Arnold Klebs

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Arnold C. Klebs
Arnold Klebs.jpg
Born March 17, 1870
Berne, Switzerland
Died March 6, 1943 (1943-03-07) (aged 72)
Nyon, Switzerland
Residence United States
Alma mater University of Basel
Known for Work with Mycobacterium tuberculosis
Scientific career
Fields Microbiology
Institutions Johns Hopkins University
National Tuberculosis Institute
Influences William Osler
Edwin Klebs
William H. Welch
Influenced Harvey Cushing

Arnold C. Klebs (March 17, 1870 – March 6, 1943) was a physician who specialized in the study of tuberculosis. Born in Berne, Switzerland, Arnold Klebs, the son of renowned bacteriologist Edwin Klebs, was raised in the presence of an extensive array of scientists, artists, and historians.[1]

Klebs took a medical degree from the University of Basel in 1896, then moved to the United States to practice medicine. Klebs worked with William Osler at Johns Hopkins University for a year after arriving in the U.S., and was a contemporary of William H. Welch. Following his work with Osler, he worked as a sanatorium director and tuberculosis specialist in Citronelle, Alabama and Chicago.[1] Given his long experience with the ailment, Klebs was named one of the first directors of the National Tuberculosis Institute.[2]

In 1910, he returned to his native Switzerland, and settled in a villa on Lake Geneva.[1] In 1939, Klebs donated his collection of books to Harvey Cushing for its inclusion in what would become the Yale University's Harvey Cushing/John Hay Whitney Medical Library.[3] These included incunabula, plague tracts, herbals, books and pamphlets on tuberculosis, and books on inoculation and vaccination.[4] Klebs' library included 3000 texts related to tuberculosis alone.[2]


  1. ^ a b c Baumgartner, M.D., Leona (January 1944). "Arnold Klebs as Humanistic Scholar". Bulletin of the Medical Library Association. 32 (1): 85–95. PMC 194300Freely accessible. PMID 16016634. 
  2. ^ a b van Alphen, H. August (2002). Yücel Kanpolat, ed. Research and Publishing in Neurosurgery. Springer. pp. 130–131. ISBN 3-211-83821-X. 
  3. ^ Anonymous (1959). The making of a library: Extracts from letters 1934–1941 Harvey Cushing, Arnold C Klebs, John Fulton. New Haven, Connecticut: Yale University. 
  4. ^ "Founders and Early Benefactors: Arnold Klebs". Harvey Cushing/John Jay Whitney Medical Library. Retrieved 2007-11-17. 

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