A broken chord is a chord broken into a sequence of notes. A broken chord may repeat some of the notes from more octaves. An arpeggio is a type of broken chord, in which the notes that compose a chord are played or sung in a rising or descending order. An arpeggio may span more than one octave; the word arpeggio comes from the Italian word arpeggiare. Though the notes of an arpeggio are not played or sung all together at the same time, listeners hear the sequence of notes as forming a chord; when an arpeggio contains passing tones that are not part of the chord, different music theorists may analyze the same musical excerpt differently. Arpeggios enable composers writing for monophonic instruments that play one note at a time, to voice chords and chord progressions in musical pieces. Arpeggios and broken chords are used to help create rhythmic interest. A notable example is the Alberti bass figuration used in piano music from the classical music period. With an Alberti bass, rather than play the notes of a chord all at once, the pianist plays simple rhythmic figures in which the notes are played as a broken chord.
An arpeggio is a group of notes played one after the other, down in pitch. The player plays the notes of a particular chord individually rather than together; the chord may, for example, be a simple chord with the 1st, 3rd, 5th scale degrees. An arpeggio for the chord of C major going up two octaves would be the notes. An arpeggio is a type of broken chord. Other types of broken chords play chord notes out of sequence or more than one note but less than the full chord simultaneously. Arpeggios can fall for more than one octave. Students of musical instruments and singers learn how to sing scales and arpeggios. Arpeggiated chords are used in harp and piano music. An arpeggiated chord may be written with a wavy vertical line in front of the chord, it spreads from the lowest to highest note. Composers specify that the musicians play them from top to bottom by adding an arrow pointing down. Any instrument may employ arpeggiation, but the following instruments use arpeggios most often: String instruments play arpeggios in classical music.
Along with scales, arpeggios are a form of basic technical exercise that students use to develop intonation and technique. Bass guitarists use arpeggios or arpeggiated figures to outline the important notes of chords. Banjo players use arpeggios in the Scruggs style three-finger method of playing. Guitarists use arpeggios extensively in certain genres, such as neo-classical, using sweep-picking. Synthesizers monophonic ones such as the TB-303, are called on to play arpeggios in electronica; some synths contain automatic arpeggiators for this purpose. Music for keyboards, such as piano and accordions has arpeggios though these are polyphonic instruments that can play all notes of a chord at the same time. Arpeggios are an important part of the jazz improvisation vocabulary of horns and keyboards and bass. In Western classical music, a chord, played first with the lowest note and with successive higher notes joining in is called arpeggiato. Sometimes this effect is reversed, with the highest note coming first.
In some modern popular music arpeggiato is called a rolled chord. In early video game music, arpeggios were the only way to play a chord since sound hardware had a limited number of oscillators, or voices. Instead of tying them all up to play one chord, one channel could be used to play an arpeggio, leaving the rest for drums, bass, or sound effects. A prominent example was the music of games and demos on Commodore 64's SID chip, which only had three oscillators; this technique was popular amongst European video game music composers for systems in the 80's like the NES, with many transferring their knowledge from their days of composing with the Commodore 64. However, this technique was used by American and Japanese composers. A bell chord known colloquially as "bells", is an musical arrangement technique in which a composition has separate instruments play single notes of a chord in sequence, sustaining individual notes to form the chord, it is, in effect, an arpeggio played by several instruments sequentially.
This is known as a pyramid or cascade. It is common in barbershop music; the technique is a staple of trad jazz. A good example can be heard in the introduction to "The Charleston" by The Temperance Seven. Additionally, "Bohemian Rhapsody" by the rock band Queen contains two occurrences of this "bell effect" in the middle section; as does the solo in Killer Queen starting at 1:48. Bass arpeggiation Non-harmonic arpeggio Ostinato Style brisé Tremolo Wayne, Chuck. Guitar arpeggio dictionary: A library of over 2000 arpeggios, Including a diagram projector and viewing screen, Showing 25 types of arpeggios. H. Adler. Pp. 1–51. IBreathemusic.com – Arpeggios by David Bohorquez Introduction to Jazz Guitar Arpeggios
This is a list of some of the terrorist, alleged terrorist or suspected terrorist incidents which took place in February 2019, including incidents by violent non-state actors for political, religious, or ideological motives. To be included, entries must be notable and described by a consensus of reliable sources as "terrorism". List entries must comply with the guidelines outlined in the manual of style under MOS:TERRORIST. Casualties figures in this list are the total casualties of the incident including immediate casualties and casualties. Casualties listed are the victims. Perpetrator casualties are listed separately. Casualty totals may be unavailable due to a lack of information. A figure with a plus sign indicates that at least that many people have died – the actual toll could be higher. A figure with a plus sign may indicate that over that number of people are victims. If casualty figures are 20 or more, they will be shown in bold. In addition, figures for casualties more than 50 will be underlined.
Incidents are limited to one per location per day. If multiple attacks occur in the same place on the same day, they will be merged into a single incident. In addition to the guidelines above, the table includes the following categories: Total incidents: 11 List of terrorist incidents in 2019
John Clarke was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons between 1653 and 1660. Clarke was the son of John Clarke of Essex, he was an alderman of Bury St Edmunds by 1648 and remained until 1662. In 1648 he was collector of commissioner for militia for Suffolk, he was commissioner for assessment for Bury from 1648 to 1652 and for Suffolk from 1649 to 1652. He was a Justice of the Peace for Suffolk from 1650 to March 1660 and was a commissioner of the high court of justice in 1650. In 1653, Clarke was nominated as Member of Parliament for Suffolk in the Barebones Parliament, he was elected MP for Bury St Edmunds in 1654 for the First Protectorate Parliament and was a commissioner for scandalous ministers in the same year. From 1655 to 1656 he was commissioner for security. In 1656 he was re-elected MP for Bury St Edmunds in the Second Protectorate Parliament, he was commissioner for assessment for Suffolk and Bury in 1657. In 1659, he was commissioner for militia for Suffolk and was elected Member of Parliament for Bury St Edmunds in the Third Protectorate Parliament.
He was commissioner for assessment for Suffolk in January 1660 and commissioner for militia for Bury in March 1660. In April 1660 he was re-elected MP for Bury St Edmunds for the Convention Parliament when he was involved in a double return, he was allowed to take his seat and unseated. He was High Sheriff of Suffolk from 1670 to 1671. Clarke was buried in St Mary's churchyard, Bury St Edmunds. Clarke married Margaret Bourne of Bury St Edmunds and had a son Samuel, created baronet in 1698 and a daughter