Arsenal ship

An arsenal ship was a concept for a floating missile platform intended to have as many as five hundred vertical launch bays for mid-sized missiles, most cruise missiles. In current U. S. naval thinking, such a ship would be controlled remotely by an Aegis Cruiser, although plans include control by AWACS aircraft such as the E-2 Hawkeye and E-3 Sentry. Proposed by the U. S. Navy in 1996, the arsenal ship had funding problems, with the United States Congress cancelling some funding, the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency providing some funding to individual contractors for prototypes; some concept artwork of the Arsenal Ship was produced, some images bearing the number "72" hinting at an intent to classify the arsenal ships as a battleship, since the last battleship ordered was USS Louisiana. The arsenal ship would have a small crew and as many as 500 vertical launch tubes for missiles to provide ship-to-shore bombardment for invading troops; the Navy calculated a $450 million price for the arsenal ship, but Congress scrapped funding for the project in 1998.

The U. S. Navy has since modified the four oldest Ohio-class Trident submarines to SSGN configuration, allowing them to carry up to 154 Tomahawk cruise missiles using vertical launching systems installed in the tubes which held strategic ballistic missiles, creating a vessel equivalent to the arsenal ship concept. In 2013, Huntington Ingalls Industries revived the idea when it proposed a Flight II version of the LPD-17 hull with a variant carrying up to 288 VLS cells for the ballistic missile defense and precision strike missions. China has reported to begin testing model arsenal ships built by Bohai Shipbuilding Heavy Industrial Corporation. Kirov-class battlecruiser Strike cruiser FAS page on Arsenal Ships Dawn H. Driesbach's paper on arsenal ships TRAMCO Striker page Arsenal ship –

Cyrtopodion scabrum

Cyrtopodion scabrum known as the rough-tailed gecko, rough bent-toed gecko, rough-tailed bowfoot gecko, common tuberculate ground gecko, or keeled gecko, is a species of gecko, a lizard in the family Gekkonidae. The species is endemic to Asia. Cyrtopodion basoglui is considered conspecific with Cyrtopodion scabrum; because Cyrtopodion scabrum was described in 1827 and Cyrtodactylus basoglui was described in 1982, Cyrtodactylus basoglui is a junior synonym of Cyrtopodion scabrum. C. scabrum is found in Afghanistan, Eritria, India, Iraq, Jordan, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Sinai/Tor, Turkey, United Arab Emirates, the USA. In the United States, C. scabrum has been introduced in Texas. A breeding population has been established in Galveston, Texas, in the area of the commercial shipping docks. Cyrtopodion scabrum at the Reptile Database Boulenger GA. Catalogue of the Lizards in the British Museum. Second Edition. Volume I. Geckonidæ, Eublepharidæ, Uroplatidæ, Pygopodidæ, Agamidæ. London: Trustees of the British Museum..

Xii + 436 pp. + Plates I-XXXII.. Das I. A Photographic Guide to Snakes and other Reptiles of India. Sanibel Island, Florida: Ralph Curtis Books. 144 pp. ISBN 0-88359-056-5.. Heyden CHG von. "Reptilien ". Pp. 1-24. In: Rüppell E. Atlas zur der Reise im nördlichen Afrika. Erste Abtheilung, Zoologie. Frankfurt am Main: H. L. Brönner. 622 pp... Rösler, Herbert. "Die postanale Beschuppung bei Cyrtodactylus Gray 1827 und Cyrtopodion Fitzinger 1843 - funktionelle und taxonomische Aspekte". Gekkota 2: 154-207

Delfim Santos

Delfim Pinto dos Santos, was a Portuguese academic, educationist and book and movie reviewer. Delfim Santos was born in Oporto, Portugal to Arnaldo Pinto and Amelia dos Santos Oliveira, his father was a goldsmith and trained him for his craft, which Delfim practiced as apprentice until Arnaldo's untimely death, occurred when the son was aged 15. Still under the impact of his recent orphan condition, the young Delfim kept the family business running for a while, only to become aware that his vocation and motivation lay elsewhere and thereby decided to pursue a lifelong engagement with study and intellectual quest. By that time he had converted from a non-religious upbringing to Protestantism, became an active member of the cultural and sportive activities of the Portuguese YMCA. By 1927, aged 20 he completed high school and enrolled in the University of Porto Faculty of Arts graduating in History and Philosophy in 1931, being one of the last students of this famous school, closed by the authorities shortly after.

He had Leonardo Coimbra and Teixeira Rego as his mentors during his student years and among his colleagues were Agostinho da Silva and Adolfo Casais Monteiro. After graduation he initiated a career as high school teacher, first in Oporto in Lisbon, where he made his aggregation exam required to become a teacher in state run Portuguese high-schools. Having applied to a fellowship to study under the guidance of Martin Heidegger at Freiburg, he was awarded against his will a similar position in Vienna, Austria where he settled by October 1935 as a fellow of the Portuguese Higher Culture Institute, to study under Moritz Schlick, Karl Bühler and Othmar Spann, attending some of the famous Vienna Circle seminars, writing his critical study on Logical Positivism entitled Positivism: a critical reappraisal which he presented as his two-years fellowship final report to the Portuguese funding entity. During the Winter Semester of 1936 he visited Berlin to meet Eduard Spranger, he completed his critical survey of neopositivism by moving to the UK and studying with John Macmurray at the University College and with Charlie Dunbar Broad and George Edward Moore at the Trinity College, where the neopositivists had another stronghold.

By mid-1937 he returned to Portugal for a short leave and was summoned to take the position of Portuguese Language Lecturer at the Luso-Brazilian Institute of the University of Berlin, a position he was seeking in order to become familiar with phenomenology. In the German capital he attended the philosophical seminar of Nicolai Hartmann while getting acquainted with some prominent Martin Heidegger's disciples like Ernesto Grassi. Delfim Santos was among the first to introduce Martin Heidegger to a Portuguese audience in his 1938 essay Heidegger and Hölderlin or the Essence of Poetry. Meanwhile, Delfim received his PhD in 1940 from Coimbra University presenting a thesis on Knowledge and Reality, returned to Berlin where he was to remain until 1942, the year in which he permanently resettled in Portugal. In 1947 he attained the position of Assistant Professor of Pedagogy at Lisbon University, submitting his essay on The Existential Foundations of Pedagogy, considered his most influential work among Portuguese and Brazilian educators and teachers, published in Portugal in 1946 and in Brazil in 1952.

In 1950 he became the first Chair Professor of Pedagogy in Portugal. Among other subjects, he taught on History of Ancient Philosophy, History of Education and School Administration, he taught Psychology during several years in the Portuguese Military Academy. Delfim attended numerous international Philosophy congresses and symposia, namely the 9th International Congress of Philosophy - Descartes Congress, France 1937, the 10th International Congress of Philosophy - Amsterdam. Holland 1948, the 1949'First National Philosophy Congress' in Mendoza, organized by the University of Cuyo, the 1st International Philosophy Congress of Brazil, São Paulo, Brazil, 1954, organized by Miguel Reale, he took part in some of the celebrated Eranos seminars in Switzerland. Under his guidance a Center for Pedagogic Studies was created in 1962 by the Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation, of which he became the Director until his early death, occurred in 1966, aged 58, he was member of the Lisbon Academy of Sciences and exchanged personal correspondence with international scholars and writers such as Mircea Eliade, Constantin Noica, Hermann Hesse, Ernesto Grassi and Michael de Ferdinandy.

One high school and several streets were named after him in the Portuguese districts of Lisbon and Matosinhos. In 1965 he was awarded a decoration by the Education Secretary of the city of Brazil. Most of his writings were assembled in four volumes published by the Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation, ranging from philosophical and educational themes to cultural and issues of his time, his main books are: Positivism: a critical reappraisal, 1938. On Philosophy, 1940. Knowledge and Reality, 1940; the Existential Foundations of Pedagogy, 1946. History of Philosophy in Portugal, 1946. Aware of the cinema educational and formative potential, he wrote a number of movie reviews, namely on The Prodig