The Igbo people are an ethnic group native to the present-day south-central and southeastern Nigeria. Geographically, the Igbo homeland is divided into two unequal sections by the Niger River – an eastern and a western section; the Igbo people are one of the largest ethnic groups in Africa. The Igbo language is divided into numerous regional dialects, somewhat mutually intelligible with the larger "Igboid" cluster; the Igbo homeland straddles the lower Niger River and south of the Edoid and Idomoid groups, west of the Ibibioid cluster. In rural Nigeria, Igbo people work as craftsmen and traders; the most important crop is the yam. Other staple crops include taro; the Igbos are highly urbanized, with some of the largest metropolitan areas and towns in Igboland being Onitsha, Aba, Orlu, Nsukka, Umuahia, Afikpo and Arochukwu. Before British colonial rule in the 20th century, the Igbo were a politically fragmented group, with a number of centralized chiefdoms such as Nri, Arochukwu and Onitsha. Frederick Lugard introduced the Eze system of "Warrant Chiefs".
Unaffected by the Fulani War and the resulting spread of Islam in Nigeria in the 19th century, they became overwhelmingly Christian under colonization. In the wake of decolonisation, the Igbo developed a strong sense of ethnic identity. During the Nigerian Civil War of 1967–1970 the Igbo territories seceded as the short-lived Republic of Biafra. MASSOB, a sectarian organization formed in 1999, continues a non-violent struggle for an independent Igbo state. Small ethnic Igbo populations are found in Cameroon and Equatorial Guinea, as well as outside Africa. "Igbo" as an ethnic identity developed comparatively in the context of decolonisation and the Nigerian Civil War. The various Igbo-speaking communities were fragmented and decentralised. Since the defeat of the Republic of Biafra in 1970, the Igbo are sometimes classed as a "stateless nation"; the Igboid languages form a cluster within the Volta–Niger phylum, most grouped with Yoruboid and Edoid. The greatest differentiation within the Igboid group is between the rest.
Williamson argues that based on this pattern, proto-Igboid migration would have moved down the Niger from a more northern area in the savannah and first settled close to the delta, with a secondary center of Igbo proper more to the north, in the Awka area. Pottery dated at around 2500 BC showing similarities with Igbo work was found at Nsukka in the 1970s, along with pottery and tools at nearby Ibagwa. In the 1970s the Owerri, Orlu, Awgu and Awka divisions were determined to constitute "an Igbo heartland" from the linguistic and cultural evidence. Genetic studies have shown the Igbo to cluster most with other Niger-Congo-speaking peoples; the predominant Y-chromosmoal haplogroup is E1b1a1-M2. The Nri people of Igbo land have a creation myth, one of the many creation myths that exist in various parts of Igbo land; the Nri and Aguleri people are in the territory of the Umueri clan who trace their lineages back to the patriarchal king-figure Eri. Eri's origins are unclear, he has been characterized as having first given societal order to the people of Anambra.
The historian Elizabeth Allo Isichei says "Nri and Aguleri and part of the Umueri clan, a cluster of Igbo village groups which traces its origins to a sky being called Eri."Archaeological evidence suggests that Nri influence in Igboland may go back as far as the 9th century, royal burials have been unearthed dating to at least the 10th century. Eri, the god-like founder of Nri, is believed to have settled the region around 948 with other related Igbo cultures following after in the 13th century; the first Eze Nri Ìfikuánim followed directly after him. According to Igbo oral tradition, his reign started in 1043. At least one historian puts Ìfikuánim's reign much around 1225 AD; each king traces his origin back to Eri. Each king is a ritual reproduction of Eri; the initiation rite of a new king shows that the ritual process of becoming Ezenri follows the path traced by the hero in establishing the Nri kingdom. - E. Elochukwu Uzukwu The Kingdom of Nri was a religio-polity, a sort of theocratic state, that developed in the central heartland of the Igbo region.
The Nri had seven types of taboos which included human, object, behavioral and place taboos. The rules regarding these taboos were used to govern Nri's subjects; this meant that, while certain Igbo may have lived under different formal administration, all followers of the Igbo religion had to abide by the rules of the faith and obey its representative on earth, the Eze Nri. Traditional Igbo political organization was based on a quasi-democratic republican system of government. In tight knit communities, this system guaranteed its citizens equality, as opposed to a feudalist system with a king ruling over subjects; this government system was witnessed by the Portuguese who first arrived and met with the Igbo people in the 15th century. With the exception of a few notable Igbo towns such as Onitsha, which had kings called Obi, places like the Nri Kingdom and Arochukwu, which had priest kings.
Awo-Omamma, in the Northeast of Niger Delta is an oil-rich town on the banks of Njaba River in Nigeria's South East Imo State. It is a potential tourism hub in the region due to its specie of wildlife in Umuezukwe and green vegetation. Situated in Oru-East, Awo-omamma is 62.5 kilometers from Onitsha. It covers about 89.2 square kilometres, on the bank of Njaba River and lies in tropical rain forest, with hot and rainy seasons. According to Rich Piazza, a volunteer with the Peace Corps in Awo-omamma, a four-day torrential downpour typifies the extreme of the rainy season in the town. Awo-Omamma is bounded in the North by Amiri, Imo State in Oru-East, Mgbidi and Otulu Nigeria both in Oru-West. In the East it shares boundaries with Okwudor in Njaba LGA. In the West Awo-omamma is bounded by Akabo, Oguta LGA, Oguta LGA, Abiaziem and Ngbele communities in Oguta LGA, in the South by Eziama Obiato and Njaba River. In 1958, a health and community development project under Dr. Ben Nzeribe was established in Awo-omamma, his native home.
Before the Biafran war, Dr Nzeribe and the Unitarian Universalist Service Committee helped the community build themselves the famous Awo-omamma Community Hospital a seventy-five-bed hospital. They built two new schools, an unpolluted water system, six well baby clinics, a post office, they assisted in introducing modern agricultural methods. Beside the famous Community Hospital, Awo-omamma is home to many other private and public health establishments including Chinwendu hospital, Rose Clinic, Awo-omamma Dispensary, Umuokwe Community Health Centre, many others. There are Umuezukwe Health Centre and Isieke Dispensary in Umuezukwe and Isieke sub-communities respectively. Awo-omamma is a modern Christian community. In 1959, the Holy Ghost Fathers known as Spiritan Congregation of Roman Catholic priests opened their Philosophy campus in the town. Awo-omamma is developing into a metropolitan area. There are branches of some Nigerian financial institutions in the town including that of First Bank of Nigeria.
Consolidated Breweries Plc, which became a subsidiary of the independent global brewer, Heineken in 2005, has one of its breweries in Awo-omamma. The Consolidated Breweries Plc emerged from the merger of Continental Breweries Limited and Eastern Breweries Limited in 1982; the plant's brands cover the Lager and Malt categories and include “33” Export Lager Beer, Turbo King Dark Ale, Williams Dark Ale, Hi- Malt and Maltex Malt. The management of Nigerian Breweries Plc, another subsidiary of Heineken confirmed merger with Consolidated Breweries Plc with effect from December 31, 2014. During the commissioning of a block of six classrooms and a library built and donated by Nigerian Breweries Plc to Ubachima Primary School, Awo-Omamma, the Managing Director of the company, Mr. Nicolaas Vervelde, disclosed that the company invested N3bn in upgrading of facilities at its Awo-Omamma Brewery, less than a year after the merger with Consolidated Breweries. By end of Q4 of 2008, Addax Petroleum Corporation announced it was set to expand its Operations in Njaba River area through its new oil discovery in Awo-Omamma.
The new discovery in the company's OML124 license area on the northeast edge of the Niger Delta contains undeveloped Njaba 2 well and other exploratory prospects onshore Nigeria. Oil exploration and production have been ongoing in Njaba River basin since early 1960s. Addax Petroleum and ChevronTexaco have been operating in OML 53 and OML 124 in neighbouring Izombe; the Senate Committee Chairman on Gas Resources, Senator Osita Izunaso said by the time Addax starts oil activity in their latest Njaba 2, the company could be producing about 15,000 to 20,000 barrels per day in Imo State. The Senator, during a visit at Izombe flow station disclosed that establishment of an oil and gas laboratory in Owerri as well as further studies on the gas reserve in the Anambra Basin was covered in 2010 federal budget; the crude oil discovery is set to boost development of Awo-Omamma, Njaba River basin and Nigeria. The President and Chief Executive Officer of the company, Jean Claude Gandur, said the new onshore Njaba 2 field was a further example of the company's commitment to development in Nigeria.
Traditionally, the occupation of Awo-Omamma community is agriculture including fishing on Njaba River. And there is gravel mining along Njaba River banks. Fishermen, Fish Landing Sites and Fisheries Cooperative Societies exist in many Imo State communities. Among them are Udoka Fish Farmers Group, Umuezukwe Awo-omamma and their Ughamiri Landing Site. There is Kalabari Beach Fishermen Cooperative Society, Oguta; these militate against efficient operation of their fish and crop farming activities in the villages. The indigenous community speak Awo-omamma dialect of English Language. Awo-omamma people are rich in culture and cultural festivals some of which are Owu, Ekeleke, Egwu-Nmawu, Agwuechi masks as well as Ara Na Umu, Mgba and Igba dance and Iri–Ji festivals. Follow the external link below to view Rich Piazza's narrative on some of these cultural festivals and masks in Awo-Omamma. There are 2 famous oral accounts to origin of Awo-omamma. Awo-Omamma, through Njaba River, Ogu
Nigeria the Federal Republic of Nigeria, is a federal republic in West Africa, bordering Niger in the north, Chad in the northeast, Cameroon in the east, Benin in the west. Its coast in the south is located on the Gulf of Guinea in the Atlantic Ocean; the federation comprises 36 states and 1 Federal Capital Territory, where the capital, Abuja, is located. The constitution defines Nigeria as a democratic secular country. Nigeria has been home to states over the millennia; the modern state originated from British colonial rule beginning in the 19th century, took its present territorial shape with the merging of the Southern Nigeria Protectorate and Northern Nigeria Protectorate in 1914. The British set up administrative and legal structures while practising indirect rule through traditional chiefdoms. Nigeria became a formally independent federation in 1960, it experienced a civil war from 1967 to 1970. It thereafter alternated between democratically elected civilian governments and military dictatorships until it achieved a stable democracy in 1999, with the 2011 presidential election considered the first to be reasonably free and fair.
Nigeria is referred to as the "Giant of Africa", owing to its large population and economy. With 186 million inhabitants, Nigeria is the most populous country in Africa and the seventh most populous country in the world. Nigeria has the third-largest youth population in the world, after India and China, with more than 90 million of its population under age 18; the country is viewed as a multinational state as it is inhabited by 250 ethnic groups, of which the three largest are the Hausa and Yoruba. The official language is English. Nigeria is divided in half between Christians, who live in the southern part of the country, Muslims, who live in the north. A minority of the population practice religions indigenous to Nigeria, such as those native to the Igbo and Yoruba ethnicities; as of 2015, Nigeria is the world's 20th largest economy, worth more than $500 billion and $1 trillion in terms of nominal GDP and purchasing power parity respectively. It overtook South Africa to become Africa's largest economy in 2014.
The 2013 debt-to-GDP ratio was 11 percent. Nigeria is considered to be an emerging market by the World Bank. However, it has a "low" Human Development Index, ranking 152nd in the world. Nigeria is a member of the MINT group of countries, which are seen as the globe's next "BRIC-like" economies, it is listed among the "Next Eleven" economies set to become among the biggest in the world. Nigeria is a founding member of the African Union and a member of many other international organizations, including the United Nations, the Commonwealth of Nations and OPEC; the name Nigeria was taken from the Niger River running through the country. This name was coined in the late 19th century by British journalist Flora Shaw, who married Lord Lugard, a British colonial administrator; the origin of the name Niger, which applied only to the middle reaches of the Niger River, is uncertain. The word is an alteration of the Tuareg name egerew n-igerewen used by inhabitants along the middle reaches of the river around Timbuktu prior to 19th-century European colonialism.
The Nok civilisation of Northern Nigeria flourished between 500 BC and AD 200, producing life-sized terracotta figures that are some of the earliest known sculptures in Sub-Saharan Africa. Further north, the cities Kano and Katsina have a recorded history dating to around 999 AD. Hausa kingdoms and the Kanem–Bornu Empire prospered as trade posts between North and West Africa; the Kingdom of Nri of the Igbo people consolidated in the 10th century and continued until it lost its sovereignty to the British in 1911. Nri was ruled by the Eze Nri, the city of Nri is considered to be the foundation of Igbo culture. Nri and Aguleri, where the Igbo creation myth originates, are in the territory of the Umeuri clan. Members of the clan trace their lineages back to the patriarchal king-figure Eri. In West Africa, the oldest bronzes made using the lost-wax process were from Igbo-Ukwu, a city under Nri influence; the Yoruba kingdoms of Ife and Oyo in southwestern Nigeria became prominent in the 12th and 14th centuries, respectively.
The oldest signs of human settlement at Ife's current site date back to the 9th century, its material culture includes terracotta and bronze figures. Oyo, at its territorial zenith in the late 17th to early 18th centuries, extended its influence from western Nigeria to modern-day Togo; the Edo's Benin Empire is located in southwestern Nigeria. Benin's power lasted between the 19th centuries, their dominance reached further. At the beginning of the 19th century, Usman dan Fodio directed a successful jihad and created and led the centralised Fulani Empire; the territory controlled by the resultant state included much of modern-day northern and central Nigeria. For centuries, various peoples in modern-day Nigeria traded overland with traders from North Africa. Cities in the area became regional centres in a broad network of trade routes that spanned western and northern Africa. In the 16th century, Portuguese explorers were the first Europeans to begin significant, direct trade with peoples of modern-day Nigeria, at the port they named Lago
Ogbaku is a town made up of eighteen villages in Mbaitoli Local Government Area of Imo state, South Eastern Nigeria. It is situated along Onitsha-Owerri road, it is about 12 km to the capital city of Owerri. There is a cottage Hospital that hosts a wing of Imo State University Teaching Hospital and a postal agency; the town is connected to the national grid for electricity supply. OGBAKU, IMO. BASIC FACTS ABOUT THIS COMMUNITY
Awka is the capital of Anambra State, Nigeria with an estimated population of 301,657 As of 2006 Nigerian census. The city is located 199.1 kilometres, by road, directly north of Port Harcourt in the centre of the densely populated Igbo heartland in south east Nigeria. The West-East Federal highway links Lagos, Benin City, Asaba and Enugu to Awka and several local roads link it to other important towns such as Ekwulobia, Enugwu-Ukwu and Nnewi. Strategically, Awka is located midway between two major cities in Northern Igboland and Enugu which has informed its choice as an administrative center for the colonial authorities and today as a base for the Anambra State government. In pre-colonial days Awka became famous as the home of the Agbala Oracle a deity, said to be a daughter of the great Long Juju shrine of Arochukwu; the Agbala Oracle was consulted to resolve disputes far and wide until it was destroyed by colonial authorities in the early part of the 20th century. Awka should not be confused with Awka-Etiti, a town in Idemili South local government area, mistaken for the main capital.
Today, Awka is the capital of Anambra state of Nigeria. Slogan: Sires of Smiths Awka lies below 300 metres above sea in a valley on the plains of the Mamu River. Two ridges or cuestas, both lying in a North-South direction, form the major topographical features of the area; the ridges reach the highest point at Agulu just outside the Capital Territory. About six kilometers east of this, the minor cuesta peaks about 150 metres above sea level at Ifite –Awka. Awka is sited in a fertile tropical valley but most of the original Rain forest has been lost due to clearing for farming and human settlement. A few examples of the original rain forest remains at places like the Ime Oka shrine. Wooded savannah grassland predominates to the north and east of the city. South of the town on the slopes of the Awka-Orlu Uplands are some examples of soil erosion and gullying. Awka is in the tropical rainforest zone of Nigeria and experiences two distinct seasons brought about by the two predominant winds that rule the area: the southwestern monsoon winds from the Atlantic Ocean and the northeastern dry winds from across the Sahara desert.
The monsoon winds from the Atlantic creates six months of heavy tropical rains, which occur between April and July, followed by a short dry period in August lasting two to three weeks with the rain resuming in September and October. This is followed by five months of dryness marked by a Harmattan wind known as Ugulu in Igbo, a dry and dusty wind which enters Nigeria in late December or in the early part of January and is characterized by a grey haze limiting visibility and blocking the sun's rays before dissipating and leading to extreme dry heat in the latter months of February and March; the temperature in Awka is 27-30 degrees Celsius between June and December but rises to 32-34 degrees between January and April, with the last few months of the dry season marked by intense heat. The economy of Awka city revolves around government since many state and federal institutions are located there. Awka hosts the State Governor's Lodge, State Assembly and State Ministries for Health, State Judiciary headquarters, Lands, Water.
The Anambra Broadcasting Service a TV and radio station are located in the city centre. A number of federal institutions including the Central Bank of Nigeria, the NTA Awka media station, branches of the Federal Inland Revenue Service, Federal Road Safety Commission, Nigerian Immigration Service, Corporate Affairs Commission are present in the city. In recent years, several new businesses have erected fascinating new buildings that have changed the face of Awka city; the state-owned Orient Petroleum Resources Ltd has the headquarters in Awka. The company is poised to set up a refinery at Igbariam to jump-start the exploitation of the huge crude oil deposits in the Anambra River basin. Juhel Nigeria has constructed a manufacturing plant for Parenteral drugs in the city. Major Nigerian Banks such as Access Bank, Bank PHB, Diamond Bank, First Bank, Oceanic Bank, UBA, Union Bank and Zenith Bank have opened branches in the city. Prior to the Nigerian Civil War, Awka townspeople maintained the city on their own.
Market traders cleaned around their stalls. Blocked storm drains would be cleared by residents; the first attempt to address the urban decay was made by the Government of Peter Obi who forged a technical cooperation agreement with UN-HABITAT in 2007 to provide technical assistance in the preparation of a structure plan for Awka Capital Territory. The Structural Plan of Awka Capital Territory is designed as a Core-Multi-Nuclei urban design with Awka and Umuokpu serving as the core of the city with linkages to the major towns of Adazi-Nnukwu, Agulu, ABBA, Agukwu-Nri, Enugwu-Ukwu, Enugwu-Agidi, Isu-Aniocha, Nawfia, Nibo, Nise and Umuawulu. Governor Peter Obi implemented just a few of the UN-HABITAT's recommendations managing to tar less than 5 kilometers of urban roads, improve waste collection and upgrade schools and the teaching hospital, his government began installing water pipes along the popular Nnamdi Azikiwe Road and Ifite Road but he left office without providing a credible citywide public water supply.
His successor Governor Willie Obiano has taken on the charge of transforming the ancient town into something the state can be proud of. To spearhead the transformation, Obia
Umuezukwe is an ancient trade route, a river port, a farming community in Awo-Omamma, northeast of the Niger Delta region, Nigeria's South East, Imo State. It is one of the densely populated Awo-Omamma rural settlements in the Njaba River basin. Umuezukwe is located strategically on the bank of Njaba River in the southern end, facing Ngbelle, Awa and Izombe, just across the river. Politically, Umuezukwe is in Eziawo Ward II of Awo-Omamma in Oru East, it is bordered by Isieke Community to the East, Umuezike to the West, Otulu in Oru West to the North-East, Onitsha-Owerri Expressway to the extreme North, which cuts through Awo-Omamma Junction. Like some other Awo-Omamma villages on the banks of Njaba River, Umuezukwe was known for its oil palm trade during the era of international oil palm business; the government of Eastern Region operated an Oil mill factory near Njaba River waterfront in Umuezukwe. In addition to the government managed Umuezukwe Oil mill, private businesses moved in, established and operated their commercial mills within the community and its neighbours.
Due to the lucrative oil palm trade and the commercial waterway in the region, the community's Eke Market held on the river beach, becoming a converging point for local and international traders, thus supporting the larger market of neighbouring Oguta. The market was renamed'Eke Beach Umuezukwe'; the economic activities around the entire area turned Umuezukwe into one of the renowned river ports in the basin, an economic hub for exports and evacuation of goods to and from the Eastern coast via Orashi River-Oguta Lake-Njaba River routes. Umuezukwe is a peace-loving friendly village, it was among the early communities in the Njaba/Orashi River region, the first in Awo-Omamma to embrace Christianity. This was possible because of its location on Njaba River-Oguta Lake-Orashi River navigable waterways and trade route; the Irish Christian missionaries founded Umuezukwe, in the 1890s. On 28 March 2013, the Roman Catholic Church confirmed Umuezukwe as a parish at the Cathedral of the Most Holy Trinity, Orlu.
In 1897, the foundation blocks for St Anthony's Primary School, was laid. The school was completed in 1908. Following government take over of the management of the School from the church, it was renamed Umuezukwe Primary School, a public institution. Analysis of survey conducted on 16 April 2014 for combined Pre-primary and Primary Schools showed the school was understaffed and in need of modern and adequate classrooms to support effective teaching and learning; the survey found that the school had 345 learners served by 5 teachers and 9 classrooms. That is, 160 female students. Umuezukwe has a number of tourism potentials capable of lifting its economy and that of the entire river basin. In addition to its Ughamiri waterfront, oil-palm forest, Umuezukwe is known in the region for its sacred monkeys which exist and move in their natural habitat within the'Afo' sacred forest, in the community; the ancient economic nerve and the entire Awo-Omamma people are rich in cultural festivals and dance. Sections of Awo-Omamma closer the river are in lowlands.
Umuezukwe, other Awo-Omamma and Oguta LGA communities across the river such as Ubahaeze, Umuelibe, Abiaziem and Awa, have hilly areas and valleys with forests just before the waterfronts on both sides. In addition, the relics of the historic Umuezukwe Oil mill on the beach, the historic and asphalt-needed'Umuezukwe Road' washing unto Njaba River, the relics of St Anthony's Primary school building, are other attractive sites in the community; the historic network of roads in Umuezukwe aided the lucrative trade and farming relationships with neighbours and other riverine communities in Oguta LGA, Ohaji/Egbema, Rivers State through Njaba River-Oguta Lake-Orashi River navigable waterways to the Eastern coast. There is the Palm Beach Villa, an old holiday resort, founded by Dr BU Nzeribe, on the southwest of the community along the waterfront. In addition to its known cassava and fish produce, Umuezukwe produced and earned income from cashew nuts from the community's cashew plantain in the hilly lowland valled region known as Aba-Umuezukwe.
Poor and undeveloped road conditions coupled with unreliable electricity supply are some of the serious infrastructure and environmental challenges working against the restoration of the economic potentials of Umuezukwe, the entire Awo-Omamma and rural farming border communities in Oguta LGA. The river basin's rural communities have huge economic potentials, including arable land and fishing ports for farming, that require basic infrastructure, more interconnecting roads and bridge across Njaba River to link up "Umuezukwe Road" to their neighbours in Oguta LGA, in order to unlock the economic potentials and improve the lives of residents and businesses in Oru East and Oguta LGA communities; the trade and historic route to and from Orlu communities connecting Omuma, passing through Umuezukwe over Njaba River, Oguta to the Eastern coast and other Niger Delta communities, needs to be developed and asphalted to improve economic activities - movement of goods and people in the region. Umuezukwe has produced a number of notable people such as.
"African Journey by Richard Piazza: A Volunteer Peace Corps in Awo-Omamma from 1961-1963". Www.africanjourney.org
Osina, Ideato North
Osina is a town in Ideato North Local Government of Imo State, Nigeria and is under Orlu senatorial zone. Osina has four villages: Eluama, Ofeke, Umuduru/Umuogbu; the Nnewi – Okigwe road passes through Osina. The Awka – Umuahia road which construction was abandoned in the mid 1980s passes through Osina. Geographically, Osina falls within the tropical rain forest region of Nigeria. However, some of its village locations suffer from gully erosion which has reduced the soil in some areas to a porous sandy terrain because the soil is made up of Maastrichtian Ajali sandstone that has little or no cement adherence characteristic that makes it loose, the town remains an area of rich agricultural produce and of business trade of Imo state, it is located about 54 kilometres of Owerri in Imo State, Nigeria and it’s about 73 minutes’ drive via Owerri - Orlu road. There are four secondary schools in Osina: St Joseph’s Secondary School, Osina Secondary Commercial School, Osina Bonus Pastor Catholic Seminary, Osina St John’s Christosom Anglican Seminary, Osina There are six primary schools in Osina: Primary School 1, Osina Primary School 2, Osina St Nicholas Primary School, Osina Alaubeojukwu Primary School, Osina Alaogidi Primary School, Osina Ihuelefo Primary School, OsinaSt Joseph's Nursery and Secondary School Osina Osina Community Hospital Chika Medical Centre Ajebionu Medical Centre St Mary’s Catholic Church, Osina St John’s Anglican Church, Osina Kingdom Hall of Jehovah's Witnesses New Bethel Anglican Church Osina Assemblies of God Church Osina.
Anglican Church of Christ Osina. Anglican Church of Pentecost Durunogbu Osina St Michaels Catholic Church Ofe-eke Osina. St Jude's Catholic Church Ikpa Eluama Osina; the Annual New Yam Festival Masquerade Festival – Late October or Early November All Christian Festivals The main shopping centre is the Afor Market, open on daily basis between 7am and 7pm, with heighten activities every four days. The Nkwo Market is about 500 metres from the Afor Market and operates every fours days from 2pm to 7pm. Residents of Osina are traders and farmers. Chief crop is palm products such as palm kernel, palm wine. Most sons and daughters of Osina live in the cities such as Lagos, Owerri, Port Harcourt and Aba. Osina Town Union Osina Youth Convention Academic Association of Osina Citizens Ishioha Social Club Ideal Social Club Umuada Osina Supreme best friends club international Osina Osina cultural association UK Osina Renaissance association Osina Micro Finance Bank Post Office Agility Chemical & Allied Product Nigeria Limited Osina Jacike Oil Osina