernardi co-starred with Craig Stevens in Blake Edwards popular television series Peter Gunn and he received his sole Emmy nomination for his portrayal of the dour Lieutenant Jacoby. In 1963, he was cast as Mr. Otis, a teacher who mostly ignores his students, in the episode, I Dont Even Live Here, of the NBC education drama series, Mr. Novak, starring James Franciscus. In 1970, Bernardi was the lead in the CBS sitcom Arnie, Bernardi starred for two years as someone plucked from the loading dock of a flange company to become an executive. He voiced Woodhead the rocking horse in Filmations Journey Back to Oz and he provided the Cowardly Lions singing voice while Milton Berle provided the characters speaking voice.
He appeared as Joe Vitelli in the 1977 TV miniseries Seventh Avenue, Bernardi was the victim of blacklisting during the 1950s, as were several other performers and the screenwriter and director on that film. Bernardi narrated and emceed The Golden Age of Second Avenue, Herschel Bernardi had two minor record hits, 1967s If I Were A Rich Man, reflecting his success as Tevye, and 1971s Pencil Marks On The Wall. Herschel Bernardi died in his sleep of a heart attack in Los Angeles, California. He was 62 years old and was survived by his wife and son Michael, three children from a marriage, Adam and Robin, and brothers Jack, an actor. Bernardi is buried at Mount Sinai Memorial Park Cemetery in Los Angeles, California
Roger Bowen was an American comedic actor and novelist, known for his portrayal of Lt. Col. Henry Blake in the 1970 film M*A*S*H. He often portrayed stuffy defenders of the class and had regular roles on a number of television series. Bowen considered himself a writer who only moonlighted as an actor and he wrote eleven novels as well as sketches for Broadway and television. He was one of the co-founders of Chicagos comedy and acting troupe The Second City, a native of Providence, Rhode Island, Bowen majored in English at Brown University, attended graduate school at the University of Chicago. While writing theater reviews for The Chicago Maroon, he was asked to pen material for a troupe that included Alan Arkin. The troupe, Compass Players, evolved into The Second City, Bowen spent most of the 1960s playing preppie types on a number of TV & radio commercials. After M*A*S*H, Bowen returned to television and gained a fan following as Hamilton Majors Jr. the pleasantly snooty and he joined the cast of The Brian Keith Show, returned to commercials and movie cameo roles.
In 1976, Bowen appeared in the TV parody film Tunnel Vision, Bowen played minor roles in such films as Heaven Can Wait, The Main Event and Zapped. In the early 1980s, Bowen enjoyed another round of weekly TV work with recurring roles on House Calls, At Ease and he made his final film appearance in the 1991 comedy What About Bob. starring Bill Murray and Richard Dreyfuss. He was a tournament chess player who participated in events in the Los Angeles area in the 1970s, Bowen died of a heart attack at the age of 63 while on vacation in Marathon, Florida. His death came one day after that of McLean Stevenson, who played Colonel Blake for the first three seasons of the M*A*S*H television series. Because of this coincidence, Bowens family did not make the news of his death public until a week afterward, Roger Bowen at the Internet Movie Database Roger Bowen at Find a Grave